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Windows at Adobe.com for a link to download the uninstaller and detailed instructions. Adobe's uninstaller will remove Flash from your system, including both the Flash Player plugin for Mozilla applications and the Flash Player ActiveX control used by Internet Explorer and AOL.

Warning: Some software may not work properly unless the Flash ActiveX control is installed. [19][20][21] If you only want to remove the Flash plugin for Firefox and other Mozilla applications, and leave the Flash Player ActiveX installed, just remove the "Adobe Flash Player Plugin" from the Windows Control Panel list of installed programs (see below).

[edit]

Uninstall using Windows Control Panel

Flash 11, Flash 10, and Flash 9.0 r45 or above: You can uninstall the Flash plugin for Mozilla applications (and keep the Flash ActiveX control, if installed) by selecting and removing just the "Adobe Flash Player Plugin" entry from the Windows Control Panel list of installed programs (e.g., Windows XP "Add or Remove Programs" or Windows 7/Vista "Programs and Features" list). If you see an entry for "Adobe Flash Player ActiveX", this is the Flash ActiveX control needed for Internet Explorer and AOL. Flash Player ActiveX may also be required for other software to work properly (see above). Note: It's possible to have two different versions of Flash Player installed; for example, Adobe Flash Player 11 ActiveX for Internet Explorer and Adobe Flash Player 10 Plugin for Mozilla browsers.

Flash 9.0 r28 and below: Your Windows list of installed programs may have an entry for "Adobe Flash Player ActiveX" but this will only remove the Flash Player for Internet Explorer and AOL. To completely remove Flash from your system, download the Flash uninstaller from Adobe.com. To remove Flash from Mozilla browsers only, delete these Flash plugin files from all locations. [22]

  • NPSWF32.dll
  • flashplayer.xpt

[edit]

Linux and Solaris

If you installed via Adobe installation routine, follow the uninstall instructions in the Flash Player ReadMe for your system, linked below:

If you installed via apt-get/aptitude (Debian/Ubuntu): sudo apt-get remove flashplugin-nonfree

If the uninstall don't work: 1. type about:config in the address bar and press Enter. Find the preference plugin.expose_full_path and change the value to "true" (double-clicking the preference name will toggle the setting). 2. type about:plugins and locate the flash plugin. Remove the plugin files (both .so and .xpt)

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Flash Settings Manager

You can adjust your Flash settings in the Flash Player Settings Manager. Some settings can be accessed from the context (right-click) menu of a Flash object during playback. Other settings, such as global settings for privacy, storage, security, and automatic notification of Flash Player updates, are accessible via links in the Adobe support document, Flash Player Help - Settings Manager

[edit]

Troubleshooting

If Flash isn't working properly, first make sure that the latest version of Flash is installed and enabled (see above) before trying the following solutions.

Warning: Installing an old version of Flash may be suggested as a workaround for some Flash issues; however, this can make your system vulnerable to security exploits that have been addressed in the latest Flash version. [23] Also, Mozilla adds outdated Flash plugin versions to its Add-ons Blocklist as a security measure. In some cases, this may may result in "infobar" notification in the browser. In other cases, outdated Flash plugins may be disabled in the Firefox or SeaMonkey Add-ons Manager or, starting in Firefox 17, may require Click to play activation.[24][25]

If your problem isn't listed below:

[edit]

Browser hangs playing Flash videos

If Firefox or SeaMonkey hangs (locks up, freezes, or stops responding) when you play Flash videos, try disabling hardware acceleration in Flash settings or, on Windows Vista and above, try disabling protected mode in Flash. See Performance or display issues with certain Flash videos and Flash Player 11.3 Protected Mode - Windows (below) for details.

[edit]

Flash Protected Mode issues on Windows Vista and above

Starting in Flash 11.3 the Flash Player plugin used in Firefox and SeaMonkey runs in a Protected Mode by default on Windows Vista and above. This security feature has been causing problems for some Firefox or SeaMonkey users since it was introduced in Flash 11.3. See Flash Player 11.3 Protected Mode - Windows (below) for suggested solutions and workarounds, which also apply to Flash 11.4 and above.

[edit]

Flash Player 11.3 Protected Mode - Windows

The suggested solutions and workarounds in this section apply to Flash 11.3 and above

Starting in Flash 11.3 the Flash Player plugin used in Firefox and SeaMonkey runs in a Protected Mode on Windows Vista and above. When Flash is running in Protected Mode, you will see two "FlashPlayerPlugin_<version>.exe processes in Windows Task Manager (e.g., “FlashPlayerPlugin_11_300_271.exe”). This security feature can cause crashes, freezes, slow or busy script warnings, An error occurred. Please try again later messages at YouTube, Adobe Flash "plugin has crashed" or "stopped working" errors, loss of browser focus, large numbers of empty FAP****.tmp files or other problems after visiting websites that use Flash. Mozilla and Adobe are working on these issues, so make sure to keep Firefox, SeaMonkey, and Adobe Flash updated to take advantage of bug fixes. [27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]

As a workaround, you can disable Flash Protected Mode (see below) or you can downgrade the Flash plugin to a version previous to 11.3, such as Flash 11.2 or 10.3; however, older Flash versions have security vulnerabilities and may be blocklisted. To downgrade Flash, uninstall the Flash plugin via Windows Control Panel "Programs and Features" (or use Adobe's uninstaller), and then install the older plugin version. See Adobe's How do I revert to a previous version of Flash Player? page for details. Also note that the latest Flash 10.3 plugin installer was previously recommended because it included all known security patches. As of July 9, 2013, however, Flash 10.3 will no longer be maintained. [36][37]

Important: Before downgrading Flash or disabling Flash Protected Mode:

  • Older RealPlayer versions have compatibility issues with Mozilla browsers and Flash Protected Mode (see RealPlayer - RealPlayer Browser Record Plugin extension for details) so, if RealPlayer is installed, update it to the latest version (15.0.6 or above) or uninstall RealPlayer if you don't need it.
  • Older versions of Trusteer Rapport (an application promoted by some banks for malware protection) may cause the Flash plugin to crash or stop working (e.g., you may see an Adobe Flash Player <version> has stopped working error, shown here). If you have this software installed, either update Trusteer Rapport to the latest version (1205.8 or above), turn off the program ("Start menu -> All Programs -> Trusteer Rapport -> Stop Rapport"), uninstall the program if you don't need it, or contact Trusteer Support. [38][39][40][41]
  • Older versions of F-secure Internet security software may degrade network performance (e.g., increased ping time and slower download speed) on sites that use Flash. If possible, update to F-Secure 2013, disable "enhanced process monitoring" in older F-Secure products (F-Secure Advanced settings -> Computer -> Deepguard) or contact F-Secure support. [42][43]
  • You should also check for problematic extensions (see Extension issues, below) and disable hardware acceleration in Flash settings (see below) to see if that resolves the issue. [44]

[edit]

Disabling Protected Mode in Flash 11.3

To disable (or re-enable) Protected Mode in Flash 11.3 and above, use one of these methods:

  • (Starting in Firefox 38) In the Firefox (Tools) menu, click "Add-ons -> Plugins -> Shockwave Flash Options (button)", clear the "Enable Adobe Flash protected mode" checkbox and restart the browser. (To re-enable Flash Protected Mode, re-check the checkbox.) [45]
  • (Starting in Firefox 35 on Windows 7/Vista, Firefox 36 on Windows 8) Toggle the "dom.ipc.plugins.flash.disable-protected-mode" preference to "true" in about:config and restart the browser. (To re-enable Protected Mode, set the preference back to "false"). [46]. [47][48]v
  • Edit the Flash mms.cfg file

To disable Protected Mode, use a text editor to add the line ProtectedMode=0 to the Flash "mms.cfg" file, located in one of these locations: [49]
(Windows 32bit)
(Windows 64bit)
For example, on a Windows 7 64-bit system, open the C:\Windows\SysWOW64\Macromed\Flash folder, copy the file "mms.cfg" to the desktop, open it in Notepad, add a new line ProtectedMode=0 and then close Notepad, saving your changes. Next, go back to the C:\Windows\SysWOW64\Macromed\Flash folder, rename the original file to "mms.cfgBAK" (to save it as a backup) and then drag and drop in the modified "mms.cfg" file from the desktop. To re-enable Flash Protected Mode, either restore a backup of the original mms.cfg file, if you saved one, or else re-edit the mms.cfg file to remove the ProtectedMode=0 line you added. Updating Flash Player or installing a newer version does not automatically re-enable Protected Mode. [50][51][52][53][54]

[edit]

Flash player not working on certain websites

Note: For issues specific to YouTube Flash videos, visit the YouTube Help Center.

If Flash video or other Flash content plays on some websites but not others, the website may be experiencing heavy traffic or having other problems. Try clearing the cache and reloading the video and then try the suggestions listed below (read this article for other solutions).

[edit]

Check Flash storage settings

Some websites may require that Local Shared Objects (Flash cookies) are enabled in your Flash settings. To check the Flash local storage settings for a specific site, right-click the Flash content that does not play and select "Settings", then click the Local Storage icon. Also open the Global Settings Manager to ensure that you have specified disk space to allow third-party content to store data on your computer. [55] Note: Starting in Firefox 4, if Flash Player 10.3 or above is installed you can clear Flash cookies from within Firefox, via (Tools) "Clear Recent History -> Everything -> Cookies" (bug 625496).

[edit]

Check user agent

Flash content may also fail to load on certain websites if you use a "spoofed" user agent (UA). For example, if you go to the Firefox menu and click "Help -> About Mozilla Firefox" and it shows , then your UA is spoofed to show that you are using Internet Explorer 7 ("MSIE 7.0") instead of Firefox. If you use the User Agent Switcher extension, restore the default user agent in the Tools menu. Otherwise, open about:config, find all general.useragent preferences with a user set status, then context-click (right-click) on those preferences and select "Reset" to restore the default values. [56]

[edit]

Performance or display issues with certain Flash videos

Flash hardware acceleration can cause performance or display issues with certain Flash videos (e.g., high CPU usage, system instability, hangs, white or green screen, double image split by horizontal green line, no full-screen video, distortion, sound plays but no video). As a workaround, you can turn off hardware acceleration in your Flash Player display settings. [57]

  1. Right-click on any Flash video or animation (or on the Flash logo on this Adobe help page).
  2. Click "Settings" and uncheck “Enable hardware acceleration" in the Display tab.

This may only be a temporary solution, as long as the Flash setting to turn off hardware acceleration is stored as an LSO (Flash cookie), as reported for Flash 10.3 in this Adobe forum thread. Clearing cookies in Firefox deletes this type of cookie, as will using an extension such as BetterPrivacy. [58][59][60][61][62]

On Windows, you can also disable hardware acceleration by adding the line DisableHardwareAcceleration=1 to the Flash "mms.cfg" file, as suggested in this Adobe forum thread. The mms.cfg file is located here:

(Windows 32bit)
(Windows 64bit)

Instead of disabling hardware acceleration in Flash, you could try updating your graphics drivers, to see if that resolves the issue. [63][64][65][66]

[edit]

No audio when Flash video originates from an external site

A Flash video originating from an external website may be embedded on a web page, such as a blog that embeds a video from YouTube. If the audio fails to play, open the Flash Player Settings Manager and select the Global Storage Settings Panel. An Adobe Flash Player Settings Manager applet will load as a Flash object. Check the box, “Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer” then try the video again. [67]

[edit]

Flash audio not working - Windows

Note: If Flash 11.3 is installed, first read: Flash Player 11.3 Audio Update at Adobe's forum.

  • Try the troubleshooting steps in Adobe's Flash Player Help page, Flash Player games, video, or audio don't work

    Adobe Flash Player

    Software for viewing multimedia, rich Internet applications, and streaming video and audio

    This article is about the browser plugin. For an overview of the platform, see Adobe Flash.

    Adobe Flash Player 32.svg
    Original author(s)FutureWave
    Macromedia
    Adobe Inc.
    Developer(s)Zhongcheng Network Technology Co., Ltd
    Harman International
    Initial releaseJanuary 1, 1996; 25 years ago (1996-01-01)
    Windows, macOS (China-specific variant)34.0.0.201[1] / November 9, 2021; 7 days ago (2021-11-09)[2]
    Linux (China-specific variant)34.0.0.137[3][4] / April 13, 2021; 7 months ago (2021-04-13)[2]
    Windows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS (Global variant, excluding China)32.0.0.465[5] / December 8, 2020; 11 months ago (2020-12-08)[6]
    Internet Explorer 11 and Legacy Edge (Embedded - Windows 8.1/10)32.0.0.445[5] / October 13, 2020; 13 months ago (2020-10-13)[6]
    Android 4.0.x11.1.115.81 / September 10, 2013; 8 years ago (2013-09-10)[6]
    Android 2.x and 3.x11.1.111.73 / September 10, 2013; 8 years ago (2013-09-10)[6]
    Solaris11.2.202.223 / March 28, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-03-28)[6]
    Windows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS32.0.0.380 Beta / May 14, 2020; 18 months ago (2020-05-14)[7]
    Written inActionScript
    Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS, Solaris, BlackBerry Tablet OS, Android, Pocket PC
    PlatformWeb browsers and ActiveX-based software
    Available inChinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Spanish, Korean, Turkish, Xhosa, Telugu, Vietnamese, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Zulu, and Arabic[8]
    TypeRuntime system and browser extension
    LicenseFreeware
    WebsiteAdobe Flash Player End of Life (EOL, original global variants)
    Adobe Flash Player China official website (active, China-specific variant)

    Adobe Flash Player (known in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Google Chrome as Shockwave Flash)[9] is computer software for content created on the Adobe Flash platform. Flash Player is capable of viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video. In addition, Flash Player can run from a web browser as a browser plug-in or on supported mobile devices. Flash Player was created by Macromedia and has been developed and distributed by Adobe Systems since Adobe acquired Macromedia in 2005. Flash Player is distributed as freeware. With the exception of the China-specific[10] and enterprise supported variants. Flash Player was discontinued on December 31, 2020 and its download page disappeared two days later. Since January 12, 2021, Flash Player versions newer than 32.0.0.371 refuse to play Flash content and instead display a static warning message.[11]

    Flash Player runs SWF files that can be created by Adobe Flash Professional, Adobe Flash Builder or by third-party tools such as FlashDevelop. Flash Player supports vector graphics, 3D graphics, embedded audio, video and raster graphics, and a scripting language called ActionScript. ActionScript is based on ECMAScript (similar to JavaScript) and supports object-oriented code. Google Chrome, Internet Explorer 11, in Windows 8 and later, and Microsoft Edge came bundled with a sandboxed Adobe Flash plug-in.[12][13][14][15][16]

    Flash Player once had a large user base, and was a common format for web games, animations, and graphical user interface (GUI) elements embedded in web pages. However, the most popular use of Flash among the 10-20 age group was for Flash games. Adobe stated in 2013 that more than 400 million out of over 1 billion connected desktops update to the new version of Flash Player within six weeks of release.[17] However, Flash Player has become increasingly criticized for its performance, consumption of battery on mobile devices, the number of security vulnerabilities that had been discovered in the software, and its closed platform nature. Apple co-founder Steve Jobs was highly critical of Flash Player, having published an open letter detailing Apple's reasoning for not supporting Flash on its iOS device family. Its usage has also waned because of modern web standards that allow some of Flash's use cases to be fulfilled without third-party plugins.[18][19][20]

    Features[edit]

    Adobe Flash Player is a runtime that executes and displays content from a provided SWF file, although it has no in-built features to modify the SWF file at runtime. It can execute software written in the ActionScript programming language which enables the runtime manipulation of text, data, vector graphics, raster graphics, sound, and video. The player can also access certain connected hardware devices, including the web cameras and microphones, after permission for the same has been granted by the user.

    Flash Player was used internally by the Adobe Integrated Runtime (AIR), to provide a cross-platform runtime environment for desktop applications and mobile applications. AIR supports installable applications on Windows, Linux, macOS, and some mobile operating systems such as iOS and Android. Flash applications must specifically be built for the AIR runtime to use additional features provided, such as file system integration, native client extensions, native window/screen integration, taskbar/dock integration, and hardware integration with connected Accelerometer and GPS devices.[21]

    Data formats[edit]

    Flash Player included native support for many data formats, some of which can only be accessed through the ActionScript scripting interface.

    • XML: Flash Player has included native support for XML parsing and generation since version 8. XML data is held in memory as an XML Document Object Model, and can be manipulated using ActionScript. ActionScript 3 also supports ECMAScript for XML (E4X), which allows XML data to be manipulated more easily.
    • JSON: Flash Player 11 includes native support for importing and exporting data in the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format, which allows interoperability with web services and JavaScript programs.
    • AMF: Flash Player allows application data to be stored on users computers, in the form of Local Shared Objects, the Flash equivalent to browser cookies.[22] Flash Player can also natively read and write files in the Action Message Format, the default data format for Local Shared Objects. Since the AMF format specification is published, data can be transferred to and from Flash applications using AMF datasets instead of JSON or XML, reducing the need for parsing and validating such data.
    • SWF: The specification for the SWF file format was published by Adobe, enabling the development of the SWX Format project, which used the SWF file format and AMF as a means for Flash applications to exchange data with server side applications.[23][24] The SWX system stores data as standard SWF bytecode which is automatically interpreted by Flash Player.[25] Another open-source project, SWXml allows Flash applications to load XML files as native ActionScript objects without any client-side XML parsing, by converting XML files to SWF/AMF on the server.[26][27]

    Multimedia formats[edit]

    Flash Player is primarily a graphics and multimedia platform, and has supported raster graphics and vector graphics since its earliest version. It supports the following different multimedia formats which it can natively decode and play back.

    • MP3: Support for decoding and playback of streamingMPEG-2 Audio Layer III (MP3) audio was introduced in Flash Player 4. MP3 files can be accessed and played back from a server via HTTP, or embedded inside an SWF file, which is also a streaming format.
    • FLV: Support for decoding and playing back video and audio inside Flash Video (FLV and F4V) files, a format developed by Adobe Systems and Macromedia. Flash Video is only a container format and supports multiple different video codecs, such as Sorenson Spark, VP6, and more recently H.264.[28] Flash Player uses hardware acceleration to display video where present, using technologies such as DirectX Video Acceleration and OpenGL to do so. Flash Video is used by YouTube,[29]Hulu,[30]Yahoo! Video, BBC Online,[31] and other news providers. FLV files can be played back from a server using HTTPprogressive download, and can also be embedded inside an SWF file. Flash Video can also be streamed via RTMP using the Adobe Flash Media Server or other such server-side software.
    • PNG: Support for decoding and rendering Portable Network Graphics (PNG) images, in both its 24-bit (opaque) and 32-bit (semi-transparent) variants. Flash Player 11 can also encode a PNG bitmap via ActionScript.
    • JPEG: Support for decoding and rendering compressed JPEG images. Flash Player 10 added support for the JPEG-XR advanced image compression standard developed by Microsoft Corporation, which results in better compression and quality than JPEG. JPEG-XR enables lossy and lossless compression with or without alpha channel transparency. Flash Player 11 can also encode a JPEG or JPEG-XR bitmap via ActionScript.
    • GIF: Support for decoding and rendering compressed Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) images, in its single-frame variants only. Loading a multi-frame GIF will display only the first image frame.

    Streaming protocols[edit]

    • HTTP: Support for communicating with web servers using HTTP requests and POST data.[32] However, only websites that explicitly allow Flash to connect to them can be accessed via HTTP or sockets, to prevent Flash being used as a tool for cross-site request forgery,[33]cross-site scripting, DNS rebinding,[34] and denial-of-service attacks. Websites must host a certain XML file termed a cross domain policy,[34] allowing or denying Flash content from specific websites to connect to them. Certain websites, such as Digg, Flickr, and Photobucket already host a cross domain policy that permits Flash content to access their website via HTTP.[35]
    • RTMP: Support for live audio and video streaming using the Real Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) developed by Macromedia. RTMP supports a non-encrypted version over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) or an encrypted version over a secure Transport Layer Security (SSL) connection. RTMPT can also be encapsulated within HTTP requests to traverse firewalls that only allow HTTP traffic.
    • TCP: Support for Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Internet socket communication to communicate with any type of server, using stream sockets. Sockets can be used only via ActionScript, and can transfer plain text, XML, or binary data (ActionScript 3.0 and later).[36][37] To prevent security issues, web servers that permit Flash content to communicate with them using sockets must host an XML-based cross domain policy file, served on Port 843.[38] Sockets enable AS3 programs to interface with any kind of server software, such as MySQL.[39]

    Performance[edit]

    Hardware acceleration[edit]

    Until version 10 of the Flash player, there was no support for GPU acceleration. Version 10 added a limited form of support for shaders on materials in the form of the Pixel Bender API, but still did not have GPU-accelerated 3D vertex processing.[40] A significant change came in version 11, which added a new low-level API called Stage3D (initially codenamed Molehill), which provides full GPU acceleration, similar to WebGL.[41][42] (The partial support for GPU acceleration in Pixel Bender was completely removed in Flash 11.8, resulting in the disruption of some projects like MIT's Scratch, which lacked the manpower to recode their applications quickly enough.[43][44])

    Current versions of Flash Player are optimized to use hardware acceleration for video playback and 3D graphics rendering on many devices, including desktop computers. Performance is similar to HTML5 video playback.[45][46] Also, Flash Player has been used on multiple mobile devices as a primary user interface renderer.[47]

    Compilation[edit]

    Although code written in ActionScript 3 executes up to 10 times faster than the prior ActionScript 2,[48] the Adobe ActionScript 3 compiler is a non-optimizing compiler, and produces inefficient bytecode in the resulting SWF, when compared to toolkits such as CrossBridge.[49][50][51][52][53]

    CrossBridge, a toolkit that targets C++ code to run within the Flash Player, uses the LLVM compiler to produce bytecode that runs up to 10 times faster than code the ActionScript 3 compiler produces, only because the LLVM compiler uses more aggressive optimization.[51][52][53]

    Adobe has released ActionScript Compiler 2 (ASC2) in Flex 4.7 and onwards, which improves compilation times and optimizes the generated bytecode and supports method inlining, improving its performance at runtime.[54]

    As of 2012, the Haxe multiplatform language can build programs for Flash Player that perform faster than the same application built with the Adobe Flex SDK compiler.[55][unreliable source?]

    Development methods[edit]

    Flash Player applications and games can be built in two significantly different methods:

    • "Flex" applications: The Adobe Flex Framework is an integrated collection of stylable Graphical User Interface, data manipulation and networking components, and applications built upon it are termed "Flex" applications. Startup time is reduced since the Flex framework must be downloaded before the application begins, and weighs in at approximately 500KB. Editors include Adobe Flash Builder and FlashDevelop.
    • "Pure ActionScript" applications: Applications built without the Flex framework allow greater flexibility and performance.[56][57][58] Video games built for Flash Player are typically pure-Actionscript projects. Various open-source component frameworks are available for pure ActionScript projects, such as MadComponents, that provide UI Components at significantly smaller SWF file sizes.[59][60]

    In both methods, developers can access the full Flash Player set of functions, including text, vector graphics, bitmap graphics, video, audio, camera, microphone, and others. AIR also includes added features such as file system integration, native extensions, native desktop integration, and hardware integration with connected devices.

    Development tools[edit]

    Adobe provides five ways of developing applications for Flash Player:

    Third-party development environments are also available:

    Game development[edit]

    Adobe Gaming SDK 1.0 logo

    Adobe offers the free Adobe Gaming SDK, consisting (as of August 2014[update]) of several open-source AS3 libraries built on the Flash Player Stage3D APIs for GPU-accelerated graphics:[63]

    • Away3D: GPU-accelerated 3D graphics and animation engine
    • Starling: GPU-accelerated 2D graphics that mimics the Flash display list API
    • Feathers: GPU-accelerated skinnableGUI library built on top of Starling
    • Dragon Bones: GPU-accelerated 2D skeletal animation library

    A few commercial game engines target Flash Player (Stage3D) as run-time environment, such as Unity 3D[64] and Unreal Engine 3.[64][65] Before the introduction of Stage3D, a number of older 2D engines or isometric engines like Flixel saw their heyday.[66]

    Adobe also developed the CrossBridge toolkit which cross-compilesC/C++ code to run within the Flash Player, using LLVM and GCC as compiler backends, and high-performance memory-accessopcodes in the Flash Player (termed "Domain Memory") to work with in-memory data quickly.[67] CrossBridge is targeted toward the game development industry, and includes tools for building, testing, and debugging C/C++ projects in Flash Player.

    Notable online video games developed in Flash include Angry Birds, FarmVille, and AdventureQuest (started in 2002, and still active as of 2020).[68]

    Availability[edit]

    Desktop platforms[edit]

    Adobe Flash Player is available in two flavors:

    1. The "Internet Explorer – ActiveX" version is an ActiveX control for use in Internet Explorer, its shells, and other Windows applications that support ActiveX technology. This plugin cannot be installed on Windows 8 and later, because these OSes come with their own integrated Flash Player ActiveX.
    2. The "projector" version is a standalone player that can open SWF files directly.[69][70]

    On February 22, 2012, Adobe announced that it would no longer release new versions of NPAPI Flash plugins for Linux, although Flash Player 11.2 would continue to receive security updates.[71][72][73] In August 2016 Adobe announced that, beginning with version 24, it will resume offering of Flash Player for Linux for other browsers.[74]

    The Extended Support Release (ESR) of Flash Player on macOS and Windows was a version of Flash Player kept up to date with security updates, but none of the new features or bug fixes available in later versions. In August 2016, Adobe discontinued the ESR branch and instead focused solely on the standard release.[75]

    Version 10 can be run under Windows 98/Me using KernelEx. HP offered Version 6 of the player for HP-UX.[87], while Innotek GmbH offered versions 4 and 5 for OS/2.[88] Other versions of the player have been available at some point for BeOS.[citation needed]

    Mobile platforms[edit]

    See also: Adobe Integrated Runtime and Adobe Flash Lite

    In 2011, Flash Player had emerged as the de facto standard for online video publishing on the desktop, with adaptive bitrate video streaming, DRM, and fullscreen support.[29][30] On mobile devices, however, after Apple refused to allow the Flash Player within the inbuilt iOS web browser, Adobe changed strategy, enabling Flash content to be delivered as native mobile applications using the Adobe Integrated Runtime.

    Up until 2012, Flash Player 11 was available for the Android (ARM Cortex-A8 and above),[89] although in June 2012, Google announced that Android 4.1 (codenamed Jelly Bean) would not support Flash by default. In August 2012, Adobe stopped updating Flash for Android.[90]

    Flash Player was supported on a select range of mobile and tablet devices, from Acer, BlackBerry 10, Dell, HTC, Lenovo, Logitech, LG, Motorola, Samsung, Sharp, SoftBank, Sony (and Sony Ericsson), and Toshiba.[91][92][93] As of 2012, Adobe has stopped browser-based Flash Player development for mobile browsers in favor of HTML5,[94][95] however, Adobe continues to support Flash content on mobile devices with the Adobe Integrated Runtime, which allows developers to publish content that runs as native applications on certain supported mobile phone platforms.

    Adobe said it will optimize Flash for use on ARM architecture (ARMv7 and ARMv6 architectures used in the Cortex-A series of processors and in the ARM11 family) and release it in the second half of 2009. The company also stated it wants to enable Flash on NVIDIA Tegra, Texas Instruments OMAP 3, and Samsung ARMs.[96][97] Beginning 2009, it was announced that Adobe would be bringing Flash to TV sets via Intel Media Processor CE 3100 before mid-2009.[98]ARM Holdings later said it welcomes the move of Flash, because "it will transform mobile applications and it removes the claim that the desktop controls the Internet."[99] However, as of May 2009, the expected ARM/Linux netbook devices had poor support for Web video and fragmented software base.[100]

    Among other devices, LeapFrog Enterprises provides Flash Player with their Leapster Multimedia Learning System and extended the Flash Player with touch-screen support.[101] Version 9 was the most recent version available for the Linux/ARM-based Nokia 770/N800/N810 Internet tablets running Maemo OS2008.[87] Other versions of the player have been available at some point for Symbian OS and Palm OS.[citation needed] The Kodak Easyshare One includes Flash Player.[102]

    The following table documents historical support for Flash Player on mobile operating systems:

    Other hardware[edit]

    Some CPU emulators have been created for Flash Player, including Chip8,[110]Commodore 64,[111]ZX Spectrum,[112] and the Nintendo Entertainment System.[113] They enable video games created for such platforms to run within Flash Player.

    End of life[edit]

    See also: Adobe Flash § End of life

    Adobe announced on July 25, 2017 that it would end support for the normal/global variant of Flash Player on January 1, 2021, and encouraged developers to use HTML5 standards in place of Flash.[114][115] The announcement was coordinated with Apple,[116]Facebook,[117]Google,[118]Microsoft,[119] and Mozilla.[120] Adobe announced that all major web browsers planned to officially remove the Adobe Flash Player component on December 31, 2020, and Microsoft removed it from the Windows OS in January 2021 via Windows Update. In a move to further reduce the number of Flash Player installations, Adobe added a "time bomb" to Flash to disable existing installations after January 12, 2021.[121] In mid-2020, Flash Player started prompting users to uninstall itself.[122] Adobe removed all existing download links for Flash installers.[123] After January 26, 2021, all major web browsers including Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Mozilla Firefox have already permanently removed Flash support.[124] Many people still Use flash player through emulators such as flash projector but Adobe Inc. highly disapproves of this.

    Web browsers[edit]

    Google Chrome[edit]

    Starting from Chrome 76, Flash is disabled by default without any prompts to activate Flash content.[125] Users who wanted to play Flash content had to manually set a browser to prompt for Flash content, and then during each browser session enable Flash plugin for every site individually. Microsoft Edge based on Chromium will follow the same plan as Google Chrome.[126]

    Google Chrome blocked the Flash plugin as "out of date" in January 2021, and fully removed it from the browser with Chrome version 88, released on January 20, 2021.[127][128]

    Mozilla Firefox[edit]

    Starting with Firefox 85,[125] Flash is disabled by default without any prompts to activate Flash content. To play Flash content, users had to manually set a browser to prompt for Flash content, and then during each browser session enable Flash plugin for every site individually. Firefox 85, released on January 26, 2021, completely removed support for Flash plugin.[124]Firefox ESR dropped support on November 2, 2021 (Firefox 78 ESR was the last version with support).[129]

    Microsoft Windows[edit]

    On October 27, 2020, Microsoft released an update (named KB4577586) for Windows 10 and 8.1 which removes the embedded Adobe Flash Player component from IE11 and legacy Edge. In July 2021, this update will be automatically installed as a security patch.[130][131] However, an ActiveX Flash Player plugin may still be used with IE after this update is applied.[132][133]

    Apple Safari[edit]

    Apple dropped Flash Player support from Safari 14 alongside the release of macOS Big Sur.[134][135]

    Fallout[edit]

    Despite the years of notice, several websites still were using Flash following December 31, 2020, including the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Many of these were resolved in the weeks after the deadline. However, many educational institutions still relied on Flash for educational material and did not have a path forward for replacement.[136]

    Post-EOL support[edit]

    Adobe has partnered with HARMAN to support enterprise Flash Player users until at least 2023.[137][138]

    The China-specific variant of Flash will be supported beyond 2020.[139][140] The Projector (standalone) versions of this variant also work just fine outside of China and don't include the "Flash Helper Service"; however, some tracking code still seems to be present. They are available on a somewhat hidden "Debug" page.[141] In addition, as the global variant of the plugin was discontinued, some users have figured how to modify and repack the China-specific variant to bring it more in line with the global variant. This includes removing the "Flash Helper Service" and removing the China only installation restriction, along with all other geo-restrictions and tracking code. A "time bomb", similar to the one found in later versions of the global variant, is also present in the unmodified China variant, this is also removed in most repacks. In theory, these repacks should provide users outside of China with the latest security updates to Flash Player, without having to deal with invasive advertisements or worry about privacy risks.[142] One such project, "Clean Flash Installer", was served a DMCA takedown from Adobe in October 2021.[143]

    Shortly after Flash EOL, South African Revenue Service released a custom version of Chromium browser with Adobe Flash "time bomb" removed. This browser can access only a small set of SARS online pages containing Flash-based forms required for filing financial reports.[144]

    Internet Explorer 11 will continue with ActiveX support, and by extension Flash Player support.[133] Firefox forks that plan to continue NPAPI support, and by extension Flash Player support, include; Waterfox, Basilisk, Pale Moon, and K-Meleon. Various Chromium-based Chinese browsers will also continue to support Flash Player in PPAPI and/or NPAPI form, including, but not limited to 360 Secure Browser.[132]

    Adobe Flash Player Projector[edit]

    Despite the end of general support for the global variant of Flash, Adobe Flash Player Projector (also known as Adobe Flash Player Standalone) is still available for download from Adobe. It continues to be able to play all supported Flash file formats, including SWF files.[145][70][141]

    Content preservation projects[edit]

    Main article: Adobe Flash § Content preservation projects

    Internet Archive hosts some Flash and makes it playable in modern browsers via emulators, Ruffle and Emularity.[146] BlueMaxima's Flashpoint project claims to have collected more than 38,000 Adobe Flash Player games and animations and made them available for download.[147]

    Open source[edit]

    Main article: Adobe Flash § Open Source

    Adobe has released some components of Adobe Flash products as open source software via Open Screen Project or donated them to open source organizations. As of 2021, most of these technologies are considered obsolete. This includes: ActionScript Virtual Machine 2 (AVM2) which implements ActionScript 3 (donated as open-source to Mozilla Foundation), Adobe Flex Framework (donated as open-source to the Apache Software Foundation and rebranded as Apache Flex,[61] superseded by Apache Royale), CrossBridge C++ cross-compilation toolset (released on GitHub).[148][149]

    Criticism[edit]

    Accessibility and usability[edit]

    Main article: Adobe Flash § Accessibility and usability

    In some browsers, prior Flash versions have had to be uninstalled before an updated version could be installed.[150][151] However, as of version 11.2 for Windows, there are now automatic updater options.[152] Linux is partially supported, as Adobe is cooperating with Google to implement it via Chrome web browser on all Linux platforms.[153]

    Mixing Flash applications with HTML leads to inconsistent input handling leading to poor user experience with the site (keyboard and mouse not working as they would in an HTML-only document).[citation needed]

    Privacy[edit]

    See also: Adobe Flash § Flash cookies

    Flash Player supports persistent local storage of data (also referred to as Local Shared Objects), which can be used similarly to HTTP cookies or Web Storage in web applications. Local storage in Flash Player allows websites to store non-executable data on a user's computer, such as authentication information, game high scores or web browser games, server-based session identifiers, site preferences, saved work, or temporary files. Flash Player will only allow content originating from exactly the same website domain to access data saved in local storage.[154]

    Because local storage can be used to save information on a computer that is later retrieved by the same site, a site can use it to gather user statistics, similar to how HTTP cookies and Web Storage can be used. With such technologies, the possibility of building a profile based on user statistics is considered by some a potential privacy concern. Users can disable or restrict use of local storage in Flash Player through a "Settings Manager" page.[155][156] These settings can be accessed from the Adobe website or by right-clicking on Flash-based content and selecting "Global Settings".

    Local storage can be disabled entirely or on a site-by-site basis. Disabling local storage will block any content from saving local user information using Flash Player, but this may disable or reduce the functionality of some websites, such as saved preferences or high scores and saved progress in games.

    Flash Player 10.1 and upward honor the privacy mode settings in the latest versions of the Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Safari web browsers, such that no local storage data is saved when the browser's privacy mode is in use.[157]

    Security[edit]

    See also: Adobe Flash § Security

    Adobe security bulletins and advisories announce security updates, but Adobe Flash Player release notes do not disclose the security issues addressed when a release closes security holes, making it difficult to evaluate the urgency of a particular update. A version test page allows the user to check if the latest version is installed, and uninstallers may be used to ensure that old-version plugins have been uninstalled from all installed browsers.

    In February 2010, Adobe officially apologized[158] for not fixing a known vulnerability for over a year. In June 2010 Adobe announced a "critical vulnerability" in recent versions, saying there are reports that this vulnerability is being actively exploited in the wild against both Adobe Flash Player, and Adobe Reader and Acrobat.[159][160] Later, in October 2010, Adobe announced[161] another critical vulnerability, this time also affecting Android-based mobile devices. Android users have been recommended to disable Flash or make it only on demand.[162] Subsequent security vulnerabilities also exposed Android users, such as the two critical vulnerabilities published in February 2013[163] or the four critical vulnerabilities published in March 2013,[164] all of which could lead to arbitrary code execution.

    Symantec's Internet Security Threat Report[165] states that a remote code execution in Adobe Reader and Flash Player[166] was the second most attacked vulnerability in 2009. The same report also recommended using browser extensions to disable Flash Player usage on untrusted websites. McAfee predicted that Adobe software, especially Reader and Flash, would be primary target for attacks in 2010.[167] Adobe applications had become, at least at some point, the most popular client-software targets for attackers during the last quarter of 2009.[168] The Kaspersky Security Network published statistics for the third quarter of 2012 showing that 47.5% of its users were affected by one or more critical vulnerabilities.[169] The report also highlighted that "Flash Player vulnerabilities enable cybercriminals to bypass security systems integrated into the application."[169]

    Steve Jobs criticized the security of Flash Player, noting that "Symantec recently highlighted Flash for having one of the worst security records in 2009".[170] Adobe responded by pointing out that "the Symantec Global Internet Threat Report for 2009, found that Flash Player had the second lowest number of vulnerabilities of all Internet technologies listed (which included both web plug-ins and browsers)."[171][172]

    On April 7, 2016, Adobe released a Flash Player patch for a zero-day memory corruption vulnerability CVE-2016-1019 that could be used to deliver malware via the Magnitude exploit kit. The vulnerability could be exploited for remote code execution.[173][174]

    Vendor lock-in[edit]

    Main article: Adobe Flash § Vendor lock-in

    Flash Player 11.2 does not play certain kinds of content unless it has been digitally signed by Adobe, following a license obtained by the publisher directly from Adobe.[175]

    This move by Adobe, together with the abandonment of Flex to Apache was criticized as a way to lock out independent tool developers, in favor of Adobe's commercial tools.[176][177][178]

    This has been resolved as of January 2013, after Adobe no longer requires a license or royalty from the developer. All premium features are now classified as general availability, and can be freely used by Flash applications.[179]

    Apple controversy[edit]

    Main article: Thoughts on Flash

    In April 2010, Steve Jobs, at the time CEO of Apple Inc. published an open letter explaining why Apple would not support Flash on the iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad.[170] In the letter he blamed problems with the "openness", stability, security, performance, and touchscreen integration of the Flash Player as reasons for refusing to support it. He also claimed that when one of Apple's Macintosh computers crashes, "more often than not" the cause can be attributed to Flash, and described Flash as "buggy".[180] Adobe's CEO Shantanu Narayen responded by saying, "If Flash [is] the number one reason that Macs crash, which I'm not aware of, it has as much to do with the Apple operating system."[181]

    Steve Jobs also claimed that a large percentage of the video on the Internet is supported on iOS, since many popular video sharing websites such as YouTube have published video content in an HTML5 compatible format, enabling videos to playback in mobile web browsers even without Flash Player.[182]

    Mainland China-specific variant[edit]

    Starting with version 30, Adobe stopped distributing Flash Player directly to users from mainland China. Instead, they selected 2144.cn as a partner and released a special variant of Flash Player on a specific website,[183] which contains a non-closable process, known as the "Flash Helper Service", that collects private information and pops up advertisement window contents,[184] by receiving and running encrypted programs from a remote server.[185] The partnership started in about 2017, but in version 30, Adobe disabled the usage of vanilla (global) variant of Flash Player in mainland China,[186] forcing users to use that specific variant, which may pose a risk to its users due to China's Internet censorship.[187] This affects Google Chrome users using Windows 10, Internet Explorer users using Windows 7, and Firefox users using all versions of Windows, as Microsoft still directly distributes Flash Player for Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge through Windows Update in Windows 8 and upward.

    Release history[edit]

    Adobe Flash Player version history

    • Macromedia Flash Player 2 (June 17, 1997)
      • Mostly vectors and motion, some bitmaps, limited audio
      • Support of stereo sound, enhanced bitmap integration, buttons, the Library, and the ability to tween color changes
    • Macromedia Flash Player 3 (May 31, 1998)
      • Added alpha transparency, licensed MP3 compression
      • Brought improvements to animation, playback, digital art, and publishing, as well as the introduction of simple script commands for interactivity
    • Macromedia Flash Player 4 (June 15, 1999)
      • Saw the introduction of streaming MP3s and the Motion Tween. Initially, the Flash Player plug-in was not bundled with popular web browsers and users had to visit Macromedia website to download it. As of 2000, however, the Flash Player was already being distributed with all AOL, Netscape and Internet Explorer browsers. Two years later it shipped with all releases of Windows XP. The install-base of the Flash Player reached 92 percent of all Internet users.
    • Macromedia Flash Player 5 (August 24, 2000)
      • A major advance in ability, with the evolution of Flash's scripting abilities as released as ActionScript
      • Saw the ability to customize the authoring environment's interface
      • Macromedia Generator was the first initiative from Macromedia to separate design from content in Flash files. Generator 2.0 was released in April 2001, and featured real-time server-side generation of Flash content in its Enterprise Edition. Generator was discontinued in 2002, in favor of new technologies such as Flash Remoting, which allows for seamless transmission of data between the server and the client, and ColdFusion Server.
      • In October 2000, usability guru Jakob Nielsen wrote a polemic article regarding usability of Flash content entitled "Flash: 99% Bad". (Macromedia later hired Nielsen to help them improve Flash usability.)
    The old Macromedia Flash Player logo
    • Macromedia Flash Player 6 (version 6.0.21.0, codenamed Exorcist) (March 15, 2002)
      • Support for the consuming Flash Remoting (AMF) and Web Service (SOAP)
      • Supports ondemand/live audio and video streaming (RTMP)
      • Support for screenreaders via Microsoft Active Accessibility
      • Added Sorenson Spark video codec for Flash Video[188]
      • Support for video, application components, shared libraries, and accessibility
      • Macromedia Flash Communication Server MX, also released in 2002, allowed video to be streamed to Flash Player 6 (otherwise the video could be embedded into the Flash movie).
    • Macromedia Flash Player 7 (version 7.0.14.0, codenamed Mojo) (September 10, 2003)
      • Supports progressive audio and video streaming (HTTP)
      • Supports ActionScript 2.0, an object-oriented programming language for developers
      • Ability to create charts, graphs and additional text effects with the new support for extensions (sold separately), high fidelity import of PDF and Adobe Illustrator 10 files, mobile and device development and a forms-based development environment. ActionScript 2.0 was also introduced, giving developers a formal object-oriented approach to ActionScript. V2 Components replaced Flash MX's components, being rewritten from the ground up to take advantage of ActionScript 2.0 and object-oriented principles.
      • In 2004, the "Flash Platform" was introduced. This expanded Flash to more than the Flash authoring tool. Flex 1.0 and Breeze 1.0 were released, both of which used the Flash Player as a delivery method but relied on tools other than the Flash authoring program to create Flash applications and presentations. Flash Lite 1.1 was also released, enabling mobile phones to play Flash content.
      • Last version for Windows 95/NT4 and Mac Classic[78]
    • Macromedia Flash Player 8 (version 8.0.22.0, codenamed Maelstrom) (September 13, 2005)
      • Support for runtime loading of GIF and PNG images
      • New video codec (On2VP6)
      • Improved runtime performance and runtime bitmap caching
      • Live filters and blendmodes
      • File upload and download abilities
      • New text-rendering engine, the Saffron Type System
      • ExternalAPI subsystem introduced to replace fscommand
      • On December 3, 2005, Adobe Systems acquired Macromedia and its product portfolio (including Flash).[189]
    • Macromedia Flash Player 8 (version 8.0.24.0) (April 23, 2006)
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 (version 9.0.15.0, codenamed Zaphod and formerly named Flash Player 8.5) (June 22, 2006)
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 1 (version 9.0.28.0, codenamed Marvin) (November 9, 2006)[190]
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 (version 9.0.45.0) (March 27, 2007)
      • Support for Creative Suite 3.
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 2 (version Mac/Windows 9.0.47.0 and Linux 9.0.48.0, codenamed Hotblack) (June 11, 2007)
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 3 (version 9.0.115.0, codenamed Moviestar or Frogstar) (December 2007)[192]
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.12.36, codenamed Astro) (October 15, 2008)
      • New features
        • 3D object transformations
        • Custom filters via Pixel Bender
        • Advanced text support
        • Speex audio codec
        • Real Time Media Flow Protocol (RTMFP)
        • Dynamic sound generation
        • Vector data type
      • Enhanced features
        • Larger bitmap support
        • Graphics drawing API
        • Context menu
        • Hardware acceleration
        • Anti-aliasing engine (Saffron 3.1)
        • Read/write clipboard access
        • WMODE
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.32.18) (July 27, 2009)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.42.34) (November 16, 2009)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.45.2) (February 21, 2010)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.1 (version 10.1.53.64, codenamed Argo) (June 10, 2010)[195]
      • Reuse of bitmap data copies for better memory management
      • Improved garbage collector
      • Hardware-based H.264 video decoding
      • HTTP Dynamic Streaming
      • Peer-assisted networking and multicast
      • Support for browser privacy modes
      • Multi-touch APIs
      • For Macs/OSX 10.4 ppc or later
        • Using Cocoa UI for Macs
        • Use of double-buffered OpenGL context for fullscreen
        • Use of Core Animation
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.152.26, codenamed Spicy) (February 8, 2011)
      • Stage Video, a full hardware-accelerated video pipeline
      • Internet Explorer 9 hardware-accelerated rendering support
      • Custom native mouse cursors
      • Multiple monitor fullscreen support
      • Enhanced subpixel rendering for text
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.152.32) (February 28, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.153.1) (March 21, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.159.1) (April 15, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.14, codenamed Wasabi) (May 12, 2011)[196]
      • Media measurement (video analytics for websites; desktop only)
      • Acoustic Echo Cancellation (acoustic echo cancellation, noise suppression, voice activity detection, automatic compensation for microphone input levels; desktop only)
      • Integration with browser privacy controls for managing local storage (ClearSiteData NPAPI)
      • Native control panel
      • Auto-update notification for Mac OS X
      • Last version for Mac OS X 10.5[78] and Windows 2000 (unofficially bypassing the XP installer)
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 10.3 by 11.7 on July 9, 2013.[197]
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.23) (June 5, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.26) (June 14, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.34) (June 29, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.5) (August 14, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.7) (August 24, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.10) (September 21, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.11) (November 11, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.25) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.29) (October 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11 (version 11.0.1.152, codenamed Serrano) (October 4, 2011)[198]
      • Desktop only
      • Desktop and mobile
        • Stage Video hardware acceleration
        • Native extension libraries[200]
          • Desktop: Windows (.dll), OS X (.framework)
          • Mobile: Android (.jar, .so), iOS (.a)
        • JPEG XR decoding
        • G.711 audio compression for telephony
        • Protected HTTP Dynamic Streaming (HDS)
        • Unlimited bitmap size
        • LZMA SWF compression
      • Mobile only
        • H.264/AAC playback
        • Front-facing camera
        • Background audio playback
        • Device speaker control
        • 16- and 32-bit color depth
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.1 (version 11.1.102.55, codenamed Anza) (November 10, 2011)[201]
      • Last version of the web browser plug-in for mobile devices (made for Android 2.2 to 4.0.3)
      • iOS 5 native extensions for AIR
      • StageText: Native text input UI for Android
      • Security enhancements, last official version for Windows 2000[78]
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.1 (version 11.1.102.62) (March 5, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.228) (March 28, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.233) (April 12, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.235, codenamed Brannan) (May 3, 2012)[202]
      • The Windows version offers automatic updater options[152]
      • Dropped support of the browser plug-in for mobile devices (Android). Android app developers are encouraged to use Adobe Air and Android web developers should switch to HTML5.
      • Extended support for Flash player 11.2 on Solaris as it is the last version to be supported.[78]
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 11.2 on Linux with 24.0 on December 13, 2016.
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.257) (June 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.262) (June 21, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.265) (July 11, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.268) (July 26, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.270) (August 4, 2012)
      • Desktop and mobile
        • Fullscreen interactive mode (keyboard input during fullscreen)
        • Native bitmap encoding and compression (PNG, JPEG, JPEG-XR)
        • Draw bitmaps with quality (low, medium, high, best)
        • Texture streaming for Stage3D
        • Dropped support for Linux and Solaris
      • Mobile-only
        • Auto-orientation on specific devices
        • USB debugging for AIR on iOS
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.271) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.273) (October 3, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.259) (August 10, 2012)
      • Flash Player only
        • ActionScript workers
        • SandboxBridge support
        • Licensing support: Flash Player Premium features for gaming
      • Flash Player and AIR
        • Stage3D "constrained" profile for increased GPU reach
        • LZMA support for
        • StageVideo attachCamera/Camera improvements
        • Compressed texture with alpha support for Stage3D
        • DXT encoding
      • AIR only
        • Deprecated Carbon APIs for AIR
        • Direct AIR deployment using ADT
        • Push notifications for iOS
        • Ambient AudioPlaybackMode
        • Exception support in Native Extensions for iOS
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.265) (August 21, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.278) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.287) (October 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.5[203]
      • Shared ByteArray
      • Invoke Event enhancement (for openurl)
      • Packaging multiple libraries in an ANE (iOS)
      • Debug stack trace in release builds of Flash Player
      • Statically link DRM (desktop only)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.6 (codenamed Folsom)[203]
      • Lossless video export from standalone and authplay.dll
      • Support for flash.display.graphics.readGraphicsData() that returns a Vector of IGraphicsData
      • Improve permissions UI related to full screen keyboard access
      • Prevent ActiveX abuse in Office documents
      • Support file access in cloud on Windows
      • Enhance multi-SWF support
      • Migration certification for ANEs
      • RectangleTexture
      • File API update so AIR apps conform to Apple data storage guidelines
      • Separate sampler state for Stage3D
      • Set device specific Retina Display resolution (iOS)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.7 (version 11.7.700.169, codenamed Geary) (April 9, 2013)[203]
      • SharedObject.preventBackup property
      • forceCPURenderModeForDevices
      • Remote hosting of SWF files in case of multiple SWFs
      • Support for uploading 16-bit texture formats
      • GameInput updates
      • Android – create captive runtime apps
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 11.7 on Mac and Windows with 13.0 on May 13, 2014.[204]
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.8 (codenamed Harrison)[203]
      • Stage3D baselineExtended profile
      • Recursive stop on MovieClip
      • Flash Player & AIR Desktop Game Pad Support
      • Support for large textures (extendedBaseline, 4096)
      • Rectangle texture
      • DatagramSocket
      • ServerSocket
      • Substitute a redirected URL from a source URLRequest for part of the URL in a new URLRequest
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.9 (codenamed Irving)[203]
    • Adobe Flash Player 12 (codenamed Jones)[205] (November 14, 2013)
      • Improved Mac .pkg Installation Support for the work flow and UI
      • Support for Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7
      • Support for Safe Mode in Safari 6.1 and higher
      • 64-bit PPAPI Flash Player for Google Chrome
      • Graphics: Buffer Usage flag for Stage3D
    • Adobe Flash Player 13 (codenamed King)[206][207]
      • Supplementary Characters Enhancement Support for Text Field
      • Full Screen video message tweak
      • As of 13 May 2014[update] this is the Extended Support Release.[204]
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.125, codenamed Lombard) (June 10, 2014)[208]
      • Stage 3D Standard profile
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.145) (July 8, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.179) (August 12, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.152, codenamed Market) (September 9, 2014)[209]
      • Improved support for browser zoom levels
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.167) (September 23, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.223) (November 11, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.235, codenamed Natoma) (December 9, 2014)[210]
      • Stage3D – Standard Constrained Profile
      • PPAPI Installers for Windows and Mac
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.257) (January 13, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.287) (January 22, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.296) (January 27, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.305) (February 5, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.134, codenamed Octavia) (March 12, 2015)[211]
      • Control Panel improvements
      • Installer improvements for Mac
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.169) (April 14, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.188) (May 12, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.160, codenamed Presidio) (June 9, 2015)
      • Contains fixes for Adobe Security Bulletin APSB 15–11[212]
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.194) (June 23, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.203) (July 8, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.209) (July 14, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.232) (August 11, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.185, codenamed Quint) (September 21, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.207) (October 13, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.226) (October 16, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.245) (November 10, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.228, codenamed Rankin) (December 8, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.267) (December 28, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.270) (January 1, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.286) (January 19, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.306) (February 9, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.182, codenamed Sutter) (March 10, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.197) (March 23, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.213) (April 7, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.216) (April 8, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.226) (April 21, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.242) (May 12, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.185, codenamed Townsend) (June 16, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.209) (July 12, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.210) (July 14, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.162, codenamed Underwood) (September 13, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.185) (October 11, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.205) (October 26, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.207) (November 8, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24 (version 24.0.0.186, codenamed Van Ness) (December 13, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24 (version 24.0.0.194) (January 10, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24 (version 24.0.0.221) (February 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.127, codenamed Webster) (March 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.148) (April 11, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.163) (April 20, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.171) (May 9, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.126, codenamed York) (June 13, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.131) (June 16, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.137) (July 11, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.151) (August 8, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.130, codenamed Zoe) (September 12, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.159) (October 10, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.170) (October 16, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.183) (October 25, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.187) (November 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.126, codenamed Atka) (December 12, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.137) (January 9, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.161) (February 6, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.113) (March 13, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.140) (April 10, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.171) (May 8, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.113) (June 7, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.134) (July 10, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.154) (August 14, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version 31.0.0.108) (September 11, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version 31.0.0.122) (October 9, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version 31.0.0.148) (November 13, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.101) (December 5, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.114) (January 8, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.142) (February 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.156) (March 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.171) (April 9, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.192) (May 14, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.207) (June 11, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.223) (July 9, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.238) (August 13, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.255) (September 10, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.270) (October 9, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.293) (November 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.303) (December 10, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.314) (January 14, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.321) (January 21, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.330) (February 11, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.344) (March 10, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.363) (April 14, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.371) (May 12, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.387) (June 9, 2020)
      • Refuses to play Flash content after January 12, 2021 and instead displays a static warning message.
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.403) (July 14, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.414) (August 11, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.433) (September 8, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.445) (October 13, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.453) (November 10, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.465) (December 8, 2020)
      • Final global variant update.

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

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    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Flash_Player
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Posted: (1 week ago) Racing Sim Tools Whether you’re a noobie to telemetry, a veteran, or someone who just wants good setups without the hassle, RST has the Software and Products to give you the edge in Sim Racing. SRT Sim Semi-Pro Sim Racing Cockpit. In partnership with the channel, Road to VR shares a curated selection of their content. Stars - the number of stars that a project has on GitHub. SimHub is the software that allows to create widgets/dashboards for many sims and games. You can find a full listing of SIMTools commands in your journal and can use !list emotes or !list commands to send a list of available emotes or commands to your combat log. It is possible to reassign the key If you go to controls > general > general find pause and add a new key combination for example Rctrl +/ you will need to use a combination or key that is not in use by your aircraft but it is possible. Hadn't a problem with SV yet been saving the license file and installing from that , SSW has a 5 installation limit before needing support. com in the email address field and type your personal license key in the License Key field. 8 Alternative download mirror Help and Documentation - Bug reports and features requests Recent changes 7. 1 on 24 votes. Use Ctrl+V to paste your license key into the dialog. Entertainment License. this is not a fully functioning keys. Select from more than 200 customizable widgets and create your personal display. 5 Tweaking the Simulator: We have done very much to fine-tune the simulator for it's best performance. You also find there your license key. Read more! We're on the road to the next stop on the Horizon Festival - Mexico! Welcome to Forza Horizon 5! Here's our continuously updating list of Forza Horizon 5 cars coming on day one. Permanent Redirect. In partnership with the channel, Road to VR shares a curated selection of their content. Winchester Baseball Tournament. tool for Arduino boards. Laura Arellano on Sim Racing Telemetry - F1 2018 [crack] _VERIFIED_. Steering Wheel Display Additional display for simulators. Key facts: no play by definition quick and easy to change wheels base side & €84,99. We offer software and a lot of material for a good and fast entry into the simulation world. This was apparent in a wide spread of sectors automobiles, auto components, electronics, telecom, white goods, defence, and more so in SSI and job-shops. Licensing requirements for dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants vary from State to State. The required game data with help of the SimTools software is transmitted through the serial port to the Arduino. Public Use Permitted. For more detailed instructions and. us/diy/ and click the buy now button. Click the New User button to get started. us and [email protected] This is a legal agreement (the "Agreement") between you (either an individual or a single entity) and RapidTyping Software. GSM tool helps you to flash your device with the bypass your android device. 8 - 16/10/2021 Totally rewrote USB displays support Added process isolation for each display , each display will be driven in a separate process, libusb not being perfect this will protect from any device communication failure New devices will be recognized […]. Develop conceptual model & plan study 3. Permanent Redirect. Much of this. This email is delivered to the email address used at the time of purchase. The risk analysis engine is a simple but powerful tool for undertaking risk and scenario analysis of any spreadsheet model. If your android device has any trouble and you want to flash your device, then you can easily use this tool. World Racing Series. We will to communication using the Serial Port. However, I now am leaning against that and that both of these articles are different enough to keep separate. The SRT Sim Semi-Pro brings the main things of good performance and comfortable racing. This page will assist you in getting a permanent or temporary license key for the programs that we make. 2021: Author: sashion. See your product manual for which Toolkit activities are supported by your drive. The parallel arrangement of the SMAR POD's stages contributes to the. SimTools v2. See the End User License Agreement. Sim Commander is our industry leading software solution for controlling flight simulator and racing simulator hardware. us goes completely to @yobuddy to keep the development of SimTools alive and to compensate the countless hours of work he did and will do in future. Home; Quick Links; Search Engines; MB SJU-17(V)/A Ejection Seat. SimTools is a generic Motion Simulator Software able to control. About Xplane11 Plane Downloads. Sportsnet NOW. Please check the Unique Key Search before completing and submitting this form!. You'll get an email in a day or two with your license key to put in the box below (mine blacked out obviously) along with a link to the Owners Discord. On the checkout page, enter your discount code to adjust the checkout price to zero. How fast will I receive my license? In most cases your activation key is delivered instantly via e-mail within 15–30 minutes. NS3 is licensed under the GNU GPLv2 license , and is available for research and development. Tutorial - From AtoZ - Motion Simulator Community. Simply connect the included USB cable to your PC, included power cable to the wall and included actuator cables to the included SX-4000 motion control adapter via the. Next Arduino activates servo motors that move the simulation platform accordingly. We only need to upload the code given below. Posted: (4 days ago) Apr 27, 2021 · The ignition key, of course = ) a plate on the side of the wheel holder: and here is a starter / emergency stop key § The pedal support the right bracket must be folded down! Dirlling of the pedals and support plate at the same time Two … › Course Detail: www. Posdata: Te quiero Película Completa HD 1080p [MEGA] [LATINO] 2007 Holly Kennedy es una joven viuda que trata de encauzar nuevamente su vida tras la muerte de su amado marido Gerry, fallecido de una enfermedad. com has recently expanded their range of products: Adapter boards for MobiFlight! These boards are available for some panels of the Boeing 737 PCB'S. F1 2010 RaceRoom The Game 2 RACE On Need for Speed Shift Shift 2: Unleashed NASCAR'14 NASCAR Racing 2003 Race Driver: GRID GRID Autosport. Home page - RacingSimTools. 8 Alternative download mirror Help and Documentation - Bug reports and features requests Recent changes 7. Simtools x-plane. Don't know though how deep people go since documentation is a joke. Details: Image: professor - excel. If your android device has any trouble and you want to flash your device, then you can easily use this tool. VRi2DCSBIOS. To make a real simulator, you need to add motor drivers and large servo motors. le nouveau taxi 1 - Unite 1 Lecon 2 Dialogue 1 (mp3. RapidTyping ("SOFTWARE") is FREE for personal or corporate use. Sim Commander is our industry leading software solution for controlling flight simulator and racing simulator hardware. Look up a contractor license or Home Improvement Salesperson (HIS) registration to verify info. Dental License Lookup. SimTools is a generic Motion Simulator Software able to control. Compatibility: PC, Xbox* and PlayStation* *. 57 Den CS8190 kann man entweder mit Frequenz(Tachometer) oder mit DC Spannung ansteuern. Integration. clickfraudadmin Post author May 7, 2016 at 5:01 pm. Please enter your Online PIN and License Number and click Continue to proceed with your online renewal process. It also contains a simple auditing tool (Formlist) that adds procedures for displaying the formulas of any selected range. It was build on the already proven AMC1280USB controller but has dedicated servo firmware and DB25 connectors for easy plug and play use. Licensed works, modifications, and larger works may be distributed under different terms and without source code. Cas and Chary VR is a YouTube channel hosted by Netherland-based duo Casandra Vuong and Chary Keijzer who have been documenting their VR journeys since 2016. I currently use it with Simtools, but i've tried Sim-Motion and FlyPT as well. Entertainment License. Let me start by saying that this is my first motion simulator, so I don't. Hadn't a problem with SV yet been saving the license file and installing from that , SSW has a 5 installation limit before needing support. com Courses. Cas and Chary VR is a YouTube channel hosted by Netherland. This is definitely the controller you want to get if you are adding a motion sim racing/flight simulator! It works with nearly every simracing motion software out. In total adding my wheel/pedals and HOTAS along with assembling the P3 was about 5 to 6 hours. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorro. Read more about the product key tool here. As a new concept in operating freeways it has a limited experience base, creating a knowledge vacuum in emerging key areas that are critical for effective implementation. documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. ESET introduced a new License Key (previously known as Activation Key) that replaces Username/Password license credentials. arduino 2 pin button. For more detailed instructions and. dlo" can be found in \Program Files (x86)\SLIMax Manager Pro\ directory and is normally installed automatically by SLIMax Mgr during the installation if the WRS directory is found. Simtools adds statistical functions and procedures for doing Monte Carlo simulation and risk analysis in spreadsheets. I recently had the opportunity to test the YAW VR motion simulator, so I wanted to share my first impressions!. Views: 12764: Published: 30. The State of New York does not imply approval of the listed destinations, warrant the accuracy of any information set out in those destinations, or endorse any opinions expressed therein. it: Motion Vr Tracking. The packet consists of 6 - 12 bit values, delimited by comma and ended by a "X" Character to signal the ESP32 that the packet is done. Examples are the Smalltalk model view. com]AMEL1EHD1080P odedes Atomas Game Tips !!BETTER!! Purchase one of the download plans below to get instant access to SimTools plugins! product key office professional 2016 iobit advanced systemcare 09 2020. 0480; Buy Now. Entertainment License. The Simtools software was easy to install and use. Download SimTools and place in appropriate directory Select key parameters and run simulation sensitivity analysis. it: Xsimulator. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-Please watch: "Let's. Choose the option below that best matches your situation. SimTools seems very powerful, though, and works great once you have it setup. 57 Den CS8190 kann man entweder mit Frequenz(Tachometer) oder mit DC Spannung ansteuern. Just like the full version of the program it contains all 35 sign making tools as well as direct cutting from CorelDRAW and Adobe illustrator. 105 likes · 1 talking about this. To create a sample of size 10, copy cell A1 to cells A2 to A10. If you are searching for Virtual Body Measurements Simulator, simply look out our text below :. Whosonline. documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Supra provides a cutting edge electronic lockbox system to the real estate industry. Select from more than 200 customizable widgets and create your personal display. This free download includes a vast mission area of the Caucasus region and Black Sea that encompasses much of Georgia. This controller was designed to allow conversion of 4DOF platforms from SFX100 to Simtools compatibility. A permissive license whose main conditions require preservation of copyright and license notices. Many classes on Higher Ground have abilities that are integrated into SIMTools; when this is the case you will find these commands mentioned on the individual class pages. The ASE 61850 Suite is a toolset of Windows-based applications designed to meet all your IEC-61850 operations test, engineering, compliance, and management needs. A software framework provides a set of reusable libraries and classes to build applications. Simtools is a freeware add-ins for Microsoft Excel. Details: Image: professor - excel. g-Seats have long been used by the military as a means of enhancing the flight experience in training for their pilots. Simtools download. If you haven't played Richard Burns Rally or want to try this racing / driving video game, download it now for free! Published in 2004 by Eidos SARL, Richard Burns Rally (aka 理查德·伯恩斯拉力赛, RBR, Rally7) is still a popular off-road / monster truck title amongst retrogamers, with a whopping 4. The State of New York does not imply approval of the listed destinations, warrant the accuracy of any information set out in those destinations, or endorse any opinions expressed therein. The plugins can be downloaded from X simulator for small fee to install the plug in used cin tools plug in updater located in the root of sim tools, installation directory. Cas & Chary Present. WebSite › See more all of the best online courses on www. In a normal distribution the mean is zero and the standard deviation is 1. 本文整理汇总了C++中Sim类的典型用法代码示例。如果您正苦于以下问题:C++ Sim类的具体用法?C++ Sim怎么用?C++ Sim使用的例子?那么恭喜您, 这里精选的类代码示例或许可以为您提供帮助。. We will to communication using the Serial Port. We only need to upload the code given below. Posdata: Te quiero Película Completa HD 1080p [MEGA] [LATINO] 2007 Holly Kennedy es una joven viuda que trata de encauzar nuevamente su vida tras la muerte de su amado marido Gerry, fallecido de una enfermedad. How fast will I receive my license? In most cases your activation key is delivered instantly via e-mail within 15–30 minutes. INDIVIDUAL SMOKING cessation is a highly cost-effective clinical medical intervention for individual smokers1; nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a key element of this approach to combating nicotine addiction. Title: Petition for Temporary Casino Key Employee Licensure Author: NJ CCC Subject: To be filled out by requesting casino/petitioner and electronically returned to CCC and DGE at: [email protected] The controller can be implemented on any programming language. Much of this. Produce charts. Will switch out of draft and assign reviewers when ready. ESET introduced a new License Key (previously known as Activation Key) that replaces Username/Password license credentials. to contact you and send promotional communication even thou. In the Manage box, click Excel Add -ins , and then click Go. Everything has gotten an update including the backend, you are now to able to download plugins and view you SimTools License key in your account. Yes it works with WP 4. This email is delivered to the email address used at the time of purchase. Terms and Conditions Please note that by submitting the contact details, you are authorizing SMC Global Securities Ltd. You can build your own factory and controller. Price $139. arduino 6dof motion platform. The RacingCUBE motion platform is an innovative motion platform created for Racing and Flight simulators. August 2021. Are payments secure? All payment methods are secure and your privacy is assured. Entertainment License. Cas and Chary VR is a YouTube channel hosted by Netherland-based duo Casandra Vuong and Chary Keijzer who have been documenting their VR journeys since 2016. This is a legal agreement (the "Agreement") between you (either an individual or a single entity) and RapidTyping Software. Supra provides a cutting edge electronic lockbox system to the real estate industry. g-Seats have long been used by the military as a means of enhancing the flight experience in training for their pilots. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-Please watch: "Let's. Tim leads a discussion around the Blackhawks scandal and Kyle Beach coming forward. If using Windows 7, you will be prompted to install each of the Arduino and USB drivers. Select from more than 200 customizable widgets and create your personal display. VRi2DCSBIOS. Scilab4Matlab2. it: Simhub Tutorial. In this article, we are going to discuss two ways to resolve the problem of the lack of COM ports on computers running the Windows 10 operating system. It has zero skew and a kurtosis of. A motion driver with Microsoft Direct3D (similar to the 3d stereoscopic drivers), Force Feedback, OpenGL and direct memory access support. The Add -Ins dialog box appears. Visuino is a visual programming tool for Arduino boards. License text MIT License _____ Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of _____ (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished. We provide our users a constantly updated view of the entire world of EDA that allows them to make more timely and informed decisions. About Motion Diy 3 Full Simulator Dof. Check back regularly for updates! Achievement unlocked!. Toronto @ Chicago. SIMTOOLS UPDATE - Sunday, 17th October 2020 Only updated Webpage layout link. With this software, you can connect more games as it has a big user base with people building plugins for it. The SimXperience 150mm Motion Starter Kit is ideal for DIY and Commercial simulator companies with the skills to fabricate their own seat moving motion simulator. Ortho4XP (requires lots of hard drive space, but otherwise free). Eu Te Amo 2007 Torrent Download - Bluray 720p Dublado. For full-motion platforms, check out our H2,H3 or P2,P3 models. com) is a fully integrated, flexible and easy to use physi. The g-Seat PROJECT. Our dream is to offer the most authentic and realistic simulation of military aircraft, tanks, ground vehicles and ships possible. If you need to retrieve a lost license key, please login to the Codejunkies website and select license keys from the Account menu. With the advent of multi-homed devices and heterogeneous network (HetNet) solution, great concerns arise in the processes. Price $139. Validate simulation 8. - Right Click on GradePeriod Key to take ownership of. Turn off incompatible programs2. Great sense of place and time. The AMC-AASD15A controller has non expiring lifetime license and support. Works with All Game Plugins. NS3 is licensed under the GNU GPLv2 license , and is available for research and development. This is a legal agreement (the "Agreement") between you (either an individual or a single entity) and RapidTyping Software. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its. When you have purchased a license for an ESET product, you have received an email from ESET containing your ESET-issued Username and Password. Provided to YouTube by Universal Music GroupAmerican Pie · Don McLeanAmerican Pie℗ A Capitol Records Release; ℗ 1971 Capitol Records, LLCReleased on: 1988-01. Produce charts. Hadn't a problem with SV yet been saving the license file and installing from that , SSW has a 5 installation limit before needing support. Keep in mind that this software costs $50, and if you want to download plugins for more games, you’ll need another license for around $30. License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the. Stars - the number of stars that a project has on GitHub. arduino 6dof motion platform. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright. Click the File tab, click Options , and then click the Add -Ins category. -- Don't type (ctrl/j) or (ctrl/m) as text, hold down the ctrl key and type j or m as needed. Cas & Chary Present. To facilitate the verification of the license status of practitioners, most States provide Dental License Lookup web tools as detailed below. See the End User License Agreement. Fabfilter pro q license key crack. WireFactory Simulator. View the Results. Mac: macOS 10. Key aspect about manufacturing industrys performance was its efforts to achieve excellence in quality, technology, and customisation. The Simtools software was easy to install and use. Cas & Chary Present. This is an overview of how the software works together. simPlugins is a Division of BajuSoftware LLC of Florida, USA. OMSI 2 Add-On HafenCity - Hamburg modern. This is the first time I have used simtools and it can be a little tricky if you [re not a current user. Let me start by saying that this is my first motion simulator, so I don't. The top plate is actuated by the simultaneous movement of multiple linear stages in contrast to a serial kinematic approach where each translation is the result of the movement of a specific linear or rotation stage. LED's go 5m/16ft. Contact coftware#gmail. Future generation networks will be heterogeneous in nature as no single network type will be capable of optimally meeting all the rapid changes in customer demands. We only need to upload the code given below. notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the. dlo" can be found in \Program Files (x86)\SLIMax Manager Pro\ directory and is normally installed automatically by SLIMax Mgr during the installation if the WRS directory is found. World Racing Series. However it requires a license if you add other Display USB devices from SIM Display or Leo Bodnar or VDASH-EMU Dash Emulator. The P3 model is designed to move not only the seat, but, all simulator controls: steering wheel, joystick, pedals, throttles, etc. Nsauditor network auditor checks enterprise network for all potential methods that a hacker might use to attack it and create a report of potential problems. us keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites Simtools license. Your portrait, combat bar, inventory, and other UI elements adjust in size based on your chosen resolution including 1080p and 4k. Code::Blocks is distributed under the GNU General Public License, version 3, which means it can be used freely by anyone! The only exception is the SDK, distributed under GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3, which is allowed to be linked by closed-source plugins. Entering the combined function. This service lets you upload your key to Yubico's validation servers so that third-party services can authenticate you with Yubico OTP. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright. So, very briefly, the game must be patched by the sim tools: game manager. simPlugins provides Avionics and Interfaces for Flight Simulation. SimTools v2. 2021: Author: barristorante. So, very briefly, the game must be patched by the sim tools: game manager. Daniel's work on the code and the manual was essential for the publication of FINESSE as open source. Public Use Permitted. However it requires a license if you add other Display USB devices from SIM Display or Leo Bodnar or VDASH-EMU Dash Emulator. 2021: Author: sashion. If I press any of these buttons. Run Neverwinter Nights and enter each key into the boxes given. The Sony PlayStation 3 is a Blu-ray and DVD player as well as a DAZ Studio 4 Pro Serial Number plus Crack modern launch is a expert full version wrc 2010 crack no dvd drive found redgate sql toolbelt serial Downloading files via torrent is the most popular way but many people do not like it often due to. Don't know though how deep people go since documentation is a joke. Forza Motorsport 7

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) allows users of public networks like the Internet to exchange private data securely. PKI is essentially a set of hardware, software, policies, personnel and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store and revoke digital certificates. The PKI is one of the core services being offered by the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) that will foster trust in the government by ensuring secure and reliable online transactions.

All government online applications stand to benefit from the use of the PKI, ultimately improving the delivery of government services to citizens. At the heart of the PKI is the concept of digital certificates. These certificates are very small files that can be stored on your computer, an ordinary flash drive or USB token. Through the use of certificates issued and digitally signed by a Certificate Authority (CA), the PKI authenticates the data source and ensures data had not been tampered with in transit. PKI can also be used to encrypt data such as email or online transactions.

If your agency uses email communication or has online transactions with other agencies or the public,  or if your agency plans to do so, then you need PKI. Among the applications that use PKI are:

  • Document Signing Applications, e.g. Adobe Reader, Foxit Reader, etc.
  • Email Applications, e.g. Outlook, Thunderbird, etc.

Some applications, such as email, are fairly easy to configure and integrate with PKI. These applications only require the users to register and receive their digital certificates. More complicated applications, such as those used for online transactions, would require extended development time. Eventually, digital certificates will be issued to private individuals to facilitate transactions with government as well as to secure their personal electronic communication. Wouldn’t it be nice if we can file our income tax returns online, bid on government procurement proceedings, apply for loans, and pay our taxes in the convenience of our home, knowing full well that our transactions are secure and tamper-proof? All these applications require the PKI, and it is only a matter of time before they become a reality.

PNPKI SERVICES

  • Certificate Authority & Registration Authority services

These include processing of applications, issuance of digital certificates, and provision of technical support and assistance

  • Validation Authority service

This is used by applications to check validity of certificates via Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)/Certificate Revocation List (CRL)

This is used by applications to connect to an authoritative time source for the embedded timestamp in a digitally-signed document

WHO CAN AVAIL

  • Government agencies and personnel
  • Private individuals
  • Government computers, servers and machines

BENEFITS

  • Vastly improves verifiable identification of an individual or entity

Passwords are often, if not exclusively, used to authorize access to computer systems and applications. A password, even one with a 10-character length, only provides 80-bits of security, and inconvenient discipline must be imposed on users so the passwords they create are not easily breached. A Digital Certificate issued by the PKI will have at a minimum of 2048-bit system generated key to further ensure user identity. This is actually an oversimplified comparison since the complex computations add significant obstacles to those that would compromise a Digital Certificate.

  • Digital Certificates imbue on to data sufficient integrity for acceptance as evidence in a court of law

The Philippines, United States, Canada, Korea, Singapore and Malaysia already have laws which provide the legal framework for formally recognizing digitally signed data as proper evidence for courts.

This allows a document in digital form to be signed as if it were a paper document. Moreover, the “signing” also makes the document tamper-proof since the smallest change (1-bit) will be detected upon verification.

  • Provides significant protection against unauthorized access of common communications

The government already relies on Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and this is increasing. ICT, however, cannot be secured by traditional methods because of their very nature. Encryption methods being used are not regulated. Moreover, the use of ICT by criminals and enemies of the state requires that legitimate users employ similar, if not better, technologies to keep ahead. To put the PKI’s 4096-bit capability into perspective, Wi-Fi at most can use a 14-character or 96-bit “password” by which to encrypt traffic.

For further inquiries and submission of application requirements, please email info.pnpki@dict.gov.phor the PNPKI Cluster Team Offices in the Region.

Источник: https://dict.gov.ph/pnpki/
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