GameEx  - Crack Key For U

14:25:20:748 | RL | INFO | +15 | CheckFile - Checking if O:\Hyperspin\Emulators\Dolphin\Dolphin.exe exists 14:25:20:748 | RL | INFO | +0 | Main - INI Keys. Advanced emulator configuration with key and gamepad remapping for programs that dont nativly support it. Karaoke; MAME to emulator mapping. Launch specifc MAME. the pen game, can you play the pen game?” the leader will reply, “No, you can't. “ The key is that each person must figure out that they must say the word. GameEx  - Crack Key For U

GameEx - Crack Key For U -

GameEx 16.97 Crack is considered to be the most powerful, stable, and feature-rich gaming front-end (emulator launcher) for MAME, GameBase, Daphne, PC Games, and all conman line based game emulators, along with being a complete Home Theater PC solution or plugin for the windows media center.

It’s designed to be used seamlessly with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured touchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a CarPC and touchscreen frontend.

GameEx is well equipped to handle a wide variety of game emulators, including MAME, GameBase, and many more. The fact that it can function as a Home Theatre environment further increases its value, as well as the support for touch-enabled devices. The most important thing about this program is setting it up correctly, as there is numerous customization that can be made. The setup can be carried out in one of the several modes available, so you can choose the level of details to involve in this procedure.

GameEx Crack with Activation Key

Theatre PC solution or plugin for the windows media center. It’s designed to be used seamlessly with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured touchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a Carp C and touchscreen frontend. GameEx is available as a free or enhanced registered version.

GameEx was created in 2003 and has been inactive development ever since. It started life as an arcade-only emulator front end for arcade cabinets and HTPC setups. Since then it has grown phenomenally and now supports all retro game systems, online game services (Steam, UPlay, Origin), and boasts many of its HTPC features.

1: Click on Download Button.
2: Softwares Auto Download.
3: Open Download File.
4: Click on Install.
5: Follow The Instructions.
6: Thanks For Downloading.

Источник: https://crackkey4u.com/gameex/

Top 4 Download periodically updates software information of led full versions from the publishers, but some information may be slightly out-of-date.

Using warez version, crack, warez passwords, patches, serial numbers, registration codes, key generator, pirate key, keymaker or keygen for led license key is illegal.

Your computer will be at risk getting infected with spyware, adware, viruses, worms, trojan horses, dialers, etc while you are searching and browsing these illegal sites which distribute a so called keygen, key generator, pirate key, serial number, warez full version or crack for led.

These infections might corrupt your computer installation or breach your privacy. Search Download: Advanced Search. Register Login. Led search results. VIEW: all software all software only freeware. Led Digital Clock 1. Description: Beautiful Led Digital Clock. Transparent gadget that displays the current time like LED board. Specail LED board font is included. LED Clock Gadget-7 1. As of version 2 it is completely rewritten in C.

During the installation the setup will check if you have the. NET framework installed. If the. NET framework isn't installed, the setup will ask you if you You can make simple If you will move LED line left and right times per second When LED line moves from right to left, the buttonIt is very necessary for us to have the backup dump of that LED TV to restore the tv into normal condition.

IT is advice to all beginners that first save the backup of the old software before installing new software or remove the original flash IC and load the software in new flash ic then mount it. In case of any trouble, you can replace back the original flash ic to avoid any issue. So, if the picture is inverted or flipped then you should load the software of the upside-down picture.

Some software in the given list are bifurcated and some or not. In some cases the main motherboard is the same but the channel scanning issue observed. It is because of the different tuner is mounted on the same board. So, you need to first verify the tuner ic part number to load the proper firmware.

These Software files may not support the USB upgrade method. Also, some upgrade files Only update Package are also given in the following table.

Now copy the file to USB. Aoa could u also guide me how to backup original firmware of tcl s U should make telegram chenal as well bro so generous people like u could help us rather then calling there stupid customer services thanks a lot sir in advance.

I had tried to factory reset, clear cache and clear data plus reinstall app but didnt work at all.

How To Download Free LCD/ LED TV software All Resulation.

Please give me a solution or latest firmware. Please help me with firmware for TCL 43S It is an android smart TV having update issues. It is not going beyond the initial startup screen.

I have a TCL led 50 inch model L50EUDS and I have install YouTube app from your app store which was working fine from past 2 years but the app showing me the error which is that this action is not allowed.

I want to update my TV software please share firmware for my led. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Breaking News We apologize for the download troubles due to server update. If you found any link missing Report please. Pin Share 1.

Microb clear die-off symptoms

Next TP. PB Firmware Free Download. Anonymous October 28, at am. Anonymous October 29, at pm. Nishant Kumar Singh October 31, at am. Syed Muzammil Mehdi January 1, at pm. Anonymous November 29, at pm. Farhan Rafiq December 2, at am.Can you help me. Thank you sir you are great your website is very helpful and interesting. Thank you sir again thank you.

lcd led software download

Respected sir your videos i like very much and i learn more with your explain I have a problem now i want itv. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Breaking News We apologize for the download troubles due to server update. If you found any link missing Report please. Pin Share Next TP.

Healthguard international south africa

PB Software Free Download. Mdregaul September 27, at pm. Naresh Tyagi October 14, at am. P July 21, at am. Zakirkhan December 27, at am. M shoaib January 19, at am. Arshad mahmood. October 16, at pm. Narendra October 20, at pm. Mukesh October 21, at pm. Vijay kumar November 23, at pm. Malik Naveed Abbas December 25, at pm. Anonymous February 1, at am. Lakmuddin February 27, at pm.

.LCD Product Software Download

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Comment Name Email Website Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.It is very necessary for us to have the backup dump of that LED TV to restore the tv into normal condition.

IT is advice to all beginners that first save the backup of the old software before installing new software or remove the original flash IC and load the software in new flash ic then mount it. In case of any trouble, you can replace back the original flash ic to avoid any issue.

So, if the picture is inverted or flipped then you should load the software of the upside-down picture. Some software in the given list are bifurcated and some or not. In some cases the main motherboard is the same but the channel scanning issue observed. It is because of the different tuner is mounted on the same board.

So, you need to first verify the tuner ic part number to load the proper firmware.

lcd led software download

These Software files may not support the USB upgrade method. Also, some upgrade files Only update Package are also given in the following table.

Now copy the file to USB. Aoa could u also guide me how to backup original firmware of tcl s U should make telegram chenal as well bro so generous people like u could help us rather then calling there stupid customer services thanks a lot sir in advance. I had tried to factory reset, clear cache and clear data plus reinstall app but didnt work at all. Please give me a solution or latest firmware.

Please help me with firmware for TCL 43S It is an android smart TV having update issues. It is not going beyond the initial startup screen.

Lipault luggage australia

I have a TCL led 50 inch model L50EUDS and I have install YouTube app from your app store which was working fine from past 2 years but the app showing me the error which is that this action is not allowed.

I want to update my TV software please share firmware for my led. Its power LED blinks and not switching on from yesterday. I cannot get a warranty due to lockdown nowadays. IT turned on today for a moment and not completely booted. What should I do? Please guide me.Top 4 Download periodically updates software information of lcd tv full versions from the publishers, but some information may be slightly out-of-date.

.LCD Product Software Download

Using warez version, crack, warez passwords, patches, serial numbers, registration codes, key generator, pirate key, keymaker or keygen for lcd tv license key is illegal. Your computer will be at risk getting infected with spyware, adware, viruses, worms, trojan horses, dialers, etc while you are searching and browsing these illegal sites which distribute a so called keygen, key generator, pirate key, serial number, warez full version or crack for lcd tv.

These infections might corrupt your computer installation or breach your privacy. Search Download: Advanced Search. Register Login. Lcd Tv search results.

VIEW: all software all software only freeware. Vitrine multimedia, Digital signage free V1. Vitrine multimedia is a interactive freeware customizable dynamic display digital signage for all types of screens LCDplasma, OLED, holographic, flat, video, TV, etc.

lcd led software download

It helps to spread easily and quickly with a basic computer, photos, texts, videos, sound clips, Internet sites, television DTT, bouquets FAI TV, satelliteshoutcast radios, cameras Display units must be connected to one or more PC workstations that have individual fixed IP address.

Therefore contents can be Digital Signage software multiscreen display Management slide show video audio plasma multi-media information system. Multimedia Digital Signage Software 9. HD multimedia display Digital Signage Digital Video Management flicker free scrolling text slide show video presentation audio plasma multi-media information system. Digital display school hotel software 8. Digital display school hotel software Digital Signage Digital Video Management flicker free scrolling text slide show video presentation audio plasma multi-media information system.

Dicsoft Wii Video Converter 3. RZ PowerPoint Converter 5. Built-in powerful GameEx Registered users also get a high speed, high quality CD Ripper.

Lcd Tv Software - Free Download Lcd Tv - Top 4 Download

Rip and play your CD's without leaving the Movie DVD Converter 4. Screen recorder game recorder mirillis Game recording Screen recorder Video Streaming Live streaming gameplay capture screen recording screen capture video recording desktop recording mirillis action.

Lcd Tv download notice Top 4 Download periodically updates software information of lcd tv full versions from the publishers, but some information may be slightly out-of-date. My software You have not saved any software. Click "Save" next to each software to save it here. Would you like to receive announcements of new versions of your software by email or by RSS reader?Whilst I thought that two days on Skye would be far too long, it was just right.

Thank you again for your assistance and I shall endeavour through trip advisor and friends to spread the word about your wonderful company. Nordic appear to be professional, aware of the best locations to visit and stay.

High resolution zoom images

The suggested tour is well balanced between places to see and covering the distance. We were very impressed with the standard of accommodation given that we only booked "standard". We're just on the train back from Edinburgh, and wanted to say a big thank you for all your help organising our trip. We had an amazing time travelling round Scotland, and all the organization couldn't have been better.

Everything went so smoothly - all the information you provided was so detailed and really helped us make the most of our trip. And all the accommodation was just amazing!. We've had such a great time, thank you again for all your help. I will definitely recommend Nordic Visitor to my friends. We were glad to have the printed maps supplied by Nordic Visitor.

We were very pleased with the decision to up-grade from 'Standard' to 'Superior' accomodation. The 'Commodore Class' on the Ferry was very welcome.

lcd led software download

The car was upgraded as well, fantastic. We loved staying at the Basecamp Trapper's hotel. The place was really interesting and the staff very nice. We pass along a special thanks to Lise at the hotel for her exceptional customer service and friendly personality. We also enjoyed the trip to Isfjord Radio, our wonderful guide Harri, and the great meals they served.

Our 2 hour maxibus trip around Longyearbyen the day we arrived was a good introduction to the area. We made 2 changes to the package tour itinerary, and they ended up being the best parts of the trip. The first was a hike to Trollsteinen, which we included in our itinerary from the beginning, and it was amazing (for those who love to hike). The second was a change we made at the last minute.The other way we make the dissertation process smooth and quick is by using a team approach of 2 -3 specialists.

Typically, a methodologist to help with the prospectus, methods and results, a literature review specialist to help with the prospectus, introduction, literature review, and discussion sections, and our APA editor.

Additionally, our peer-review process ensures that another thoughtful consultant provides additional input. Let our consultants help you overcome the challenges of a dissertation, reduce the number of revisions, and help you move on to your best life. At the end of the day, we analogize the dissertation process to climbing a mountain: many can scale a mountain in good weather, but when the storms of revisions from the chair, committee, IRB, URR come, a seasoned, trusted advisor will get you safely home.

Dissertation Topic Selection: Help you swiftly select a topic that is researchable, fits within your discipline, and gets approved. There are several approaches to topic development. One is looking for archival data, backing-out research questions, and developing a methodology from there. Concept Paper, Proposal Writing, and Prospectus: Work with you to develop research questions and testable hypotheses, find gaps in the literature, create a problem statement, select a theoretical framework, and sketch out a methodology.

Introduction: Assist you to identify and articulate the research problem, describe the theoretical construct, and clearly talk about the nature of the study. Literature Review: Assist you to effectively search, select, organize, and summarize articles, then present in a way that tells a story that drives towards your research questions.

Help ensure the gap in the literature is clearly stated and aligns with the problem statement. Methodology: The methodology needs to clearly tell the reader how you will conduct your study.

Think about it like a cookbook that is detailed enough that your next door neighbor can replicate your study. We help you select and discuss the research design, and provide the steps necessary to carry out a qualitative or quantitative study.

We assist you in completing and navigating through the IRB review process. Help effectively address needed revisions ensures a speedy approval.

Data Management: Help code, merge, clean, and overall manage your quantitative or qualitative data. Rarely data is clean, ready to conduct analyses. Another set of eyes on creating composite scores, working with missing data, and accurately labeling data are the right moves towards clean, clear results.

Assistance in conducting case study, phenomenological, or grounded theory research. Help can include transcribing interviews, coding data, selecting themes, and assessing the reliability of the themes. Having a second eye on thematizing data is recommended. Discussion: Help you to interpret your results where you turn facts into meaning.

Together, we can discuss the theoretical and practical implications of your findings in relation to your discipline, and in relation to existing literature. Assist in thinking through potential future research. APA style editing is integral in the approval process of a dissertation or thesisthe library or office to whom you deposit it your document are sticklers and will not accept it unless its perfect.

Statistics Solutions has the professional resources available to ensure that APA style is both consistent throughout the document and that the dissertation or thesis will be approved. The process includes APA editing for grammar, punctuation, syntax, clarity, citation inclusion and format, and much more.


Источник: https://hbh.caseinbootcardmaker.pw/lcd-led-software-download.html

myonions

I wrote a little application yesterday for a specific purpose as there didn't seem to be anything around to do what I wanted.

Hopefully it will be of use to others!

Problem

I have a set of disc images for a particular Emulator.

The files were all zipped in rar format and unzipped into ISO, CUE files.

The filenames were a bit untidy so I wanted to rename them.

A few examples:

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].rar

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].rar

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].rar

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].rar

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].rar

I know that GameEx can replace underscores and hide text in brackets but I wanted to tidy them up. You can use the same method for simple things like changing the Regions from (U) to (USA) for thousands of files...

Solution - Part 1 - Extract All

Firstly I selected all 500+ files and selected WinRAR option "Extract Here".

This left me with 1000+ files in this format:

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].iso

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].cue

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].iso

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].cue

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].iso

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].cue

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].iso

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].cue

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].iso

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].cue

Solution - Part 2 - Renaming Files

I copied the ISOs and CUEs only into a seperate folder.

I then downloaded this portable application:

http://portableapps....enamer_portable

What you do is point Ant Renamer to a folder and then you can replace or delete certain characters from the filenames in one swoop.

I made these changes:

- String Replacement - Replace '(NTSC-J)' with '(Japan)'

- String Replacement - Replace '(NTSC-U)' with '(USA)'

- Characters Deletion - After The String ')' to remove the text in square brackets (i.e. '[NXCD1003]'). I had to click this a few times until everything was cleared. It does not touch the file extension so you can spam it.

- String Replacement - Replace '_' with ' ' to replace the Underscores with spaces.

The files are now named like this:

3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).cue

3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).iso

Advanced Variable Geo (Japan).cue

Advanced Variable Geo (Japan).iso

Basted (Japan).cue

Basted (Japan).iso

F1 Team Simulation Project F (Japan).cue

F1 Team Simulation Project F (Japan).iso

Zero Wing (Japan).cue

Zero Wing (Japan).iso

Solution - Part 3 - The CUE Problem

Now this is where I have a problem. Each cue file will have an entry on the first line pointing to the name of the related ISO/BIN/IMG file like this:

FILE "3_IN_1_DUO_DEMO_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].ISO" BINARY

TRACK 01 AUDIO

INDEX 01 00:00:00

TRACK 02 MODE1/2352

PREGAP 00:03:00

INDEX 01 00:44:65

TRACK 03 AUDIO

PREGAP 00:02:00

INDEX 01 01:04:29

TRACK 04 MODE1/2352 etc etc

As you can see - it still has the name of the old file.

It needs to now read like this:

FILE "3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).ISO" BINARY

TRACK 01 AUDIO

INDEX 01 00:00:00

TRACK 02 MODE1/2352

PREGAP 00:03:00

INDEX 01 00:44:65

TRACK 03 AUDIO

PREGAP 00:02:00

INDEX 01 01:04:29

TRACK 04 MODE1/2352 etc etc

I scanned the internet for something that would change just the first row in a text file to the name of another file.

Nothing exists and so this means manually copying and pasting the new filename into each of the 500+ cue files..:angry:

Solution - Part 4 - Correcting the Cues

Since nothing exists I wrote a small application in Dot.Net to do the job.

Here it is!

CUERenamer.exe.txt (Remove .txt Extension)

It was written using Dot.net 3.5 which runs natively in Windows 7 so it doesn't need to be installed. You may have to install the Dot Net framework on XP though.

My colleague at work has also made a ".bat" file for this purpose as well so if you don't trust running my EXE file I will post this as well. Mine is quicker though - processing 500 cue files in about 3 seconds!

This is how to use the app:

- Open the App

- Select a folder that contains the CUE files using the '...' button at the top

- All CUE files found will be populated into the list box

- Click "Process" and it will go through all of the CUE files one by one and amend the first row to correspond with the name of the CUE file.

So this:

FILE "3_IN_1_DUO_DEMO_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].ISO" BINARY

Becomes this:

FILE "3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).ISO" BINARY

The file extension (iso, bin, img) will remain the same as the original - just the filename will change (the bit highlighted in blue above).

It will read the original CUE files and write new CUE files for each into a Subfolder named 'Output'. It won't change the original files.

Note that if you have cue files with entries to multiple BIN files or WAV/MP3 files - these will have to be updated manually - this only updates the first row.

Took me about 3 hours to write this application but has saved 3 times that time in effort already.

Here are some screenshots showing what I describe above.

ProcessCUEsVisualGuide.pdf

Hope it's of some use to others.

B)

Источник: https://forums.gameex.com/forums/profile/9881-myonions/content/?type=forums_topic_post&change_section=1

Details about  STAR WARS EMPIRE AT WAR FORCES OF CORRUPTION EXPANSION PC GAME EX+NM COMPLETE-!

In Star Wars: Empire at War -- Forces of Corruption a new faction has emerged with the ability to exploit and corrupt weakened planets left defenseless while the Empire recovered from the destruction of the Death Star. The Zann Consortium, named after Tyler Zann, leader of the underground organization, has the ability to send saboteurs and heroes like Bossk or IG-88 to planets from the original game, and 13 more environments added with the expansion. These undercover terrorists can slowly corrupt Empire- and Rebel-oriented planets such as Kamino, Bespin, and Mustafar, to steal cash and resources directly from the planet's revenue. However, the Zann Consortium's ultimate goal is to commandeer the Super Star Destroyer, a behemoth of a galactic cruiser that is 11 times the size of the Death Star, and packs the destructive ability equal to the blast that turned Alderaan into space dust.

To make it anywhere near the Super Star Destroyer, you have to take over Empire-influenced planets and cut off all supply and production outlets to effectively weaken and overtake the world. Once a planet is debilitated, you can begin deploying ground units and claim a new territory in the name of Zann. Sending in saboteurs to impair a planet opens eight options of corruption that will affect your progress in a variety of ways. In an attempt to add a risk-and-reward element to the game, selecting kidnapping, intimidation, or space piracy will trigger one of 30 tactical combat missions with such objectives as racketeering, bribing officials, or making your way to the governor for a little pain-induced persuasion.

When and if you do manage to corrupt a world, rewards and special items are offered including ship designs. You may play as each of the three factions, and each side has its own group of heroes, transport vehicles, and units. For example, the Empire cruises the Juggernaut through space, while the Zann Consortium has to rely on the black market for all their transport, technological, and combat needs.
Источник: https://www.ebay.com/itm/STAR-WARS-EMPIRE-AT-WAR-FORCES-OF-CORRUPTION-EXPANSION-PC-GAME-EX-NM-COMPLETE/233479901778?epid=54712781&hash=item365c7c9252:g:2uYAAOSwQapaykT~

BoneTown is an adventure video game for adults. It was developed and published by D-Dub Software and released as a digital download for the PC in 2008. BoneTown game follows the player as he completes missions and has sex with several women.

BoneTown is an adult video game, in the sense that sexually explicit in nature. The plot of the game is that the player completes more missions, testicles become larger; The player is able to have sex with women more attractive as they grow bigger. The follow-up BoneCraft becomes available on November 2, 2012.

Please make sure you are 18+ years old before playing this game!

BoneTown Game Trailer

ScreenShots

BoneTown ScreenShot 1

BoneTown ScreenShot 2

BoneTown ScreenShot 3

BoneTown System Requirements

Minimum :

  • Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7
  • Intel Pentium 4 2.8 GHz or AMD Athlon 2800+
  • 1 GB RAM (1.5 GB for Vista and Windows 7)
  • 3 GB hard drive space
  • 128 MB of Video Memory
  • Video Card supporting Pixel Shader 2.0

Recommended :

  • Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7
  • Intel Core 2 Duo or Athlon X2
  • 1.5 GB RAM (2 GB for Vista and Windows 7)
  • 3 GB hard drive space
  • 256 MB of Video Memory

BoneTown Direct Download Link

file size: 2.47 GiB
BoneTown Free Download

If you're having problems with the magnet link you need to install or update download client
YOU CAN GET IT HERE
Please don't forget to say thanks, also help us spread our site by share/like/bookmark.

Found broken links? Please let us know. If you also found a link that is unavailable please be patient, we will update once becomes available.

Источник: https://freepcgamesden.com/bonetown-free-full-game-download/

GameEx is considered to be the most powerful, stable and feature rich gaming front-end (emulator launcher) for MAME, GameBase, Daphne, PC Games and all command line based game emulators, along with being a complete Home Theatre PC solution or plug in for windows media center. It’s designed to be used seamlessely with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured tuchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a CarPC and touchscreen frontend. GameEx is available as a free or enhanced registered version.

GameEx was created in 2003 and has been in active development ever since. It started life as an arcade only emulator front end for arcade cabinets and HTPC setups. Since then it has grown phenomenally and now supports all retro game systems, online game services (Steam, UPlay, Origin) and boasts many of its own HTPC features. We pretty much pioneered the modern emulation front end/emulation station and we are still going strong.

There are three different incarnations (versions) of GameEx:-

The original GameEx emulation and HTPC front end.
GameEx Arcade Edition which is a special optimized version designed specifically for emulation use only for use with Arcade products and HTPC systems.
Then there is the next evolution of GameEx, GameEx Evolution, built from the ground up using what we have learnt from the past 13 years to build the next generation of emulation front ends.

 

Like digital Pinball? We are also the authors of the leading virtual pinball front end, PinballX.

Features

Standard Features:

  • Supports nearly any emulator
  • Advanced support for MAME
  • No other front end has as many options for configuration of MAME and emulators.
  • Optimized for Dual and Quad core Processors
  • Media Center Plug In
  • Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10.
  • Well supported with regular updates.
  • With ten years of development its mature and it just works.
  • Arcade Controls (X-Arcade, Slik-Stik, JPAC,IPAC), MCE Remote, other remote controls and gamepads.
  • Plug-In support including advanced LCD/LED, Ultrastick, and hardware monitor rotation all included in standard install.
  • Specific ArcadeVGA support
  • Native Widescreen and HD support with no scaling required.
  • Completely customizable controls
  • Full Toucshcreen and Tablet PC support
  • Global gamepad and keyboard exit combo to exit any emulator
  • Exit any game with the escape key or remote control
  • In game key. View game info and controls while in a game
  • Highly polished, elegant and effective interface
  • Full featured database driven front end for GameBase and its collections (video)
  • Full integration with GameEx Arcade instantly and automatically adding over 3,500 flash games with new games added daily.
  • Jukebox supports all formats with visulisations and offers integration with iTunes and windows media player.
  • Play the Jukebox while playing games
  • Advanced all formats Video Player with support for different audio and subtitle streams
  • DVD Player with support for choice of codec and FFDSHOW
  • 10 ft DVD Ripping (video)
  • Picture and slide show viewer
  • Internet Radio
  • UPNP / DNLA media server client
  • News Reader
  • YouTube module. Easily browse search and play YouTube content using simple controls.
  • Advanced multi process based attract mode/screensaver
  • Multiple languages, custom languages
  • Theme Editor offers skinning
  • Both advanced configuraztion and easy setzup wizard
  • Emulator and MAME databases, with descriptions and various other data, allows linking and categorising across all systems.
  • Play random background sounds.
  • MAME High Score Support
  • ISO Mounting
  • HTML applications within the interface. Play streaming video from NetFlix and Hulu.
  • Movie Database. Automatically or manually add box art and descrtiptions for your movies.
  • Animated 3D model and X file support.
  • MADVR renderer support for video playback.
  • Plus 100’s more features you wont find in other front ends as standard.

Registered Version:

  • No nag screen. Fast loading
  • Game manual PDF and TXT viewer
  • Access to GameEx Online
  • GameExtender networked display and remote control. Display game information and custom artwork on another display. Remote control GameEx with any web browser or your iPhone or iPad.
  • Full unrestricted access to downloads and the GameEx and PinballX FTP servers.
  • Various MAME lists including on line lists
  • Complete menu customization. Organize the layout, structure and appearance of the gameex pages, and create your own menu system.
  • A new front end first for registered GameEx users – Plug and play Steam support with automatic artwork, videos and database. Access all your installed Steam games from the GameEx interface.
  • Plug and play EA Origin support
  • Plug and play Uplay support
  • Advanced emulator configuration with key and gamepad remapping for programs that dont nativly support it.
  • Karaoke
  • MAME to emulator mapping. Launch specifc MAME games or MAME game types with alternate versions of MAME or emulators
  • Search feature. Easily find all games and media
  • SiliconDust HDHomeRun support adds live TV to GameEx.
  • TV Plugin support including VU Player and ServerWMC.
  • Play DVD and Blu Ray ISOs
  • Automatically exit launched games and programs after a period of inactivity
  • CD Player with album lookup
  • Goodmerge 7-Zip support
  • Merge game lists for games with multiple regions or disks
  • Play emulators in the screensaver
  • Zip support for emulators that dont natively support it.
  • Rotated monitor support
  • Mouse control emulation
  • eBook and Comic Book reader
  • Play seperate music based on emulator list
  • Over 1,000 additional radio stations
  • CD-Ripper with album lookup
  • Automatic updates
  • Export games to windows media center
  • Automatically create all game snaps as images or video
  • Game Statistics, available online through GameExtender and from the interface.
  • Media Library. The Media library brings all your pictures, videos and audio together in one place. It can also be used as an alternative to the jukebox by allowing you to view your music by folder and filename
  • Run GameEx on Linux and Macs under Wine.
  • Free license for the specific Mac OS X version.

Supported Systems

Источник: https://www.gameex.com/

myonions

I wrote a little application yesterday for a specific purpose as there didn't seem to be anything around to do what I wanted.

Hopefully it will be of use to others!

Problem

I have a set of disc images for a particular Emulator.

The files were all zipped in rar format and unzipped into ISO, CUE files.

The filenames were a bit untidy so I wanted to rename them.

A few examples:

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].rar

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].rar

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].rar

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].rar

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].rar

I know that GameEx can replace underscores and hide text in brackets but I wanted to tidy them up. You can use the same method for simple things like changing the Regions from (U) to (USA) for thousands of files.

Solution - Part 1 - Extract All

Firstly I selected all 500+ files and selected WinRAR option "Extract Here".

This left me with 1000+ files in this format:

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].iso

3_in_1_DUO_Demo_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].cue

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].iso

Advanced_Variable_Geo_(NTSC-J)_[GLCD4001].cue

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].iso

Basted_(NTSC-J)_[NAPR-1042].cue

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].iso

F1_Team_Simulation_Project_F_(NTSC-J)_[TJCD2026].cue

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].iso

Zero_Wing_(NTSC-J)_[NXCD1003].cue

Solution - Part 2 - Renaming Files

I copied the ISOs and CUEs only into a seperate folder.

I then downloaded this portable application:

http://portableapps.enamer_portable

What you do is point Ant Renamer to a folder and then you can replace or delete certain characters from the filenames in one swoop.

I made these changes:

- String Replacement - Replace '(NTSC-J)' with '(Japan)'

- String Replacement - Replace '(NTSC-U)' with '(USA)'

- Characters Deletion - After The String ')' to remove the text in square brackets (i.e. '[NXCD1003]'). I had to click this a few times until everything was cleared. It does not touch the file extension so you can spam it.

- String Replacement - Replace '_' with ' ' to replace the Underscores with spaces.

The files GameEx - Crack Key For U now named like this:

3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).cue

3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).iso

Advanced Variable Geo (Japan).cue

Advanced Variable Geo (Japan).iso

Basted (Japan).cue

Basted (Japan).iso

F1 Team Simulation Project F (Japan).cue

F1 Team Simulation Project F (Japan).iso

Zero Wing (Japan).cue

Zero Wing (Japan).iso

Solution - Part 3 - The CUE Problem

Now this is where I have a problem. Each cue file will have an entry on the first line pointing to the name of the related ISO/BIN/IMG file like this:

FILE "3_IN_1_DUO_DEMO_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].ISO" BINARY

TRACK 01 AUDIO

INDEX 01 00:00:00

TRACK 02 MODE1/2352

PREGAP 00:03:00

INDEX 01 00:44:65

TRACK 03 AUDIO

PREGAP 00:02:00

INDEX 01 01:04:29

TRACK 04 MODE1/2352 etc etc

As you can see - it still has the name of the old file.

It needs to now read like this:

FILE "3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).ISO" BINARY

TRACK 01 AUDIO

INDEX 01 00:00:00

TRACK 02 MODE1/2352

PREGAP 00:03:00

INDEX 01 00:44:65

TRACK 03 AUDIO

PREGAP 00:02:00

INDEX 01 01:04:29

TRACK 04 MODE1/2352 etc etc

I scanned the internet for something that would change just the first row in a text file to the name of another file.

Nothing exists and so this means manually copying and pasting the new filename into each of the 500+ cue files.:angry:

Solution - Part 4 - Correcting the Cues

Since nothing exists I wrote a small application in Dot.Net to do the job.

Here it is!

CUERenamer.exe.txt (Remove .txt Extension)

It was written using Dot.net 3.5 which runs natively in Windows 7 so it doesn't need to be installed. You may have to install the Dot Net framework on XP though.

My colleague at work has also made a ".bat" file for this purpose as well so if you don't trust running my EXE file I will post this as well. Mine is quicker though - processing 500 cue files in about 3 seconds!

This is how to use the app:

- Open the App

- Select a folder that contains the CUE files using the '.' button at the top

- All CUE files found will be populated into the list box

- Click "Process" and it will go through all of the CUE files one by one and amend the first row to correspond with the name of the CUE file.

So this:

FILE "3_IN_1_DUO_DEMO_CD_(NTSC-U)_[DUO_DEMO_01].ISO" BINARY

Becomes this:

FILE "3 in 1 DUO Demo CD (USA).ISO" BINARY

The file extension (iso, bin, img) will remain the same as the original - just the filename will change (the bit highlighted in blue above).

It will read the original CUE files and write new CUE files for each into a Subfolder named 'Output'. It won't change the original files.

Note that if you have cue files with entries to multiple BIN files or WAV/MP3 files - these will have to be updated manually - this only updates the first row.

Took me about 3 hours to write this application but has saved 3 times that time in effort already.

Here are some screenshots showing what I describe above.

ProcessCUEsVisualGuide.pdf

Hope it's of some use to others.

B)

Источник: https://forums.gameex.com/forums/profile/9881-myonions/content/?type=forums_topic_post&change_section=1

Search Download: Advanced Search. Register Login. New Software. EvoAI 0. Multi-threaded MT4 walk forward optimisation, fast Dukascopy tick data download. MT4 optimisation backtest forex dukascopy multi-threaded. EDFbrowser Ubuntu Linux 1. Application was designed to be a free open source multi platform viewer.

EDFbrowser 1. FreeFileSync Freeware application that enables you to sync or compare two folders. Keybase for Mac OS X 5. Secure file sharing filesystem with end-to-end encryption and a global namespace.

Android Studio for Mac and Linux 3. Android Studio 3. XLStat Add-in that has been developed since to enhance the analytical capabilities. Excel add-in data analysis statistical function excel add-in analysis. GameEx My Family Tree Create, import and edit family trees in a visually stunning display.

Febooti GameEx - Crack Key For U Workshop Portable 4. Automate recurring Tasks, eliminate human error, streamline business processes. Febooti Automation Workshop 4. Vim 8.

A highly configurable text editor built to enable efficient text editing.

Unpacking MCSA: Windows 10

Lodgit Desk Hotel Software for Mac 2. Booking software with reservation schedule for hotels, motels, guesthouses Reddit Enhancement Suite for Firefox 5.Visual Attention Therapy helps brain injury and stroke survivors, as well as struggling students, to improve scanning abilities.

It also helps Thinking Time trains memory, attention, reasoning and key cognitive skills through 4 scientific games. KettleMind is a brain training program designed to improve cognitive functions like memory, focus, visual, logical reasoning, problem-solving and.

Impossible Dial is an addictive game that tests your brain's reflexes and helps you improve your memory and focus. Simply tap when the arrow is the Lumositys free brain training program consists of fun and interactive puzzle games to help you keep your mind active. This app provides helpful information for those interested in learning more about Cognitive Coaching sm and useful applications for those who have Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a way to understand how you think about yourself, other people and the world around you, and how what you do Designed to help people with aphasia and brain injury regain cognitive reasoning Reasons Why.

This program targets problem solving in individuals who have had a stroke or brain injury resulting in aphasia. Sort by. Back Close. Free Only. Editor Rating. User Rating. Apply Filters. Results for cognitive training. Publisher: Tactus Therapy Solutions Ltd. Downloads: Publisher: Kiko Labs Downloads: Publisher: Happy Adda Studios Downloads: 4. Publisher: Ben Pasternak Downloads: 1.No more time!

It is best you start studying questions right now, so you can comfortably cover all questions before your exam. If you are determined to score up to and above, you simply have to download this software today and start your preparations immediately. The exam practice section works totally offline, so you do not require internet to be the best. Simply update questions.

Like a "google" for past questions. Start downloading right now by clicking herewhile you continue reading on how this software would Rising Antivirus Free Crack - Crack Key For U you scale your UTME. If after installing the software using the above download link, and it says you require.

The software has also been packed with the latest JAMB Brochure and JAMB Syllabus for so you will be sure that all your reading requirements and admission preparations are all in tact. It will last for the lifetime of your computer system. Myschool will also provide you with reliable News and Events, right from the software interface.

Isn't that awesome? After downloading, you can easily get your activation code from GameEx - Crack Key For U the software. If you would like to get an activation code right now so you can get started now.

Click here to order a code. Good News!

download cbt software for my window professional

If you are already an agent, this is your time to make even more money as this offer may be limited. What's More? Although, It's only available to Silver and Gold Packages. Simply select a customization name while placing order for silver or gold package, then later enter your Dashboard's App Manager to upload your information.Top 4 Download periodically updates software information of cbt full versions from the publishers, but some information may be slightly out-of-date.

Download cbt software for pc

Using warez version, crack, warez passwords, patches, serial numbers, registration codes, key generator, pirate key, keymaker or keygen for cbt license key is illegal. Your computer will be at risk getting infected with spyware, adware, viruses, worms, trojan horses, dialers, etc while you are searching and browsing these illegal sites which distribute a so called keygen, key generator, pirate key, serial number, warez full version or crack for cbt. These infections might corrupt your computer installation or breach your privacy.

Search Download: Advanced Search. Register Login.

Cbt Software - Free Download Cbt - Top 4 Download

Cbt search results. VIEW: all software all software only freeware. PLCTrainer 4. Note: Demo is not Windows Vista compatible, only paid version. LuJoSoft ComicReader 1. It's simplest give you the Zoom meeting crack download - Activators Patch Recognize format are cbr, cbz, cbtcb7, rar, zip, 7z, tar and pdf.

Included filters all customizable Gama, contrast, brightness and sharpen. Short-cut key available and all customizable: Arrow Up Comic Book Archive Creator 1. Easily create Comic Book Archives cbz, cbr, cb7, cbt. NeoBook Rapid Application Builder 5.

NeoBook's intuitive drag and drop interface makes it easy for anyone to combine text, pictures, WinFlash Educator Award-winning Flashcard Study and Testing System - Whether you're an airline pilot looking for the most time-efficient way to prepare for periodic recertifications, a high school student hoping for a quicker way to master Spanish or a first grader who needs some help with her spelling words, this program is key WinFlash Scholar Award-winning Flashcard Study and Testing System - Whether you're an airline pilot looking for the most time-efficient way to prepare for periodic recertifications, a high school student hoping for a quicker way to master Spanish or a little girl who needs some help with her spelling words this program is your WinFlash Basic UserMonitor for Classroom or ComputerLab 1.

Ideal for teachers, instructors, or administrators. Monitoring: UserMonitor shows you what other network computer users see on their display screen. All programs being used are also listed with path detail in real time. A history and warning function is included. Demonstrating: UserMonitor is brilliant for the lesson as well as trainings TurboDemo 7. TurboDemo - Explain software, PC-applications, websites and products with your own animated demos, simulations and tutorials Turbodemo uses an intelligent technique for capturing Screenshots which allows it to reproduce actions such as the movement of a mouse cursor.

These Screenshots can be worked on afterwards as animated slides using many different Webcam Video Capture 7. Capture webcams, streaming video, full screen, part of the screen and even video with sound. Seeing is believing!You can take responsibility for your own learning, motivate yourself, set yourself goals and start working in a productive way so that when you take your exam you will feel confident.

However, the software is a licensed application and is licensed on a per computer basis. It also grades the user and displays a performance report. Answers to the test questions, explanations to the answers and other features have been included for a complete learning experience. The features of this software are great, numerous and endless.

Go to the download page now to have a taste of its great capabilities. Yea, the JAMB software is free to download via the link provided at the end of the post. In this case you are not limited to four subjects, you have 16 different subjects at your disposal.

As the application is a downloadable product, you can start practicing right away! We do not provide students with any material that promotes examination malpractice.

The contents on this website are purely educational and suited for students preparing for the said exams. I find it so incredible. Few companies today offer this ongoing commitment to customer satisfaction.

download cbt software for my window professional

I have been impressed with the quick response and professional approach your company has offered me. Keep up the good work. We have received series of awesome testimonies from many users of our product. You can also be the next happy user.

download cbt software for my window professional

Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Registration in progress. Call NOW! You are guaranteed of Getting Higher Score with this package. Tagged With: www. About The Author. Olusegun Fapohunda is the founder and editor of MySchoolGist. He loves to share education news from various sources to keep readers informed.

Learn more about him here and connect with him on InstagramFacebook and Twitter. Reply to sundest. Reply to mustaphajafaru. Nwaoha precious mmesoma Feb 27, Thanks for this platform. Reply to Nwaoha.I really don't know him tho, I was just browing through the internet and was directed to this Nairaland page.

I downloaded a jamb cbt software which I needed to activate it. I mail him and he do help me activate it for FREE. I am so thankful for the time you took to help. I need the activation key. Pls I need it for my bro My Email: sunday. You are too much! I very much appreciate. I got the code. Qpetz : Guy. Qpetz: you welcome.

CBT Calculator v1.3.0.1

Evaboy4real is indeed 4real U d bst bro Tnks 4 d cbt testrill activation key I did work. My Email: Abadicalebchosen gmail.

You are welcome bertx8. Here we have released fully activated Pass. NG Android vesion Pass. NG fully activated and unlimited access apk version download link below. HousTech Team We are the first indeginious code breakers and have released more than 10 indeginious apps and more than 20 international apps that have crossed our path.

We did it and no indeginious team does it better than HouseTech Team. We code, We break, We are binary!!!Our comprehensive library of mental health resources will help you to deliver a productive session. Designed for professionals like you, and always in the perfect format for your clients. Every one of them easy-to-read and understand. Cognitive behavioral models and case conceptualization tools help you to understand and treat your clients problems more effectively.

Each of our resources is available in multiple formats. You can even email our tools to your clients directly from our website. Mental health professionals need the best tools to do the best job. Help your team work more effectively with our library of easy-to-search, evidence-based resources. We support educational institutions and registered non-profits with discounted rates. Thousands of professionals trust our fully-referenced tools to stay up to date and to help their clients to achieve their goals.

With clear instructions and case-examples our resources are CPD for you, new skills for your clients. All our tools are created by highly qualified mental health professionals and based on well-researched reference materials format factory for mac - Crack Key For U clinical best practice. Always feel prepared to deliver effective therapy Evidence-based Psychology Tools for mental health professionals.

Search for:. Download the guide. Coronavirus: Download our free guide to managing worry and anxiety in uncertain times [PDF]. Stop feeling unprepared and enhance your practice Our comprehensive library of mental health resources will help you to deliver a productive session.

Stop feeling unprepared and enhance your practice. See our resources I work in a multicultural setting. It is useful for me to be able to provide information to my clients in their language. They feel validated and it helps to engage them in treatment. Talking to your clients in their language.

download cbt software for my window professional

I can choose based on diagnosis and specific care plan or issue. No more therapist drift. See membership plans The quantity and quality of tools and resources to use with clients is all GameEx - Crack Key For U at a great price.


Источник: https://tkj.vecstackaffine.pw/download-cbt-software-for-my-window-professional.html

GameEx 16.97 Crack is considered to be the most powerful, stable, and feature-rich gaming front-end (emulator launcher) for MAME, GameBase, Daphne, PC Games, and all conman line based game emulators, along with being a complete Home Theater PC solution or plugin for the windows media center.

It’s designed to be used seamlessly with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured touchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a CarPC and touchscreen frontend.

GameEx is well equipped to handle a wide variety of game emulators, including MAME, GameBase, and many more. The fact that it can function as a Home Theatre environment further increases its value, as well as the support for touch-enabled devices. The most important thing about this program is setting it up correctly, as there is numerous customization that can be made. The setup can be GameEx - Crack Key For U out in one of the several modes available, so you can choose the level of details to involve in this procedure.

GameEx Crack with Activation Key

Theatre PC solution or plugin for the windows media center. It’s designed to be used seamlessly with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured touchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a Carp C and touchscreen frontend. GameEx is available as a free or enhanced registered version.

GameEx was created in 2003 and has been inactive development ever since. It started life as an arcade-only emulator front end for arcade cabinets and HTPC setups. Since then it has grown phenomenally and now supports all retro game systems, online game services (Steam, UPlay, Origin), and boasts many of its HTPC features.

1: Click on Download Button.
2: Softwares Auto Download.
3: Open Download File.
4: Click on Install.
5: Follow The Instructions.
6: Thanks For Downloading.

Источник: https://crackkey4u.com/gameex/

Details about  STAR WARS EMPIRE AT WAR FORCES OF CORRUPTION EXPANSION PC GAME EX+NM COMPLETE-!

In Star Wars: Empire at War -- Forces of Corruption a new faction has emerged with the ability to exploit and corrupt weakened planets left defenseless while the Empire recovered from the destruction of the Death Star. The Zann Consortium, named after Tyler Zann, leader of the underground organization, has the ability to send saboteurs and heroes like Bossk or IG-88 to planets from the original game, and 13 more environments added with the expansion. These undercover terrorists can slowly corrupt Empire- and Rebel-oriented planets such as Kamino, Bespin, and Mustafar, to steal cash and resources directly from the planet's revenue. However, the Zann Consortium's ultimate goal is to commandeer the Super Star Destroyer, a behemoth of a galactic cruiser that is 11 times the size of the Death Star, and packs the destructive ability equal to the blast that turned Alderaan into space dust.

To make it anywhere near the Super Star Destroyer, you have to take over Empire-influenced planets and cut off all supply and production outlets to effectively weaken and overtake the world. Once a planet is debilitated, you can begin deploying ground units and claim a new territory in the name of Zann. Sending in saboteurs to impair a planet opens eight options of corruption that will affect your progress in a variety of ways. In an attempt to add a risk-and-reward element to the game, selecting kidnapping, intimidation, or space piracy will trigger one of 30 tactical combat missions with such objectives as racketeering, bribing officials, or making your way to the governor for a little pain-induced persuasion.

When and if you do manage to corrupt a world, rewards and special items are offered including ship designs. You may play as each of the three factions, and each side has its own group of heroes, transport vehicles, and units. For example, the Empire cruises the Juggernaut through space, while the Zann Consortium has to rely on the black market for all their transport, technological, and combat needs.
Источник: https://www.ebay.com/itm/STAR-WARS-EMPIRE-AT-WAR-FORCES-OF-CORRUPTION-EXPANSION-PC-GAME-EX-NM-COMPLETE/233479901778?epid=54712781&hash=item365c7c9252:g:2uYAAOSwQapaykT~

GameEx is considered to be the most powerful, stable and feature rich gaming front-end (emulator launcher) for MAME, GameBase, Daphne, PC Games and all command line based game emulators, along with being a complete Home Theatre PC solution or plug in for windows media center. It’s designed to be used seamlessely with arcade controls and various arcade products and also has fully featured tuchscreen and tablet support suitable to be used as a CarPC and touchscreen frontend. GameEx is available as a free or enhanced registered version.

GameEx was created in 2003 and has been in active development ever since. It started life as an arcade only emulator front end for arcade cabinets and HTPC setups. Since then it has grown phenomenally and now supports all retro game systems, online game services (Steam, UPlay, Origin) and boasts many of its own HTPC features. We pretty much pioneered the modern emulation front end/emulation station and we are still going strong.

There are three different incarnations (versions) of GameEx:-

The original GameEx emulation and HTPC front end.
GameEx Arcade Edition which is a special optimized version designed specifically for emulation use only for use with Arcade products and HTPC systems.
Then there is the next evolution of GameEx, GameEx Evolution, built from the ground up using what we have learnt from the past 13 years to build the next generation of emulation front ends.

 

Like digital Pinball? We are also the authors of the leading virtual pinball front end, PinballX.

Features

Standard Features:

  • Supports nearly any emulator
  • Advanced support for MAME
  • No other front end has as many options for configuration of MAME and emulators.
  • Optimized for Dual and Quad core Processors
  • Media Center Plug In
  • Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10.
  • Well supported with regular updates.
  • With ten years of development its mature and it just works.
  • Arcade Controls (X-Arcade, Slik-Stik, JPAC,IPAC), MCE Remote, other remote controls and gamepads.
  • Plug-In support including advanced LCD/LED, Ultrastick, and hardware monitor rotation all included in standard install.
  • Specific ArcadeVGA support
  • Native Widescreen and HD support with no scaling required.
  • Completely customizable controls
  • Full Toucshcreen and Tablet PC support
  • Global gamepad and keyboard exit combo to exit any emulator
  • Exit any game with the escape key or remote control
  • In game key. View game info and controls while in a game
  • Highly polished, elegant and effective interface
  • Full featured database driven front end for GameBase and its collections (video)
  • Full integration with GameEx Arcade instantly and automatically adding over 3,500 flash games with new games added daily.
  • Jukebox supports all formats with visulisations and offers integration with iTunes and windows media player.
  • Play the Jukebox while playing games
  • Advanced all formats Video Player with support for different audio and subtitle streams
  • DVD Player with support for choice of codec and FFDSHOW
  • 10 ft DVD Ripping (video)
  • Picture and slide show viewer
  • Internet Radio
  • UPNP / DNLA media server client
  • News Reader
  • YouTube module. Easily browse search and play YouTube content using simple controls.
  • Advanced multi process based attract mode/screensaver
  • Multiple languages, custom languages
  • Theme Editor offers skinning
  • Both advanced configuraztion and easy setzup wizard
  • Emulator and MAME databases, with descriptions and various other data, allows linking and categorising across all systems.
  • Play random background sounds.
  • MAME High Score Support
  • ISO Mounting
  • HTML applications within the interface. Play streaming video from NetFlix and Hulu.
  • Movie Database. Automatically or manually add box art and descrtiptions for your movies.
  • Animated 3D model and X file support.
  • MADVR renderer support for video playback.
  • Plus 100’s more features you wont find in other front ends as standard.

Registered Version:

  • No nag screen. Fast loading
  • Game manual PDF and TXT viewer
  • Access to GameEx Online
  • GameExtender networked display and remote control. Display game information and custom artwork on another display. Remote control GameEx with any web browser or your iPhone or iPad.
  • Full unrestricted access to downloads and the GameEx and PinballX FTP servers.
  • Various MAME lists including on line lists
  • Complete menu customization. Organize the layout, structure and appearance of the gameex pages, and create your own menu system.
  • A new front end first for registered GameEx users – Plug and play Steam support with automatic artwork, videos and database. Access all your installed Steam games from the GameEx interface.
  • Plug and play EA Origin support
  • Plug and play Uplay support
  • Advanced emulator configuration with key and gamepad remapping for programs that dont nativly support it.
  • Karaoke
  • MAME to emulator mapping. Launch specifc MAME games or MAME game types with alternate versions of MAME or emulators
  • Search feature. Easily find all games and media
  • SiliconDust HDHomeRun support adds live TV to GameEx.
  • TV Plugin support including VU Player and ServerWMC.
  • Play DVD and Blu Ray ISOs
  • Automatically exit launched games and programs after a period of inactivity
  • CD Player with album lookup
  • Goodmerge 7-Zip support
  • Merge game lists for games with multiple regions or disks
  • Play emulators in the screensaver
  • Zip support for emulators that dont natively support it.
  • Rotated monitor support
  • Mouse control emulation
  • eBook and Comic Book reader
  • Play seperate music based on emulator list
  • Over 1,000 additional radio stations
  • CD-Ripper with album lookup
  • Automatic updates
  • Export games to windows media center
  • Automatically create all game snaps as images or video
  • Game Statistics, available online through GameExtender and from the interface.
  • Media Library. The Media library brings all your pictures, videos and audio together in one place. It can also be used as an alternative to the jukebox by allowing you to view your music by folder and filename
  • Run GameEx on Linux and Macs under Wine.
  • Free license for the specific Mac OS X version.

Supported Systems

Источник: https://www.gameex.com/

Wikipedia

Multilingual free online encyclopedia

This article is about Wikipedia. For Wikipedia's home page, see Main Page. For the English edition, see English Wikipedia. For a list of Wikipedias in other languages, see List of Wikipedias. For other uses, see Wikipedia (disambiguation).

Wikipedia (wik-ih-PEE-dee-ə or wik-ee-) is a free content, multilingual online encyclopedia written and maintained by a community of volunteers through a model of open collaboration, using a wiki-based editing system. Individual contributors, also called editors, are known as Wikipedians. It is the largest and most-read reference work in history,[3] and consistently one of the 15 most popular websites ranked by Alexa; as of 2021,[update] Wikipedia was ranked the 13th most popular site.[3][4] A visitor spends an average time on Wikipedia of 3 minutes and 45 seconds each day.[5] It is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, an American non-profit organization funded mainly through small donations.[6]

Wikipedia was launched on January 15, 2001, by Jimmy Wales[7] and Larry Sanger; Sanger coined its name as a blending of "wiki" and "encyclopedia".[8] Initially available only in English, versions in other languages were quickly developed. Its combined editions comprise more than 57 million articles, attracting around 2 billion unique device visits per month, and more than 17 million edits per month (1.9 edits per second).[10][11] In 2006, Time magazine stated that the policy of allowing anyone to edit had made Wikipedia the "biggest (and perhaps best) encyclopedia in the world", and is "a testament to the vision of one man, Jimmy Wales".[12]

Wikipedia has received praise for its enablement of the democratization of knowledge, extent of coverage, unique structure, culture, and reduced amount of commercial bias, but criticism for exhibiting systemic bias, particularly gender bias against women and alleged ideological bias.[13][14]Its reliability was frequently criticized in the 2000s, but has improved over time and has been generally praised in the late 2010s and early 2020s.[3][13][15] Its coverage of controversial topics such as American politics and major events such as the COVID-19 pandemic has received substantial media attention. It has been censored by world governments, ranging from specific pages to the entire site. It has become an element of popular culture, with references in books, films and academic studies. In 2018, Facebook and YouTube announced that they would help users detect fake news by suggesting fact-checking links to related Wikipedia articles.[16][17]

History

Main article: History of Wikipedia

Nupedia

Main article: Nupedia

Logo reading "Nupedia.com the free encyclopedia" in blue with the large initial "N"
Wikipedia originally developed from another encyclopedia project called Nupedia.

Other collaborative online encyclopedias were attempted before Wikipedia, but none were as successful.[18] Wikipedia began as a complementary project for Nupedia, a free online English-language encyclopedia project whose articles were written by experts and reviewed under a formal process.[19] It was founded on March 9, 2000, under the ownership of Bomis, a web portal company. Its main figures were Bomis CEO Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia.[1][20] Nupedia was initially licensed under its own Nupedia Open Content License, but even before Wikipedia was founded, Nupedia switched to the GNU Free Documentation License at the urging of Richard Stallman.[21] Wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publicly editable encyclopedia,[22][23] while Sanger is credited with the strategy of using a wiki to reach that goal.[24] On January 10, 2001, Sanger proposed on the Nupedia mailing list to create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia.[25]

Launch and early growth

The domainswikipedia.com (later redirecting to wikipedia.org) and wikipedia.org were registered on January 12, 2001,[26] and January 13, 2001,[27] respectively, and Wikipedia was launched on January 15, 2001[19] as a single English-language edition at www.wikipedia.com,[28] and announced by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list.[22] Its policy of "neutral point-of-view"[29] was codified in its first few months. Otherwise, there were initially relatively few rules, and it operated independently of Nupedia.[22] Bomis originally intended it as a business for profit.[30]

The Wikipedia home page on December 20, 2001

English Wikipedia editors with >100 edits per month[31]

Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia, Slashdot postings, and web search engine indexing. Language editions were also created, with a total of 161 by the end of 2004.[33] Nupedia and Wikipedia coexisted until the former's servers were taken down permanently in 2003, and its text was incorporated into Wikipedia. The English Wikipedia passed the mark of two million articles on September 9, 2007, making it the largest encyclopedia ever assembled, surpassing the Yongle Encyclopedia made during the Ming Dynasty in 1408, which had held the record for almost 600 years.[34]

Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control, users of the Spanish Wikipediaforked from Wikipedia to create Enciclopedia Libre in February 2002.[35] Wales then announced that Wikipedia would not display advertisements, and changed Wikipedia's domain from wikipedia.com to wikipedia.org.[36][37]

Though the English Wikipedia reached three million articles in August 2009, the growth of the edition, in terms of the numbers of new articles and of editors, appears to have peaked around early 2007.[38] Around 1,800 articles were added daily to the encyclopedia in 2006; by 2013 that average was roughly 800.[39] A team at the Palo Alto Research Center attributed this slowing of growth to the project's increasing exclusivity and resistance to change.[40] Others suggest that the growth is flattening naturally because articles that could be called "low-hanging fruit"—topics that clearly merit an article—have already been created and built up extensively.[41][42][43]

In November 2009, a researcher at the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid found that the English Wikipedia had lost 49,000 editors during the first three months of 2009; in comparison, it lost only 4,900 editors during the same period in 2008.[44][45]The Wall Street Journal cited the array of rules applied to editing and disputes related to such content among the reasons for this trend.[46] Wales disputed these claims in 2009, denying the decline and questioning the study's methodology.[47] Two years later, in 2011, he acknowledged a slight decline, noting a decrease from "a little more than 36,000 writers" in June 2010 to 35,800 in June 2011. In the same interview, he also claimed the number of editors was "stable and sustainable".[48] A 2013 MIT Technology Review article, "The Decline of Wikipedia", questioned this claim, revealing that since 2007, Wikipedia had lost a third of its volunteer editors, and that those remaining had focused increasingly on minutiae.[49] In July 2012, The Atlantic reported that the number of administrators was also in decline.[50] In the November 25, 2013, issue of New York magazine, Katherine Ward stated, "Wikipedia, the sixth-most-used website, is facing an internal crisis."[51]

Milestones

Cartogramshowing number of articles in each European language as of January 2019.[update]One square represents 10,000 articles. Languages with fewer than 10,000 articles are represented by one square. Languages are grouped by language family and each language family is presented by a separate color.

In January 2007, Wikipedia first became one of the ten most popular websites in the US, according to comscore Networks. With 42.9 million unique visitors, it was ranked #9, surpassing The New York Times (#10) and Apple (#11). This marked a significant increase over January 2006, when Wikipedia ranked 33rd, with around 18.3 million unique visitors.[52] As of March 2020[update], it ranked 13th[4] in popularity according to Alexa Internet. In 2014, it received eight billion page views every month.[53] On February 9, 2014, The New York Times reported that Wikipedia had 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month, "according to the ratings firm comScore".[10] Loveland and Reagle argue that, in process, Wikipedia follows a long tradition of historical encyclopedias that have accumulated improvements piecemeal through serato dj pro crack windows 10 - Free Activators accumulation".[54][55]

On January 18, 2012, the English Wikipedia participated in a series of coordinated protests against two proposed laws in the United States Congress—the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA)—by blacking out its pages for 24 hours.[56] More than 162 million people viewed the blackout explanation page that temporarily replaced its content.[57][58]

On January 20, 2014, Subodh Varma reporting for The Economic Times indicated that not only had Wikipedia's growth stalled, it "had lost nearly ten percent of its page views last year. There was a decline of about two billion between December 2012 and December 2013. Its most popular versions are leading the slide: page-views of the English Wikipedia declined by twelve percent, those of German version slid by 17 percent and the Japanese version lost nine percent."[59] Varma added, "While Wikipedia's managers think that this could be due to errors in counting, other experts feel that Google's Knowledge Graphs project launched last year may be gobbling up Wikipedia users."[59] When contacted on this matter, Clay Shirky, associate professor at New York University and fellow at Harvard's Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society said that he suspected much of the page-view decline was due to Knowledge Graphs, stating, "If you can get your question answered from the search page, you don't need to click [any further]."[59] By the end of December 2016, Wikipedia was ranked the 5th most popular website globally.[60]

In January 2013, 274301 Wikipedia, an asteroid, was named after Wikipedia; in October 2014, Wikipedia was honored with the Wikipedia Monument; and, in July 2015, 106 of the 7,473 700-page volumes of Wikipedia became available as Print Wikipedia. In April 2019, an Israeli lunar lander, Beresheet, crash landed on the surface of the Moon carrying a copy of nearly all of the English Wikipedia engraved on thin nickel plates; experts say the plates likely survived the crash.[61][62] In June 2019, scientists reported that all 16 GB of article text from the English Wikipedia had been encoded into synthetic DNA.[63]

Current state

On January 23, 2020, the English-language Wikipedia, which is the largest language section of the online encyclopedia, published its six millionth article.

By February 2020, Wikipedia ranked eleventh in the world in terms of Internet traffic.[64] As a key resource for disseminating information related to COVID-19, the World Health Organization has partnered with Wikipedia to help combat the spread of misinformation.[65][66]

Wikipedia accepts cryptocurrency donations and Basic Attention Token.[67][68][69]

Openness

Differences between versions of an article are highlighted

Unlike traditional encyclopedias, Wikipedia follows the procrastination principle[note 3] regarding the security of its content.[70]

Restrictions

Due to Wikipedia's increasing popularity, some editions, including the English version, have introduced editing restrictions for certain cases. For instance, on the English Wikipedia and some other language editions, only registered users may create a new article.[71] On the English Wikipedia, among others, particularly controversial, sensitive or vandalism-prone pages have been protected to varying degrees.[72][73] A frequently vandalized article can be "semi-protected" or "extended confirmed protected", meaning that only "autoconfirmed" or "extended confirmed" editors can modify it.[74] A particularly contentious article may be locked so that only administrators can make changes.[75] A 2021 article in the Columbia Journalism Review identified Wikipedia's page-protection policies as "[p]erhaps the most important" means at its disposal to "regulate its market of ideas".[76]

In certain cases, all editors are allowed to submit modifications, but review is required for some editors, depending on certain conditions. For example, the German Wikipedia maintains "stable versions" of articles[77] which have passed certain reviews. Following protracted trials and community discussion, the English Wikipedia introduced the "pending changes" system in December 2012. Under this system, new and unregistered users' edits to certain controversial or vandalism-prone articles are reviewed by established users before they are published.[79]

Wikipedia's editing interface

Review of changes

Although changes are not systematically reviewed, the software that powers Wikipedia provides tools allowing anyone to review changes made by others. Each article's History page links to each revision.[note 4][80] On most articles, anyone can undo others' changes by clicking a link on the article's History page. Anyone can view the latest changes to articles, and anyone registered may maintain a "watchlist" of articles that interest them so they can be notified of changes. "New pages patrol" is a process where newly created articles are checked for obvious problems.[81]

In 2003, economics Ph.D. student Andrea Ciffolilli argued that the low transaction costs of participating in a wiki created a catalyst for collaborative development, and that features such as allowing easy access to past versions of a page favored "creative construction" over "creative destruction".[82]

Vandalism

Main article: Vandalism on Wikipedia

Any change or edit that manipulates content in a way that purposefully compromises Wikipedia's integrity is considered vandalism. The most common and obvious types of vandalism include additions of obscenities and crude humor; it can also include advertising and other types of spam.[83] Sometimes editors commit vandalism by removing content or entirely blanking a given page. Less common types of vandalism, such as the deliberate addition of plausible but false information, can be more difficult to detect. Vandals can introduce irrelevant formatting, modify page semantics such as the page's title or categorization, manipulate the article's underlying code, or use images disruptively.[84]

Obvious vandalism is generally easy to remove from Wikipedia articles; the median time to detect and fix it is a few minutes.[85][86] However, some vandalism takes much longer to detect and repair.[87]

In the Seigenthaler biography incident, an anonymous editor introduced false information into the biography of American political figure John Seigenthaler in May 2005, falsely presenting him as a suspect in the assassination of John F. Kennedy.[87] It remained uncorrected for four months.[87] Seigenthaler, the founding editorial director of USA Today and founder of the Freedom ForumFirst Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University, called Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales and asked whether he had any way of knowing who contributed the misinformation. Wales said he did not, although the perpetrator was eventually traced.[88][89] After the incident, Seigenthaler described Wikipedia as "a flawed and irresponsible research tool".[87] The incident led to policy changes at Wikipedia for tightening up the verifiability of biographical articles of living people.[90]

In 2010, Daniel Tosh encouraged viewers of his show, Tosh.0, to visit the show's Wikipedia article and edit it at will. On a later episode, he commented on the edits to the article, most of them offensive, which had been made by the audience and had prompted the article to be locked from editing.[91][92]

Edit warring

Wikipedians often have disputes regarding content, which may result in repeated competing changes to an article, known as "edit warring".[93][94] It is widely seen as a resource-consuming scenario where no useful knowledge is added,[95] and criticized as creating a competitive[96] and conflict-based[97] editing culture associated with traditional masculine gender roles.[98]

Policies and laws

Content in Wikipedia is subject to the laws (in particular, copyright laws) of the United States and of the US state of Virginia, where the majority of Wikipedia's servers are located. Beyond legal matters, the editorial principles of Wikipedia are embodied in the "five pillars" and in numerous policies and guidelines intended to appropriately shape content. Even these rules are stored in wiki form, and Wikipedia editors write and revise the website's policies and guidelines.[99] Editors can enforce these rules by deleting or modifying non-compliant material. Originally, rules on the non-English editions of Wikipedia were based on a translation of the rules for the English Wikipedia. They have since diverged to some extent.[77]

Content policies and guidelines

According to the rules on the English Wikipedia, each entry in Wikipedia must be about a topic that is encyclopedic and is not a dictionary entry or dictionary-style.[100] A topic should also meet Wikipedia's standards of "notability",[101] which generally means that the topic must have been covered in mainstream media or major academic journal sources that are independent of the article's subject. Further, Wikipedia intends to convey only knowledge that is already established and recognized.[102] It must not present original research. A claim that is likely to be challenged requires a reference to a reliable source. Among Wikipedia editors, this is often phrased Windows › Science / CAD - Crack Key For U "verifiability, not truth" to express the idea that the readers, not the encyclopedia, are ultimately responsible for checking the truthfulness of the articles and making their own interpretations.[103] This can at times lead to the removal of information that, though valid, is not properly sourced.[104] Finally, Wikipedia must not take sides.[105]

Governance

Further information: Wikipedia:Administration

Wikipedia's initial anarchy integrated democratic and hierarchical elements over time.[106][107] An article is not considered to be owned GameEx - Crack Key For U its creator or any other editor, nor by the subject of the article.[108]

Administrators

Editors in good standing in the community can request extra user rights, granting them the technical ability to perform certain special actions. In particular, editors can choose to run for "adminship",[109][110] which includes the ability to delete pages or prevent them from being changed in cases of severe vandalism or editorial disputes. Administrators are not supposed to enjoy any special privilege in decision-making; instead, their powers are mostly limited to making edits that have project-wide effects and thus are disallowed to ordinary editors, and to implement restrictions intended to prevent disruptive editors from making unproductive edits.[111][112]

By 2012, fewer editors were becoming administrators compared to Wikipedia's earlier years, in part because the process of vetting potential administrators had become more rigorous.[113]

Dispute resolution

Over time, Wikipedia has developed a semiformal dispute resolution process. To determine community consensus, editors can raise issues at appropriate community forums,[note 5] seek outside input through third opinion requests, or initiate a more general community discussion known as a "request for comment".

Arbitration Committee

Main article: Arbitration Committee

The Arbitration Committee presides over the ultimate dispute resolution process. Although disputes usually arise from a disagreement between two opposing views on how an article should read, the Arbitration Committee explicitly refuses to directly rule on the specific view that should be adopted. Statistical analyses suggest that the committee ignores the content of disputes and rather focuses on the way disputes are conducted,[114] functioning not so much to resolve disputes and make peace between conflicting editors, but to weed out problematic editors while allowing potentially productive editors back in to participate. Therefore, the committee does not dictate the content of articles, although it sometimes condemns content changes when it deems the new content violates Wikipedia policies (for example, if the new content is considered biased). Its remedies include cautions and probations (used in 63% of cases) and banning editors from articles (43%), subject matters (23%), or Wikipedia (16%).[when?] Complete bans from Wikipedia are generally limited to instances of impersonation and anti-social behavior. When conduct is not impersonation or anti-social, but rather anti-consensus or in violation of editing policies, remedies tend to be limited to warnings.[115]

Main article: Wikipedia community

Each article and each user of Wikipedia has an associated "talk" page. These form the primary communication channel for editors to discuss, coordinate and debate.[116]

Wikipedia's community has been described as cultlike,[117] although not always with entirely negative connotations.[118] Its preference for cohesiveness, even if it requires compromise that includes disregard of credentials, has been referred to as "anti-elitism".[119]

Wikipedians sometimes award one another "virtual barnstars" for good work. These personalized tokens of appreciation reveal a wide range of valued work extending far beyond simple editing to include social support, administrative actions, and types of articulation work.[120]

Wikipedia does not require that its editors and contributors provide identification.[121] As Wikipedia grew, "Who writes Wikipedia?" became one of the questions frequently asked there.[122] Jimmy Wales once argued that only "a community . a dedicated group of a few hundred volunteers" makes the bulk of contributions to Wikipedia and that the project is therefore "much like any traditional organization".[123] In 2008, a Slate magazine article reported that: "According to researchers in Palo Alto, one percent of Wikipedia users are responsible for about half of the site's edits."[124] This method of evaluating contributions was later disputed by Aaron Swartz, who noted that several articles he sampled had large portions of their content (measured by number of characters) contributed by users with low edit counts.[125]

The English Wikipedia PS4 Save Wizard 1.0.7430.28765 Cracklicense key 2021 - Free Activators 6,410,280 articles, 42,573,941 registered editors, and 125,342 active editors. An editor is considered active if they have made one or more edits in the past 30 days.

Editors who fail to comply with Wikipedia cultural rituals, such as signing talk page comments, may implicitly signal that they are Wikipedia outsiders, increasing the odds that Wikipedia insiders may target or discount their contributions. Becoming a Wikipedia insider involves non-trivial costs: the contributor is expected to learn Wikipedia-specific technological codes, submit to a sometimes convoluted dispute resolution process, and learn a "baffling culture rich with in-jokes and insider references".[126] Editors who do not log in are in some sense second-class citizens on Wikipedia,[126] as "participants are accredited by members of the wiki community, who have a vested interest in preserving the quality of the work product, on the basis of their ongoing participation",[127] but the contribution histories of anonymous unregistered editors recognized only by their IP addresses cannot be attributed to a particular editor with certainty.

Studies

A 2007 study by researchers from Dartmouth College found that "anonymous and infrequent contributors to Wikipedia . are as reliable a source of knowledge as those contributors who register with the site".[128] Jimmy Wales stated in 2009 that "[I]t turns out over 50% of all the edits are done by just .7% of the users . 524 people . And in fact, the most active 2%, which is 1400 people, have done 73.4% of all the edits."[123] However, Business Insider editor and journalist Henry Blodget showed in 2009 that in a random sample of articles, most Wikipedia content (measured by the amount of contributed text that survives to the latest sampled edit) is created by "outsiders", while most editing and formatting is done by "insiders".[123]

A 2008 study found that Wikipedians were less agreeable, open, and conscientious than others,[129][130] although a later commentary pointed out serious flaws, including that the data showed higher openness and that the differences with the control group and the samples were small.[131] According to a 2009 study, there is "evidence of growing resistance from the Wikipedia community to new content".[132]

Diversity

Several studies have shown that most Wikipedia contributors are male. Notably, the results of a Wikimedia Foundation survey in 2008 showed that only 13 percent of Wikipedia editors were female.[133] Because of this, universities throughout the United States tried to encourage women to become Wikipedia contributors. Similarly, many of these universities, including Yale and Brown, gave college credit to students who create or edit an article relating to women in science or technology.[134]Andrew Lih, a professor and scientist, wrote in The New York Times that the reason he thought the number of male contributors outnumbered the number of females so greatly was because identifying as a woman may expose oneself to "ugly, intimidating behavior".[135] Data has shown that Africans are underrepresented among Wikipedia editors.[136]

Language editions

Main article: List of Wikipedias

Most popular edition of Wikipedia by country in January 2021.
Most viewed editions of Wikipedia over time.
Most edited editions of Wikipedia over time.

There are currently 325 language editions of Wikipedia (also called language versions, or simply Wikipedias). As of November 2021, the six largest, in order of article count, are the English, Cebuano, Swedish, German, French, and Dutch Wikipedias.[138] The second and third-largest Wikipedias owe their position to the article-creating botLsjbot, which as of 2013[update] had created about half the articles on the Swedish Wikipedia, and most of the articles in the Cebuano and Waray Wikipedias. The latter are both languages of the Philippines.

In addition to the top six, twelve other Wikipedias have more than a million articles each (Russian, Spanish, Italian, Polish, Egyptian Arabic, Japanese, Vietnamese, Waray, Chinese, Arabic, Ukrainian and Portuguese), seven more have over 500,000 articles (Persian, Catalan, Serbian, Indonesian, Norwegian, Korean and Finnish), 44 more have over 100,000, and 82 more have over 10,000.[139][138] The largest, the English Wikipedia, has over 6.4 million articles. As of January 2021,[update] the English Wikipedia receives 48% of Wikipedia's cumulative traffic, with the remaining split among the other languages. The top 10 editions represent approximately 85% of the total traffic.[140]

0.1 0.3 1 3

English 6,410,280

Cebuano 6,061,619

Swedish 2,872,837

German 2,633,512

French 2,374,985

Dutch 2,071,672

Russian 1,771,487

Spanish 1,731,929

Italian 1,726,585

Polish 1,496,935

Egyptian Arabic 1,378,106

Japanese 1,301,041

Vietnamese 1,270,100

Waray 1,265,576

Chinese 1,241,658

Arabic 1,143,507

Ukrainian 1,123,328

Portuguese 1,077,410

Persian 846,692

Catalan 689,830

The unit for the numbers in bars is articles.

Since Wikipedia is based on the Web and therefore worldwide, contributors to the same language edition may use different dialects or may come from different countries (as is the case for the English edition). These differences may lead to some conflicts over spelling differences (e.g. colour versus color)[142] or points of view.[143]

Though the various language editions are held to global policies such as "neutral point of view", they diverge on some points of policy and practice, most notably on whether images that are not licensed freely may be used under a claim of fair use.[144][145][146]

Jimmy Wales has described Wikipedia as "an effort to create and distribute a free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in their own language".[147] Though each language edition functions more or less independently, some efforts are made to supervise them all. They are coordinated in part by Meta-Wiki, the Wikimedia Foundation's wiki devoted to maintaining all its projects (Wikipedia and others).[148] For instance, Meta-Wiki provides important statistics on all language editions of Wikipedia,[149] and it maintains a list of articles every Wikipedia should have.[150] The list concerns basic content by subject: biography, history, geography, society, culture, science, technology, and mathematics. It is not rare for articles strongly related to a particular language not to have counterparts in another edition. For example, articles about small towns in the United States might be available only in English, even when they meet the notability criteria of other language Wikipedia projects.

Estimation of contributions shares from different regions in the world to different Wikipedia editions[151]

Translated articles represent only a small portion of articles in most editions, in part because those editions do not allow fully automated translation of articles. Articles available in more than one language may offer "interwiki links", which link to the counterpart articles in other editions.[citation needed]

A study published by PLOS One in 2012 also estimated the share of contributions to different editions of Wikipedia from different regions of the world. It reported that the proportion of the edits made from North America was 51% for the English Wikipedia, and 25% for the simple English Wikipedia.[151]

English Wikipedia editor numbers

Number of editors on the English Wikipedia over time.

On March 1, 2014, The Economist, in an article titled "The Future of Wikipedia", cited a trend analysis concerning data published by the Wikimedia Foundation stating that "[t]he number of editors for the English-language version has fallen by GameEx - Crack Key For U third in seven years."[152] The attrition rate for active editors in English Wikipedia was cited by The Economist as substantially in contrast to statistics for Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia). The Economist reported that the number of contributors with an average of five or more edits per month was relatively constant since 2008 for Wikipedia in other languages at approximately 42,000 editors within narrow seasonal variances of about 2,000 editors up or down. The number of active editors in English Wikipedia, by sharp comparison, was cited as peaking in 2007 at approximately 50,000 and dropping to 30,000 by the start of 2014.

In contrast, the trend analysis published in The Economist presents Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia) as successful in retaining their active editors on a renewable and sustained basis, with their numbers remaining relatively constant at approximately 42,000.[152] No comment was made how to crack neet without coaching - Free Activators which of the differentiated edit policy standards from Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia) would provide a possible alternative to English Wikipedia for effectively ameliorating substantial editor attrition rates on the English-language Wikipedia.[153]

Reception

See also: Academic studies about Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia

Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(March 2018)

Various Wikipedians have criticized Wikipedia's large and growing regulation, which includes more than fifty policies and nearly 150,000 words as of 2014.[update][154][155]

Critics have stated that Wikipedia exhibits systemic bias. In 2010, columnist and journalist Edwin Black described Wikipedia as being a mixture of "truth, half-truth, and some falsehoods".[156] Articles in The Chronicle of Higher Education and The Journal of Academic Librarianship have criticized Wikipedia's "Undue Weight" policy, concluding that the fact that Wikipedia explicitly is not designed to provide correct information about a subject, but rather focus on all the major viewpoints on the subject, give less attention to minor ones, and creates omissions that can lead to false beliefs based on incomplete information.[157][158][159]

Journalists Oliver Kamm and Edwin Black alleged (in 2010 and 2011 respectively) that articles are dominated by the loudest and most persistent voices, usually by a group with an "ax to grind" on the topic.[156][160] A 2008 article in Education Next Journal concluded that as a resource about controversial topics, Wikipedia is subject to manipulation and spin.[161]

In 2020, Omer Benjakob and Stephen Harrison noted that "Media coverage of Wikipedia has radically shifted over the past two decades: once cast as an intellectual frivolity, it is now lauded as the 'last bastion of shared reality' online."[162]

In 2006, the Wikipedia Watch criticism website listed dozens of examples of plagiarism in the English Wikipedia.[163]

Accuracy of content

Main article: Reliability of Wikipedia

Articles for traditional encyclopedias such as Encyclopædia Britannica are written by experts, Glary Utilities Pro 5.153.0.179 Crack - Activators Patch such encyclopedias a reputation for accuracy.[164] However, a peer review in 2005 of forty-two scientific entries on both Wikipedia and Encyclopædia Britannica by the science journal Nature found few differences in accuracy, and concluded that "the average science entry in Wikipedia contained around four inaccuracies; Britannica, about three."[165] Joseph Reagle suggested that while the study reflects "a topical strength of Wikipedia contributors" in science articles, "Wikipedia may not have fared so well using a random sampling of articles or on humanities subjects."[166] Others raised similar critiques.[167] The findings by Nature were disputed by Encyclopædia Britannica,[168][169] and in response, Nature gave a rebuttal of the points raised by Britannica.[170] In addition to the point-for-point disagreement between these two parties, others have examined the sample size and selection method used in the Nature effort, and suggested a "flawed study design" (in Nature's manual selection of articles, in part or in whole, for comparison), absence of statistical analysis (e.g., of reported confidence intervals), and a lack of study "statistical power" (i.e., owing to small sample size, 42 or 4 × 101 articles compared, vs >105 and >106 set sizes for Britannica and the English Wikipedia, respectively).[171]

As a consequence of the open structure, Wikipedia "makes no guarantee of validity" of its content, since no one is ultimately responsible for any claims appearing in it.[172] Concerns have been raised by PC World in 2009 regarding the lack of accountability that results from users' anonymity,[173] the insertion of false information,[174]vandalism, and similar problems.

Economist Tyler Cowen wrote: "If I had to guess whether Wikipedia or the median refereed journal article on economics was more likely to be true after a not so long think I would opt for Wikipedia." He comments that some traditional sources of non-fiction suffer from systemic biases, and novel results, in his opinion, are over-reported in journal articles as well as relevant information being omitted from news reports. However, he also cautions that errors are frequently found on Internet sites and that academics and experts must be vigilant in correcting them.[175]Amy Bruckman has argued that, due to the number of reviewers, "the content of a popular Wikipedia page is actually the most reliable form of information ever created".[176]

Critics argue that Wikipedia's open nature and a lack of proper sources for most of the information makes it unreliable.[177] Some commentators suggest that Wikipedia may be reliable, but that the reliability of any given article is not clear.[178] Editors of traditional reference works such as the Encyclopædia Britannica have questioned the project's utility and status as an encyclopedia.[179] Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales has claimed that Wikipedia has largely avoided the problem of "fake news" because the Wikipedia community regularly debates the quality of sources in articles.[180]

Wikipedia's open structure inherently makes it an easy target for Internet trolls, spammers, and various forms of paid advocacy seen as counterproductive to the maintenance of a neutral and verifiable online encyclopedia.[80][182] In response to paid advocacy editing and undisclosed editing issues, Wikipedia was reported in an article in The Wall Street Journal, to have strengthened its rules and laws against undisclosed editing.[183] The article stated that: "Beginning Monday [from the date of the article, June 16, 2014], changes in Wikipedia's terms corel draw x7 download for pc 64 bit with crack use will require anyone paid to edit articles to disclose that arrangement. Katherine Maher, the nonprofit Wikimedia Foundation's chief communications officer, said the changes address a sentiment among volunteer editors that, 'we're not an advertising service; we're an encyclopedia.'"[183][184][185][186][187] These issues, among others, had been parodied since the first decade of Wikipedia, notably by Stephen Colbert on The Colbert Report.[188]

A Harvard law textbook, Legal Research in a Nutshell (2011), cites Wikipedia as a "general source" that "can be a real boon" in "coming up to speed in the law governing a situation" and, "while not authoritative, can provide basic facts as well as leads to more in-depth resources".[189]

Discouragement in education

Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(December 2020)

Most university lecturers discourage students from citing any encyclopedia in academic work, preferring primary sources;[190] some specifically prohibit Wikipedia citations. Wales stresses that encyclopedias of any type are not usually appropriate to use as citable sources, and should not be relied upon as authoritative.[193] Wales once (2006 or earlier) said he receives about ten emails weekly from students saying they got failing grades on papers because they cited Wikipedia; he told the students they got what they deserved. "For God's sake, you're in college; don't cite the encyclopedia," he said.[194]

In February 2007, an article in The Harvard Crimson newspaper reported that a few of the professors at Harvard University were including Wikipedia articles in their syllabi, although without realizing the articles might change.[195] In June 2007, former president of the American Library AssociationMichael Gorman condemned Wikipedia, along with Google,[196] stating that academics who endorse the use of Wikipedia are "the intellectual equivalent of a dietitian who recommends a steady diet of Big Macs with everything".

In contrast, academic writing[clarification needed] in Wikipedia has evolved in recent years and has been found to increase student interest, personal connection to the product, creativity in material processing, and international collaboration in the learning process.[197]

Medical information

See also: Health information on Wikipedia

On March 5, 2014, Julie Beck writing for The Atlantic magazine in an article titled "Doctors' #1 Source for Healthcare Information: Wikipedia", stated that "Fifty percent of physicians look up conditions on the (Wikipedia) site, and some are editing articles themselves to improve the quality of available information."[198] Beck continued to detail in this article new programs of Amin Azzam at the University of San Francisco to offer medical school courses to medical students for learning to edit and improve Wikipedia articles on health-related issues, as well as internal quality control programs within Wikipedia organized by James Heilman to improve a group of 200 health-related articles of central medical importance up to Wikipedia's highest standard of articles using its Featured Article and Good Article peer-review evaluation process.[198] In a May 7, 2014, follow-up article in The Atlantic titled "Can Wikipedia Ever Be a Definitive Medical Text?", Julie Beck quotes WikiProject Medicine's James Heilman as stating: "Just because a reference is peer-reviewed doesn't mean it's a high-quality reference."[199] Beck added that: "Wikipedia has its own peer review process before articles can be classified as 'good' or 'featured'. Heilman, who has participated in that process before, says 'less than one percent' of Wikipedia's medical articles have passed."[199]

Quality of writing

Screenshot of English Wikipedia's article on Earth, a featured-class article

In a 2006 mention of Jimmy Wales, Time magazine stated that the policy of allowing anyone to GameEx - Crack Key For U had made Wikipedia the "biggest (and perhaps best) encyclopedia in the world".[200]

In 2008, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that the quality of a Wikipedia article would suffer rather than gain from adding more writers when the article lacked appropriate explicit or implicit coordination.[201] For instance, when contributors rewrite small portions of an entry rather than making full-length revisions, high- and low-quality content may be intermingled within an entry. Roy Rosenzweig, a history professor, stated that American National Biography Online outperformed Wikipedia in terms of its "clear and engaging prose", which, he said, was an important aspect of good historical writing.[202] Contrasting Wikipedia's treatment of Abraham Lincoln to that of Civil War historian James McPherson in American National Biography Online, he said that both were essentially accurate and covered the major episodes in Lincoln's life, but praised "McPherson's richer contextualization . his artful use of quotations to capture Lincoln's voice . and . his ability to convey a profound message in a handful of words." By contrast, he gives an example of Wikipedia's prose that he finds "both verbose and dull". Rosenzweig also criticized the "waffling—encouraged by the NPOV policy—[which] means that it is hard to discern any overall interpretive stance in Wikipedia history". While generally praising the article on William Clarke Quantrill, he quoted its conclusion as an example of such "waffling", which then stated: "Some historians . remember him as an opportunistic, bloodthirsty outlaw, while others continue to view him as a daring soldier and local folk hero."[202]

Other critics have made similar charges that, even if Wikipedia articles are factually accurate, they are often written in a poor, almost unreadable style. Frequent Wikipedia critic Andrew Orlowski commented, "Even when a Wikipedia entry is 100 percent factually correct, and those facts have been carefully chosen, it all too often reads as if it has been translated from one language to another then into a third, passing an illiterate translator at each stage."[203] A study of Wikipedia articles on cancer was conducted in 2010 by Yaacov Lawrence of the Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University. The study was limited to those articles that could be found in the Physician Data Query and excluded those written at the "start" class or "stub" class level. Lawrence found the articles accurate but not very readable, and thought that "Wikipedia's lack of readability (to non-college readers) may reflect its varied origins and haphazard editing".[204]The Economist argued that better-written articles tend to be more reliable: "inelegant or ranting prose usually reflects muddled thoughts and incomplete information".[205]

Coverage of topics and systemic bias

See also: Notability in the English Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia § Systemic bias in coverage

Ambox current red Americas.svg

Parts of this article (those related to d:Wikidata:Statistics/Wikipedia) need to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(March 2017)

Wikipedia seeks to create a summary of all human knowledge in the form of an online encyclopedia, with each topic covered encyclopedically in one article. Since it has terabytes of disk space, it can have far more topics than can be covered by any printed encyclopedia.[206] The exact degree and manner of coverage on Wikipedia is under constant review by its editors, and disagreements are not uncommon (see deletionism and inclusionism).[207][208] Wikipedia contains materials that some people may find objectionable, offensive, or pornographic. The "Wikipedia is not censored" policy has sometimes proved controversial: in 2008, Wikipedia rejected an online petition against the inclusion of images of Muhammad in the English edition of its Muhammad article, citing this policy. The presence of politically, religiously, and pornographically sensitive materials in Wikipedia has led to the censorship of Wikipedia by national authorities in China[209] and Pakistan,[210] amongst other countries.

A 2008 study conducted by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Palo Alto Research Center gave a distribution of topics as well as growth (from July 2006 to January 2008) in each field:[211]

  • Culture and Arts: 30% (210%)
  • Biographies and persons: 15% (97%)
  • Geography and places: 14% (52%)
  • Society and social sciences: 12% (83%)
  • History and events: 11% (143%)
  • Natural and Physical Sciences: 9% (213%)
  • Technology and Applied Science: 4% (−6%)
  • Religions and belief systems: 2% (38%)
  • Health: 2% (42%)
  • Mathematics and logic: 1% (146%)
  • Thought and Philosophy: 1% (160%)

These numbers refer only to the number of articles: it is possible for one topic to contain a large number of short articles and another to contain a small number of large ones. Through its "Wikipedia Loves Libraries" program, Wikipedia has partnered with major public libraries such as the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts to expand its coverage of underrepresented subjects and articles.[212]

A 2011 study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota indicated that male and female editors focus on different coverage topics. There was a greater concentration of females in the "people and arts" category, while males focus more on "geography and science".[213]

Coverage of topics and selection bias

Research conducted by Mark Graham of the Oxford Internet Institute in 2009 indicated that the geographic distribution of article topics is highly uneven. Africa is the most underrepresented.[214] Across 30 language editions of Wikipedia, historical articles and sections are generally Eurocentric and focused on recent events.[215]

An editorial in The Guardian in 2014 claimed that more effort went into providing references for a list of female porn actors than a list of women writers.[216] Data has also shown that Africa-related material often faces omission; a knowledge gap that a July 2018 Wikimedia conference in Cape Town sought to address.[136]

Systemic biases

When multiple editors contribute to one topic or set of topics, systemic bias may arise, due to the demographic backgrounds of the editors. In 2011, Wales claimed that the unevenness of coverage is a reflection of the demography of the editors, citing for example "biographies of famous women through history and issues surrounding early childcare".[48] The October 22, 2013, essay by Tom Simonite in MIT's Technology Review titled "The Decline of Wikipedia" discussed the effect of systemic bias and policy creep on the downward trend in the number of editors.[49]

Systemic bias on Wikipedia may follow that of culture generally,[vague] for example favoring certain nationalities, ethnicities or majority religions.[217] It may more specifically follow the biases of Internet culture, inclining to be young, male, English-speaking, educated, technologically aware, and wealthy enough to spare time for editing. Biases, intrinsically, may include an overemphasis on topics such as pop culture, technology, and current events.[217]

Taha Yasseri of the University of Oxford, in 2013, studied the statistical trends of systemic bias at Wikipedia introduced by editing conflicts and their resolution.[218][219] His research examined the counterproductive work behavior of edit warring. Yasseri contended that simple reverts or "undo" operations were not the most significant measure of counterproductive behavior at Wikipedia and relied instead on the statistical measurement of detecting "reverting/reverted pairs" or "mutually reverting edit pairs". Such a "mutually reverting edit pair" is defined where one editor reverts the edit of another editor who then, in sequence, returns to revert the first editor in the "mutually reverting edit pairs". The results were tabulated for several language versions of Wikipedia. The English Wikipedia's three largest conflict rates belonged to the articles George W. Bush, anarchism, and Muhammad.[219] By comparison, for the German Wikipedia, the three largest conflict rates at the time of the Oxford study were for the articles covering Croatia, Scientology, and 9/11 conspiracy theories.[219]

Researchers from Washington University developed a statistical model to measure systematic bias in the behavior of Wikipedia's users regarding controversial topics. The authors focused on behavioral changes of the encyclopedia's administrators after assuming the post, writing that systematic bias occurred after the fact.[220][221]

Explicit content

See also: Internet Watch Foundation and Wikipedia and Reporting of child pornography images on Wikimedia Commons

"Wikipedia censorship" redirects here. For the government censorship of Wikipedia, see Censorship of Wikipedia. For Wikipedia's policy concerning censorship, see Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not censored

Wikipedia has been criticized for allowing information about graphic content. Articles depicting what some critics have called objectionable content (such as feces, cadaver, human penis, vulva, and nudity) contain graphic pictures and detailed information easily available to anyone with access to the internet, including children.

The site also includes sexual content such as images and videos of masturbation and ejaculation, illustrations of zoophilia, and photos from hardcore pornographic films in its articles. It also has non-sexual photographs of nude children.

The Wikipedia article about Virgin Killer—a 1976 album from the GermanrockbandScorpions—features a picture of the album's original cover, which depicts a naked prepubescent girl. The original release cover caused controversy and was replaced in some countries. In December 2008, access to the Wikipedia article Virgin Killer was blocked for four days by most Internet service providers in the United Kingdom after the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) decided the album cover was a potentially illegal indecent image and added the article's URL to a "blacklist" it supplies to British internet service providers.[222]

In April 2010, Sanger wrote a letter to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlining his concerns that two categories of images on Wikimedia Commons contained child pornography, and were in violation of US federal obscenity law.[223][224] Sanger later clarified that the images, which were related to pedophilia and one about lolicon, were not of real children, but said that they constituted "obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children", under the PROTECT Act of 2003.[225] That law bans photographic child pornography and cartoon images and drawings of children that are obscene under American law.[225] Sanger also expressed concerns about access to the images on Wikipedia in schools.[226]Wikimedia Foundation spokesman Jay Walsh strongly rejected Sanger's accusation,[227] saying that Wikipedia did not have "material we would deem to be illegal. If we did, we would remove it."[227] Following the complaint by Sanger, Wales deleted sexual images without consulting the community. After some editors who volunteer to maintain the driver booster 6.4 key - Activators Patch argued that the decision to delete had been made hastily, Wales voluntarily gave up some of the powers he had held up to that time as part of his co-founder status. He wrote in a message to the Wikimedia Foundation mailing-list that this action was "in the interest of encouraging this discussion to be about real philosophical/content issues, rather than be about me and how quickly I acted".[228] Critics, including Wikipediocracy, noticed that many of the pornographic images deleted from Wikipedia since 2010 have reappeared.[229]

Privacy

One privacy concern in the case of Wikipedia is the right of a private citizen to remain a "private citizen" rather than a "public figure" in the eyes of the law.[230][note 6] It is a battle between the right to be anonymous in cyberspace and the right to be anonymous in real life ("meatspace"). A particular problem occurs in the case of a relatively unimportant individual and for whom there exists a Wikipedia page against her or his wishes.

In January 2006, a German court ordered the German Wikipedia shut down within Germany because it stated the full name of Boris Floricic, aka "Tron", a deceased hacker. On February 9, 2006, the injunction against Wikimedia Deutschland was overturned, with the court rejecting the notion that Tron's right to privacy or that of his parents was being violated.[231]

Wikipedia has a "Volunteer Response Team" that uses Znuny, a free and open-source software fork of OTRS[232] to handle queries without having to reveal the identities of the involved parties. This is used, for example, in confirming the permission for using individual images and other media in the project.[233]

Sexism

Main article: Gender bias on Wikipedia

Wikipedia was described in 2015 as harboring a battleground culture of sexism and harassment.[234][235]

The perceived toxic attitudes and tolerance of violent and abusive language were reasons put forth in 2013 for the gender gap in Wikipedia editorship.[236]

Edit-a-thons have been held to encourage female editors and increase the coverage of women's topics.[237]

A comprehensive 2008 survey, published in 2016, found significant gender differences in: confidence in expertise, discomfort with editing, and response to critical feedback. "Women reported less confidence in their expertise, expressed greater discomfort with editing (which typically involves conflict), and reported more negative responses to critical feedback compared to men."[238]

Operation

Wikimedia Foundation and Wikimedia movement affiliates

Main article: Wikimedia Foundation

Wikipedia is hosted and funded by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization which also operates Wikipedia-related projects such as Wiktionary and Wikibooks. The foundation relies on public contributions and grants to fund its mission.[239] The foundation's 2013 IRS Form 990 shows revenue of $39.7 million and expenses of almost $29 million, with assets of $37.2 million and liabilities of about $2.3 million.[240]

In May 2014, Wikimedia Foundation named Lila Tretikov as its second executive director, taking over for Sue Gardner.[241] The Wall Street Journal reported on May 1, 2014, that Tretikov's information technology background from her years at University of California offers Wikipedia an opportunity to develop in more concentrated directions guided by her often repeated position statement that, "Information, like air, wants to be free."[242][243] The same Wall Street Journal article reported these directions of development according to an interview with spokesman Jay Walsh of Wikimedia, who "said Tretikov would address that issue (paid advocacy) as a priority. 'We are really pushing toward more transparency . We are reinforcing that paid advocacy is not welcome.' Initiatives to involve greater diversity of contributors, better mobile support of Wikipedia, new geo-location tools to find local content more easily, and more tools for users in the second and third world are also priorities," Walsh said.[242]

Following the departure of Tretikov from Wikipedia due to issues concerning the use of the "superprotection" feature which some language versions of Wikipedia have adopted, Katherine Maher became the third executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation in June 2016.[244] Maher has stated that one of her priorities would be the issue of editor harassment endemic to Wikipedia as identified by the Wikipedia board in December. Maher stated regarding the harassment issue that: "It establishes a sense within the community that this is a priority . (and that correction requires that) it has to be more than words."[245]

Wikipedia is also supported by many organizations and groups that are affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation but independently-run, called Wikimedia movement affiliates. These include Wikimedia chapters (which are national or sub-national organizations, such as Wikimedia Deutschland and Wikimédia France), thematic organizations (such as Amical Wikimedia for the Catalan language community), and user groups. These affiliates participate in the promotion, development, and funding of Wikipedia.

Software operations and support

See also: MediaWiki

The operation of Wikipedia depends on MediaWiki, a custom-made, free and open sourcewiki software platform written in PHP and built upon the MySQL database system.[246] The software incorporates programming features such as a macro language, variables, a transclusion system for templates, and URL redirection. MediaWiki is licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL) and it is used by all Wikimedia projects, as well as many other wiki projects. Originally, Wikipedia ran on UseModWiki written in Perl by Clifford Adams (Phase I), which initially required CamelCase for article hyperlinks; the present double bracket style was incorporated later. Starting in January 2002 (Phase II), Wikipedia began running on a PHP wiki engine with a MySQL database; this software was custom-made for Wikipedia by Magnus Manske. The Phase II software was repeatedly modified to accommodate the exponentially increasing demand. In July 2002 (Phase III), Wikipedia shifted to the third-generation software, MediaWiki, originally written by Lee Daniel Crocker.

Several MediaWiki extensions are installed[247] to extend the functionality of the MediaWiki software.

In April 2005, a Lucene extension[248][249] was added to MediaWiki's built-in search and Wikipedia switched from MySQL to Lucene for searching. Lucene was later replaced by CirrusSearch which is based on Elasticsearch.[250]

In July 2013, after extensive beta testing, a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) extension, VisualEditor, was opened to public use.[251][252][253][254] It was met with much rejection and criticism, and was described as "slow and buggy".[255] The feature was changed from opt-out to opt-in afterward.

Automated editing

Main article: Wikipedia bots

Computer programs called bots have often been used to perform simple and repetitive tasks, such as correcting common misspellings and stylistic issues, or to start articles such as geography entries in a standard format from statistical data.[256][257][258] One controversial contributor, Sverker Johansson, creating articles with his bot was reported to create up to 10,000 articles on the Swedish Wikipedia on certain days.[259] Additionally, there are bots designed to automatically notify editors when they make common editing errors (such as unmatched quotes or unmatched parentheses).[260] Edits falsely identified by bots as the work of a banned editor can be restored by other editors. An anti-vandal bot is programmed to detect and revert vandalism quickly.[257] Bots are able to indicate edits from particular accounts or IP address ranges, as occurred at the time of the shooting down of the MH17 jet incident in July 2014 when it was reported that edits were made via IPs controlled by the Russian government.[261] Bots on Wikipedia must be approved before activation.[262]

According to Andrew Lih, the current expansion of Wikipedia to millions of articles would be difficult to envision without the use of such bots.[263]

Hardware operations and support

See also: Wikimedia Foundation § Hardware

Wikipedia receives between 25,000 and 60,000-page requests per second, depending on the time of the day.[264][needs update] As of 2021,[update] page requests are first passed to a front-end layer of Varnish

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia

Related Videos

wise care 365 Crack

Notice: Undefined variable: z_bot in /sites/ioion.us/crack-key-for/gameex-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

Notice: Undefined variable: z_empty in /sites/ioion.us/crack-key-for/gameex-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

  1. This video helped me a lot with studying for my physiology exam. Thanks from Canada.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *