convert drm kindle to pdf

Professional eBook Converter helps you reading any ebooks on Kindle, iPad, Sony eReader, Kobo, Nook, nexus 7, and other devices! Get ePUB, PDF. Step 5. Convert Kindle to PDF with Calibre Choose a Kindle book and then tick the "Convert Books" option from the top menu. You can also right. For books that are not currently in Calibre, all you need to do to strip the DRM from the book is to simply drag and drop the book into Calibre.

Convert drm kindle to pdf -

How to convert a Kindle book to PDF

Amazon’s Kindle is a huge business. Both the hardware and the digital service changed how books, magazines, comics, and more are read each day. Unfortunately, customers can’t simply download Kindle books and read them through any app.

For Digital Rights Management (DRM) reasons, all Kindle e-books are locked to Kindle hardware. These digital books use Amazon’s proprietary AZW file format, even though Kindle tablets also support MOBI files. That makes reading these e-books outside the Kindle bubble nearly impossible. The good news is that DRM protection can be removed using free tools, but it’s important you don’t share your e-books with anybody else, as you could find yourself in breach of copyright laws.

Once you’ve removed DRM protection, it’s easy to convert Kindle books into PDFs. It can be a little tricky to do, but this guide shows you how to convert a Kindle book to PDF so you can read your purchased favorites on any e-book reader, not just on a Kindle.

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Download the AZW file(s)

Due to Digital Right Management, the e-book can’t simply download to any PC. Readers must have a hardware Kindle linked to their Amazon account. Otherwise, they will see an error stating, “You have selected content that is not compatible with any of your registered devices.”

That said, even if the e-book is read via the Kindle app on Windows 10, Android, or iOS, without an actual Kindle device linked to an Amazon account, Kindle e-books will not download.

Download and Transfer via USB Kindle books.

Step 1: With Amazon’s website loaded, click on your name, and then select Account on the drop-down menu.

Step 2: Select Manage Content and Devices listed under Digital Content and Devices.

Step 3: Click the Three-dot Actions button next to the target e-book, as shown above.

Step 4: Click Download & Transfer Via USB on the pop-up menu.

Step 5: A pop-up window appears with the registered Kindle selected. Click the yellow Download button.

Download Kindle Ebook to computer.

The AWZ file will download to the default location on your PC, not to the listed Kindle device.

Note: Calibre now offers a plugin called the KFX Input plugin, which allows you to import KFX files as well. Skip to the Calibre section to find out how to use it.

Convert using Calibre (Windows/MacOS/Linux)

Calibre is software specifically designed to transfer and alter digital text into various formats. Fortunately, it will not eat up much of your device’s memory either. This software can support countless input formats, including MOBI, HTML, PRC, and AZW.

Calibre is an effective e-book manager that gives its users the creative freedom and plentiful options they need to customize their graphics and visual images. The app’s display is user-friendly and easy to navigate, making for an exceptional and incredibly informative changeover experience. Furthermore, Calibre can operate with or without a continual or running network connection.

Download and install DRM Removal Tool

Calibre Version 4.

In order to remove the DRM from your Kindle e-books, you’ll need to download an older version of Calibre, version 4.23.0. Once you have downloaded and installed the software, you’ll also need to download Apprentice Alf’s DRM Removal Tool. Rather than the latest version, you want to download and install v6.8.1 which will work with version 4 of Calibre. Just click on DeDRM_tools zipped folder to download it to your computer, then unzip the folder by right-clicking it and selecting Extract All (or however you would normally unzip folders on your computer).

Here are the steps to follow to install the DRM Removal Tool Plug-in for Calibre:

Step 1: Launch Calibre and select Preferences from the top menu on the right-hand side.

Step 2: Scroll down and under Advanced, click Plug-Ins.

Step 3: At the bottom right, click Load Plug-In From File, then select the DeDRM_Plugin zipped folder on your computer in the pop-up window.

Step 4: Click Open. Calibre will now install the plug-in.

Step 5: Restart Calibre.

Adding your Kindle serial number to Calibre

Adding Kindle serial number to Calibre.

This is where things get a little complicated, but we’ll guide you through the next steps. You need to insert your Kindle serial number into Calibre, and here’s how:

Step 1: Select Preferences again from the top menu.

Step 2: Click Advanced then select Plug-ins.

Step 3: Double click the line that says File Type.

Step 4: Double click on the DeDRM plug-in.

Step 5: Select the first option that says eInk Kindle ebooks and click OK.

Step 6: Now, you need to find and enter your Kindle serial number.

Step 7: On most Kindles, you can find this by going to Settings > All Settings > Device Options > Device Info on your Kindle. You should see information about your Kindle, including the serial number.

Step 8: If you’re unsure where to find your Kindle’s serial number a quick Google of “Serial location” plus your Kindle model, e.g. “10th Gen Paperwhite” should help.

Step 9: Now, enter the serial number, without any spaces, into Calibre.

Step 10: Click Close, then OK, then click Apply.

Now you’re ready to convert your DRM-free e-books to PDF!

Adding your books to Calibre

Adding books to Calibre.

Before converting your e-books to PDF, you’ll need to add them to Calibre. Just click on Add Books at the top left in the menu, then select the books from your downloads folder, or wherever you stored them after downloading them from Amazon earlier.

Converting your e-books to PDF

Converting a Kindle book to PDF in Calibre.

Now that you’ve installed the DRM Removal plug-in, the actual conversion of e-books to PDF is easy, as Calibre takes care of everything. Here’s how to convert your book:

Step 1: Click on the book in your list that you’d like to convert, to ensure it is highlighted.

Step 2: Click Convert Books from the top menu in Calibre. You can also right-click on a book and select Convert Books then choose Convert Individually or Bulk Convert.

Step 3: In the pop-up window, ensure AZW3 is showing as the Input Format at the top left. At the top right where it says Output Format, select PDF from the drop-down menu.

Step 4: It’s also possible to adjust output settings like line height, font size, and so on, but we’d recommend converting the book first to see how it looks — you can always re-convert it later if you need to adjust any settings. Most books are fine with the default settings.

Step 5: Check the title and author on the right side of your screen are correct.

Step 6: Click OK at the bottom of the screen and the conversion will begin.

Step 7: Once it’s finished, the jobs counter at the bottom right will return to zero.

Step 8: When you highlight the book in your list, at the right of your screen under Formats you should now see a blue link that says PDF.

Step 9: Click this to open your book in PDF format.

Step 10: By default, Calibre stores e-books to the Calibre Library folder on your hard drive.

Step 11: If you want to send the book to yourself (via email, for example) to read on other devices, you can select Click To Open on the right-hand side of your screen in Calibre, under Formats. This will bring up all the files associated with that book, including the cover, on your hard drive.

Remember that you should never share a DRM-free e-book with somebody else, as this is a breach of copyright law.

Editors' Recommendations

Источник: https://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/how-to-convert-kindle-to-pdf/

How to remove ebook DRM with Calibre

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TechRadar is supported by its audience. When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more

By Bennett Ring last updated

Read your ebook purchases where and when you want

Intrusive DRM often means ebooks you've purchased can only be read on one type of device, especially when it comes to the Amazon products like the Kindle Voyage.

Here's how to remove ebook DRM, so you can read your purchases on any of your multiple devices, including competing e-readers.

1. Install Calibre

Calibre is free to download, and the latest version for Windows is 1.36.0. There are also versions available for OSX, Linux, and every version of Windows since XP SP3.

We used the Windows version on a PC running Windows 8.1 64-bit, converting files from a 4th Gen Kindle.

Once the 54MB installer has downloaded, run it, and it will ask to be pointed to any folders you may already have for existing e-book purchases.

If you don't have any such folder, create a new one. You'll also be asked to plug in the type of e-Reader you use.

Depending on which one you select, you'll then be presented with a range of options. Fill them in, and then Calibre will start up for the first time.

2. Install the DRM-remover

Calibre supports various plug-ins, and we're going to use Apprentice Alf's DRM Removal Tool for e-Books. You can download the latest version from here.

You'll download a .zip file containing three folders and a readme.txt file; unzip them to a new folder on your desktop.

Now fire up Calibre, and click the large Preference button on the top menu, far right hand side. Select the "Change Calibre behaviour" option, then scroll down to the advanced section before clicking on Plugins.

A new screen will pop up, and you need to click the "Load plugin from file" button at the bottom right corner.

Point the software to the folder you unzipped Alf's tools to, then click on the DeDRM_calibre_plugin folder.

Then highlight the DeDRM_plugin.zip file, and hit the Open button. Click Yes when the virus warning starts up. Shut down Calibre, and then fire it up once more.

3. Remove the DRM

Now that all of the hard work is done, you can simply remove DRM by importing books into Calibre's library.

If you already have your books stored on your PC, simply drag and drop them into Calibre's main window. If you're taking books off your e-Reader, plug it into your PC via USB.

Using File Explorer, drag and drop the e-Books from your e-Reader into Calibre's main window, and all that nasty DRM will be stripped out. However, Kindle users will need to jump through a few extra hoop first.

Head back into Calibre's Preferences menu, then go to Advanced, then Plugins, then double click the line called "File type plugins".

You'll see the DeDRM plugin; double click it. Select the first entry "eInk Kindle ebooks", then click the green plus button in the new window.

A small empty window will pop up, and this needs your Kindle's serial number.

Finding the serial number varies depending on the version of Kindle you're using – on our older 4th Gen Kindle, the serial number was found on page two of the Kindle's "Settings" screen.

To find where your serial, simply type "serial location", along with the model name of your Kindle, into Google.

Once you've got the serial number, type it into the Calibre window, removing any spaces as you go. Click Close, then OK – you should now be back at the Calibre Preferences Plugins window – click Apply in the top right.

Now head back to File Explorer and navigate to the area on your Kindle that stores your books. You'll notice that each book has several files associated with it.

Our copy of Doctor Sleep By Stephen King actually had five different file types - *.apnx, *.azw3, *.ea, *.han and *.phl.

Drag and drop every file associated with the book into the main Calibre window – as you can see in our screenshot, a warning will pop up about duplicates.

Click the "Select None" button, and then OK. Voila, you'll see your book now in Calibre's main Window, and it's 100% DRM free.

For some reason, our book showed up twice in the list, but only one of them worked – we removed the other by right clicking it and selecting "remove book".

4. Converting and testing

To test that the DRM really has been removed, and show you how to change the book type in the process, we're going to make Doctor Sleep a PDF.

Right click the book title in the main Calibre window, and select Convert books > Convert Individually.

A new window will open, laden with dozens of options to tailor the output. Change the Output format in the top right to PDF, then click OK in the bottom right. You can also change it to any other e-Reader format, but we wanted to use PDF so we could see it easily on the PC.

After about 30 seconds of page crunching, Calibre spat out Doctor Sleep as a PDF. However, the font size was huge, so we converted it again, but this time used the font size option on the PDF Output options screen to make it much smaller.

After fiddling with a few of the settings here, we finally ended up with a PDF that was as clearly laid out as the original e-Book but playable on any device.

Removing DRM and changing file type are only two of many of Calibre's features. Needless to say, if you've got an extensive e-Library read over multiple devices, this free software is an essential download.

Источник: https://www.techradar.com/news/software/how-to-remove-ebook-drm-with-calibre-1291960

How to Download Kindle Books to PDF Documents on PCs and Mac

Part 1: Download Kindle Books to PDF on Desktop

The benefit of desktop software is stability. Plus, it can remove DRM encryption from Kindle books when downloading as PDF.

Method 1: Download Kindle Books to PDF with Calibre

Calibre is a free tool to convert downloaded Kindle books into PDF documents.

Step 1: Open the Kindle book to PDF converter. Click the Add Books button at the top right side to open a Kindle book downloaded from the Amazon store.

Step 2: Then click the Convert Books menu on the top ribbon to open the converter window.

Step 3: Click and expand the dropdown list next to Output format at the top right corner. And then select PDF from the list. Once click the OK button and save the downloaded Kindle book as a PDF file.

Step 4: Finally, select the PDF link in the Format area on the result window to save the PDF document to your hard drive and remove the Kindle DRM limit at the same time.

Convert Kindle to PDF with Calibre

Method 2: Download Kindle Books to PDF via PDFMate eBook Converter

PDFMate eBook Converter is another program to convert downloaded Kindle books to PDF format. It is not free to use but can remove DRM from Kindle files efficiently. PDFMate eBook Converter is only available to PCs. There is no version for Mac.

Step 1: Connect your Kindle tablet to your computer and open the eBook Converter.

Step 2: Click the Kindle button on the left side to scan your Kindle device and detect the book files.

Step 3: After that, drag and drop the desired Kindle books to the right panel. Then hit the Settings menu with a gear icon and set the destination folder.

Step 4: Click the arrow icon at the bottom, and select PDF. Then click the Convert to PDF button to begin downloading Kindle books to PDF documents.

PDFMate eBook Converter

Method 3: Download Kindle Books to PDF Using Kindle Converter

As its name indicated, Kindle Converter is a dedicated tool to convert downloaded Kindle books to PDF files for reading on any device. It is available to both Windows and Mac OS X. But you have to buy it for $15.

Step 1: Also, plug your Kindle device into the computer with a USB cord. Then launch Kindle Converter and click the Kindle menu at the top menu bar to detect the digital books on your device.

Step 2: Select the desired book files in the main interface. Then go to the Output Options tab at the bottom. Select PDF format from the Output Format drop-down list, and then set the Output Folder and Paper Size based on your need.

Step 3: Finally, hit the big Convert button to initiate downloading Kindle books to PDF documents on your computer.

Kindle Converter
Источник: https://www.widsmob.com/how-to/download-kindle-books-to-pdf.html

How To Convert Kindle eBook To PDF

Kindle plays an important role in the rise of e-books and mobile reading platforms. But accessing these files on Mac or Windows is not possible as 97% of the files purchased from Amazon store have Kindle DRM. This means you cannot read your favorite books without converting Kindle to PDF.

Therefore, here we are with the best way to convert Kindle paperwhite to PDF.

Before we learn how to convert Kindle cloud reader to PDF let’s know about the supported file formats. Kindle support AZW, KFX, AZW3, PRC, MOBI, and TPZ formats which are not supported by most readers. Therefore, you face problems while accessing these files and need a conversion tool to convert kindle to PDF.

Ways to Convert Kindle Files to PDF

1. Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

PDFelment Pro is one of the best tools that help convert Kindle to PDF. Using this tool, you can convert various file formats into PDF files.

Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF, follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install PDFelement Pro.
  2. Launch PDFelement Pro > right-click Kindle file you wish to convert.
  3. Choose Open With > PDFelement Pro.
  4. Wait for a second, the selected Kindle file will now convert into PDF. Once done you can edit, add image, etc.
  5. To save converted file click File > Save As. Name the file your converted PDF will now be saved.

2. Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF you can use DRM- free ebook converter. This tool allows you to view Kindle eBook on a computer or Mac. In addition to this, you can print a Kindle eBook.

Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To use eBook DRM to convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install the Kindle app.
  2. Once done download eBook in Kindle to convert.
  3. Assuming you have downloaded the converter, you will need to launch it.
  4. Click the Kindle button to add Kindle eBook into the converter and select the output format from the Output Format section.
  5. Click the Convert button.
  6. Wait for the tool to finish the job. Once the file is converted you will see a new file in the output folder.

3. Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Calibre is the one-stop solution to all your e-book needs. Using this lightweight e-book manager, you can easily convert Kindle to PDF.

Calibre also handles different input formats like MOBI and HTML to PRC and AZW,

To use Calibre and convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

Step 1:Download, install and launch Calibre

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Step 2: Click Add books to Add Kindle file stored on your machine or can drag and drop the files you wish to convert.

Step 3: Once all the files are added to Calibre select the file you wish to convert and click the Convert books button. This will open a pop-up window from which you can select various options.

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS-1

To convert Kindle to PDF, click the drop-down next to the Output format and select PDF > Ok.

Step 4: This process might take sometimes wait for it. Once the conversion is done download the PDF.

Convert Kindle to PDF Online

If you don’t want to install software to convert Kindle to PDF, you can use online tools to convert Kindle to PDF.

1. Use ZAMZAR

ZAMZAR is an online Kindle to PDF converter. To use the tool follow the steps below:

Head to ZAMZAR website.

Click the Upload button to upload .azw format file.

Use ZAMZAR

Choose PDF as the output format and click Convert Now to start the process.

Use ZAMZAR online pdf converter

Once the process is done, click the Download button to get the converted file.

2. Use EPUB converter

As the name explains, EPUB Converter is a free online utility to convert e-book files. Using this online converter, you can convert EPUBs, PDF, MOBI, and AZW, etc. To use the tool, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Click here to open EPUB Converter

Use EPUB converter

Step 2: Click on the Add File button to upload the Kindle eBook to convert to PDF. Look for the Kindle file you need to convert.

Use EPUB converter step-2

Step 3: Once the file is added click Start Now button to begin the conversion process. Wait for it to finish.

Step 4: Once done download PDF file.

Use EPUB converter step-4

This way you can have your Kindle book converted to PDF.

Note: EPUB Converter does not keep your eBook. When a file is successfully converted it is retained for 2 hours to give you enough room to download the file. After 2 hours it is automatically deleted.

This was it for now. Using these simple to use tools you can convert Kindle to PDF, convert Kindle to PDF online and can even print Kindle book. We hope you enjoyed reading this quick guide on how to convert Kindle to PDF and print Kindle book.

If you liked it or you thought something is missing, please do leave us a comment and share your thoughts. Also share it with others.

Sharing is Caring!

Источник: https://wethegeek.com/how-to-convert-kindle-ebook-to-pdf/

Published in: Amazon Kindle

The Kindle books that you buy from Amazon are DRM-protected meaning you can only read them on a Kindle Reader or an official Kindle App. It is not possible to read your purchased Kindle books in other ebook readers like the Nook.

Amazon has these DRM based copy-protection measures in place to protect Kindle ebooks against online piracy but, as a consumer, the DRM scheme does limit your options.

For instance, you cannot create backups of Kindle ebooks that you already own and second, you cannot convert DRM protected books into other ebook formats like EPUB or PDF that can be read in other non-Amazon apps.

Remove DRM from Kindle Book Strip DRM from Kindle ebooks and convert them to other formats like EPUB or PDF

Remove DRM from Kindle eBooks

Whether removing DRM is legal or not is a debatable topic, there are simple ways by which anyone can bypass DRM from Kindle eBooks. Google for “Kindle DRM Removal Tools” and you’ll find several paid options that allow you to remove DRM from ebooks with a click.

Alternatively, you can strip DRM using free tools as well as detailed below:

  1. Download and install the free Kindle for PC software onyour Windows computer.
  2. Open the Kindle for PC app and sign-in using your Amazon Account that you use to purchase and downloadKindle ebooks. Download the books that you are looking to convert to other formats.
  3. Download and install the free Calibre software.
  4. Download tools.zip and extract the contents of this file on to your desktop.
  5. Launch Calibre and press Ctrl+P to open the Preference window. Choose Plugin under the Advanced group and then choose Load Plugin from File.
  6. Browse to the folder where you extracted the tools.zip file and, under CalibrePlugin, choose the _K4MobiDeDRM_plugin.zip file.
  7. Accept the security risk and the Kindle DRM plugin is now installed inside Calibre. Restart thesoftware.
  8. Open the My Documents folder in Windows Explorer and switch to the folder that says My Kindle Content.You’ll find a bunch of files here that are actually DRM protected Kindle ebooks.
  9. Drag and drop any of these AZW file into the Calibre window and then choose the Convert Books option.Select a different output format - like MOBI, EPUB or PDF - and click OK to begin the conversion process.

Once the AZW ebook has been successfully converted, you can find the exported file inside your Calibre library. The DRM protection has finally been stripped from your Kindle ebook.

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Published in: Amazon Kindle

Looking for something? Find here!

Источник: https://www.labnol.org/software/remove-drm-from-kindle-books/26461/

How to Remove DRM from Kindle Books

Remove DRM•Kindle Books

577,528

Kindle is an e-reader that enable users to read, download, and purchase e-books and other digital media like newspapers, magazines, and so on. That means you have a digital library on your hand and you can find any books you want from it and read them no matter in the leisure time or during the trip.

If you purchased a Kindle, you can enjoy reading over six million digital titles provided by Kindle Store. But it is time limited, you just rent the books from Amazon when you buy e-books on Kindle, which you are only allowed to read the books on Kindle or other mobile devices with Kindle app installed.

That is probably not convenient for users who want to keep the book for life and those who don’t have much time to read books in a period of time. Some users may look for a way to remove the digital right management from Kindle books so that they can read books at anytime. Here we would like to provide a solution for this issue. We can get rid of DRM from Kindle using PDFMate eBook Converter.

How to Buy and Read Kindle Books on iPhone or iPad
5 Ways to Transfer Kindle eBook to Another Kindle


eBook Converter Pro.


The most powerful eBook converting tool, specially designed for users to remove DRM from Kindle, Adobe, Kobo, Nook eBooks and convert them to various formats, including EPUB, MOBI, PDF, AZW3, TXT and KFX effortlessly.

ebook converter

DownloadBuy Now


PDFMate eBook Converter

Note: The Kindle desktop app is required to be installed and registered before running the program to enable PDFMate eBook Converter to get access to your Kindle Library.

How to Remove DRM from Kindle Books

We will introduce to you how to convert DRM-free books from Kindle using PDFMate eBook Converter step by step. Please download the correct program.

Step 1. Add Kindle Books to PDFMate eBook Converter

Click "Kindle" button, PDFMate will find all books on your computer and then you can click “Add” button to choose what you would like to convert.

Detect Kindle Books

Note: If you are using a Kindle eReader, simply connect your e-Reader to your computer and PDFMate eBook Converter will scan and detect the device automatically.

Step 2. Set Output Format

Click “V” icon at the bottom, you can choose the output format in the drop-down list. Besides, you can customize the output path by clicking the gear button.

Select PDF as Output Format

Step 3. Remove DRM from Kindle Books

After setting the output format, you can convert Kindle books by clicking "Convert to..." button. The DRM-free books will be downloaded soon, and they can be find in conversion history.

Once the books are downloaded successfully, you can read them at anytime on any e-Readers, also you can share them with others with no limits.

Note: The free trial version of PDFMate eBook Converter enables users to convert one book at a time. You can unlock the amount limitation by purchasing the full version.

DownloadBuy Now


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Recommended Products

Источник: https://www.pdfmate.com/remove-drm-from-kindle-books.html

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How to Remove DRM From Amazon Kindle Books!

How to remove ebook DRM with Calibre

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TechRadar is supported by its audience. When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more

By Bennett Ring last updated

Read your ebook purchases where and when you want

Intrusive DRM often means ebooks you've purchased can only be read on one type of device, especially when it comes to the Amazon products like the Kindle Voyage.

Here's how to remove ebook DRM, so you can read your purchases on any of your multiple devices, including competing e-readers.

1. Install Calibre

Calibre is free to download, and the latest version for Windows is 1.36.0. There are also versions available for OSX, Linux, and every version of Windows since XP SP3.

We used the Windows version on a PC running Windows 8.1 64-bit, converting files from a 4th Gen Kindle.

Once the 54MB installer has downloaded, run it, and it will ask to be pointed to any folders you may already have for existing e-book purchases.

If you don't have any such folder, create a new one. You'll also be asked to plug in the type of e-Reader you use.

Depending on which one you select, you'll then be presented with a range of options. Fill them in, and then Calibre will start up for the first time.

2. Install the DRM-remover

Calibre supports various plug-ins, and we're going to use Apprentice Alf's DRM Removal Tool for e-Books. You can download the latest version from here.

You'll download a .zip file containing three folders and a readme.txt file; unzip them to a new folder on your desktop.

Now fire up Calibre, and click the large Preference button on the top menu, far right hand side. Select the "Change Calibre behaviour" option, then scroll down to the advanced section before clicking on Plugins.

A new screen will pop up, and you need to click the "Load Express VPN 9.0.6 Crack from file" button at the bottom right corner.

Point the software to the folder you unzipped Alf's tools to, then click on the DeDRM_calibre_plugin folder.

Then highlight the DeDRM_plugin.zip file, and hit the Open button. Click Yes when the virus warning starts up. Shut down Calibre, and then fire it up once more.

3. Remove the DRM

Now that all of the hard work is done, you can simply remove DRM by importing books into Calibre's library.

If you already have your books stored on your PC, simply drag and drop them into Calibre's main window. If you're taking books off your e-Reader, plug it into your PC via USB.

Using File Explorer, drag and drop the e-Books from your e-Reader into Calibre's main window, and all that nasty DRM will be stripped out. However, Kindle users will need to jump through a few extra hoop first.

Head back into Calibre's Preferences menu, then go to Advanced, then Plugins, then double click the line called "File type plugins".

You'll see the DeDRM plugin; double click it. Select the first entry "eInk Kindle ebooks", then click the green plus button in the new window.

A small empty window will pop up, and this needs your Kindle's serial number.

Finding the serial number varies depending on the version of Kindle you're using – on our older 4th Gen Kindle, the serial number was found on page two of the Kindle's "Settings" screen.

To find where your serial, simply type "serial location", along with the model name of your Kindle, into Google.

Once you've got the serial number, type it into the Calibre window, removing any spaces as you go. Click Close, then OK – you should now be back at the Calibre Preferences Plugins window – click Apply in the top right.

Now head back to File Explorer and navigate to the area on your Kindle that stores your books. You'll notice that each book has several files associated with it.

Our copy of Doctor Sleep By Stephen King actually had five different file types - *.apnx, *.azw3, *.ea, *.han and *.phl.

Drag and drop every file associated with the book into the main Calibre window – as you can see in our screenshot, a warning will pop up about duplicates.

Click the "Select None" button, and then OK. Voila, you'll see your book now in Calibre's main Window, and it's 100% DRM free.

For some reason, our book showed up twice in the list, but only one of them worked – we removed the other by right clicking it and selecting "remove book".

4. Converting and testing

To test that the DRM really has been removed, and show you how to change the book type in the process, we're going to make Doctor Sleep a PDF.

Right click the book title in the main Calibre window, and select Convert books > Convert Individually.

A new window will open, laden with dozens of options to tailor the output. Change the Output format in the top right to PDF, then click OK in the bottom right. You can also change it to any other e-Reader format, but we wanted to use PDF so we could see it easily on the PC.

After about 30 seconds of page crunching, Calibre spat out Doctor Sleep as a PDF. However, the font size was huge, so we converted it again, but this time used the font size option on the PDF Output options screen to make it much smaller.

After fiddling with a few of the settings here, we finally ended up with a PDF that was as clearly laid out as the original e-Book but playable on any device.

Removing DRM and changing file type are only two of many of Calibre's features. Needless to say, if you've got an extensive e-Library read over multiple devices, this free software is an essential download.

Источник: https://www.techradar.com/news/software/how-to-remove-ebook-drm-with-calibre-1291960

Published in: Amazon Kindle

The Kindle books that you buy from Amazon are DRM-protected meaning you can only read them on a Kindle Reader or an official Kindle App. It is not possible to read your purchased Kindle books in other ebook readers like the Nook.

Amazon has these DRM based copy-protection measures in place to protect Kindle ebooks against online piracy but, as a consumer, the DRM scheme does limit your options.

For instance, you cannot create backups of Kindle ebooks that you already own and second, you cannot convert DRM protected books into other ebook formats like EPUB or PDF that can be read in other non-Amazon apps.

Remove DRM from Kindle Book Strip DRM from Kindle ebooks and convert them to other formats like EPUB or PDF

Remove DRM from Kindle eBooks

Whether removing DRM is legal or not is a debatable topic, there are simple ways by which anyone can bypass DRM from Kindle eBooks. Google for “Kindle DRM Removal Tools” and you’ll find several paid options that allow you to remove DRM from ebooks with a click.

Alternatively, you can strip DRM using free tools as well as detailed below:

  1. Download and install the free Kindle for PC software onyour Windows computer.
  2. Open the Kindle for PC app and sign-in using your Amazon Account that you use to purchase and downloadKindle ebooks. Download the books that you are looking to convert to other formats.
  3. Download and install the free Calibre software.
  4. Download tools.zip and extract the contents of this file on to your desktop.
  5. Launch Calibre and press Ctrl+P to open the Preference window. Choose Plugin under the Advanced group and then choose Load Plugin from File.
  6. Browse to the folder where you extracted the tools.zip file and, under CalibrePlugin, choose the _K4MobiDeDRM_plugin.zip file.
  7. Accept the security risk and the Kindle DRM plugin is now installed inside Calibre. Restart thesoftware.
  8. Open the My Documents folder in Windows Explorer and switch to the folder that says My Kindle Content.You’ll find convert drm kindle to pdf bunch of files here that are actually DRM protected Kindle ebooks.
  9. Drag and drop any of these AZW file into the Calibre window and then choose the Convert Books option.Select a different output format - like MOBI, EPUB or PDF - and click OK to begin the conversion process.

Once the AZW ebook has been successfully converted, you can find the exported file inside your Calibre library. The DRM protection has finally been stripped from your Kindle ebook.

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Published in: Amazon Kindle

Looking for something? Find here!

Источник: https://www.labnol.org/software/remove-drm-from-kindle-books/26461/

How to convert a Kindle book to PDF

Amazon’s Kindle is a huge business. Both the hardware and the digital service changed how books, magazines, comics, and more are read each day. Unfortunately, customers can’t simply download Kindle books and read them through any app.

For Digital Rights Management (DRM) reasons, all Kindle e-books are locked to Kindle hardware. These digital books use Amazon’s proprietary AZW file format, even though Kindle tablets also support MOBI files. That makes reading these e-books outside the Kindle bubble nearly impossible. The good news is that DRM protection can be removed using free tools, but it’s important you don’t share your e-books with anybody else, as you could find yourself in breach of copyright laws.

Once you’ve removed DRM protection, it’s easy to convert Kindle books into PDFs. It can be a little tricky to do, but this guide shows you how to convert a Kindle book to PDF so you can read your purchased favorites on any e-book reader, not just on a Kindle.

See more

Download the AZW file(s)

Due to Digital Right Management, the e-book can’t simply download to any PC. Readers must have a hardware Kindle linked to their Amazon account. Otherwise, they will see an error stating, “You have selected content that is not compatible with any of your registered devices.”

That said, even if the e-book is read via the Kindle app on Windows 10, Android, or iOS, without an actual Kindle device linked to an Amazon account, Kindle e-books will not download.

Download and Transfer via USB Kindle books.

Step 1: With Amazon’s website loaded, click on your name, and then select Account on the drop-down menu.

Step 2: Select Manage Content and Devices listed under Digital Content and Devices.

Step 3: Click the Three-dot Actions button next to the target e-book, as shown above.

Step 4: Click Download & Transfer Via USB on the pop-up menu.

Step 5: A pop-up window appears with the registered Kindle selected. Click the yellow Download button.

Download Kindle Ebook to computer.

The AWZ file will download to the default location on your PC, not to the listed Kindle device.

Note: Calibre now offers a plugin called the KFX Input plugin, which allows you to import KFX files as well. Skip to the Calibre section to find out how to use it.

Convert using Calibre (Windows/MacOS/Linux)

Calibre is software specifically designed to transfer and alter digital text into various formats. Fortunately, it will not eat up much of your device’s memory either. This software can support countless input formats, including MOBI, HTML, PRC, and AZW.

Calibre is an effective e-book manager that gives its users the creative freedom and plentiful options they need to customize their graphics and visual images. The app’s display is user-friendly and easy to navigate, making for an exceptional and incredibly informative changeover experience. Furthermore, Calibre can Security Software with or without a continual or running network connection.

Download and install DRM Removal Tool

Calibre Version 4.

In order to remove the DRM from your Kindle e-books, you’ll need to download an older version of Calibre, version 4.23.0. Once you have downloaded and installed the software, you’ll also need to download Apprentice Alf’s DRM Removal Tool. Rather than the latest version, you want to download and install v6.8.1 which will work with version 4 of Calibre. Just click on DeDRM_tools zipped folder to download it to your computer, then unzip the folder by right-clicking it and selecting Extract All (or however you would normally unzip folders on your computer).

Here are the steps to follow to install the DRM Removal Tool Plug-in for Calibre:

Step 1: Launch Calibre and select Preferences from the top menu on the right-hand side.

Step 2: Scroll down and under Advanced, click Plug-Ins.

Step 3: At the bottom right, click Load Plug-In From File, then select the DeDRM_Plugin zipped folder on your computer in the pop-up window.

Step 4: Click Open. Calibre will now install the plug-in.

Step 5: Restart Calibre.

Adding your Kindle serial number to Calibre

Adding Kindle serial number to Calibre.

This is where things get a little complicated, but we’ll guide you through the next steps. You need to insert your Kindle serial number into Calibre, and here’s how:

Step 1: Select Preferences again from the top menu.

Step 2: Click Advanced then select Plug-ins.

Step 3: Double click the line that says File Type.

Step 4: Double click on the DeDRM plug-in.

Step 5: Select the first option that says eInk Kindle ebooks and click OK.

Step 6: Now, you need to find and enter your Kindle serial number.

Step 7: On most Kindles, you can find this by going to Settings > All Settings > Device Options > Device Info on your Kindle. You should see information about your Kindle, including the serial number.

Step 8: If you’re unsure where to find your Kindle’s serial number a quick Google of “Serial location” plus your Kindle model, e.g. “10th Gen Paperwhite” should help.

Step 9: Now, enter the serial number, without any spaces, into Calibre.

Step 10: Click Close, then OK, then click Apply.

Now you’re ready to convert your DRM-free e-books to PDF!

Adding your books to Calibre

Adding books to Calibre.

Before converting your e-books to PDF, you’ll need to add them to Calibre. Just click on Add Books at the top left in the menu, then select the books from your downloads folder, or wherever you stored them after downloading them from Amazon earlier.

Converting your e-books to PDF

Converting a Kindle book to PDF in Calibre.

Now that you’ve installed the DRM Removal plug-in, the actual conversion of e-books to PDF is easy, as Calibre takes care of everything. Here’s how to convert your book:

Step 1: Click on the book in your list that you’d like to convert, to ensure it is highlighted.

Step 2: Click Convert Books from the top menu in Calibre. You can also right-click on a book and select Convert Books then choose Convert Individually or Bulk Convert.

Step 3: In the pop-up window, ensure AZW3 is showing as the Input Format at the top left. At the top right where it says Output Format, select PDF from the drop-down menu.

Step 4: It’s also possible to adjust output settings like line height, font size, and so on, but we’d recommend converting the book first to see how it looks — you can always re-convert it later if you need to adjust any settings. Most books are fine with the default settings.

Step 5: Check the title and author on the right side of your screen are correct.

Step 6: Click OK at the bottom of the screen and the conversion will begin.

Step 7: Once it’s finished, the jobs counter at the bottom right will return to zero.

Step 8: When you highlight the book in your list, at the right of your screen under Formats you should now see a blue link that says PDF.

Step 9: Click this to open your book in PDF format.

Step 10: By default, Calibre stores e-books to the Calibre Library folder on your hard drive.

Step 11: If you want to send FastStone Image Viewer Free Download book to yourself (via email, for example) to read on other devices, you can select Click To Open on the right-hand side of your screen in Calibre, under Formats. This will bring up all the files associated with that book, including the cover, on your hard drive.

Remember that you should never share a DRM-free e-book with somebody else, as this is a breach of copyright law.

Editors' Recommendations

Источник: https://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/how-to-convert-kindle-to-pdf/

How to Remove Adobe DRM From ePub and PDF eBooks

Adobe DRM Removal

A couple of weeks ago I posted an article about how to remove DRM from Kindle ebooks in four easy steps. This time around I’ve got a tutorial on how to easily remove Adobe DRM from ePub and PDF ebooks.

All you have to do is install Adobe Digital Editions on your computer, along with a free ebook management program called Calibre, and a handy plugin or two for Calibre that automatically removes DRM from ebooks upon import. It’s so easy anyone can do it.

One of the biggest problems with ebooks is DRM. It locks ebooks into certain platforms so that you can only read your purchased ebooks on specific apps and devices. As if that’s not bad enough a lot of the time ebooks that you spend good money on are horribly formatted by the author or publisher, and if the ebook has DRM there’s not much you can do about it.

But if you go ahead and remove the DRM from your purchased ebooks you can read them on whichever devices or apps that you want. Plus you can easily control all aspects of layout using Calibre to modify the ebook’s CSS file. Another great thing about Calibre is you can use it to manage your entire ebook library from all ebookstores in one centralized location instead of having your ebook library fragmented across different platforms.

Disclaimer: Removing DRM is a highly-controversial subject, and is in convert drm kindle to pdf considered illegal in some countries, including the US and Canada. This article is intended as only a guide for people that choose to take responsibility for removing the DRM from their purchased ebooks in order to have greater control over their own purchased content. I don’t promote or condone piracy in any shape or form.

Removing Adobe DRM Guide

These directions are based on using a Windows 7 PC. Details may differ slightly for Mac users and for other versions of Windows. Make sure to read the ReadMe files located in the plugins folder for additional instructions.

#1. The first thing you need to do to be able to remove Adobe DRM is install Adobe Digital Editions and Calibre onto your computer if they aren’t already installed.

#2. Now you need to download the DRM Removal Tools package from over on Apprentice Alf’s Blog. The link is halfway down the page. Make sure to read the note below the link about how to properly download the file. And thank Apprentice Alf and friends for making all of this so easy :).

Extract the zip file once convert drm kindle to pdf is downloaded. It should be called something like "tools_v5.6.zip". It’s a good idea to check the included ReadMe_First document for additional instructions.

#3. Install the DRM-Removal plugin(s) into Calibre. Inside the DRM removal tools folder that you downloaded there’s a folder called DeDRM_calibre_plugin with a DeDRM_plugin.zip file inside. All the DRM-removal plugins for Kindle, Adobe ePub and PDF, and B&N’s ePubs are incorporated into the one install zip file (this changed with a recent update; previously you had to install each separately).

To install a plugin simply launch Calibre and then select "Preferences" from the top menu (if the window isn’t open all the way you have to hit a small arrow on the top right to expand the selection to show the Preferences option). From the Preferences window you need to select "Plugins" and then choose "Load plugin from file". Navigate to where you unzipped the DRM removal tools pack, open the DeDRM_calibre_plugin folder, and then select the DeDRM_plugin.zip file to install it. A security risk dialogue pops-up where you have to click Yes to proceed. After installing the plugin close Calibre and then restart it.

#4. That’s it. Now all you have to do to remove Adobe DRM from ebooks is import them into Calibre using the "Add books" feature. The plugin will automatically strip the DRM from ebooks upon import, and it takes virtually no time at all. Note that it won’t work for ebooks added to Calibre before installing the plugin; they will need to be deleted and re-imported.

In order to import ebooks into Calibre you have to have them downloaded onto your computer first, of course. That’s where Adobe Digital Editions (ADE) comes in. Wherever you bought your Adobe DRM ebook from (Kobo, Sony, Google, etc) there will be an option to download it to your computer if you login to your account and view your library. But when you download the ebook it will be an acsm file instead of ePub. First you have to open the acsm file for it to import the ebook into ADE. Once that’s done you can locate the ePub file that you need to import into Calibre within the folder that ADE created on your computer. With my installation ADE ebooks are located in Documents > My Digital Editions.

That’s all there is to removing Adobe DRM from ebooks! Now you can modify the formatting of the ebook and read it on whatever app or device you choose, including a Kindle (but first you’ll have to use Calibre to convert it to MOBI format). Here’s a Getting Started with Calibre Tutorial if you want to learn how to use Calibre to convert ebooks into other formats and how to customize layout and fonts.

Filed Under: eBooks, How ToTagged With: calibre, ebook drm, epub

Disclosure: This website is monetized through Skimlinks and Amazon's affiliate program.
Источник: https://blog.the-ebook-reader.com/2013/02/07/how-to-remove-adobe-drm-from-epub-and-pdf-ebooks/

Ebook

Book-length publication in digital form

An ebook (short for electronic book), also known as an e-book or eBook, is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.[1] Although sometimes defined as "an electronic version of a printed book",[2] some e-books exist without a printed equivalent. E-books can be read on dedicated e-reader devices, but also on any computer device that features a controllable viewing screen, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones.

In the 2000s, there was a trend of print and e-book sales moving to the Internet,[citation needed] where readers buy traditional paper books and e-books on websites using e-commerce systems. With print books, readers are increasingly browsing through images of the covers of books on publisher or bookstore websites and selecting and ordering titles online; the paper books are then delivered to the reader by mail or another delivery service. With e-books, users can browse through titles online, and then when they select and order titles, the e-book can be sent to them online or the user can download the e-book.[3] By the early 2010s, e-books had begun to overtake hardcover by overall publication figures in the U.S.[4]

The main reasons for people buying e-books are possibly lower prices, increased comfort (as they can buy from home or on the go with mobile devices) and a larger selection of titles.[5] With e-books, "electronic bookmarks make referencing easier, and e-book readers may allow the user to annotate pages."[6] "Although fiction and non-fiction books come in e-book formats, technical material is especially suited for e-book delivery because it can be digitally searched" for keywords. In addition, for programming books, code examples can be copied.[6] The amount of e-book reading is increasing in the U.S.; by 2014, 28% of adults had read an e-book, compared to 23% in 2013; and by 2014, 50% of American adults had an e-reader or a tablet, compared to 30% owning such devices in 2013.[7]

Terminology[edit]

E-books are also referred to as "ebooks", "eBooks", "Ebooks", "e-Books", "e-journals", "e-editions", or "digital books". A device that is designed specifically for reading e-books is called an "e-reader", "ebook device", or "eReader".

History[edit]

The Readies (1930)[edit]

Some trace the concept of an e-reader, a device that would enable the user to view books on a screen, to a 1930 manifesto by Bob Brown, written after watching his first "talkie" (movie with sound). He titled it The Readies, playing off the idea of the "talkie".[8] In his book, Brown says movies have outmaneuvered the book by creating the "talkies" and, as a result, reading should find a new medium:

A simple reading machine which I can carry or move around, attach to any old electric light plug and read hundred-thousand-word novels in 10 minutes if I want to, and I want to.

Brown's notion, however, was much more focused on reforming orthography and vocabulary, than on medium ("It is time to pull out the stopper" and begin "a bloody revolution of the word."): introducing huge numbers of portmanteau symbols to replace normal words, and punctuation to simulate action or movement; so it is not clear whether this fits into the history of "e-books" or not. Later e-readers never followed a model at all like Brown's; however, he correctly predicted the miniaturization and portability of e-readers. In an article, Jennifer Schuessler writes, "The machine, Brown argued, would allow readers to adjust the type size, avoid paper cuts and save trees, all while hastening the day when words could be 'recorded directly on the palpitating ether.'"[9] Brown believed that the convert drm kindle to pdf (and his notions for changing text itself) would bring a completely new life to reading. Schuessler correlates it with a DJ spinning bits of old songs to create a beat or an entirely new song, as opposed to just a remix of a familiar song.[9]

Inventor[edit]

The inventor of the first e-book is not widely agreed upon. Some notable candidates include the following:

Roberto Busa (1946–1970)[edit]

The first e-book may be the Index Thomisticus, a heavily annotated electronic index to the works of Thomas Aquinas, prepared by Roberto Busa, S.J. beginning in 1946 and completed in the 1970s.[10] Although originally stored on a single computer, a distributable CD-ROM version appeared in 1989. However, this work is sometimes omitted; perhaps because the digitized text was a means for studying written texts and developing linguistic concordances, rather than as a published edition in its own right.[11] In 2005, the Index was published online.[12]

Ángela Ruiz Robles (1949)[edit]

In 1949, Ángela Ruiz Robles, a teacher from Ferrol, Spain, patented the Enciclopedia Mecánica, or the Mechanical Encyclopedia, a mechanical device which operated on compressed air where text and graphics were contained on spools that users would load onto rotating spindles. Her idea was to create a device which would decrease the number of books that her pupils carried to school. The final device was planned to include audio recordings, a magnifying glass, a calculator and an electric light for night reading.[13] Her device was never put into production but a prototype is kept in the National Museum of Science and Technology in A Coruña.[14]

Douglas Engelbart and Andries van Dam (1960s)[edit]

Alternatively, some historians consider electronic books to have started in the early 1960s, with the NLS project headed by Douglas Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS projects headed by Andries van Dam at Brown University.[15][16][17] FRESS documents ran on IBM mainframes and were structure-oriented rather than line-oriented; they were formatted dynamically for different users, display hardware, window sizes, and so on, as well as having automated tables of contents, indexes, and so on. All these systems also provided extensive hyperlinking, graphics, and other capabilities. Van Dam is generally thought to have coined the term "electronic book",[18][19] and it was established enough to use in an article title by 1985.[20]

FRESS was used for reading extensive primary texts online, as well as for annotation and online discussions convert drm kindle to pdf several courses, including English Poetry and Biochemistry. Brown's faculty made extensive use of FRESS; for example the philosopher Roderick Chisholm used it to produce several of his books. Thus in the Preface to Person and Object (1979) he writes "The book would not have been completed without the epoch-making File Retrieval and Editing System."[21] Brown University's work in electronic book systems continued for many years, including US Navy funded projects for electronic repair-manuals;[22] a large-scale distributed hypermedia system known as InterMedia;[23] a spinoff company Electronic Book Technologies that built DynaText, the first SGML-based e-reader system; and the Scholarly Technology Group's extensive work on the Open eBook standard.

Michael Hart (left) and Gregory Newby (right) of Project Gutenberg, 2006

Michael S. Hart (1971)[edit]

Despite the extensive earlier history, several publications report Michael S. Hart as the inventor of the e-book.[24][25][26] In 1971, the operators of the Xerox Sigma V mainframe at the University of Illinois gave Hart extensive computer-time. Seeking a worthy use of this resource, he created his first electronic document by typing the United States Declaration of Independence into convert drm kindle to pdf computer in plain text.[27] Hart planned to create documents using plain text to make them as easy as possible to download and view on devices.

Early implementations[edit]

After Hart first adapted the U.S. Declaration of Independence into an electronic document in 1971, Project Gutenberg was launched to create electronic copies of more texts, especially books.[27] Another early e-book implementation was the desktop prototype for a proposed notebook computer, the Dynabook, in the 1970s at PARC: a general-purpose portable personal computer capable of displaying books for reading.[28] In 1980, the U.S. Department of Defense began concept development for a portable electronic delivery device for technical maintenance information called project PEAM, the Portable Electronic Aid for Convert drm kindle to pdf. Detailed specifications were completed in FY 1981/82, and prototype development began with Texas Instruments that same year. Four prototypes were produced and delivered for testing in 1986, and tests were completed in 1987. The final summary report was produced express vpn mod apk 2021 1989 by the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, authored by Robert Wisher and J. Peter Kincaid.[29] A patent application for the PEAM device,[30] titled "Apparatus for delivering procedural type instructions", was submitted by Texas Instruments on December 4, 1985, listing John K. Harkins and Stephen H. Morriss as inventors.

The first portable electronic book, the US Department of Defense's "Personal Electronic Aid to Maintenance"

In 1992, Sony launched the Data Discman, an electronic book reader that could read e-books that were stored on CDs. One of the electronic publications that could be played on the Data Discman was called The Library of the Future.[31] Early e-books were generally written for specialty areas and a limited audience, meant to be read only by small and devoted interest groups. The scope of the subject matter of these e-books included technical manuals for hardware, manufacturing techniques, and other subjects.[citation needed] In the 1990s, the general availability of the Internet made transferring electronic files much easier, including e-books.[citation needed]

In 1993, Paul Baim released a freeware HyperCard stack, called EBook, that allowed easy import of any text file to create a pageable version similar to an electronic paperback book. A notable feature was automatic tracking of the last page read so that on returning to the 'book' you were taken back to where you had previously left off reading. The title of this stack may have been the first instance of the term 'ebook' used in the modern context.[32]

E-book formats[edit]

See also: Comparison of e-book formats

Reading an e-book on a third-generation Kindle

As e-book formats emerged and proliferated,[citation needed] some garnered support from major software companies, such as Adobe with its PDF format that was introduced in 1993.[33] Unlike most other formats, PDF documents are generally tied to a particular dimension and layout, rather than adjusting dynamically to the current page, window, or another size. Different e-reader devices followed different formats, most of them accepting books in only one or a few formats, thereby fragmenting the e-book market even more. Due to the exclusiveness and limited readerships of e-books, the fractured market of independent publishers and specialty authors lacked consensus regarding a standard for packaging and selling e-books.[citation needed]

Meanwhile, scholars formed the Text Encoding Initiative, which developed consensus guidelines for encoding books and other materials of scholarly interest for a variety of analytic uses as well as reading, and countless literary and other works have been developed using the TEI approach. In the late 1990s, a consortium formed to develop the Open eBook format as a way for authors and publishers to provide a single source-document which many book-reading software and hardware platforms could handle. Several scholars from the TEI were closely involved in the early development windows 8 key product Open eBook [1]. Focused on portability, Open eBook as defined required subsets of XHTML and CSS; a set of multimedia formats (others could be used, but there must also be a fallback in one of the required formats), and an XML schema for a "manifest", to list the components of a given e-book, identify a table of contents, cover art, and so on.[citation needed] This format led to the open format EPUB. Google Books has converted many public domain works to this open format.[34]

In 2010, e-books continued to gain in their own specialist and underground markets.[citation needed] Many e-book publishers began distributing books that were in the public domain.[citation needed] At the same time, authors with books that were not accepted by publishers offered their works online so they could be seen by others. Unofficial (and occasionally unauthorized) catalogs of books became available on the web, and sites devoted to e-books began disseminating information about e-books to the public.[35] Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. Consumer e-book publishing market are controlled by the "Big Five". The "Big Five" publishers are: Hachette, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Penguin Random House and Simon & Schuster.[36]

Libraries[edit]

U.S. libraries began to offer free e-books to the public in 1998 through their websites and associated services,[37] although the e-books were primarily scholarly, technical or professional in nature, and could not be downloaded. In 2003, libraries began offering free downloadable popular fiction and non-fiction e-books to the public, launching an e-book lending model that worked much more successfully for public libraries.[38] The number of library e-book distributors and lending models continued to increase over the next few years. From 2005 to 2008, libraries experienced a 60% growth in e-book collections.[39] In 2010, a Public Library Funding and Technology Access Study by the American Library Association[40] found that 66% of public libraries in K-Lite Mega Codec Pack Download - Crack Key For U U.S. were offering e-books,[41] and a large movement in the library industry began to seriously examine the issues relating to e-book lending, acknowledging a "tipping point" when e-book technology would become widely established.[42] Content from public libraries can be downloaded to e-readers using application software like Overdrive and Hoopla.[43]

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has for many years provided PubMed, a comprehensive bibliography of medical literature. In early 2000, NLM set up the PubMed Central repository, which stores full-text e-book versions of many medical journal articles and books, through cooperation with scholars and publishers in the field. Pubmed Central also now provides archiving and access to over 4.1 million articles, maintained in a standard XML format known as the Journal Article Tag Suite (or "JATS").

Despite the widespread adoption of e-books, some publishers and authors have not endorsed the concept of electronic publishing, citing issues with user demand, copyright infringement and challenges with proprietary devices and systems.[44] In a survey of interlibrary loan (ILL) librarians, it was found that 92% of libraries held e-books in their collections and that 27% of those libraries had negotiated ILL rights for some of their e-books. This survey found significant barriers to conducting interlibrary loan for e-books.[45]Patron-driven acquisition (PDA) has been available for several years in public libraries, allowing vendors to streamline the acquisition process by offering to match a library's selection profile to the vendor's e-book Microsoft Office 95 Product Key Crack Free Download The library's catalog is then populated with records for all of the e-books that match the profile.[46] The decision to purchase the title is left to the patrons, although the library can set purchasing conditions such as a maximum price and purchasing caps so that the dedicated funds are spent according to the library's budget.[46] The 2012 meeting of the Association of American University Presses included a panel on the PDA of books produced by university presses, based on a preliminary report by Joseph Esposito, a digital publishing consultant who has studied the implications of PDA with a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.[47]

Challenges[edit]

Although the demand for e-book services in libraries has grown in the first two decades of the 21st century, difficulties keep libraries from providing some e-books to clients.[48] Publishers will sell e-books to libraries, but in most cases they will only give libraries a limited license to the title, meaning that the library does not own the electronic text but is allowed to circulate it for either a certain period of time, or a certain number of check outs, or both. When a library purchases an e-book license, the cost is at least three times what it would be for a personal consumer.[48] E-book licenses are more expensive than paper-format editions because publishers are concerned that an e-book that is sold could theoretically be read and/or checked out by a huge number of users, potentially damaging sales. However, some studies have found the opposite effect to be true (for example, Hilton and Wikey 2010).[49]

Archival storage[edit]

The Internet Archive and Open Library offer more than six million fully accessible public domain e-books. Project Gutenberg has over 52,000 freely available public domain e-books.

Dedicated hardware readers and mobile software[edit]

Main article: E-reader

See also: Comparison of e-book readers and Comparison of e-book software

An e-reader, also called an e-book reader or e-book device, is a mobile electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading e-books and digital periodicals. An e-reader is similar in form, but more limited in purpose than a tablet. In comparison to tablets, many e-readers are better than tablets for reading because they are more portable, have better readability in sunlight and have longer battery life.[50] In July 2010, online bookseller Amazon.com reported sales of e-books for its proprietary Kindle outnumbered sales of hardcover books for the first time ever during the second quarter of 2010, saying it sold 140 e-books for every 100 hardcover in video converter, including hardcovers for which there was no digital edition.[51] By January 2011, e-book sales at Amazon had surpassed its paperback sales.[52] In the overall US market, paperback book sales are still much larger than either hardcover or e-book; the American Publishing Association estimated e-books represented 8.5% of sales as of mid-2010, up from 3% a year before.[53] At the end of the first quarter of 2012, e-book sales in the United States surpassed hardcover book sales for the first time.[4]

Until late 2013, use of an e-reader was not allowed on airplanes during takeoff and landing by the FAA.[54] In November 2013, the FAA allowed use of e-readers on airplanes at all times if it is in Airplane Mode, which means all radios turned off, and Europe followed this guidance the next month.[55] In 2014, The New York Times predicted that by 2018 e-books will make up over 50% of total consumer publishing revenue in the United States and Great Britain.[56]

Applications[edit]

Reading applications on different devices

Some of the major book retailers and multiple third-party developers offer free (and in some third-party cases, premium paid) e-reader software applications (apps) for the Mac and PC computers as well as for Android, Blackberry, iPad, iPhone, Windows Phone and Palm OS devices to allow the reading of e-books and other documents independently of dedicated e-book devices. Examples are apps for the Amazon Kindle, Barnes & Noble Nook, iBooks, Kobo eReader and Sony Reader.

Timeline[edit]

Before the 1980s[edit]

c. 1949
c. 1963
c. 1965
1971
1978
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy radio series launches (novel published in 1979), featuring an electronic reference book containing all knowledge in the Galaxy. This vast amount of data could be fit into something the size of a large paperback book, with updates received over the "Sub-Etha".[57]
c. 1979

1980s and 1990s[edit]

1986
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
  • NuvoMedia releases the first handheld e-reader, the Rocket eBook.[78]
  • SoftBook launches its SoftBook reader. This e-reader, with expandable storage, could store up to 100,000 pages of content, including text, graphics and pictures.[79]
  • The Cybook is sold and manufactured at first by Cytale (1998–2003) and later by Bookeen.
1999

2000s[edit]

2000
2001
  • Adobe releases Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 allowing users to underline, take notes and bookmark.
2002
2004
2005
2006
  • Sony Reader PRS-500, with an E Ink screen and two weeks of battery life, is released.[92]
  • LibreDigital launches BookBrowse as an online reader for publisher content.[citation needed]
2007
Size comparison of the Kindle 2 with the larger Kindle DX
2008
2009
  • Bookeen releases the Cybook Opus in the US and in Europe.
  • Sony releases the Reader Pocket Edition and Reader Touch Edition.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle 2 that includes a text-to-speech feature.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle DX that has a 9.7-inch screen in the U.S.
  • Barnes & Noble releases the Nook e-reader in the US.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle for PC application in late 2009, making the Kindle Store library available for the first time outside Kindle hardware.[96]

2010s[edit]

2010
2011
  • May – Amazon.com announces that its e-book sales in the US now exceed all of its printed book sales.[103]
  • June – Barnes & Noble releases the Nook Simple Touch e-reader and Nook Tablet.[104]
  • August – Bookeen launches its own e-books store, BookeenStore.com, and starts to sell digital versions of titles in French.[105]
  • September – Nature Publishing releases the pilot version of Principles of Biology, a customizable, modular textbook, with no corresponding paper edition.[106]
  • June/November – As the e-reader market grows in Spain, companies like Telefónica, Fnac, and Casa del Libro launch their e-readers with the Spanish brand "bq readers".
  • November – Amazon launches the Kindle Fire and Kindle Touch, both devices designed for e-reading.
2012
  • E-book sales in the US market collect over three billion in revenue.[107]
  • January – Apple releases iBooks Author, software for creating iPad e-books to be directly published in its iBooks bookstore or to be shared as PDF files.[108]
  • January – Apple opens a textbook section in its iBooks bookstore.[109]
  • February – Nature Publishing announces the worldwide release of Principles of Biology, following the success of the pilot version some months earlier.[106]
  • February – Library.nu (previously called ebooksclub.org and gigapedia.com, a popular linking website for downloading e-books) is accused of copyright infringement and closed down by court order.[110]
  • March – The publishing companies Random House, Holtzbrinck, and arvato bring to market an e-book library called Skoobe.[111]
  • March – US Department of Justice prepares anti-trust lawsuit against Apple, Simon & Schuster, Hachette Book Group, Penguin Group, Macmillan, and HarperCollins, alleging collusion to increase the price of books sold on Amazon.[112][113]
  • March – PocketBook releases the PocketBook Touch, an E Ink Pearl e-reader, winning awards from German magazines Tablet PC and Computer Bild.[114][115]
  • June – Kbuuk releases the cloud-based e-book self-publishing SaaS platform[116] on the Pubsoft digital publishing engine.
  • September – Amazon releases the Kindle Paperwhite, its first e-reader with built-in front LED lights.
2013
  • April – Kobo releases the Kobo Aura HD with a 6.8-inch screen, which is larger than the current models produced by its US competitors.[117]
  • May – Mofibo launches the first Scandinavian unlimited access e-book subscription service.[118]
  • June – Association of American Publishers announces that e-books now account for about 20% of book sales. Barnes & Noble estimates it has a 27% share of the US e-book market.[119]
  • June – Barnes & Noble announces its intention to discontinue manufacturing Nook tablets, but to continue producing black-and-white e-readers such as the Nook Simple Touch.[119]
  • June – Apple executive Keith Moerer testifies in the e-book price fixing trial that the iBookstore held approximately 20% of the e-book market share in the United States within the months after launch – a figure that Publishers Weekly reports is roughly double many of the previous estimates made by third parties. Moerer further testified that iBookstore acquired about an additional 20% by adding Random House in 2011.[120]
A Kobo Aura's settings menu
  • Five major US e-book publishers, as part of their settlement of a price-fixing suit, are ordered to refund about $3 for every electronic copy of a New York Times best-seller that they sold from April 2010 to May 2012.[107] This could equal $160 million in settlement charges.
  • Barnes & Noble releases the Nook Glowlight, which has a 6-inch touchscreen using E Ink Pearl and Regal, with built-in front LED lights.
  • July – US District Court Judge Denise Cote finds Apple guilty of conspiring to raise the retail price of e-books and schedules a trial in 2014 to determine damages.[121]
  • August – Kobo releases the Kobo Aura, a baseline touchscreen six-inch e-reader.
  • September – Oyster launches its unlimited access e-book subscription service.[122]
  • November – US District Judge Chin sides with Google in Authors Guild v. Google, citing fair use.[123] The authors said they would appeal.[124]
  • December – Scribd launches the first public unlimited access subscription service for e-books.[125]
2014
  • April – Kobo releases the Aura H₂0, the world's first waterproof commercially produced e-reader.[126]
  • June – US District Court Judge Cote grants class action certification to plaintiffs in a lawsuit over Apple's alleged e-book price conspiracy; the plaintiffs are seeking $840 million in damages.[127] Apple appeals the decision.
  • June – Apple settles the e-book antitrust case that alleged Apple conspired to e-book price fixing out of court with the States; however if Judge Cote's ruling is overturned in appeal the settlement would be reversed.[128]
  • July – Amazon launches Kindle Unlimited, an unlimited-access e-book and audiobook subscription service.[129]
2015
  • June – The 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals with a 2:1 vote concurs with Judge Cote that Apple conspired to e-book price fixing and violated federal antitrust law.[130] Apple appealed the decision.
  • June – Amazon releases the Kindle Paperwhite (3rd generation) that is the first e-reader to feature Bookerly, a font exclusively designed for e-readers.[131]
  • September – Oyster announces its unlimited access e-book subscription service would be shut down in early 2016 and that it would be acquired by Google.[132]
  • September – Malaysian e-book company, e-Sentral, introduces for the first time geo-location distribution technology for e-books via bluetooth beacon. It was first demonstrated in a large scale at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.[133]
  • October – Amazon releases the Kindle Voyage that has a 6-inch, 300 ppi E Ink Carta HD display, which was the highest resolution and contrast available in e-readers as of 2014.[134] It also features adaptive LED lights and page turn sensors on the sides of the device.
  • October – Barnes & Noble releases the Glowlight Plus, its first waterproof e-reader.[135]
  • October – The US appeals court sides with Google instead of the Authors' Guild, declaring that Google did not violate copyright law in its book scanning project.[136]
  • December – Playster launches an unlimited-access subscription service including e-books and audiobooks.[137]
  • By the end of 2015, Google Books scanned more than 25 million books.[9]
  • By 2015, over 70 million e-readers had been shipped worldwide.[9]
2016
  • March – The Supreme Court of the United States declines to hear Apple's appeal against the court's decision of July 2013 that the company conspired to e-book price fixing, hence the previous court decision stands, obliging Apple to pay $450 million.[138]
  • April – The Supreme Court declines to hear the Authors Guild's appeal of its book scanning case, so the lower court's decision stands; the result means that Google can scan library books and display snippets in search results without violating US copyright law.[139]
  • April – Amazon releases the Kindle Oasis, its first e-reader in five years to have physical page turn buttons and, as a premium product, it includes a leather case with a battery inside; without including the case, it is the lightest e-reader on the market to date.[140]
  • August – Kobo releases the Aura One, the first commercial e-reader with a 7.8-inch E Ink Carta HD display.[141]
  • By the end of the year, smartphones and tablets have both individually overtaken e-readers as methods for reading an e-book, and paperback book sales are now higher than e-book sales.[142]
2017
  • February – The Association of American Publishers releases data showing that the US adult e-book market declined 16.9% in the first nine months of 2016 over the same period in 2015, and Nielsen Book determines that the e-book market had an overall total decline of 16% in 2016 over 2015, including all age groups.[143] This decline is partly due to widespread e-book price increases by major publishers, which has increased the average e-book price from $6 to almost $10.[144]
  • February – The US version of Kindle Unlimited comprises more than 1.5 million titles, including over 290,000 foreign language titles.[145]
  • March – The Guardian reports that sales of physical books are outperforming digital titles in the UK, since it can be cheaper to buy the physical version of a book when compared to the digital version due to Amazon's deal with publishers that allows agency pricing.[142]
  • April – The Los Angeles Times reports that, in 2016, sales of hardcover books were higher than e-books for the first time in five years.[144]
  • October – Amazon releases the Oasis 2, the first Kindle to be IPX8 rated meaning that it is water resistant up to 2 meters for up to 60 minutes; it is also the first Kindle to enable white text on a black background, a feature that may be helpful for nighttime reading.[146]
2018
  • January – U.S. public libraries report record-breaking borrowing of OverDrive e-books over the course of the year, with more than 274 million e-books loaned to card holders, a 22% increase over the 2017 figure.[147]
  • October – The EU allowed its member countries to charge the same VAT for ebooks as for paper books.[148]
2019
  • May – Barnes & Noble releases the GlowLight Plus e-reader, the largest Nook e-reader to date with a 7.8-inch E Ink screen.[149]

Formats[edit]

Main article: Comparison of e-book formats

Writers and publishers have many formats to choose from when publishing e-books. Each format has advantages and disadvantages. The most popular e-readers[150] and their natively supported formats are shown below:

Reader Native e-book formats
Amazon Kindle and Fire tablets[151]AZW, AZW3, KF8, non-DRM MOBI, PDF, PRC, TXT
Barnes & Noble Nook and Nook Tablet[152]EPUB, PDF
Apple iPad[153]EPUB, IBA (Multitouch books made via iBooks Author), PDF
Sony Reader[151]EPUB, PDF, TXT, RTF, DOC, BBeB
Kobo eReader and Kobo Arc[154][155]EPUB, PDF, TXT, RTF, HTML, CBR (comic), CBZ (comic)
Android devices with Google Play Books preinstalled EPUB, PDF
PocketBook Reader and PocketBook Touch[156][157]EPUB DRM, EPUB, PDF DRM, PDF, FB2, FB2.ZIP, TXT, DJVU, HTM, HTML, DOC, DOCX, RTF, CHM, TCR, PRC (MOBI)

Digital rights management[edit]

See also: Digital rights management § DRM and e-books

Most e-book publishers do not warn their customers about the possible implications of the digital rights management tied to their products. Generally, they claim that digital rights management is meant to prevent illegal copying of the e-book. However, in many cases, it is also possible that digital rights management will result in the complete denial of access by the purchaser to the e-book.[158] The e-books sold by most major publishers and electronic retailers, which are Amazon.com, Google, Barnes & Noble, Kobo Inc. and Apple Inc., are DRM-protected and tied to the publisher's e-reader software or hardware. The first major publisher to omit DRM was Tor Books, one of the largest publishers of science fiction and fantasy, in 2012. Smaller e-book publishers such as O'Reilly Media, Carina Press and Baen Books had already forgone DRM previously.[159]

Production[edit]

See also: Book scanning

Some e-books are produced simultaneously with the production of a printed format, as described in electronic publishing, though in many instances they may not be put on sale until later. Often, e-books are produced from pre-existing hard-copy books, generally by document scanning, sometimes with the use of robotic book scanners, having the technology to quickly scan books without damaging the original print edition. Scanning a book produces a set of image files, which may additionally be converted into text format by an OCR program.[160] Occasionally, as in some projects, an e-book may be produced by re-entering the text from a keyboard. Sometimes only the electronic version of a book is produced by the publisher.[example needed] It is possible to release an e-book chapter by chapter as each chapter is written.[example needed] This is useful in fields such as information technology where topics can change quickly in the months that it takes to write a typical book. It is also possible to convert an electronic book to a printed book by print on demand. However, these are exceptions as tradition dictates that a book be launched in the print format and later if the author wishes an electronic version is produced. The New York Times keeps a list of best-selling e-books, for both fiction[161] and non-fiction.[162]

Reading data[edit]

All of the e-readers and reading apps are capable of tracking e-book reading data, and the data could contain which e-books users open, how long the users spend reading each e-book and how much of each e-book is finished.[163] In December 2014, Kobo released e-book reading data collected from over 21 million of its users worldwide. Some of the results were that only 44.4% of UK readers finished the bestselling e-book The Goldfinch and the 2014 top selling e-book in the UK, "One Cold Night", was finished by 69% of readers; this is evidence that while popular e-books are being completely read, some e-books are only sampled.[164]

Comparison to printed books[edit]

Advantages[edit]

iLiade-book reader equipped with an e-paper display visible in sunlight

In the space that a comparably sized physical book takes up, an e-reader can contain thousands of e-books, limited only by its memory capacity. Depending on the device, an e-book may be readable in low light or even total darkness. Many e-readers have a built-in light source, can enlarge or change fonts, use text-to-speech software to read the text aloud for visually impaired, elderly or dyslexic people or just for convenience.[165] Additionally, e-readers allow readers to look up words or find more information about the topic immediately using an online dictionary.[166][167][168] Amazon reports that 85% of its e-book readers look up a word while reading.[169]

Printed books use three times more raw materials and 78 times more water to produce when compared to e-books.[170] A 2017 study found that even when accounting for the emissions created in manufacturing the e-reader device, substituting more than 4.7 print books a year resulted in less greenhouse gas emissions than print.[171] While an e-reader costs more than most individual books, e-books may have a lower cost than paper books.[172] E-books may be made available for less than the price of traditional books using on-demand book printers.[173] Moreover, numerous e-books are available online free of charge on sites such as Project Gutenberg.[174] For example, all books printed before 1923 are in the public domain in the United States, which enables websites to host ebook versions of such titles for free.[175]

Depending on possible digital rights management, e-books (unlike physical books) can be backed up and recovered in the case of loss or damage to the device on which they are stored, a new copy can be downloaded without incurring an additional cost from the distributor. Readers can synchronize their reading location, highlights and bookmarks across several devices.[176]

Disadvantages[edit]

The spineof the printed book is an important aspect in book designand of its beauty as an object

There may be a lack of privacy for the user's e-book reading activities; for example, Amazon knows the user's identity, what the user is reading, whether the user has finished the book, what page the user is on, how long the user has spent on each page, and which passages the user may have highlighted.[177] One obstacle to wide adoption of the e-book is that a large portion of people value the printed book as an object itself, including aspects such as the texture, smell, weight and appearance on the shelf.[178] Print books are also considered valuable cultural items, and symbols of liberal education and the humanities.[179]Kobo found that 60% of e-books that are purchased from their e-book store are never opened and found that the more expensive the book is, the more likely the reader would at least open the e-book.[180]

Joe Queenan has written about the pros and cons of e-books:

Electronic books are ideal for people who value the information contained in them, or who have vision problems, or who like to read on the subway, or who do not want other people to see how they are amusing themselves, or who have storage and clutter issues, but they are useless for people who are engaged in an intense, lifelong love affair with books. Books that we can touch; books that we can smell; books that we can depend on.[181]

Apart from all the emotional and habitual aspects, there are also some readability and usability issues that need to be addressed by publishers and software developers. Many e-book readers who complain about eyestrain, lack of overview and distractions could be helped if they could use a more suitable device or a more user-friendly reading application, but when they buy or borrow a DRM-protected e-book, they often have to read the book on the default device or application, even if it has insufficient functionality.[182]

While a paper book is vulnerable to various threats, including water damage, mold and theft, e-books files may be corrupted, deleted or otherwise lost as well as pirated. Where the ownership of a paper book is fairly straightforward (albeit subject to restrictions on renting or copying pages, depending on the book), the purchaser of an e-book's digital file has conditional access with the possible loss of access to the e-book due to digital rights management provisions, copyright issues, the provider's business failing or possibly if the user's credit card expired.[183]

Market share[edit]

United States[edit]

According to the Association of American Publishers 2018 annual report, ebooks accounted for 12.4% of the total trade revenue.[184]

Publishers of books in all formats made $22.6 billion in print form and $2.04 billion in e-books, according to the Association of American Publishers’ annual report 2019.[185]

Canada[edit]

Market share of e-readers in Canada by Ipsos Reid as of January 2012
[186]
SellersPercent
Kobo

46.0%
Amazon

24.0%
Sony

18.0%
Others

12.0%

Spain[edit]

In 2013, Carrenho estimates that e-books would have a 15% market share in Spain in 2015.[187]

UK[edit]

According to Nielsen Book Research, e-book share went up from 20% to 33% between 2012 and 2014, but down to 29% in the first quarter of 2015. Amazon-published and self-published titles accounted for 17 million of those books (worth £58m) in 2014, representing 5% of the overall book market and 15% of the digital market. The volume and value sales, although similar to 2013, had seen a 70% increase since 2012.[188]

Germany[edit]

The Wischenbart Report 2015 estimates the e-book market share to be 4.3%.[189]

Brazil[edit]

The Brazilian e-book market is only emerging. Brazilians are technology savvy, and that attitude is shared by the government.[189] In 2013, around 2.5% of all trade titles sold were in digital format. This was a 400% growth over 2012 when only 0.5% of trade titles were digital. In 2014, the growth was slower, and Brazil had 3.5% of its trade titles being sold as e-books.[189]

China[edit]

The Wischenbart Report 2015 estimates the e-book market share to be around 1%.[189]

Public domain books[edit]

Main article: Public domain

Public domain books are those whose copyrights have expired, meaning they can be copied, edited, and sold freely without restrictions.[190] Many of these books can be downloaded for free from websites like the Internet Archive, in formats that many e-readers support, such as PDF, TXT, and EPUB. Books in other formats may be converted to an e-reader-compatible format using e-book writing software, for example Calibre.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  50. ^Falcone, John (July 6, 2010). "Kindle vs. Nook vs. iPad: Which e-book reader should you buy?". CNet. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  51. ^ ab"E-Books Top Hardcovers at Amazon". The New York Times. July 19, 2010. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
  52. ^"Amazon Media Room: Press Releases". Phx.corporate-ir.net. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  53. ^Lynn Neary; Don Gonyea (July 27, 2010). "Conflict Widens In E-Books Publishing". NPR. Archived from the original on July 27, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  54. ^Matt Phillips (May 7, 2009). "Kindle DX: Must You Turn it Off for Takeoff and Landing?". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 30, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  55. ^"Cleared for take-off: Europe allows use of e-readers on planes from gate to gate". The Independent. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015.
  56. ^In Europe, Slower Growth for e-BooksArchived October 26, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. New York Times (November 12, 2014). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  57. ^Neil Gaiman (1988). DON'T PANIC: The official Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy companion. Titan Books. ISBN . OCLC 24722438.
  58. ^"Pioneering the computational linguistics and the largest published work of all time". IBM. Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  59. ^Miller, Michael W. (1989). "A Brave New World: Streams of 1s and 0s". Wall Street Journal.
  60. ^Religion: High-Tech BibleArchived May 30, 2016, at the Wayback MachineTime
  61. ^Gutermann, Jimmy, 'Hypertext Before the Web,' Chicago Tribune, April 8, 1999
  62. ^Coburn, M.; Burrows, P.; Loi, D.; Wilkins, L. file shredder - Activators Patch. Cope, B.; Kalantzis, D. Melbourne (eds.). "E-book readers directions in enabling technologies". Print and Electronic Text Convergence. Common Ground. pp. 145–182.
  63. ^電子書籍端末ショーケース:DATA Discman――ソニー February 25, 2012, ITmedia eBook USER
  64. ^Cohen, Michael (December 19, 2013). "Scotched: Fair thoughts and happy hours did not attend upon an early enhanced-book adaptation of Macbeth". The Magazine. No. 32. Seattle, WA: Aperiodical LLC. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
  65. ^"Foto Franco, l'uomo che inventò l'e-book "Ma nel 1993 nessuno ci diede retta" – 1 di 10". Milano.repubblica.it. Archived from the original on September 1, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  66. ^Incipit 1992[permanent dead link]
  67. ^"Apple DocViewer screenshots". www.danielsays.com. 1992. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  68. ^"Apple DocViewer 1.0a12 listing". macgui.com. 1992. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebook

How To Convert Kindle eBook To PDF

Kindle plays an important role in the rise of e-books and mobile reading platforms. But accessing these files on Mac or Windows is not possible as 97% of the files purchased from Amazon store have Kindle DRM. This means you cannot read your favorite books without converting Kindle to PDF.

Therefore, here we are with the best way to convert Kindle paperwhite to PDF.

Before we learn how to convert Kindle cloud reader to PDF let’s know about the supported file formats. Kindle support AZW, KFX, AZW3, PRC, MOBI, and TPZ formats which are not supported by most readers. Therefore, you face problems while accessing these files and need a conversion tool to convert kindle to PDF.

Ways to Convert Kindle Files to PDF

1. Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

PDFelment Pro is one of the best tools that help convert Kindle to PDF. Using this tool, you can convert various file formats into PDF files.

Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF, follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install PDFelement Pro.
  2. Launch PDFelement Pro > right-click Kindle file you wish to convert.
  3. Choose Open With > PDFelement Pro.
  4. Wait for a second, the selected Kindle file will now convert into PDF. Once done you can edit, add image, etc.
  5. To save converted file click File > Save As. Name the file your converted PDF will now be saved.

2. Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF you can use DRM- free ebook converter. This tool allows you to view Kindle eBook on a computer or Mac. In addition to this, you can print a Kindle eBook.

Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To use eBook DRM to convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install the Kindle app.
  2. Once done download eBook in Kindle to convert.
  3. Assuming you have downloaded the converter, you will need to launch it.
  4. Click the Kindle button to add Kindle eBook into the converter and select the output format from the Output Format section.
  5. Click the Convert button.
  6. Wait for the tool to finish the job. Once the file is converted you will see a new file in the output folder.

3. Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Calibre is the one-stop solution to all your e-book needs. Using this lightweight e-book manager, you can easily convert Kindle to PDF.

Calibre also handles different input formats like MOBI and HTML to PRC and AZW,

To use Calibre and convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

Step 1:Download, install and launch Calibre

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Step 2: Click Add books to Add Kindle file stored on your machine or can drag and drop the files you wish to convert.

Step 3: Once all the files are added to Calibre select the file you wish to convert and click the Convert books button. This will open a pop-up window from which you can select various options.

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS-1

To convert Kindle to PDF, click the drop-down next to the Output format and select PDF > Ok.

Step 4: This process might take sometimes wait for it. Once the conversion is done download the PDF.

Convert Kindle to PDF Online

If you don’t want to install software to convert Kindle to PDF, you can use online tools to convert Kindle to PDF.

1. Use ZAMZAR

ZAMZAR is an online Kindle to PDF converter. To use the tool follow the steps below:

Head to ZAMZAR website.

Click the Upload button to upload .azw format file.

Use ZAMZAR

Choose PDF as the output format and click Convert Now to start the process.

Use ZAMZAR online pdf converter

Once the process is done, click the Download button to get the converted file.

2. Use EPUB converter

As the name explains, EPUB Converter is a free online utility to convert e-book files. Using this online converter, you can convert EPUBs, PDF, MOBI, and AZW, etc. To use the tool, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Click here to open EPUB Converter

Use EPUB converter

Step 2: Click on the Add File button to upload the Kindle eBook to convert to PDF. Look for the Kindle file you need to convert.

Use EPUB converter step-2

Step 3: Once the file is added click Start Now button to begin the conversion process. Wait for it to finish.

Step 4: Once done download PDF file.

Use EPUB converter step-4

This way you can have your Kindle book converted to PDF.

Note: EPUB Converter does not keep your eBook. When a file is successfully converted it is retained for 2 hours to give you enough room to download the file. After 2 hours it is automatically deleted.

This was it for now. Using these simple to use tools you can convert Kindle to PDF, convert Kindle to PDF online and can even print Kindle book. We hope you enjoyed reading this quick guide on how to convert Kindle to PDF and print Kindle book.

If you liked it or you thought something is missing, please do leave us a comment and share your thoughts. Also share it with others.

Sharing is Caring!

Источник: https://wethegeek.com/how-to-convert-kindle-ebook-to-pdf/

How to Remove DRM From Your Ebooks: 6 Methods to Try

Many ebooks come with digital rights management (DRM) protection. Thankfully, it's possible to remove DRM from ebooks. There are lots of tools that make the DRM removal process simple and straightforward.

Here are some of the best ways to remove DRM from your ebooks.

What Is DRM and Why Is It Bad?

In theory, DRM prevents the unlicensed copying and distribution of ebook files, thus safeguarding the commercial interests of the various parties involved.

However, DRM is a nightmare for consumers. It can prevent you from reading an ebook on all of your devices, even if you've bought it legitimately.

For example, if you buy an ebook on the Kindle Store, you will only be able to read it on Kindle ereaders or the Kindle app. You'll face issues, therefore, if you decide to switch to an ereader from a different manufacturer or if you want to use an alternative ereader app on your smartphone.

The solution is to use a DRM removal tool. Don't worry; doing so is not illegal. Here's a rundown of some of the best DRM removal apps available today.

1. Calibre

Available on: Windows, Mac, Linux

Calibre is the best app for organizing and managing your ebook collection. You can use it to edit a book's metadata, convert an ebook into different formats, and even download news and magazine articles onto your ereader device.

Thanks to the presence of plugins, you can also use Calibre to remove the DRM from almost any ebook you own. Keep in mind, however, that the tool will not work with Apple Books or books from Overdrive.

rising antivirus free - Crack Key For U It is also a little more fiddly to set up than some of the options we'll dive into shortly. You need to set up the plugins correctly, whereas other tools use a one-click solution.

Download:Calibre (Free)

2. Epubor

Available on: Windows, Mac

Epubor has a couple of DRM removal apps. But for most people, the All DRM Removal tool is the correct one.

It lets you remove DRM restrictions from Kindle books, Adobe books, Nook books, Kobo books, and any books that you purchased through Google Play. Again, books purchased from Apple's store are not supported.

The app is easy to use, with a simple drag-and-drop interface. Batch removal is also supported, so if you have a collection of books that number in the thousands, you do not need to process each one individually—it is a massive time saver.

convert drm kindle to pdf You can even use the app to send books directly to your ereader.

(Note: If you need to convert ebooks between the different formats, check out the same company's Epubor Ultimate tool.)

A free trial is available. Thereafter, you will need to pay $20 for a full license.

Download: Epubor All DRM Removal ($20, free trial available)

3. Any eBook Converter

Available on: Windows

If you want a single tool to remove the DRM for ebooks that you've bought from lots of different stores, you might need to pay for the privilege.

One of the best apps for the job is Any eBook Converter. It can remove DRM restrictions on books from the Kindle Store, Adobe, Nook, and Kobo. In total, 24 different ebook formats are supported. They include EPUB, PDF, MOBI, AZW, TXT, KFX, PRC, HTMLZ, and DOC. The app supports bulk removal.

In addition to its DRM removal capabilities, Any eBook Converter also has a few other useful features.

For example, you can edit an ebook's metadata (including the title, author, publisher, data, identifiers, and language). You can also convert your ebooks into different formats, allowing you to read them on whichever ereader device/app you use. Editing and conversion can only be performed after you've removed the DRM restrictions.

Download:Any eBook Converter ($30, free trial available)

4. eBook Converter

Available on: Windows, Mac

eBook Converter is one of the best DRM removal apps for ebooks that you can find on the web.

The app is an all-in-one solution, meaning it works with Kindle DRM, ADEPT Adobe Digital editions DRM, Barnes Noble NOOK ebooks, and even public library EPUB, PDF, and ACSM files.

There is an auto-import feature, so you can move your entire ebook collection into the app in a single click. One-click conversion is also supported, meaning you don't need to dig around in settings menus and fiddle with endless parameters to get the output you need.

You need to pay $20 for lifetime access to the app.

Download:eBook Converter ($20)

5. DiscoverySoft

Available on: Windows, Mac

DiscoverySoft's ebook DRM removal app will let you read DRM-protected content on any reader, computer, tablet, or mobile phone thanks to its powerful feature set.

One of the app's key features is the ability to import ebooks from the Kindle for PC app, as well as Nook for PC and Adobe Digital Editions, all with a single click.

Most popular ebooks formats are supported, including EPUB, PDF, and AZW. convert drm kindle to pdf

The app is available on Windows and Mac, but sadly it is not free. You will need to pay $20 for a license.

Download:DiscoverySoft ($20)

6. Leawo Prof. DRM

Available on: Windows, Mac

The final tool on the list is Leawo Prof. DRM (formerly known as Leawo TunesCopy Ultimate).

The app uses speed as its main selling point—it claims to be as much as 50x faster than some of the other DRM removal solutions we have looked at. On a single book, that won't make much difference, but if you are working with thousands of books, the time savings can be significant.

In addition to ebooks, Leawo Prof. DRM also works with audio tracks, subtitles, music ID tags, Audible audiobooks, and more.

However, the extra features come at a cost. Lifetime access is $130; a one-year plan is $80.

Download:Leawo Prof. DRM ($130)

What's the Best Way to Remove DRM From Ebooks?

The apps we've discussed here should be able to remove the DRM on almost any ebook you own. But what's the best way to remove DRM from your ebooks?

We rate Calibre the highest; having a single app that can take care of all your ebook management needs is advantageous. And in addition to the DRM removal plugin, there are countless other plugins that will let you supercharge the app and customize it to your needs.

However, from a DRM removal standpoint, Calibre is the hardest to get up and running. If you'd prefer a more straightforward solution, try one of the web apps that support single-click DRM removal.

How to Free Up Your DRM Protected Music

DRM is a scourge on anyone who buys music. Fortunately, there are ways to free your music from DRM protections.

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Источник: https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/ways-to-remove-drm-from-ebooks/
convert drm kindle to pdf

: Convert drm kindle to pdf

Convert drm kindle to pdf
Convert drm kindle to pdf
Convert drm kindle to pdf

Convert drm kindle to pdf -

How to convert a Kindle book to PDF

Amazon’s Kindle is a huge business. Both the hardware and the digital service changed how books, magazines, comics, and more are read each day. Unfortunately, customers can’t simply download Kindle books and read them through any app.

For Digital Rights Management (DRM) reasons, all Kindle e-books are locked to Kindle hardware. These digital books use Amazon’s proprietary AZW file format, even though Kindle tablets also support MOBI files. That makes reading these e-books outside the Kindle bubble nearly impossible. The good news is that DRM protection can be removed using free tools, but it’s important you don’t share your e-books with anybody else, as you could find yourself in breach of copyright laws.

Once you’ve removed DRM protection, it’s easy to convert Kindle books into PDFs. It can be a little tricky to do, but this guide shows you how to convert a Kindle book to PDF so you can read your purchased favorites on any e-book reader, not just on a Kindle.

See more

Download the AZW file(s)

Due to Digital Right Management, the e-book can’t simply download to any PC. Readers must have a hardware Kindle linked to their Amazon account. Otherwise, they will see an error stating, “You have selected content that is not compatible with any of your registered devices.”

That said, even if the e-book is read via the Kindle app on Windows 10, Android, or iOS, without an actual Kindle device linked to an Amazon account, Kindle e-books will not download.

Download and Transfer via USB Kindle books.

Step 1: With Amazon’s website loaded, click on your name, and then select Account on the drop-down menu.

Step 2: Select Manage Content and Devices listed under Digital Content and Devices.

Step 3: Click the Three-dot Actions button next to the target e-book, as shown above.

Step 4: Click Download & Transfer Via USB on the pop-up menu.

Step 5: A pop-up window appears with the registered Kindle selected. Click the yellow Download button.

Download Kindle Ebook to computer.

The AWZ file will download to the default location on your PC, not to the listed Kindle device.

Note: Calibre now offers a plugin called the KFX Input plugin, which allows you to import KFX files as well. Skip to the Calibre section to find out how to use it.

Convert using Calibre (Windows/MacOS/Linux)

Calibre is software specifically designed to transfer and alter digital text into various formats. Fortunately, it will not eat up much of your device’s memory either. This software can support countless input formats, including MOBI, HTML, PRC, and AZW.

Calibre is an effective e-book manager that gives its users the creative freedom and plentiful options they need to customize their graphics and visual images. The app’s display is user-friendly and easy to navigate, making for an exceptional and incredibly informative changeover experience. Furthermore, Calibre can operate with or without a continual or running network connection.

Download and install DRM Removal Tool

Calibre Version 4.

In order to remove the DRM from your Kindle e-books, you’ll need to download an older version of Calibre, version 4.23.0. Once you have downloaded and installed the software, you’ll also need to download Apprentice Alf’s DRM Removal Tool. Rather than the latest version, you want to download and install v6.8.1 which will work with version 4 of Calibre. Just click on DeDRM_tools zipped folder to download it to your computer, then unzip the folder by right-clicking it and selecting Extract All (or however you would normally unzip folders on your computer).

Here are the steps to follow to install the DRM Removal Tool Plug-in for Calibre:

Step 1: Launch Calibre and select Preferences from the top menu on the right-hand side.

Step 2: Scroll down and under Advanced, click Plug-Ins.

Step 3: At the bottom right, click Load Plug-In From File, then select the DeDRM_Plugin zipped folder on your computer in the pop-up window.

Step 4: Click Open. Calibre will now install the plug-in.

Step 5: Restart Calibre.

Adding your Kindle serial number to Calibre

Adding Kindle serial number to Calibre.

This is where things get a little complicated, but we’ll guide you through the next steps. You need to insert your Kindle serial number into Calibre, and here’s how:

Step 1: Select Preferences again from the top menu.

Step 2: Click Advanced then select Plug-ins.

Step 3: Double click the line that says File Type.

Step 4: Double click on the DeDRM plug-in.

Step 5: Select the first option that says eInk Kindle ebooks and click OK.

Step 6: Now, you need to find and enter your Kindle serial number.

Step 7: On most Kindles, you can find this by going to Settings > All Settings > Device Options > Device Info on your Kindle. You should see information about your Kindle, including the serial number.

Step 8: If you’re unsure where to find your Kindle’s serial number a quick Google of “Serial location” plus your Kindle model, e.g. “10th Gen Paperwhite” should help.

Step 9: Now, enter the serial number, without any spaces, into Calibre.

Step 10: Click Close, then OK, then click Apply.

Now you’re ready to convert your DRM-free e-books to PDF!

Adding your books to Calibre

Adding books to Calibre.

Before converting your e-books to PDF, you’ll need to add them to Calibre. Just click on Add Books at the top left in the menu, then select the books from your downloads folder, or wherever you stored them after downloading them from Amazon earlier.

Converting your e-books to PDF

Converting a Kindle book to PDF in Calibre.

Now that you’ve installed the DRM Removal plug-in, the actual conversion of e-books to PDF is easy, as Calibre takes care of everything. Here’s how to convert your book:

Step 1: Click on the book in your list that you’d like to convert, to ensure it is highlighted.

Step 2: Click Convert Books from the top menu in Calibre. You can also right-click on a book and select Convert Books then choose Convert Individually or Bulk Convert.

Step 3: In the pop-up window, ensure AZW3 is showing as the Input Format at the top left. At the top right where it says Output Format, select PDF from the drop-down menu.

Step 4: It’s also possible to adjust output settings like line height, font size, and so on, but we’d recommend converting the book first to see how it looks — you can always re-convert it later if you need to adjust any settings. Most books are fine with the default settings.

Step 5: Check the title and author on the right side of your screen are correct.

Step 6: Click OK at the bottom of the screen and the conversion will begin.

Step 7: Once it’s finished, the jobs counter at the bottom right will return to zero.

Step 8: When you highlight the book in your list, at the right of your screen under Formats you should now see a blue link that says PDF.

Step 9: Click this to open your book in PDF format.

Step 10: By default, Calibre stores e-books to the Calibre Library folder on your hard drive.

Step 11: If you want to send the book to yourself (via email, for example) to read on other devices, you can select Click To Open on the right-hand side of your screen in Calibre, under Formats. This will bring up all the files associated with that book, including the cover, on your hard drive.

Remember that you should never share a DRM-free e-book with somebody else, as this is a breach of copyright law.

Editors' Recommendations

Источник: https://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/how-to-convert-kindle-to-pdf/

How To Convert Kindle eBook To PDF

Kindle plays an important role in the rise of e-books and mobile reading platforms. But accessing these files on Mac or Windows is not possible as 97% of the files purchased from Amazon store have Kindle DRM. This means you cannot read your favorite books without converting Kindle to PDF.

Therefore, here we are with the best way to convert Kindle paperwhite to PDF.

Before we learn how to convert Kindle cloud reader to PDF let’s know about the supported file formats. Kindle support AZW, KFX, AZW3, PRC, MOBI, and TPZ formats which are not supported by most readers. Therefore, you face problems while accessing these files and need a conversion tool to convert kindle to PDF.

Ways to Convert Kindle Files to PDF

1. Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

PDFelment Pro is one of the best tools that help convert Kindle to PDF. Using this tool, you can convert various file formats into PDF files.

Use PDFelement Pro to convert Kindle to PDF and read on Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF, follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install PDFelement Pro.
  2. Launch PDFelement Pro > right-click Kindle file you wish to convert.
  3. Choose Open With > PDFelement Pro.
  4. Wait for a second, the selected Kindle file will now convert into PDF. Once done you can edit, add image, etc.
  5. To save converted file click File > Save As. Name the file your converted PDF will now be saved.

2. Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To convert Kindle to PDF you can use DRM- free ebook converter. This tool allows you to view Kindle eBook on a computer or Mac. In addition to this, you can print a Kindle eBook.

Use eBook DRM Removal to convert Kindle to PDF and read it on Windows or Mac

To use eBook DRM to convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

  1. Download and install the Kindle app.
  2. Once done download eBook in Kindle to convert.
  3. Assuming you have downloaded the converter, you will need to launch it.
  4. Click the Kindle button to add Kindle eBook into the converter and select the output format from the Output Format section.
  5. Click the Convert button.
  6. Wait for the tool to finish the job. Once the file is converted you will see a new file in the output folder.

3. Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Calibre is the one-stop solution to all your e-book needs. Using this lightweight e-book manager, you can easily convert Kindle to PDF.

Calibre also handles different input formats like MOBI and HTML to PRC and AZW,

To use Calibre and convert Kindle to PDF follow the steps below:

Step 1:Download, install and launch Calibre

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS

Step 2: Click Add books to Add Kindle file stored on your machine or can drag and drop the files you wish to convert.

Step 3: Once all the files are added to Calibre select the file you wish to convert and click the Convert books button. This will open a pop-up window from which you can select various options.

Use Calibre to convert Kindle to PDF and read them on Windows, and macOS-1

To convert Kindle to PDF, click the drop-down next to the Output format and select PDF > Ok.

Step 4: This process might take sometimes wait for it. Once the conversion is done download the PDF.

Convert Kindle to PDF Online

If you don’t want to install software to convert Kindle to PDF, you can use online tools to convert Kindle to PDF.

1. Use ZAMZAR

ZAMZAR is an online Kindle to PDF converter. To use the tool follow the steps below:

Head to ZAMZAR website.

Click the Upload button to upload .azw format file.

Use ZAMZAR

Choose PDF as the output format and click Convert Now to start the process.

Use ZAMZAR online pdf converter

Once the process is done, click the Download button to get the converted file.

2. Use EPUB converter

As the name explains, EPUB Converter is a free online utility to convert e-book files. Using this online converter, you can convert EPUBs, PDF, MOBI, and AZW, etc. To use the tool, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Click here to open EPUB Converter

Use EPUB converter

Step 2: Click on the Add File button to upload the Kindle eBook to convert to PDF. Look for the Kindle file you need to convert.

Use EPUB converter step-2

Step 3: Once the file is added click Start Now button to begin the conversion process. Wait for it to finish.

Step 4: Once done download PDF file.

Use EPUB converter step-4

This way you can have your Kindle book converted to PDF.

Note: EPUB Converter does not keep your eBook. When a file is successfully converted it is retained for 2 hours to give you enough room to download the file. After 2 hours it is automatically deleted.

This was it for now. Using these simple to use tools you can convert Kindle to PDF, convert Kindle to PDF online and can even print Kindle book. We hope you enjoyed reading this quick guide on how to convert Kindle to PDF and print Kindle book.

If you liked it or you thought something is missing, please do leave us a comment and share your thoughts. Also share it with others.

Sharing is Caring!

Источник: https://wethegeek.com/how-to-convert-kindle-ebook-to-pdf/

Ebook

Book-length publication in digital form

An ebook (short for electronic book), also known as an e-book or eBook, is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.[1] Although sometimes defined as "an electronic version of a printed book",[2] some e-books exist without a printed equivalent. E-books can be read on dedicated e-reader devices, but also on any computer device that features a controllable viewing screen, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones.

In the 2000s, there was a trend of print and e-book sales moving to the Internet,[citation needed] where readers buy traditional paper books and e-books on websites using e-commerce systems. With print books, readers are increasingly browsing through images of the covers of books on publisher or bookstore websites and selecting and ordering titles online; the paper books are then delivered to the reader by mail or another delivery service. With e-books, users can browse through titles online, and then when they select and order titles, the e-book can be sent to them online or the user can download the e-book.[3] By the early 2010s, e-books had begun to overtake hardcover by overall publication figures in the U.S.[4]

The main reasons for people buying e-books are possibly lower prices, increased comfort (as they can buy from home or on the go with mobile devices) and a larger selection of titles.[5] With e-books, "electronic bookmarks make referencing easier, and e-book readers may allow the user to annotate pages."[6] "Although fiction and non-fiction books come in e-book formats, technical material is especially suited for e-book delivery because it can be digitally searched" for keywords. In addition, for programming books, code examples can be copied.[6] The amount of e-book reading is increasing in the U.S.; by 2014, 28% of adults had read an e-book, compared to 23% in 2013; and by 2014, 50% of American adults had an e-reader or a tablet, compared to 30% owning such devices in 2013.[7]

Terminology[edit]

E-books are also referred to as "ebooks", "eBooks", "Ebooks", "e-Books", "e-journals", "e-editions", or "digital books". A device that is designed specifically for reading e-books is called an "e-reader", "ebook device", or "eReader".

History[edit]

The Readies (1930)[edit]

Some trace the concept of an e-reader, a device that would enable the user to view books on a screen, to a 1930 manifesto by Bob Brown, written after watching his first "talkie" (movie with sound). He titled it The Readies, playing off the idea of the "talkie".[8] In his book, Brown says movies have outmaneuvered the book by creating the "talkies" and, as a result, reading should find a new medium:

A simple reading machine which I can carry or move around, attach to any old electric light plug and read hundred-thousand-word novels in 10 minutes if I want to, and I want to.

Brown's notion, however, was much more focused on reforming orthography and vocabulary, than on medium ("It is time to pull out the stopper" and begin "a bloody revolution of the word."): introducing huge numbers of portmanteau symbols to replace normal words, and punctuation to simulate action or movement; so it is not clear whether this fits into the history of "e-books" or not. Later e-readers never followed a model at all like Brown's; however, he correctly predicted the miniaturization and portability of e-readers. In an article, Jennifer Schuessler writes, "The machine, Brown argued, would allow readers to adjust the type size, avoid paper cuts and save trees, all while hastening the day when words could be 'recorded directly on the palpitating ether.'"[9] Brown believed that the e-reader (and his notions for changing text itself) would bring a completely new life to reading. Schuessler correlates it with a DJ spinning bits of old songs to create a beat or an entirely new song, as opposed to just a remix of a familiar song.[9]

Inventor[edit]

The inventor of the first e-book is not widely agreed upon. Some notable candidates include the following:

Roberto Busa (1946–1970)[edit]

The first e-book may be the Index Thomisticus, a heavily annotated electronic index to the works of Thomas Aquinas, prepared by Roberto Busa, S.J. beginning in 1946 and completed in the 1970s.[10] Although originally stored on a single computer, a distributable CD-ROM version appeared in 1989. However, this work is sometimes omitted; perhaps because the digitized text was a means for studying written texts and developing linguistic concordances, rather than as a published edition in its own right.[11] In 2005, the Index was published online.[12]

Ángela Ruiz Robles (1949)[edit]

In 1949, Ángela Ruiz Robles, a teacher from Ferrol, Spain, patented the Enciclopedia Mecánica, or the Mechanical Encyclopedia, a mechanical device which operated on compressed air where text and graphics were contained on spools that users would load onto rotating spindles. Her idea was to create a device which would decrease the number of books that her pupils carried to school. The final device was planned to include audio recordings, a magnifying glass, a calculator and an electric light for night reading.[13] Her device was never put into production but a prototype is kept in the National Museum of Science and Technology in A Coruña.[14]

Douglas Engelbart and Andries van Dam (1960s)[edit]

Alternatively, some historians consider electronic books to have started in the early 1960s, with the NLS project headed by Douglas Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS projects headed by Andries van Dam at Brown University.[15][16][17] FRESS documents ran on IBM mainframes and were structure-oriented rather than line-oriented; they were formatted dynamically for different users, display hardware, window sizes, and so on, as well as having automated tables of contents, indexes, and so on. All these systems also provided extensive hyperlinking, graphics, and other capabilities. Van Dam is generally thought to have coined the term "electronic book",[18][19] and it was established enough to use in an article title by 1985.[20]

FRESS was used for reading extensive primary texts online, as well as for annotation and online discussions in several courses, including English Poetry and Biochemistry. Brown's faculty made extensive use of FRESS; for example the philosopher Roderick Chisholm used it to produce several of his books. Thus in the Preface to Person and Object (1979) he writes "The book would not have been completed without the epoch-making File Retrieval and Editing System..."[21] Brown University's work in electronic book systems continued for many years, including US Navy funded projects for electronic repair-manuals;[22] a large-scale distributed hypermedia system known as InterMedia;[23] a spinoff company Electronic Book Technologies that built DynaText, the first SGML-based e-reader system; and the Scholarly Technology Group's extensive work on the Open eBook standard.

Michael Hart (left) and Gregory Newby (right) of Project Gutenberg, 2006

Michael S. Hart (1971)[edit]

Despite the extensive earlier history, several publications report Michael S. Hart as the inventor of the e-book.[24][25][26] In 1971, the operators of the Xerox Sigma V mainframe at the University of Illinois gave Hart extensive computer-time. Seeking a worthy use of this resource, he created his first electronic document by typing the United States Declaration of Independence into a computer in plain text.[27] Hart planned to create documents using plain text to make them as easy as possible to download and view on devices.

Early implementations[edit]

After Hart first adapted the U.S. Declaration of Independence into an electronic document in 1971, Project Gutenberg was launched to create electronic copies of more texts, especially books.[27] Another early e-book implementation was the desktop prototype for a proposed notebook computer, the Dynabook, in the 1970s at PARC: a general-purpose portable personal computer capable of displaying books for reading.[28] In 1980, the U.S. Department of Defense began concept development for a portable electronic delivery device for technical maintenance information called project PEAM, the Portable Electronic Aid for Maintenance. Detailed specifications were completed in FY 1981/82, and prototype development began with Texas Instruments that same year. Four prototypes were produced and delivered for testing in 1986, and tests were completed in 1987. The final summary report was produced in 1989 by the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, authored by Robert Wisher and J. Peter Kincaid.[29] A patent application for the PEAM device,[30] titled "Apparatus for delivering procedural type instructions", was submitted by Texas Instruments on December 4, 1985, listing John K. Harkins and Stephen H. Morriss as inventors.

The first portable electronic book, the US Department of Defense's "Personal Electronic Aid to Maintenance"

In 1992, Sony launched the Data Discman, an electronic book reader that could read e-books that were stored on CDs. One of the electronic publications that could be played on the Data Discman was called The Library of the Future.[31] Early e-books were generally written for specialty areas and a limited audience, meant to be read only by small and devoted interest groups. The scope of the subject matter of these e-books included technical manuals for hardware, manufacturing techniques, and other subjects.[citation needed] In the 1990s, the general availability of the Internet made transferring electronic files much easier, including e-books.[citation needed]

In 1993, Paul Baim released a freeware HyperCard stack, called EBook, that allowed easy import of any text file to create a pageable version similar to an electronic paperback book. A notable feature was automatic tracking of the last page read so that on returning to the 'book' you were taken back to where you had previously left off reading. The title of this stack may have been the first instance of the term 'ebook' used in the modern context.[32]

E-book formats[edit]

See also: Comparison of e-book formats

Reading an e-book on a third-generation Kindle

As e-book formats emerged and proliferated,[citation needed] some garnered support from major software companies, such as Adobe with its PDF format that was introduced in 1993.[33] Unlike most other formats, PDF documents are generally tied to a particular dimension and layout, rather than adjusting dynamically to the current page, window, or another size. Different e-reader devices followed different formats, most of them accepting books in only one or a few formats, thereby fragmenting the e-book market even more. Due to the exclusiveness and limited readerships of e-books, the fractured market of independent publishers and specialty authors lacked consensus regarding a standard for packaging and selling e-books.[citation needed]

Meanwhile, scholars formed the Text Encoding Initiative, which developed consensus guidelines for encoding books and other materials of scholarly interest for a variety of analytic uses as well as reading, and countless literary and other works have been developed using the TEI approach. In the late 1990s, a consortium formed to develop the Open eBook format as a way for authors and publishers to provide a single source-document which many book-reading software and hardware platforms could handle. Several scholars from the TEI were closely involved in the early development of Open eBook [1]. Focused on portability, Open eBook as defined required subsets of XHTML and CSS; a set of multimedia formats (others could be used, but there must also be a fallback in one of the required formats), and an XML schema for a "manifest", to list the components of a given e-book, identify a table of contents, cover art, and so on.[citation needed] This format led to the open format EPUB. Google Books has converted many public domain works to this open format.[34]

In 2010, e-books continued to gain in their own specialist and underground markets.[citation needed] Many e-book publishers began distributing books that were in the public domain.[citation needed] At the same time, authors with books that were not accepted by publishers offered their works online so they could be seen by others. Unofficial (and occasionally unauthorized) catalogs of books became available on the web, and sites devoted to e-books began disseminating information about e-books to the public.[35] Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. Consumer e-book publishing market are controlled by the "Big Five". The "Big Five" publishers are: Hachette, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Penguin Random House and Simon & Schuster.[36]

Libraries[edit]

U.S. libraries began to offer free e-books to the public in 1998 through their websites and associated services,[37] although the e-books were primarily scholarly, technical or professional in nature, and could not be downloaded. In 2003, libraries began offering free downloadable popular fiction and non-fiction e-books to the public, launching an e-book lending model that worked much more successfully for public libraries.[38] The number of library e-book distributors and lending models continued to increase over the next few years. From 2005 to 2008, libraries experienced a 60% growth in e-book collections.[39] In 2010, a Public Library Funding and Technology Access Study by the American Library Association[40] found that 66% of public libraries in the U.S. were offering e-books,[41] and a large movement in the library industry began to seriously examine the issues relating to e-book lending, acknowledging a "tipping point" when e-book technology would become widely established.[42] Content from public libraries can be downloaded to e-readers using application software like Overdrive and Hoopla.[43]

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has for many years provided PubMed, a comprehensive bibliography of medical literature. In early 2000, NLM set up the PubMed Central repository, which stores full-text e-book versions of many medical journal articles and books, through cooperation with scholars and publishers in the field. Pubmed Central also now provides archiving and access to over 4.1 million articles, maintained in a standard XML format known as the Journal Article Tag Suite (or "JATS").

Despite the widespread adoption of e-books, some publishers and authors have not endorsed the concept of electronic publishing, citing issues with user demand, copyright infringement and challenges with proprietary devices and systems.[44] In a survey of interlibrary loan (ILL) librarians, it was found that 92% of libraries held e-books in their collections and that 27% of those libraries had negotiated ILL rights for some of their e-books. This survey found significant barriers to conducting interlibrary loan for e-books.[45]Patron-driven acquisition (PDA) has been available for several years in public libraries, allowing vendors to streamline the acquisition process by offering to match a library's selection profile to the vendor's e-book titles.[46] The library's catalog is then populated with records for all of the e-books that match the profile.[46] The decision to purchase the title is left to the patrons, although the library can set purchasing conditions such as a maximum price and purchasing caps so that the dedicated funds are spent according to the library's budget.[46] The 2012 meeting of the Association of American University Presses included a panel on the PDA of books produced by university presses, based on a preliminary report by Joseph Esposito, a digital publishing consultant who has studied the implications of PDA with a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.[47]

Challenges[edit]

Although the demand for e-book services in libraries has grown in the first two decades of the 21st century, difficulties keep libraries from providing some e-books to clients.[48] Publishers will sell e-books to libraries, but in most cases they will only give libraries a limited license to the title, meaning that the library does not own the electronic text but is allowed to circulate it for either a certain period of time, or a certain number of check outs, or both. When a library purchases an e-book license, the cost is at least three times what it would be for a personal consumer.[48] E-book licenses are more expensive than paper-format editions because publishers are concerned that an e-book that is sold could theoretically be read and/or checked out by a huge number of users, potentially damaging sales. However, some studies have found the opposite effect to be true (for example, Hilton and Wikey 2010).[49]

Archival storage[edit]

The Internet Archive and Open Library offer more than six million fully accessible public domain e-books. Project Gutenberg has over 52,000 freely available public domain e-books.

Dedicated hardware readers and mobile software[edit]

Main article: E-reader

See also: Comparison of e-book readers and Comparison of e-book software

An e-reader, also called an e-book reader or e-book device, is a mobile electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading e-books and digital periodicals. An e-reader is similar in form, but more limited in purpose than a tablet. In comparison to tablets, many e-readers are better than tablets for reading because they are more portable, have better readability in sunlight and have longer battery life.[50] In July 2010, online bookseller Amazon.com reported sales of e-books for its proprietary Kindle outnumbered sales of hardcover books for the first time ever during the second quarter of 2010, saying it sold 140 e-books for every 100 hardcover books, including hardcovers for which there was no digital edition.[51] By January 2011, e-book sales at Amazon had surpassed its paperback sales.[52] In the overall US market, paperback book sales are still much larger than either hardcover or e-book; the American Publishing Association estimated e-books represented 8.5% of sales as of mid-2010, up from 3% a year before.[53] At the end of the first quarter of 2012, e-book sales in the United States surpassed hardcover book sales for the first time.[4]

Until late 2013, use of an e-reader was not allowed on airplanes during takeoff and landing by the FAA.[54] In November 2013, the FAA allowed use of e-readers on airplanes at all times if it is in Airplane Mode, which means all radios turned off, and Europe followed this guidance the next month.[55] In 2014, The New York Times predicted that by 2018 e-books will make up over 50% of total consumer publishing revenue in the United States and Great Britain.[56]

Applications[edit]

Reading applications on different devices

Some of the major book retailers and multiple third-party developers offer free (and in some third-party cases, premium paid) e-reader software applications (apps) for the Mac and PC computers as well as for Android, Blackberry, iPad, iPhone, Windows Phone and Palm OS devices to allow the reading of e-books and other documents independently of dedicated e-book devices. Examples are apps for the Amazon Kindle, Barnes & Noble Nook, iBooks, Kobo eReader and Sony Reader.

Timeline[edit]

Before the 1980s[edit]

c. 1949
c. 1963
c. 1965
1971
1978
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy radio series launches (novel published in 1979), featuring an electronic reference book containing all knowledge in the Galaxy. This vast amount of data could be fit into something the size of a large paperback book, with updates received over the "Sub-Etha".[57]
c. 1979

1980s and 1990s[edit]

1986
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
  • NuvoMedia releases the first handheld e-reader, the Rocket eBook.[78]
  • SoftBook launches its SoftBook reader. This e-reader, with expandable storage, could store up to 100,000 pages of content, including text, graphics and pictures.[79]
  • The Cybook is sold and manufactured at first by Cytale (1998–2003) and later by Bookeen.
1999

2000s[edit]

2000
2001
  • Adobe releases Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 allowing users to underline, take notes and bookmark.
2002
2004
2005
2006
  • Sony Reader PRS-500, with an E Ink screen and two weeks of battery life, is released.[92]
  • LibreDigital launches BookBrowse as an online reader for publisher content.[citation needed]
2007
Size comparison of the Kindle 2 with the larger Kindle DX
2008
2009
  • Bookeen releases the Cybook Opus in the US and in Europe.
  • Sony releases the Reader Pocket Edition and Reader Touch Edition.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle 2 that includes a text-to-speech feature.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle DX that has a 9.7-inch screen in the U.S.
  • Barnes & Noble releases the Nook e-reader in the US.
  • Amazon releases the Kindle for PC application in late 2009, making the Kindle Store library available for the first time outside Kindle hardware.[96]

2010s[edit]

2010
2011
  • May – Amazon.com announces that its e-book sales in the US now exceed all of its printed book sales.[103]
  • June – Barnes & Noble releases the Nook Simple Touch e-reader and Nook Tablet.[104]
  • August – Bookeen launches its own e-books store, BookeenStore.com, and starts to sell digital versions of titles in French.[105]
  • September – Nature Publishing releases the pilot version of Principles of Biology, a customizable, modular textbook, with no corresponding paper edition.[106]
  • June/November – As the e-reader market grows in Spain, companies like Telefónica, Fnac, and Casa del Libro launch their e-readers with the Spanish brand "bq readers".
  • November – Amazon launches the Kindle Fire and Kindle Touch, both devices designed for e-reading.
2012
  • E-book sales in the US market collect over three billion in revenue.[107]
  • January – Apple releases iBooks Author, software for creating iPad e-books to be directly published in its iBooks bookstore or to be shared as PDF files.[108]
  • January – Apple opens a textbook section in its iBooks bookstore.[109]
  • February – Nature Publishing announces the worldwide release of Principles of Biology, following the success of the pilot version some months earlier.[106]
  • February – Library.nu (previously called ebooksclub.org and gigapedia.com, a popular linking website for downloading e-books) is accused of copyright infringement and closed down by court order.[110]
  • March – The publishing companies Random House, Holtzbrinck, and arvato bring to market an e-book library called Skoobe.[111]
  • March – US Department of Justice prepares anti-trust lawsuit against Apple, Simon & Schuster, Hachette Book Group, Penguin Group, Macmillan, and HarperCollins, alleging collusion to increase the price of books sold on Amazon.[112][113]
  • March – PocketBook releases the PocketBook Touch, an E Ink Pearl e-reader, winning awards from German magazines Tablet PC and Computer Bild.[114][115]
  • June – Kbuuk releases the cloud-based e-book self-publishing SaaS platform[116] on the Pubsoft digital publishing engine.
  • September – Amazon releases the Kindle Paperwhite, its first e-reader with built-in front LED lights.
2013
  • April – Kobo releases the Kobo Aura HD with a 6.8-inch screen, which is larger than the current models produced by its US competitors.[117]
  • May – Mofibo launches the first Scandinavian unlimited access e-book subscription service.[118]
  • June – Association of American Publishers announces that e-books now account for about 20% of book sales. Barnes & Noble estimates it has a 27% share of the US e-book market.[119]
  • June – Barnes & Noble announces its intention to discontinue manufacturing Nook tablets, but to continue producing black-and-white e-readers such as the Nook Simple Touch.[119]
  • June – Apple executive Keith Moerer testifies in the e-book price fixing trial that the iBookstore held approximately 20% of the e-book market share in the United States within the months after launch – a figure that Publishers Weekly reports is roughly double many of the previous estimates made by third parties. Moerer further testified that iBookstore acquired about an additional 20% by adding Random House in 2011.[120]
A Kobo Aura's settings menu
  • Five major US e-book publishers, as part of their settlement of a price-fixing suit, are ordered to refund about $3 for every electronic copy of a New York Times best-seller that they sold from April 2010 to May 2012.[107] This could equal $160 million in settlement charges.
  • Barnes & Noble releases the Nook Glowlight, which has a 6-inch touchscreen using E Ink Pearl and Regal, with built-in front LED lights.
  • July – US District Court Judge Denise Cote finds Apple guilty of conspiring to raise the retail price of e-books and schedules a trial in 2014 to determine damages.[121]
  • August – Kobo releases the Kobo Aura, a baseline touchscreen six-inch e-reader.
  • September – Oyster launches its unlimited access e-book subscription service.[122]
  • November – US District Judge Chin sides with Google in Authors Guild v. Google, citing fair use.[123] The authors said they would appeal.[124]
  • December – Scribd launches the first public unlimited access subscription service for e-books.[125]
2014
  • April – Kobo releases the Aura H₂0, the world's first waterproof commercially produced e-reader.[126]
  • June – US District Court Judge Cote grants class action certification to plaintiffs in a lawsuit over Apple's alleged e-book price conspiracy; the plaintiffs are seeking $840 million in damages.[127] Apple appeals the decision.
  • June – Apple settles the e-book antitrust case that alleged Apple conspired to e-book price fixing out of court with the States; however if Judge Cote's ruling is overturned in appeal the settlement would be reversed.[128]
  • July – Amazon launches Kindle Unlimited, an unlimited-access e-book and audiobook subscription service.[129]
2015
  • June – The 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals with a 2:1 vote concurs with Judge Cote that Apple conspired to e-book price fixing and violated federal antitrust law.[130] Apple appealed the decision.
  • June – Amazon releases the Kindle Paperwhite (3rd generation) that is the first e-reader to feature Bookerly, a font exclusively designed for e-readers.[131]
  • September – Oyster announces its unlimited access e-book subscription service would be shut down in early 2016 and that it would be acquired by Google.[132]
  • September – Malaysian e-book company, e-Sentral, introduces for the first time geo-location distribution technology for e-books via bluetooth beacon. It was first demonstrated in a large scale at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.[133]
  • October – Amazon releases the Kindle Voyage that has a 6-inch, 300 ppi E Ink Carta HD display, which was the highest resolution and contrast available in e-readers as of 2014.[134] It also features adaptive LED lights and page turn sensors on the sides of the device.
  • October – Barnes & Noble releases the Glowlight Plus, its first waterproof e-reader.[135]
  • October – The US appeals court sides with Google instead of the Authors' Guild, declaring that Google did not violate copyright law in its book scanning project.[136]
  • December – Playster launches an unlimited-access subscription service including e-books and audiobooks.[137]
  • By the end of 2015, Google Books scanned more than 25 million books.[9]
  • By 2015, over 70 million e-readers had been shipped worldwide.[9]
2016
  • March – The Supreme Court of the United States declines to hear Apple's appeal against the court's decision of July 2013 that the company conspired to e-book price fixing, hence the previous court decision stands, obliging Apple to pay $450 million.[138]
  • April – The Supreme Court declines to hear the Authors Guild's appeal of its book scanning case, so the lower court's decision stands; the result means that Google can scan library books and display snippets in search results without violating US copyright law.[139]
  • April – Amazon releases the Kindle Oasis, its first e-reader in five years to have physical page turn buttons and, as a premium product, it includes a leather case with a battery inside; without including the case, it is the lightest e-reader on the market to date.[140]
  • August – Kobo releases the Aura One, the first commercial e-reader with a 7.8-inch E Ink Carta HD display.[141]
  • By the end of the year, smartphones and tablets have both individually overtaken e-readers as methods for reading an e-book, and paperback book sales are now higher than e-book sales.[142]
2017
  • February – The Association of American Publishers releases data showing that the US adult e-book market declined 16.9% in the first nine months of 2016 over the same period in 2015, and Nielsen Book determines that the e-book market had an overall total decline of 16% in 2016 over 2015, including all age groups.[143] This decline is partly due to widespread e-book price increases by major publishers, which has increased the average e-book price from $6 to almost $10.[144]
  • February – The US version of Kindle Unlimited comprises more than 1.5 million titles, including over 290,000 foreign language titles.[145]
  • March – The Guardian reports that sales of physical books are outperforming digital titles in the UK, since it can be cheaper to buy the physical version of a book when compared to the digital version due to Amazon's deal with publishers that allows agency pricing.[142]
  • April – The Los Angeles Times reports that, in 2016, sales of hardcover books were higher than e-books for the first time in five years.[144]
  • October – Amazon releases the Oasis 2, the first Kindle to be IPX8 rated meaning that it is water resistant up to 2 meters for up to 60 minutes; it is also the first Kindle to enable white text on a black background, a feature that may be helpful for nighttime reading.[146]
2018
  • January – U.S. public libraries report record-breaking borrowing of OverDrive e-books over the course of the year, with more than 274 million e-books loaned to card holders, a 22% increase over the 2017 figure.[147]
  • October – The EU allowed its member countries to charge the same VAT for ebooks as for paper books.[148]
2019
  • May – Barnes & Noble releases the GlowLight Plus e-reader, the largest Nook e-reader to date with a 7.8-inch E Ink screen.[149]

Formats[edit]

Main article: Comparison of e-book formats

Writers and publishers have many formats to choose from when publishing e-books. Each format has advantages and disadvantages. The most popular e-readers[150] and their natively supported formats are shown below:

Reader Native e-book formats
Amazon Kindle and Fire tablets[151]AZW, AZW3, KF8, non-DRM MOBI, PDF, PRC, TXT
Barnes & Noble Nook and Nook Tablet[152]EPUB, PDF
Apple iPad[153]EPUB, IBA (Multitouch books made via iBooks Author), PDF
Sony Reader[151]EPUB, PDF, TXT, RTF, DOC, BBeB
Kobo eReader and Kobo Arc[154][155]EPUB, PDF, TXT, RTF, HTML, CBR (comic), CBZ (comic)
Android devices with Google Play Books preinstalled EPUB, PDF
PocketBook Reader and PocketBook Touch[156][157]EPUB DRM, EPUB, PDF DRM, PDF, FB2, FB2.ZIP, TXT, DJVU, HTM, HTML, DOC, DOCX, RTF, CHM, TCR, PRC (MOBI)

Digital rights management[edit]

See also: Digital rights management § DRM and e-books

Most e-book publishers do not warn their customers about the possible implications of the digital rights management tied to their products. Generally, they claim that digital rights management is meant to prevent illegal copying of the e-book. However, in many cases, it is also possible that digital rights management will result in the complete denial of access by the purchaser to the e-book.[158] The e-books sold by most major publishers and electronic retailers, which are Amazon.com, Google, Barnes & Noble, Kobo Inc. and Apple Inc., are DRM-protected and tied to the publisher's e-reader software or hardware. The first major publisher to omit DRM was Tor Books, one of the largest publishers of science fiction and fantasy, in 2012. Smaller e-book publishers such as O'Reilly Media, Carina Press and Baen Books had already forgone DRM previously.[159]

Production[edit]

See also: Book scanning

Some e-books are produced simultaneously with the production of a printed format, as described in electronic publishing, though in many instances they may not be put on sale until later. Often, e-books are produced from pre-existing hard-copy books, generally by document scanning, sometimes with the use of robotic book scanners, having the technology to quickly scan books without damaging the original print edition. Scanning a book produces a set of image files, which may additionally be converted into text format by an OCR program.[160] Occasionally, as in some projects, an e-book may be produced by re-entering the text from a keyboard. Sometimes only the electronic version of a book is produced by the publisher.[example needed] It is possible to release an e-book chapter by chapter as each chapter is written.[example needed] This is useful in fields such as information technology where topics can change quickly in the months that it takes to write a typical book. It is also possible to convert an electronic book to a printed book by print on demand. However, these are exceptions as tradition dictates that a book be launched in the print format and later if the author wishes an electronic version is produced. The New York Times keeps a list of best-selling e-books, for both fiction[161] and non-fiction.[162]

Reading data[edit]

All of the e-readers and reading apps are capable of tracking e-book reading data, and the data could contain which e-books users open, how long the users spend reading each e-book and how much of each e-book is finished.[163] In December 2014, Kobo released e-book reading data collected from over 21 million of its users worldwide. Some of the results were that only 44.4% of UK readers finished the bestselling e-book The Goldfinch and the 2014 top selling e-book in the UK, "One Cold Night", was finished by 69% of readers; this is evidence that while popular e-books are being completely read, some e-books are only sampled.[164]

Comparison to printed books[edit]

Advantages[edit]

iLiade-book reader equipped with an e-paper display visible in sunlight

In the space that a comparably sized physical book takes up, an e-reader can contain thousands of e-books, limited only by its memory capacity. Depending on the device, an e-book may be readable in low light or even total darkness. Many e-readers have a built-in light source, can enlarge or change fonts, use text-to-speech software to read the text aloud for visually impaired, elderly or dyslexic people or just for convenience.[165] Additionally, e-readers allow readers to look up words or find more information about the topic immediately using an online dictionary.[166][167][168] Amazon reports that 85% of its e-book readers look up a word while reading.[169]

Printed books use three times more raw materials and 78 times more water to produce when compared to e-books.[170] A 2017 study found that even when accounting for the emissions created in manufacturing the e-reader device, substituting more than 4.7 print books a year resulted in less greenhouse gas emissions than print.[171] While an e-reader costs more than most individual books, e-books may have a lower cost than paper books.[172] E-books may be made available for less than the price of traditional books using on-demand book printers.[173] Moreover, numerous e-books are available online free of charge on sites such as Project Gutenberg.[174] For example, all books printed before 1923 are in the public domain in the United States, which enables websites to host ebook versions of such titles for free.[175]

Depending on possible digital rights management, e-books (unlike physical books) can be backed up and recovered in the case of loss or damage to the device on which they are stored, a new copy can be downloaded without incurring an additional cost from the distributor. Readers can synchronize their reading location, highlights and bookmarks across several devices.[176]

Disadvantages[edit]

The spineof the printed book is an important aspect in book designand of its beauty as an object

There may be a lack of privacy for the user's e-book reading activities; for example, Amazon knows the user's identity, what the user is reading, whether the user has finished the book, what page the user is on, how long the user has spent on each page, and which passages the user may have highlighted.[177] One obstacle to wide adoption of the e-book is that a large portion of people value the printed book as an object itself, including aspects such as the texture, smell, weight and appearance on the shelf.[178] Print books are also considered valuable cultural items, and symbols of liberal education and the humanities.[179]Kobo found that 60% of e-books that are purchased from their e-book store are never opened and found that the more expensive the book is, the more likely the reader would at least open the e-book.[180]

Joe Queenan has written about the pros and cons of e-books:

Electronic books are ideal for people who value the information contained in them, or who have vision problems, or who like to read on the subway, or who do not want other people to see how they are amusing themselves, or who have storage and clutter issues, but they are useless for people who are engaged in an intense, lifelong love affair with books. Books that we can touch; books that we can smell; books that we can depend on.[181]

Apart from all the emotional and habitual aspects, there are also some readability and usability issues that need to be addressed by publishers and software developers. Many e-book readers who complain about eyestrain, lack of overview and distractions could be helped if they could use a more suitable device or a more user-friendly reading application, but when they buy or borrow a DRM-protected e-book, they often have to read the book on the default device or application, even if it has insufficient functionality.[182]

While a paper book is vulnerable to various threats, including water damage, mold and theft, e-books files may be corrupted, deleted or otherwise lost as well as pirated. Where the ownership of a paper book is fairly straightforward (albeit subject to restrictions on renting or copying pages, depending on the book), the purchaser of an e-book's digital file has conditional access with the possible loss of access to the e-book due to digital rights management provisions, copyright issues, the provider's business failing or possibly if the user's credit card expired.[183]

Market share[edit]

United States[edit]

According to the Association of American Publishers 2018 annual report, ebooks accounted for 12.4% of the total trade revenue.[184]

Publishers of books in all formats made $22.6 billion in print form and $2.04 billion in e-books, according to the Association of American Publishers’ annual report 2019.[185]

Canada[edit]

Market share of e-readers in Canada by Ipsos Reid as of January 2012
[186]
SellersPercent
Kobo

46.0%
Amazon

24.0%
Sony

18.0%
Others

12.0%

Spain[edit]

In 2013, Carrenho estimates that e-books would have a 15% market share in Spain in 2015.[187]

UK[edit]

According to Nielsen Book Research, e-book share went up from 20% to 33% between 2012 and 2014, but down to 29% in the first quarter of 2015. Amazon-published and self-published titles accounted for 17 million of those books (worth £58m) in 2014, representing 5% of the overall book market and 15% of the digital market. The volume and value sales, although similar to 2013, had seen a 70% increase since 2012.[188]

Germany[edit]

The Wischenbart Report 2015 estimates the e-book market share to be 4.3%.[189]

Brazil[edit]

The Brazilian e-book market is only emerging. Brazilians are technology savvy, and that attitude is shared by the government.[189] In 2013, around 2.5% of all trade titles sold were in digital format. This was a 400% growth over 2012 when only 0.5% of trade titles were digital. In 2014, the growth was slower, and Brazil had 3.5% of its trade titles being sold as e-books.[189]

China[edit]

The Wischenbart Report 2015 estimates the e-book market share to be around 1%.[189]

Public domain books[edit]

Main article: Public domain

Public domain books are those whose copyrights have expired, meaning they can be copied, edited, and sold freely without restrictions.[190] Many of these books can be downloaded for free from websites like the Internet Archive, in formats that many e-readers support, such as PDF, TXT, and EPUB. Books in other formats may be converted to an e-reader-compatible format using e-book writing software, for example Calibre.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebook

How to Remove DRM from Kindle Books

Remove DRM•Kindle Books

577,528

Kindle is an e-reader that enable users to read, download, and purchase e-books and other digital media like newspapers, magazines, and so on. That means you have a digital library on your hand and you can find any books you want from it and read them no matter in the leisure time or during the trip.

If you purchased a Kindle, you can enjoy reading over six million digital titles provided by Kindle Store. But it is time limited, you just rent the books from Amazon when you buy e-books on Kindle, which you are only allowed to read the books on Kindle or other mobile devices with Kindle app installed.

That is probably not convenient for users who want to keep the book for life and those who don’t have much time to read books in a period of time. Some users may look for a way to remove the digital right management from Kindle books so that they can read books at anytime. Here we would like to provide a solution for this issue. We can get rid of DRM from Kindle using PDFMate eBook Converter.

How to Buy and Read Kindle Books on iPhone or iPad
5 Ways to Transfer Kindle eBook to Another Kindle


eBook Converter Pro.


The most powerful eBook converting tool, specially designed for users to remove DRM from Kindle, Adobe, Kobo, Nook eBooks and convert them to various formats, including EPUB, MOBI, PDF, AZW3, TXT and KFX effortlessly.

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PDFMate eBook Converter

Note: The Kindle desktop app is required to be installed and registered before running the program to enable PDFMate eBook Converter to get access to your Kindle Library.

How to Remove DRM from Kindle Books

We will introduce to you how to convert DRM-free books from Kindle using PDFMate eBook Converter step by step. Please download the correct program.

Step 1. Add Kindle Books to PDFMate eBook Converter

Click "Kindle" button, PDFMate will find all books on your computer and then you can click “Add” button to choose what you would like to convert.

Detect Kindle Books

Note: If you are using a Kindle eReader, simply connect your e-Reader to your computer and PDFMate eBook Converter will scan and detect the device automatically.

Step 2. Set Output Format

Click “V” icon at the bottom, you can choose the output format in the drop-down list. Besides, you can customize the output path by clicking the gear button.

Select PDF as Output Format

Step 3. Remove DRM from Kindle Books

After setting the output format, you can convert Kindle books by clicking "Convert to..." button. The DRM-free books will be downloaded soon, and they can be find in conversion history.

Once the books are downloaded successfully, you can read them at anytime on any e-Readers, also you can share them with others with no limits.

Note: The free trial version of PDFMate eBook Converter enables users to convert one book at a time. You can unlock the amount limitation by purchasing the full version.

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Related Articles

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Источник: https://www.pdfmate.com/remove-drm-from-kindle-books.html

How to Remove Adobe DRM From ePub and PDF eBooks

Adobe DRM Removal

A couple of weeks ago I posted an article about how to remove DRM from Kindle ebooks in four easy steps. This time around I’ve got a tutorial on how to easily remove Adobe DRM from ePub and PDF ebooks.

All you have to do is install Adobe Digital Editions on your computer, along with a free ebook management program called Calibre, and a handy plugin or two for Calibre that automatically removes DRM from ebooks upon import. It’s so easy anyone can do it.

One of the biggest problems with ebooks is DRM. It locks ebooks into certain platforms so that you can only read your purchased ebooks on specific apps and devices. As if that’s not bad enough a lot of the time ebooks that you spend good money on are horribly formatted by the author or publisher, and if the ebook has DRM there’s not much you can do about it.

But if you go ahead and remove the DRM from your purchased ebooks you can read them on whichever devices or apps that you want. Plus you can easily control all aspects of layout using Calibre to modify the ebook’s CSS file. Another great thing about Calibre is you can use it to manage your entire ebook library from all ebookstores in one centralized location instead of having your ebook library fragmented across different platforms.

Disclaimer: Removing DRM is a highly-controversial subject, and is in fact considered illegal in some countries, including the US and Canada. This article is intended as only a guide for people that choose to take responsibility for removing the DRM from their purchased ebooks in order to have greater control over their own purchased content. I don’t promote or condone piracy in any shape or form.

Removing Adobe DRM Guide

These directions are based on using a Windows 7 PC. Details may differ slightly for Mac users and for other versions of Windows. Make sure to read the ReadMe files located in the plugins folder for additional instructions.

#1. The first thing you need to do to be able to remove Adobe DRM is install Adobe Digital Editions and Calibre onto your computer if they aren’t already installed.

#2. Now you need to download the DRM Removal Tools package from over on Apprentice Alf’s Blog. The link is halfway down the page. Make sure to read the note below the link about how to properly download the file. And thank Apprentice Alf and friends for making all of this so easy :).

Extract the zip file once it is downloaded. It should be called something like "tools_v5.6.zip". It’s a good idea to check the included ReadMe_First document for additional instructions.

#3. Install the DRM-Removal plugin(s) into Calibre. Inside the DRM removal tools folder that you downloaded there’s a folder called DeDRM_calibre_plugin with a DeDRM_plugin.zip file inside. All the DRM-removal plugins for Kindle, Adobe ePub and PDF, and B&N’s ePubs are incorporated into the one install zip file (this changed with a recent update; previously you had to install each separately).

To install a plugin simply launch Calibre and then select "Preferences" from the top menu (if the window isn’t open all the way you have to hit a small arrow on the top right to expand the selection to show the Preferences option). From the Preferences window you need to select "Plugins" and then choose "Load plugin from file". Navigate to where you unzipped the DRM removal tools pack, open the DeDRM_calibre_plugin folder, and then select the DeDRM_plugin.zip file to install it. A security risk dialogue pops-up where you have to click Yes to proceed. After installing the plugin close Calibre and then restart it.

#4. That’s it. Now all you have to do to remove Adobe DRM from ebooks is import them into Calibre using the "Add books" feature. The plugin will automatically strip the DRM from ebooks upon import, and it takes virtually no time at all. Note that it won’t work for ebooks added to Calibre before installing the plugin; they will need to be deleted and re-imported.

In order to import ebooks into Calibre you have to have them downloaded onto your computer first, of course. That’s where Adobe Digital Editions (ADE) comes in. Wherever you bought your Adobe DRM ebook from (Kobo, Sony, Google, etc) there will be an option to download it to your computer if you login to your account and view your library. But when you download the ebook it will be an acsm file instead of ePub. First you have to open the acsm file for it to import the ebook into ADE. Once that’s done you can locate the ePub file that you need to import into Calibre within the folder that ADE created on your computer. With my installation ADE ebooks are located in Documents > My Digital Editions.

That’s all there is to removing Adobe DRM from ebooks! Now you can modify the formatting of the ebook and read it on whatever app or device you choose, including a Kindle (but first you’ll have to use Calibre to convert it to MOBI format). Here’s a Getting Started with Calibre Tutorial if you want to learn how to use Calibre to convert ebooks into other formats and how to customize layout and fonts.

Filed Under: eBooks, How ToTagged With: calibre, ebook drm, epub

Disclosure: This website is monetized through Skimlinks and Amazon's affiliate program.
Источник: https://blog.the-ebook-reader.com/2013/02/07/how-to-remove-adobe-drm-from-epub-and-pdf-ebooks/

How to remove ebook DRM with Calibre

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By Bennett Ring last updated

Read your ebook purchases where and when you want

Intrusive DRM often means ebooks you've purchased can only be read on one type of device, especially when it comes to the Amazon products like the Kindle Voyage.

Here's how to remove ebook DRM, so you can read your purchases on any of your multiple devices, including competing e-readers.

1. Install Calibre

Calibre is free to download, and the latest version for Windows is 1.36.0. There are also versions available for OSX, Linux, and every version of Windows since XP SP3.

We used the Windows version on a PC running Windows 8.1 64-bit, converting files from a 4th Gen Kindle.

Once the 54MB installer has downloaded, run it, and it will ask to be pointed to any folders you may already have for existing e-book purchases.

If you don't have any such folder, create a new one. You'll also be asked to plug in the type of e-Reader you use.

Depending on which one you select, you'll then be presented with a range of options. Fill them in, and then Calibre will start up for the first time.

2. Install the DRM-remover

Calibre supports various plug-ins, and we're going to use Apprentice Alf's DRM Removal Tool for e-Books. You can download the latest version from here.

You'll download a .zip file containing three folders and a readme.txt file; unzip them to a new folder on your desktop.

Now fire up Calibre, and click the large Preference button on the top menu, far right hand side. Select the "Change Calibre behaviour" option, then scroll down to the advanced section before clicking on Plugins.

A new screen will pop up, and you need to click the "Load plugin from file" button at the bottom right corner.

Point the software to the folder you unzipped Alf's tools to, then click on the DeDRM_calibre_plugin folder.

Then highlight the DeDRM_plugin.zip file, and hit the Open button. Click Yes when the virus warning starts up. Shut down Calibre, and then fire it up once more.

3. Remove the DRM

Now that all of the hard work is done, you can simply remove DRM by importing books into Calibre's library.

If you already have your books stored on your PC, simply drag and drop them into Calibre's main window. If you're taking books off your e-Reader, plug it into your PC via USB.

Using File Explorer, drag and drop the e-Books from your e-Reader into Calibre's main window, and all that nasty DRM will be stripped out. However, Kindle users will need to jump through a few extra hoop first.

Head back into Calibre's Preferences menu, then go to Advanced, then Plugins, then double click the line called "File type plugins".

You'll see the DeDRM plugin; double click it. Select the first entry "eInk Kindle ebooks", then click the green plus button in the new window.

A small empty window will pop up, and this needs your Kindle's serial number.

Finding the serial number varies depending on the version of Kindle you're using – on our older 4th Gen Kindle, the serial number was found on page two of the Kindle's "Settings" screen.

To find where your serial, simply type "serial location", along with the model name of your Kindle, into Google.

Once you've got the serial number, type it into the Calibre window, removing any spaces as you go. Click Close, then OK – you should now be back at the Calibre Preferences Plugins window – click Apply in the top right.

Now head back to File Explorer and navigate to the area on your Kindle that stores your books. You'll notice that each book has several files associated with it.

Our copy of Doctor Sleep By Stephen King actually had five different file types - *.apnx, *.azw3, *.ea, *.han and *.phl.

Drag and drop every file associated with the book into the main Calibre window – as you can see in our screenshot, a warning will pop up about duplicates.

Click the "Select None" button, and then OK. Voila, you'll see your book now in Calibre's main Window, and it's 100% DRM free.

For some reason, our book showed up twice in the list, but only one of them worked – we removed the other by right clicking it and selecting "remove book".

4. Converting and testing

To test that the DRM really has been removed, and show you how to change the book type in the process, we're going to make Doctor Sleep a PDF.

Right click the book title in the main Calibre window, and select Convert books > Convert Individually.

A new window will open, laden with dozens of options to tailor the output. Change the Output format in the top right to PDF, then click OK in the bottom right. You can also change it to any other e-Reader format, but we wanted to use PDF so we could see it easily on the PC.

After about 30 seconds of page crunching, Calibre spat out Doctor Sleep as a PDF. However, the font size was huge, so we converted it again, but this time used the font size option on the PDF Output options screen to make it much smaller.

After fiddling with a few of the settings here, we finally ended up with a PDF that was as clearly laid out as the original e-Book but playable on any device.

Removing DRM and changing file type are only two of many of Calibre's features. Needless to say, if you've got an extensive e-Library read over multiple devices, this free software is an essential download.

Источник: https://www.techradar.com/news/software/how-to-remove-ebook-drm-with-calibre-1291960

Published in: Amazon Kindle

The Kindle books that you buy from Amazon are DRM-protected meaning you can only read them on a Kindle Reader or an official Kindle App. It is not possible to read your purchased Kindle books in other ebook readers like the Nook.

Amazon has these DRM based copy-protection measures in place to protect Kindle ebooks against online piracy but, as a consumer, the DRM scheme does limit your options.

For instance, you cannot create backups of Kindle ebooks that you already own and second, you cannot convert DRM protected books into other ebook formats like EPUB or PDF that can be read in other non-Amazon apps.

Remove DRM from Kindle Book Strip DRM from Kindle ebooks and convert them to other formats like EPUB or PDF

Remove DRM from Kindle eBooks

Whether removing DRM is legal or not is a debatable topic, there are simple ways by which anyone can bypass DRM from Kindle eBooks. Google for “Kindle DRM Removal Tools” and you’ll find several paid options that allow you to remove DRM from ebooks with a click.

Alternatively, you can strip DRM using free tools as well as detailed below:

  1. Download and install the free Kindle for PC software onyour Windows computer.
  2. Open the Kindle for PC app and sign-in using your Amazon Account that you use to purchase and downloadKindle ebooks. Download the books that you are looking to convert to other formats.
  3. Download and install the free Calibre software.
  4. Download tools.zip and extract the contents of this file on to your desktop.
  5. Launch Calibre and press Ctrl+P to open the Preference window. Choose Plugin under the Advanced group and then choose Load Plugin from File.
  6. Browse to the folder where you extracted the tools.zip file and, under CalibrePlugin, choose the _K4MobiDeDRM_plugin.zip file.
  7. Accept the security risk and the Kindle DRM plugin is now installed inside Calibre. Restart thesoftware.
  8. Open the My Documents folder in Windows Explorer and switch to the folder that says My Kindle Content.You’ll find a bunch of files here that are actually DRM protected Kindle ebooks.
  9. Drag and drop any of these AZW file into the Calibre window and then choose the Convert Books option.Select a different output format - like MOBI, EPUB or PDF - and click OK to begin the conversion process.

Once the AZW ebook has been successfully converted, you can find the exported file inside your Calibre library. The DRM protection has finally been stripped from your Kindle ebook.

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Published in: Amazon Kindle

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Источник: https://www.labnol.org/software/remove-drm-from-kindle-books/26461/

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  1. Felicienne Makila salut merci d’avoir pris un peu de temps sur ma chaîne et ma vidéo en fait oui c’est vraiment obligatoire soit d’avoir un ordinateur ou un Mac pour faire cette manipulation belle journée à bientôt

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