sketch 54.1 crack  - Crack Key For U

Sketch 48.2 Keygen makes you able to arrange & edit your images with Sketch 54.1 Serial Key is a powerful vector drawing & text tools. A key question about whether a population's voting strength is diluted is whether districts pack or crack minority populations, that is. After you connect to the phone via the link or IrDA or Bluetooth, you can see the content of the phone on the PC, or to see the entire message.

Thematic video

Sketch Cracked App License Key Generator For Mac Free Download

Sketch 64.1 Crack Latest license Key With Torrent 2020 Download [Windows & Mac]

Sketch 79 Crack License Key + Torrent 2021 Free Download (Mac/Win)

Sketch Crackis a product for Mac & Win. You can utilize it to alter vector illustrations. It additionally gives you a chance to make vector designs. It has a considerable measure of highlights. In this way, you can utilize its highlights to make extraordinary designs. It is anything but difficult to utilize the product. And every one of the devices that it offers makes it simple to make vector designs. Along these lines, along these lines, you can make illustrations for your thoughts. Show them to the world. It has an entire arrangement of instruments that you will require as a fashioner. Since it is a vector designs program. Thus, all the workmanship that you will make with it will be non-damaging. So, when you change the extent of the workmanship. It will never lose any of the pixels. With Sketch Key all your craft will be protected.

Sketch 79 Crack License Key + Keygen 2021 Free Download (Mac/Win)

Sketch Crack, we have included some extraordinary new highlights. In this way, the leading VPN software - Activators Patch of the product is greater than previously. Consequently, you can play out a lot of new errands with the articles. In the most recent rendition of the product, you can make incredible models that you can playback in the program. Along these lines, to influence them you to can connect artboards for this. However, you will, in any case, need to include some activity impacts. Also, after this, you can make these models. Consequently Sketch Torrent has every one of the highlights that you can use to make extraordinary designs. Furthermore, trade your last item in any arrangement you like.

Sketch 79 Crack Full Torrent 2021 Free Download For (2D&3D)

There is a considerable measure of visual creators who utilize Sketch Crack. While they lean toward this in view of its highlights. Since it is likewise simple to utilize. Thus, even new clients can utilize it effectively. Since the interface of the product is anything but difficult to utilize. Along these lines, it gives simple access to every one of the highlights. Henceforth you won’t need to dive into the menus to get to the highlights you need. Thus, due to this, the product gives an incredible work process. What’s more, you will have the capacity to make your designs at a quick pace. In this way, with every one of these highlights, you ought to likewise utilize Sketch License Key. Also, give an ordinary look to your designs.

Fundamental Features:

  • Make vector designs.
  • Fare vector designs in a lot of configurations.
  • Make high nitty-gritty illustrations.
  • Simple to learn to program.
  • It offers a ton of incredible highlights.
  • It offers a completely stacked toolbox.
  • Make models by connecting the artboards.
  • Backings cloud adjust.
  • Offer your work with customers and colleagues.
  • Backings a lot of record arrangements to send out your illustrations.
  • Simple review to check your last item.
  • Include and alter the message in your illustrations.
  • Pixel flawless designs.
  • Easy to use
  • Effortlessly get to every one of the instruments and highlights.

What’s new in Sketch 79 Crack?

  • Included new apparatuses in the toolbox.
  • Support for new illustrations
  • Included help for content styles and layers.
  • Upgraded library highlight.
  • Ruler highlights are
  • Enhanced content layers.

System Requirements:

  • Mac OS X 10.12 or higher.
  • 4 GB RAM.
  • 1 GB Free Disk Space.
  • 1 GHz CPU.

How to install Sketch 79 Crack?

  • Follow the instruction below to download the program.
  • Let the download process finish.
  • Extract the files from the archive.
  • Install as you install a regular Mac program.
  • It is a Pre-Cracked program. Hence, no need to crack it.
  • Reboot your Mac Or Pc
  • Start Sketch Crack.
  • Enjoy!

Related

3DGraphicsSoftware

3d drawingautodesk sketchbook proCrack 2021 Sketchcrack sketchCrack Sketch 2021drawing apps for pcFind Sketch license keyhow to activatSketch 53 Crackehow to download Sketch 53 CrackHow to get Sketch for freehuion sketchSketchsketch 2Sketch 2020Sketch 2021Sketch 2021 CrackSketch 2021 Crack MacSketch 3D cracksketch 54.1 crackSketch 60.2 Cracksketch 63 crackSketch 63.1 Cracksketch 64 crackSketch 64 TorrentSketch 66.1 CrackSketch 68 License KeySketch 70 CrackSketch 70 License KeySketch 70.3 CrackSketch 70.3 License KeySketch 70.4 CrackSketch 70.5 CrackSketch 70.6 CrackSketch 70.6 Cracked for macOSSketch 70.6 License KeySketch 71 CrackSketch 71 License KeySketch 71 TorrentSketch 71.1 CrackSketch 72 CrackSketch 72.1 CrackSketch 72.4Sketch 72.4 CrackSketch 72.4 License keySketch 73.1 CrackSketch 74.1 CrackSketch 75 CrackSketch 75 Crack Mac 2021Sketch 75 Crack redditSketch 76 CrackSketch 76.1 CrackSketch 78 CrackSketch 79 CrackSketch 79 Crack MacSketch 79 Mac Torrentssketch accountSketch activation codeSketch activation keySketch APKSketch app for Windows 10sketch app windowsSketch CrackSketch crack 2021Sketch Crack 2021 MacSketch crack 3DSketch Crack for windowsSketch crack free downloadSketch crack GitHubsketch crack macSketch Crack Mac 2020Sketch Crack Mac 2021Sketch Crack Mac 2022Sketch Crack redditSketch Crack versionSketch Crack version 2021Sketch Crack version 72Sketch Crack version downloadSketch Crack version freeSketch Crack version MacSketch Crack version Windowssketch crack windowsSketch Cracked for macOSSketch designssketch desktopSketch downloadSketch download 2021Sketch download freesketch download windowssketch draw and paintsketch drawingsketch featuressketch for windowssketch freeSketch free 2021sketch free downloadSketch free keySketch free keygenSketch free License keySketch Full CrackSketch full versionSketch gamesSketch installSketch keySketch keygenSketch licenceSketch Licence KeySketch licenseSketch license 2021Sketch License keySketch License key downloadsketch license key generatorSketch License key latestSketch license ManagerSketch liense keysketch loginSketch macsketch mac torrentsketch onlineSketch online freeSketch patchSketch Patch 2021Sketch Patch CrackSketch Pro CrackSketch product keysketch resourcessketch resources Freesketch robloxSketch scrackedSketch serial keySketch torrentsketch tutorialsketch tutorial pdfsketch v43Sketch windowsSketch Windows 10Sketch Windows 2021sketchbook onlineSketches for designersSketches for designers 2021sketching sitev

Источник: https://scracked.com/sketch-crack-license-key/

Sketch 79.1 Crack with License Key + Torrent Download 2022

Sketch 79.1 Crack is one of the most popular applications for designers and helps them out to turn their raw ideas into real designs. It comes with the support for many useful plugins free test maker - Activators Patch comes with powerful features to present your best work. This program has the ability to work with other tools like blurring, gradients, shadows, and blending. It offers a strong and powerful text rendering engine that allows you to make complex shapes by grouping various objects. You can export and import in different documents formats including .png. jpg. gif. eps. pdf, and .svg.

The interface is easy to use, and the application even has a dark mode option which takes the stress off of your eyes and lets you direct your full focus to your design. Sketch Torrent can work with complex documents and can run on Metal to provide you with improved performance. Working with this software, you get pixel precision which can let you control every aspect of your design. You wondershare filmora licensed email and registration code also export presets which can save you a lot of time and give you a good start.

Sketch Crack With License Key Latest Here

Additionally, you can use it to create fluid layouts to make the margins and paddings of your elements more manageable. You can also group the layers in your project to make resizing more convenient. Sketch Crack 2021 contains professional-grade templates for different projects such as iOS UI Design, iOS App Icon, and some others. In Short, this is a handy graphical software that helps you to work with many projects by utilizing efficient tools.

Features:

Vast Amount of Resources for Design:

  • With the InVision Craft plugin, you will never have to rely on dummy text or avatars and can choose from an extensive library of photos to add more life to your design. You also get to insert dummy text on any subject or names residing in your workflow.

Multiply Your Content:

  • You can group your content with a few clicks and create lists, mockup messages, and a series of rows. To accomplish this task, you will have to add on Craft plugin.

Create Prototypes:

  • You can export your design to a plugin called Marvel to quickly create prototypes that are responsive. You can also share the updated version of your project with anyone you want via SMS. The SMS will contain the link that will enable the download of the prototype on any device.

Design Your Website:

  • With Sketch License Key, you can create beautiful responsive websites, and you can even add form elements to your web page. To avail this feature, you will have to integrate the Launchpad plugin by Anima.

Calculated Design:

  • It lets you add mathematical quotations into each input and perform calculations in the input field. You can use this feature to make more progressive calculations to make your design look more professional.

Make Your Design More Responsive:

  • When you are designing with it, you can determine for each layer to either have a fixed size or change the layout. You can pick the corner where you will like to pinch the respective segment too. This feature lets you change the dimensions of the screen more easily.

What’s New?

  • Included a new Artboard preset size for Galaxy S10 as well as updated iPad models
  • Toggle the visibility for multiple overrides on a specific symbol master
  • Improved the alignment of icons ToolBars button for better results
  • Now, you have the ability to show the system Color Panel
  • The Smart Guides will appear when you insert new symbol instances
  • Also, Snap lines display more consistently compare to the previous version when moving layers with a keyboard.
  • Fix crash which occurs when localized font names did not find or missing from an installed font.
  • Also, resolved the problem when some documents would not be able to open or render as the user expected
  • Snapping has many enhancements in working as well as adding a brand new attractive look for customizable guide color.
  • This version helps you to easily toggle in between Ligh Mode and Dark Mode as you wish without the worrying about your system setting
  • Improved the working of snapping when dragging a layer in or out of an artboard

Previous Updates:

  • The new version has a bug fixed that a Library Styles may have been displayed as the Default Style in spite of being named correctly to show the relation to their concerned Libraries.
  • The latest version comes with many improvements and also fixed many issues
  • Fixed an issue where documents contain specific path not able to open
  • Remove the limit of Text size
  • When resizing grouped layers a crash occurs and now this problem solved
  • Fix issue of Canvas which appear blank when a file was moved in between displays
  • Fix the issue which occurs when you try to rotate multiple layers with the help of Touch Bar
  • Also, fix the size of Pixel 3 Artboard preset
  • A new look give to Measurements for more readable capability
  • Style overrides issue fixed
Sketch Serial Key: DVEFHS-RUFYGB-RFGCVR-RUYGUW WIUWR-FBVRVR-RUVBNC-EUHFRBR ESFGCV-EADGSXC-SFHC-ASFHXB SFHX-WRYSFG-WRYFGVB-RETDHG Sketch License Key: DSBSDR-YRGBC-RUYGFNE-RYFUNC DBBBDR-RUHBET-UGYHNC-RFYRHU QEWRF-ESFG-QETRSG-RWYSHFXGBV WRYSFG-RWYSFH-WRSHFD-5WUTEDGH Sketch 2022 Key: HBEJGR-RYGFN-TYUVBE-YRGFHJ VBNEYE-YGNUTT-HGJRIV-RGHIRR WERYF-RSYFH-SRYHFV-SRHDVB ARSGFV-SRYFHV-SRYHF-SRYHFD

How to Sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U of all, Sketch Crack plus setup from below button
  • You need to extract download files and then run the setup
  • Install it normally and don’t run it yet
  • Copy crack from download folder and paste into the installation directory
  • Now, restart your Device (PC)
  • That’s it, Enjoy
  • sketch 49 crack
  • sketch 50 crack
  • sketch 50.2 crack
  • sketch 51 crack
  • sketch 51.2 crack
  • sketch 51.3 crack
  • sketch 52 crack
  • sketch 52.3 crack
  • sketch 52.5 crack
  • sketch 53 crack
  • sketch 53.2 crack
  • sketch 54.1 crack
  • sketch 55 crack
  • Источник: https://mycrackfree.com/sketch-crack/

    Sketch 78.1 Crack 2022

    Sketch 78.1 Crack With License Key Full Free Download

    Sketch 70.6 Crack 2021 is one of the most popular applications for designers and helps them out to turn their raw ideas into real designs. It comes with the support for many useful plugins and comes with powerful features to present your best work.

    This program has the ability to work with other tools like blurring, gradients, shadows, and blending. It offers a strong and powerful text rendering engine that allows you to make complex shapes by grouping various objects. You can export and import in different documents formats including .png. jpg. gif. eps. pdf, and .svg.

    The Sketch Crack is equipped with vector editing with which you can create more advanced and editable pictorial projects. Moreover, it also has special layering structure with many features. These layer features enable the user to add much more texture and details to artworks.

    Sketch Crack With Keygen

    You can create much more detailed and brilliant designs. You can modify all these layers according to your requirements. It has many customization options for changing the size and transparency of each layer. You can different objects such as fonts. As well remove these objects. It has a very simple, compact and easy to use interface with which user can create amazing artwork.

    The interface is easy to use, and the application even has a dark mode option which takes the stress off of your eyes and lets you direct your full focus to your design. Sketch Torrent can work with complex documents and can run on Metal to provide you with improved performance. Working with this software, you get pixel precision which can let you control every aspect of your design. You can also export presets which can save you a lot of time and gives you a good start.

    Sketch Crack Plus Mac

    Furthermore, Sketch 2022 Full Keygen Mac gives a better result ever. By utilizing the vector-based graphics editing tools & functions you can create eye-catching projects in your MacBook. The interface of the software is simple everything is accessible from the toolbar. There is a wide range of shapes accessible to provide the whole thing that you need. Such as rectangles, ovals, stars and a lot more. Some additional features are here to modify the size of the shapes or added the round corners.

    As a result, you can rotate the shapes with the required angles. The new Sketch fully Cracked all os Torrent fast download enables you to create drawings with the perfect outlines and makes wonderful by applying some latest blur effects and the color shadows. Finally, you can create a sketch of the building Helium Music Manager Premium 15.0 Crack utilizing all its features and the contents of the library. While working with this software you can see everything via zooming option.

    Sketch Crack Plus Mac

    Additionally, you can use it to create fluid layouts to make the margins and paddings of your elements more manageable. You can also group the layers in your project to make resizing more convenient. Sketch Crack 2021 contains professional-grade templates for different projects such as iOS UI Design, iOS App Icon, and some others. In Short, this is a handy graphical software that helps you to work with many projects by utilizing efficient tools.

    By using Sketch 2022 Crack Full Version, you can import your stuff to Photoshop as split PSD files with complete editing feature utilization of this software with maximum graphics quality. The SKetch Keygen provides you with full access to the premium features of the software for free usage. More, Sketch 78.1 Keygen comes with fast and attractive tools that work together evidently among the canvas and a lot of other tools such as a spectacular graphite pencil, various markers for mixing the colors, as well as printer ink pen.

    Key Features:

    Vast Amount of Resources for Design:

    • With the InVision Craft plugin, you will never have to rely on dummy text or avatars and can choose from an extensive library of photos to add more life to your design. You also get to insert dummy text on any subject or names residing in your workflow.

    Multiply Your Content:

    • You can group your content with a few clicks and create lists, mockup messages, and a series of rows. To accomplish this task, you will have to add on Craft plugin.

    Create Prototypes:

    • You can export your design to a plugin called Marvel to quickly create responsive prototypes. You can also share the updated version of your project with anyone you want via an SMS. The SMS will contain the link that will enable the download of the prototype on any device.

    Design Your Website:

    • With Sketch 58 License Key, you can create beautiful responsive websites, and you can even add form elements to your web page. To avail of this feature, you will have to integrate the Launchpad plugin by Anima.

    Calculated Design:

    • It lets you add mathematical quotations into each input and perform calculations in the input field. You can use this feature to make more progressive calculations to make your design look more professional.

    Make Your Design More Responsive:

    • When you are designing with it, you can determine for each layer to either have a fixed size or change with the layout. You can pick the corner where you will like to pinch the respective segment too. This feature lets you change the dimensions of the screen more easily.

    Sketch 54.1 Crack

    What’s New in?

    • Fix crash which occurs when localized font names did not find or missing from an installed font.
    • Also, resolved the problem when some documents would not be able to open or render as the user expected
    • Snapping has many enhancements in working as well as add a brand new attractive look for customizable guide color.
    • This version helps you to easily toggle in between Ligh Mode and Dark Mode as you wish without worrying about your system setting
    • The Smart Guides will appear when you insert new symbol instances
    • Also, Snap lines display more consistently compare to the previous version when moving layers with a keyboard.
    • Improved the working of snapping when dragging a layer in or out of an artboard
    • Included a new Artboard preset size for Galaxy S10 as well as updated iPad models
    • Toggle the visibility for multiple overrides on a specific symbol master
    • Improved the alignment of icons ToolBars button for better results
    • Now, you have the ability to show the system Color Panel
    • Fix the issue which occurs when you try to rotate multiple layers with the help of the Touch Bar
    • Also, fix the size of the Pixel 3 Artboard preset
    • A new look give to Measurements for more readable capability
    Sketch Serial Key: DVEFHS-RUFYGB-RFGCVR-RUYGUW WIUWR-FBVRVR-RUVBNC-EUHFRBR Sketch License Key: DSBSDR-YRGBC-RUYGFNE-RYFUNC DBBBDR-RUHBET-UGYHNC-RFYRHU Sketch 2021 Key: HBEJGR-RYGFN-TYUVBE-YRGFHJ VBNEYE-YGNUTT-HGJRIV-RGHIRR

    How to Crack?

    1. First of all, Sketch Crack plus setupfrom below button
    2. You need to extract download files and then run the setup
    3. Install it normally and don’t run it yet
    4. Copy crack from download folder and paste into the installation directory
    5. Now, restart your Device (PC)
    6. That’s it, Enjoy
    Posted in Graphics ToolsTagged download sketch free, sketch 49 crack, sketch 51 crack, sketch 51.2 crack, sketch 52.5 crack, sketch 53.2 crack, sketch crack 2019, sketch crack for windowsИсточник: https://crackpatch.info/sketch-free/

    Supreme Court of Virginia Opinions and Published Orders

    As of February 8, 2008 all opinions are Adobe Acrobat PDF documents. The Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free from Adobe) allows you to view and print PDF documents.

    201204Commonwealth v. Cady 10/28/2021 In prosecution for misdemeanor reckless driving in violation of Code § 46.2-852, the requisite mens Actual Multiple Monitors Keygen requires a reckless disregard by the driver for the consequences of his act and an indifference to the safety of life, limb, or property of others; what distinguishes a speeding violation from misdemeanor of reckless driving, and the misdemeanor from felony of involuntary manslaughter, is the likelihood of injury to other users of the highways. Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Commonwealth, the party prevailing at trial, a rational trier of fact could reasonably infer from the evidence that this accident was not the result of a mere split-second, momentary failure to keep a lookout, an act of simple negligence — but rather a lengthy, total, and complete failure to keep a lookout, satisfying the recklessness requirement to support a conviction for reckless driving. The Court of Appeals erroneously held as a matter of law that no rational jury could have found this defendant guilty of reckless driving. That judgment is reversed, and the trial court’s conviction order is reinstated.

    200840Phillips v. Rohrbaugh 10/21/2021 Security - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection In a daughter’s claims for both an equitable and a statutory accounting from her brother in his former capacity as an agent managing their father’s financial affairs pursuant to a power of attorney and in his present capacity as co-executor of their father’s estate, and her claim against the other co-executor of her father’s estate, seeking an equitable accounting, the circuit court did not err in granting demurrers as to all claims and dismissing the action because, under the facts pleaded, neither theory of accounting applies to this case. The judgment is affirmed.

    201245Ayers v. Brooke Road, LLC 10/21/2021 In ruling on complaints to have several confessed judgments vacated a decade after they were entered, the circuit court erred when it sustained demurrers based on application of the provisions of Code § 8.01-433. When taken as true, the allegations of the amended complaints are sufficient to establish that the confessed judgments are void ab initio pursuant to Code § 8.01-438. Under these circumstances, the present plaintiff may challenge the validity of the confessed judgments more than 21 days after he received notice of their entry. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed, and this case is remanded for further proceedings.

    201267Givago Growth, LLC v. iTech AG, LLC 10/14/2021 In a case alleging malicious abuse of process, slander of title, tortious interference with contractual relations, and civil conspiracy, all arising out of the filing of a notice of lis pendens for property subject to a contract for sale, the circuit court erred in sustaining demurrers based on the defense of absolute privilege. The judgment is reversed, and the case is remanded further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    210168White v. United States 10/14/2021 In response to a question of Virginia law certified from United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, accepted pursuant to Article VI, Section 1 of the Constitution of Virginia and Rule 5:40, it is decided that — under Virginia common law — an individual can be convicted of robbery by means of threatening to accuse the victim of having committed sodomy, if the accusation of sodomy involves a crime against nature under extant criminal law. Four prior opinions recognize this English common-law doctrine, and no convincing historical arguments are found demonstrating that this view was mistaken. The certified question is answered in the affirmative.

    201307Gregory v. Northam (ORDER) 09/02/2021 There is no reversible error in the judgment of judgment of the Circuit Court concluding that the plaintiff had not articulated a legally viable cause of action in a complaint seeking declaratory and injunctive relief concerning the Governor’s order to the Department of General Services to remove the Robert E. Lee Monument in Richmond from property owned by the Commonwealth. The plaintiff did not claim an easement appurtenant, and facts in the record do not support a finding that he has any ownership interest in any land to which any benefit conveyed by certain identified deeds would be appurtenant. Thus, he has no property right related to the Lee Monument to enforce against the Commonwealth, and he failed to articulate a legally viable cause of action. It was not error to grant the defendants’ demurrer and dismiss this claim with prejudice.

    210113Taylor v. Northam 09/02/2021 In an action seeking declaratory and injunctive relief against the Governor of Virginia, the Director of the Virginia Department of General Services, and the Director of the Virginia Division of Engineering and Building, alleging that language in an 1890 deed, signed by the then Governor of Virginia, and an 1889 joint resolution of the General Assembly which requested and authorized the Governor to sign such deed, prohibit the Governor from ordering removal of a state-owned monument from state-owned property, there was sufficient evidence to support the circuit court’s ruling that certain purported restrictive covenants are unenforceable, even without considering a 2020 Budget Amendment, and the circuit court did not err in denying summary judgment to the plaintiff-appellants. There were disputed issues of fact, the resolution of which supports the circuit court’s judgment that the purported restrictive covenants are not enforceable and that the terms of the 1889 Joint Resolution are not binding on the current Governor and did not strip him of authority to order the removal of the Lee Monument from the Circle in Richmond. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    200791City of Charlottesville v. Sclafani 08/26/2021 In an appeal from a decision of the Court of Appeals affirming an award of workers’ compensation benefits, the law-of-the-case doctrine did not bar the City’s arguments, which are here considered. While the rationale of the Court of Appeals is rejected, the evidence supports the Commission’s award of benefits and the judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed.

    191545Lopez v. Intercept Youth Services, Inc. 08/05/2021 The circuit court granted a plea in bar and dismissed a complaint alleging that an employer operating a residential program for at-risk youth had negligently failed to protect an employee who was murdered by one of the residents. Evidence presented at a plea-in-bar hearing, describing the specific circumstances of a fatal assault, coupled with allegations in the complaint, demonstrate that the probability of assault was augmented either because of the particular character of the victim’s job or because of the special liability to assault associated with the environment in which the victim was required to work. The circuit court correctly held that the victim’s murder had arisen out of the conditions of her employment. Because the exclusivity provision of the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act applies, the circuit court’s judgment sustaining the plea in bar and dismissing the tort action is affirmed.

    200990Barnes v. Berry (ORDER) 08/05/2021 In a case brought by the putative father of a newborn child, the circuit court erred in granting a plea in bar on the basis that he had no standing to appeal a legal decision made by the juvenile and domestic relations district court regarding the child. The plaintiff timely registered with the Virginia Birth Father Registry and is thereby entitled to notice and participation in adoption proceedings regarding the child. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed for the reasons stated in Berry v. Barnes, 72 Va. App. 281, 295 (2020).

    201118Eubank v. Thomas adobe photoshop cc crack download apk - Free Activators 08/05/2021 In an action pleading claims of malicious prosecution and abuse of process against a county administrator and two employees of the county’s planning and zoning department, the plaintiffs’ complaint is not a delayed challenge to zoning actions, thus the “thing decided” doctrine is not applicable. The circuit court erred in granting a demurrer and dismissing the malicious prosecution claim because the complaint adequately pled that claim, but its dismissal of the abuse of process claim is affirmed. The judgment is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    191716Potter v. BFK, Inc. 07/22/2021 In a wrongful death action, the circuit court erred in sustaining a plea in bar of the statute of limitations filed by the manufacturer of stone processing equipment involved in the death. When all of the relevant factors are considered, it is apparent that the device at issue in this case is equipment within the meaning of Code § 8.01-250 – it is used for a specific purpose unrelated to the structural integrity of the construction of the building itself, and has several qualities characteristic of equipment: the manufacturer exerts some degree of control over its installation and maintenance, it is not required for the operation of the building, and it is neither fungible nor generic. Thus, the circuit court erred in sustaining the manufacturer’s plea in bar based on its conclusion that the device qualified as ordinary building materials. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed, and this case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    200703Kinsey v. VEPCO 07/15/2021 In actions by two plaintiffs alleging injuries caused by radio frequency (“RF”) emissions from an electric utility’s “smart meter” attached to their house, the complaints do not specify any particular error in the installation, operation, or maintenance of the meters, but instead are directed at the RF emissions of the smart meters which allegedly caused their illnesses. Although a savings clause in federal law preserves state law tort claims, conflict preemption bars the plaintiffs' claims because the complaints target RF emissions, which are governed by the FCC. The plaintiffs’ attempt to recast their complaints as negligence and fraud actions flowing from the malfunction of a specific meter at their home is rejected; they did not allege that the smart meters were the instrumentality of harm in their fraud and negligence counts in their complaints, and the complaints broadly challenge the RF emissions of the meters. The judgment of the circuit court dismissing the actions is affirmed.

    201108Evans v. Evans 07/15/2021 In a divorce proceeding wherein the plaintiff wife obtained an order of publication against her husband, leading to entry of a decree of divorce that incorporated the terms of a property settlement and support agreement between the parties, the divorce court lacked personal jurisdiction over the husband when the divorce decree was entered, and thus did not have the authority to enter an in personam award of child support. In the present proceeding, the judgment of the Court HomeGuard 9.11.1.3 Crack + License Key Full Free Download 2021 Appeals upholding a ruling of a circuit court, vacating as void ab initio that portion of the earlier divorce decree that had ordered the husband to pay child support, is affirmed.

    201172VEPCO v. SCC 07/15/2021 In an appeal by an electric utility from a declaratory judgment of the State Corporation Commission concluding that a pumped storage hydroelectric facility (or “pumped storage”) generates “renewable energy” under the former definition in Code § 56-576, and that the amended definition (now excluding pumped storage from that definition) would not apply to contracts executed before the amendment’s effective date, the Commission’s decision is affirmed.

    200748Pena Pinedo v. Commonwealth 07/08/2021 In the context of robbery, a good faith or bona fide claim of right to the property taken negates the mens rea element of the offense, but the claim-of-right defense requires a predicate showing of good faith, or a bona fide belief by the taking party that he has some legal right to the property taken. In the present case, the evidence plainly established that the stolen money was “drug money,” earned through illegal drug transactions, and the record does not contain more than a scintilla of evidence to establish that the defendant had a good faith or bona fide claim of right to the stolen money. While he may have subjectively believed that the victim and windows 7 directx 12 - Activators Patch girlfriend stole the money from defendant’s drug dealing partner, defendant was never legally entitled to possess the money at issue, which was itself a form of contraband, and he could not have possessed the money in good faith. The claim-of-right defense does not apply under these circumstances. The Court of Appeals correctly determined that an individual cannot have a good faith or bona fide claim of right regarding contraband, money earned from the sale of contraband, or other fruits of a crime. The judgment is affirmed.

    200823Dill v. Kroger Limited Partnership I 07/08/2021 In a malicious prosecution and false imprisonment case brought by a person who was mistakenly identified, charged, and prosecuted as a shoplifter, the circuit court erred in granting a joint motion to strike filed by the defendant retailer and its store manager as to the malicious prosecution claim, but it did not err in granting the motion as to the false imprisonment claim. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the case is remanded to the circuit court for further proceedings.

    200336Lucas v. Riverhill Poultry, Inc. 07/01/2021 In a wrongful death action arising from an unexplained single-vehicle accident in which both occupants perished, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in excluding portions of the ez cd audio converter review - Free Activators examiner’s autopsy report and the plaintiff’s experts’ opinions regarding the identity of the driver and the individual defendant’s alleged sleep disorder, or in refusing the plaintiff’s proffered jury instruction on falling asleep at the wheel. The judgment for the defendants entered in the circuit court is Filmora 7.8.9 Registration Code+Email Crack Free For Lifetime.

    200799Merid v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 07/01/2021 In an appeal from a conviction for abduction and murder in which the defendant argued that the trial court erred in refusing to suppress evidence that police discovered after entering an apartment to prevent an occupant from committing suicide – considering the record, briefs, and arguments of counsel, and for the reasons stated in the opinion of the Court of Appeals, Merid v. Commonwealth, 72 Va. App. 104, 119 (2020), which concluded that the officers’ actions were reasonable and thus did not violate the Fourth Amendment – the judgment is affirmed. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is consistent with Caniglia v. Strom, 593 U.S. ___, 141 S. Ct. 1596 (2021), decided after the Court heard oral argument in this case.

    191413Grayson v. Westwood Buildings L.P. 06/24/2021 In an action by a landlord who had secured two judgments for unpaid rent against insolvent tenants, the present suit seeks relief for alleged fraudulent and voluntary conveyances against them and seven other parties, and a claim for conversion against one defendant. In ruling on these claims, the trial court misapplied Virginia law and made factually insupportable findings. Its final judgments in favor of the landlord are vacated, and final judgments are entered in favor of the appellees on this appeal. Combined case with Record Nos. 191414 and 191475

    191414Kubli v. Westwood Buildings L.P. 06/24/2021 In an action by a landlord who had secured two judgments for unpaid rent against insolvent tenants, the present suit seeks relief for alleged fraudulent and voluntary conveyances against them and seven other parties, and a claim for conversion against one defendant. In ruling on these claims, the trial court misapplied Virginia law and made factually insupportable findings. Its final judgments in favor of the landlord are vacated, and final judgments are entered in favor of the appellees on this appeal. Combined case with Record Nos. 191413 and 191475

    191475Coleman v. Westwood Buildings Limited Partnership 06/24/2021 In an action by a landlord who had secured two judgments for unpaid rent against insolvent tenants, the present suit seeks relief for alleged fraudulent and voluntary conveyances against them and seven other parties, and a claim for conversion against one defendant. In ruling on these claims, the trial court misapplied Virginia law and made factually insupportable findings. Its final judgments in favor of the landlord are vacated, and final judgments are entered in favor of the appellees on this appeal. Combined case with Record Nos. 191413 and 191414

    200356Nicholson v. Commonwealth 06/17/2021 The Court of Appeals of Virginia erred in dismissing an appeal from a conviction for driving on a suspended license, fifth offense, on the basis that the notice of appeal was fatally defective. Here, defendant’s notice of appeal was sufficient to identify the case being appealed, listing her name, the date of the final order, the court in which the conviction originated, and the correct docket number. Although the notice of appeal incorrectly named the Commonwealth of Virginia rather than the county, that defect was not fatal and was subject to waiver. Here, the county entered a general appearance, thus waiving any defect associated with a failure to notify it. Because the Court of Appeals is the court of first review for criminal convictions, and it did not reach the merits of the claims in this case, the matter is remanded to the Court of Appeals for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    200504Galiotos, S. v. Galiotos, T. 06/03/2021 In appeals regarding two brothers’ prolonged disputes concerning administration of their late mother’s estate, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in removing both brothers from their fiduciary roles, and replacing them with a disinterested third party, based on its conclusion that the brothers were, to the detriment of the estate, deadlocked regarding its administration. Nor did the circuit court abuse its discretion in denying both brothers compensation, legal fees, and costs. Nor did it err in declining to set aside a particular real estate transaction, in that it did not need to resolve that matter in order to determine whether the co-executors should be removed. Further, there was no reversible error regarding a third brother’s presence in the courtroom during the trial. The judgment is affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 200667

    200667Galiotos, T. v. Galiotos, S. 06/03/2021 In appeals regarding two brothers’ prolonged disputes concerning administration of their late mother’s estate, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in removing both brothers from their fiduciary nik collection crack - Free Activators, and replacing them with a disinterested third party, based on its conclusion that the brothers were, to the detriment of the estate, deadlocked regarding its administration. Nor did the circuit court abuse its discretion in denying both brothers compensation, legal fees, and costs. Nor did it err in declining to set aside a particular real estate transaction, in that it did not need to resolve that matter in order to determine whether the co-executors should be removed. Further, there was no reversible error regarding a third brother’s presence in the courtroom during the trial. The judgment is affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 200504

    200195Historic Alexandria Foundation v. City of Alexandria (ORDER) 05/27/2021 The circuit court did not err in determining that a foundation established to advocate for the preservation of a locality’s historic buildings, districts, and neighborhoods lacked standing to pursue the claims asserted in this case – an appeal to the circuit court from approval by a City Council authorizing renovation of an historic property. Provisions of the local zoning ordinance addressing appeals to the circuit court provide that appeal from a decision of the City Council may be pursued only by an “aggrieved” petitioner and use of that term incorporated its well-established meaning. In the present case, the foundation’s petition did not meet the requirements of the two-part test articulated in governing case law: the allegations failed to establish that the foundation suffered any particularized harm that differed from that suffered by the public in general. The foundation’s interest in the preservation of historic buildings does not give it standing to challenge the City Council’s decision in this case, and the circuit court did not err when it determined that this foundation lacked standing to pursue the claims asserted in this case. Accordingly, the judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    200222Merck v. Vincent 05/27/2021 The Court of Appeals erred by affirming an award of permanent total disability benefits after an employee suffered an injury that was a compensable consequence of an earlier compensable injury. The compensable consequence doctrine does not allow injuries suffered in two separate accidents to be treated as if they occurred in the same accident, but allows a new injury that is causally connected to an earlier, compensable injury to be treated as if it occurred in the course of and arising out of the employee’s employment. Here, the claimant’s original injuries to his neck, left arm, and left hand did not occur in the same accident as the injury to his left knee as Code § 65.2-503(C)(1) requires. The Court of Appeals’ ruling regarding permanent total incapacity under Code § 65.2-507 is incorrect under prior case law, and discounts the intent of the General Assembly in removing language allowing permanent total disability benefits when an employee suffers two permanent injuries in separate accidents while working for the same employer; that provision is no longer the law. In addition, the Court of Appeals’ interpretation contravenes the plain language of Code § 65.2-518, which expressly provides that benefits shall in no case be greater than 500 weeks, except in cases of permanent and total incapacity, as defined in Code § 65.2-503(C). Consequently, the present claimant’s benefits cannot be extended to the remainder of his life under Code § 65.2-507. The judgment of the Commission is reversed, and the matter is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    200695Machen v. Williams (ORDER) 05/27/2021 In an appeal from a circuit court ruling after a jury trial in a suit to impeach a will drafted by a lawyer, making himself the primary beneficiary of the $1.3 million estate of a 93-year-old decedent, it is not necessary to determine whether one of the two plaintiff’s challenging the will lacked standing to bring these claims alleging fraud, undue influence, lack of testamentary capacity and failure to meet statutory requirements, because the other complainant seeking to impeach the will was faststone capture 9 crack - Free Activators named beneficiary under the purported will, and she was a child of a deceased brother of the decedent and thus an heir at law under Code § 64.2-200. The circuit court’s ruling that this second complainant’s purported release of claims under the will was invalid as a mere incident of the proponent lawyer’s fraudulent scheme is now final. Thus the suit to impeach the will remains pending, unaffected by any question regarding the first complainant’s standing Recovery Explorer Professional Crack sue. The final judgment entered upon the jury verdict, determining that none of the documents offered was the decedent’s last will, that the documents had been procured by undue influence and fraud, and that decedent lacked testamentary capacity, is affirmed.

    200963Bonanno v. Quinn 05/27/2021 In an adoption proceeding, the Court of Appeals correctly dismissed a grandmother’s purported appeals because she was not a party to the proceeding, and thus had no standing to invoke the jurisdiction of that court. The statement in prior case law that orders void even for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction may be challenged by all persons, anywhere, at any time, or in any manner is a rhetorical flourish that does not accurately state the law. A challenge that an order is void ab initio, even for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction, may be raised only in a valid direct or collateral proceeding where the voidness of the order is properly at issue. On this record, the Court of Appeals did not abuse its discretion in awarding appellate attorney’s fees to the petitioner. The case is remanded to the circuit court for a determination and award of appropriate appellate attorney’s fees incurred in the Court of Appeals and in the remand proceeding in the circuit court only, to the exclusion of the proceedings in this Court.

    201006Logan v. Commonwealth 05/27/2021 In a prosecution for attempting to purchase firearms while subject to a protective order, a return of service on a preliminary protective order extension was not testimonial evidence and therefore not subject to exclusion under the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment. In light of all the circumstances, viewed objectively, the primary purpose of the return of service – which includes the serving deputy’s signature and the time and date of service – was administrative, performing a record-keeping function and documenting that the ministerial duty of service of process was executed. The relevant circumstances indicate that the return of service was intended to serve a primarily administrative purpose, not to create an out-of-court substitute for trial testimony. Hence, its admission did not violate the Confrontation Clause.

    201028Norton v. Board of Supervisors of Fairfax County 05/27/2021 The circuit court did not err in dismissing challenges to certain amendments to a local zoning ordinance and imposition of a transient occupancy tax. The county board in this case correctly interpreted the original definition of “dwelling” in the applicable ordinance, and its actions in amending the ordinance were not unreasonable, arbitrary, or capricious. Thus, the board was not required to present evidence because the inherent presumption of reasonableness remained intact, and the circuit court did not err in dismissing claims challenging short-term occupancy amendments. Since the original definition did not permit by-right short-term lodging, there is no basis for the argument that the amended definition permits anything more than short-term lodging subject to permitting and other restrictions. Accordingly, the trial court did not err in dismissing the claims related to the short-term lodging amendments. While the plaintiffs’ properties are clearly distinguishable from hotels, motels, boarding houses, and travel campgrounds in many respects, those distinctions are irrelevant in determining whether Code § 58.1-3819(A) allows a locality to levy a transient occupancy tax on those properties and, accordingly, the trial court did not err in dismissing the plaintiffs’ challenge to the occupancy tax amendment. The judgment of the circuit court dismissing the plaintiffs’ claims is affirmed.

    200187Kosko v. Ramser 05/20/2021 In a case where a nonsuit order was entered as requested by the plaintiff and the defendants then asked the circuit court to award them costs under Code § 8.01-380, the court stated from the bench 20 days after the nonsuit order that it would award costs to the defendants, but – over the objection of the plaintiff – the written order awarding these costs was entered more than 21 days after entry of the nonsuit order. The circuit court was without jurisdiction under Rule 1:1 to enter the written order awarding costs, and it must be vacated.

    200941Rompalo v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 05/20/2021 In a prosecution on three counts of destroying public records in violation of Code § 18.2-107, the convictions are affirmed for the reasons stated by the Court of Appeals in Rompalo v. Commonwealth, 72 Va. App. 147 (2020), rejecting – because a motion to strike was not renewed – claims of error regarding sufficiency of the evidence to establish that the court records involved were actually destroyed, concluding that the fraudulent intent language of the statute applies under the secreting provision but not in a charge on the theory of records destruction, and finding no error in the circuit court’s sustaining of certain hearsay and relevance objections (because the defendant took inconsistent positions on those issues in the proceedings below), or its denial of proffered jury instructions based on the incorrect fraudulent intent theory.

    200165Myers v. Commonwealth 05/13/2021 In a prosecution for carrying a concealed weapon, second offense, in violation of Code § 18.2-308, the Court of Appeals erred in affirming the conviction. Given the undisputed facts of this case, the defendant was entitled to the protection of the statutory exception in Code § 18.2-308(C)(8), exempting from criminal liability the possession of a concealed weapon in a secured container in his personal, private vehicle. The ordinary meaning of “secured” (when it is not considered an exact synonym of “locked”) includes a fully latched rigid container as well as a fully zippered soft container such as one made of cloth, canvas, or leather, like the backpack in which defendant’s gun was found in the present case. Final judgment is therefore entered, reversing this conviction and dismissing the indictment.

    191599White v. Llewellyn 05/06/2021 In a fraudulent conveyance action by a judgment creditor against a formerly married couple, a presumption of fraudulent conveyance, created upon the proof of one or more badges of fraud, shifts both the burdens of production and persuasion to the party seeking to uphold the validity of the transaction by rebutting the presumption. Thus, the circuit court erred when it did not consider whether the defendant former spouses established the bona fides of a deed of gift transaction involving their miracle box 2.82 crack download for pc - Free Activators home by strong and clear evidence. Because of the incorrect standard used by the circuit court in evaluating the evidence before it, it cannot be discerned, as a matter of law, whether the court erred in not granting judgment and attorneys’ fees to the judgment creditor. The judgment is reversed, and this case is remanded for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.

    200386Doe v. Baker 04/29/2021 In an action by a minor plaintiff alleging that she was sexually molested by a retired, but still active, pastor of her church in his home, pleading numerous claims against a variety of defendants, dismissal of counts for negligent hiring or retention is reversed to the extent they are based on the church hiring or retaining the pastor as an employee or volunteer following his retirement as the pastor of the church, and dismissal of claims for vicarious liability and negligent infliction of emotional distress are reversed. Dismissal of claims for willful and wanton negligence, intentional infliction of emotional distress, fraud, and for failure to warn protect as against all defendants, are affirmed. Dismissal of the individual defendants from the claims of negligent hiring or retention is also affirmed. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    191735Green v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 04/15/2021 In a prosecution leading to convictions under Code § 29.1-739.1 for failing to stop a vessel for law enforcement and under Code § 29.1-738.2 for refusing to take a breath or blood test after arrest for operating a boat while under the influence of alcohol, the trial court erred by not permitting the defendant to present evidence in support of a challenge to the lawfulness of his arrest on the theory that such objection must be raised by pretrial motion or objection in writing as provided in Code §§ 19.2-266.2(A) and (B). The implied-consent law under Code § 29.1-738.2 applies only when the defendant has been lawfully and timely arrested for one of the specified offenses. Code § 19.2-266.2 applies to motions or objections seeking suppression of evidence, but this defendant did not seek to suppress any evidence, nor did he argue that a constitutional violation required the court to prohibit admission of evidence. Instead, he argued that implied consent applies only when a defendant has been lawfully arrested for one of the specified offenses. The trial court, therefore, erred by holding that Code § 19.2-266.2 prohibited him from challenging at trial the lawfulness of his arrest. The conviction under Code § 29.1-738.2 is vacated without prejudice to the Commonwealth’s right to refile that charge, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this order.

    200335Northern Va. Kitchen, Bath & Basement v. Ellis 04/15/2021 In an appeal challenging a jury’s award of compensatory and punitive damages stemming from the appellants’ intentional statutory torts of racial harassment and stalking, in a case where liability was conceded, evidence of emotional distress alone, without any evidence of monetary damages, was sufficient to support the jury’s award. The judgment of the circuit court entered upon the jury’s verdict is affirmed. scrivener crack mac - Activators Patch 200476Canova Land & Investment Co. v. Lynn 04/15/2021 In a suit to quiet title in which the plaintiff argued that a reverter clause in an 1875 deed conveying property to a church should be voided as an unreasonable restraint on alienation – irrationally limited in scope and void as against public policy, hindering the plaintiff’s efforts to develop a larger parcel – the grantors’ deed gave the church a fee simple subject to the possibility of reverter, a restraint on use, which is not unreasonable in light of the charitable context in which it was given. The judgment of the circuit court upholding the 1875 deed as valid and dismissing the complaint is affirmed.

    200153Bryant-Shannon v. Hampton Roads CAP, Inc. 04/08/2021 In a defamation action, the circuit court did not err in dismissing with prejudice an amended complaint alleging certain statements made by an officer of a community action program in a disciplinary personnel action form and in evidence given by a member of the program’s board of directors in a proceeding the plaintiff brought before the Virginia Employment Commission (VEC). The disciplinary form statements did not demonstrate the requisite defamatory “sting” to the reputation of the plaintiff to be legally actionable, and statements made during proceedings of the VEC are protected by absolute privilege. The judgment of the circuit court dismissing the case with prejudice is affirmed.

    191387Galloway v. County of Northampton 04/01/2021 In consolidated actions by taxpayers alleging that their real property had been overvalued in recent tax assessments, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in precluding testimony from one expert witness for the plaintiffs, but did abuse its NetLimiter Pro 4.1.11 Crack + Serial Key Free Download 2021 in precluding testimony of the other designated expert, and in the resulting order dismissing the case with prejudice. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    191662Stafford County v. D.R. Horton, Inc. 04/01/2021 In an appeal from a circuit court’s decision that cluster development plans submitted by two developers were not subject to review by a county’s planning commission under Code § 15.2-2232 and Code § 15.2-2286.1, the judgment is reversed. In this instance, the two properties at issue are not located within an area designated for water and sewer service. By its plain terms, Code § 15.2-2286.1(B) does not apply, and therefore Code § 15.2-2232, which requires the developers to submit their plans to the planning commission for review, is applicable. Prior approval of different plans for these developments, several years earlier, did not change the master plan, and did not obviate the needed review. The case is remanded for a review of the revised plans under Code § 15.2-2232 by the county planning commission.

    200237Plofchan v. Plofchan 04/01/2021 In an action by the trustees of their mother’s revocable trust, seeking injunctive relief to prohibit dissipation of trust assets and conduct interfering with the trust’s administration, and reimbursement for costs and expenses incurred while carrying out duties as co-trustees and attorney-in-fact, the Virginia circuit court erred in concluding that the plaintiffs lacked standing and were collaterally estopped from litigating the issue of the defendant’s relevant states of mental competency, because of rulings in a prior out of state guardianship proceeding. The circuit court also erred in dismissing claims for fees and costs purportedly incurred in carrying out fiduciary duties, because that ruling was based upon the circuit court’s erroneous determination that the plaintiffs lacked standing to bring those claims. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed and this case is remanded for further proceedings.

    200637Bolton v. McKinney 04/01/2021 In an action for violation of a covenant not to sue, plaintiffs should have been permitted to recover attorney’s fees as damages because, unlike in most cases, attorney’s fees are direct or consequential damages of a breach of this type of agreement, and an award of attorney's fees and costs helps to put the non-breaching party in the position it would have been in had the breach not occurred. The circuit court erred in failing to NVIDIA GeForce Experience 3.19.0.107 Serial Key - Crack Key For U the amount of attorney’s fees plaintiffs incurred defending the lawsuits initiated by defendant as damages in the current action. The general rule in Virginia law that attorney’s fees are not recoverable as damages is not overruled, and this decision recognizes only that the plaintiffs’ damages for a breach of a covenant not to sue may be the amount of the attorney’s fees incurred by the plaintiffs in defending actions that breached the agreement. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed and the action is remanded for further proceedings in accordance with this opinion.

    200790City of Charlottesville v. Payne 04/01/2021 In a case seeking declaratory and injunctive relief against a city’s actions relating to civil war memorial statues erected in the 1920s, the statutory prohibitions of Code § 15.2-1812 are limited to monuments and memorials erected pursuant to authority granted by that section, and there is no language demonstrating an intent by the General Assembly that it would apply to monuments or memorials erected prior to 1997. The statues in the present case were erected long before there was a statute which both authorized a city’s erection of a war memorial or monument and regulated the disturbance of or interference with that war memorial or monument. Code § 15.2-1812 did not provide the authority for the city to erect the statues, and it does not prohibit the city from disturbing or interfering with them. The circuit court erred in concluding that this Code provision applies to these statues, and in granting attorneys’ fees and costs, as well as declaratory and injunctive relief against the city. The judgments and orders ReDominator For Windows the circuit court are reversed and vacated, and final judgment is entered for the city.

    191218Shoemaker v. Funkhouser 03/25/2021 In a wrongful death action, judgment dismissing the case on demurrer is reversed. Consistent with § 318 of the Second Restatement of Torts, a landowner has a duty in tort to exercise reasonable care to control the conduct of a third party, who has been granted permission to use the land, to prevent that third party from intentionally harming others or from creating an unreasonable risk of bodily harm to others. The grandparent defendants were present and granted permission for their grandson to engage in the harmful conduct on their land, namely, to shoot at targets in a particular direction. They had the ability to control or forestall their grandson’s actions, and knew or should have known of the necessity and opportunity for exercising such control. The allegations in the complaint are sufficient, if proven, to state a legal duty the defendants owed to persons in the nearby house. Nor does the recreational immunity statute, Code § 29.1-509, provide the defendants with immunity in this situation because it does not, by its text, cover a situation when a landowner grants permission to shoot targets on the landowner’s property. Judgment dismissing the action is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    191580Haas v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 03/25/2021 In an appeal from convictions for one count of taking indecent liberties with a minor with whom defendant had a custodial or supervisory relationship, in violation of Code § 18.2-370.1, and one count of rape, in violation of Code § 18.2-61, any error by the circuit court in refusing to admit impeachment testimony from an aunt of the minor victim proffered by the defendant was harmless. That portion of the Court of Appeals’ decision construing three of the Virginia Rules of Evidence is vacated. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed in part and vacated in part, and the judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    190840NC Financial Solutions v. Commonwealth 02/25/2021 In an action by the Attorney General of Virginia on behalf of the Commonwealth against an on-line lender, seeking to enforce provisions of the Virginia Consumer Protection Act (the “VCPA”), Code §§ 59.1-196–59.1-207, the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) did not preclude the Commonwealth (not a party to the agreements between the lender and Virginia consumers) from pursuing its VCPA enforcement action in a judicial forum. Moreover, the Commonwealth was not precluded from seeking victim-specific relief, including restitution for individual consumers, when enforcing the VCPA on behalf of the public. This construction is consistent with the plain language of the statutory provisions at issue and the remedial purpose of the VCPA. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    200027Kenner v. Commonwealth 02/25/2021 Convictions for animate object sexual penetration in violation of Code § 18.2-67.2, aggravated sexual battery in violation of Code § 18.2-67.3, and custodial sexual abuse in violation of Code § 18.2-370.1 are affirmed. Since the Commonwealth’s evidence showed that defendant played pornography while he touched the victim, the titles of child pornography found on his computer were particularly relevant to illustrate his inappropriate sexualized attitude toward children in general and toward the victim. The titles were relevant to establishing the elements of “lascivious intent” and that the acts were accomplished “knowingly and intentionally.” Here, the trial court correctly applied the requirement that the legitimate probative value of such evidence must exceed its incidental prejudice to the defendant. In addition, the defendant’s request for further polling of the jury regarding unanimity of its finding of guilt – raised in the separate sentencing phase of proceedings after submission and argument of sentencing instructions to the jury – came too late, and it was not error to deny such polling. The judgment of the Court of Appeals, upholding the defendant’s convictions, is affirmed.

    200068St. John v. Thompson 02/25/2021 A circuit court’s judgment for the plaintiffs on claims that the defendant defrauded and engaged in undue influence over an elderly victim is affirmed. In a fraud suit, a chancellor, in the exercise of discretion, may award attorney’s fees to a defrauded party, considering the circumstances surrounding the fraudulent acts and the nature of the relief granted to the defrauded party, and the fraud need not be particularly egregious. Here, the record reveals a thorough and thoughtful consideration of the issue of attorney’s fees by the circuit court. In addition, the failure to name a particular trust of a party was not error. The judgment is affirmed and the action is remanded for consideration whether any additional attorney’s fees should awarded in the discretion of the circuit court.

    200117Ferrara v. Commonwealth 02/25/2021 Statutes governing sexually violent predator civil commitment proceedings provide that Code § 37.2-906 should apply in probable cause hearings and Code § 37.2-907(A) should apply to commitment hearings. Thus, the bar on expert evidence found in Code § 37.2 906(D) applies in probable cause hearings, not commitment hearings, and the trial court erred in concluding that this statute barred the respondent from introducing evidence at his commitment hearing. Here, after being advised of the consequences of refusing to cooperate with the required evaluation, the respondent persisted, and the predictable consequences neither deprived him of a fair trial nor violated due process. Any error by the circuit court in construing the statute in this instance was harmless, because the result would have been the same: the prior psychological evaluator’s reports and testimony would have been excluded as windows 11 system requirements - Crack Key For U evidence, the trial would not have unfolded any differently, and the jury would have reached the same outcome. The judgment is affirmed.

    191030AlBritton v. Commonwealth 02/04/2021 In a personal injury action against the Commonwealth by an inmate in a state penitentiary, sued the Commonwealth of Virginia, alleging that the plaintiff was injured while falling down stairs negligently maintained by the Department of Corrections (“DOC”), dismissal of the complaint with prejudice by the circuit court for three alternative reasons is reversed, and the matter is remanded for further proceedings. The most reasonable interpretation of the grievance procedures is that an inmate may timely send a Level II grievance appeal by placing it in the carlson survey tutorials mailing system and, that by doing so, the inmate has appealed the grievance to the next level. On remand, the circuit court should determine whether he did in fact mail that grievance within the applicable five-day deadline. Nor was summary judgment properly granted on the claim of the Commonwealth’s primary negligence or the plaintiff’s alleged contributory fault, sound forge pro 11 his assignment of error was sufficient to permit consideration of the arguments presented. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    190817Platt v. Griffith (ORDER Reissued 5/27/2021) 01/21/2021 (Revised 05/27/2021) In an action against a decedent’s widow and a personal representative of the estate, alleging claims of breach of fiduciary duty, waste, constructive fraud, conversion, conspiracy and specifically alleging undue influence of the decedent regarding $13 million in assets, the circuit court did not err in dismissing the complaint for lack of standing on the part of the plaintiffs. The personal representative, not a beneficiary of the estate, is the proper party to litigate on behalf of the estate and that is true even when the personal representative is also a possible beneficiary of the estate. Although the plaintiffs consistently denied that they are challenging the estate or suing on behalf of the estate, their claims relating to rescission of inter vivos transfers are inherently on behalf of the estate as they would have belonged to the decedent during his lifetime, under Code §§ 8.01-25, 64.2-519, and 64.2-520. The estate would directly benefit if the claims prevailed, but the present plaintiffs would only indirectly benefit from their claims as the potential beneficiaries of the decedent’s 2010 will. Consequently, they do not sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U standing to bring the claims asserted, and the circuit court’s judgment is affirmed.

    191680Palmyra Associates, LLC v. Commissioner of Highways 12/17/2020 In a condemnation proceeding, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in striking the testimony of a co-owner of the property, designated as an expert, which was based on a per-lot valuation of the residue of the property after the taking, in a case where the property had not been subdivided into lots. Nor was there an abuse of discretion in the court’s refusal to admit ten-year-old site plans into evidence. The landowner’s agreement after trial to confirmation of the valuation of the take bars a third assignment of error under the invited-error doctrine. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    191443Wilburn v. Mangano 12/10/2020 The terms of a testator’s codicil providing an option to purchase certain real property at its “fair market value” on a given date, without more specificity, did not provide a sufficiently certain price term to allow a court to compel specific performance of a contract regarding the purchase of the real estate. The judgment of the circuit court sustaining a demurrer to the specific performance claim is affirmed.

    191500Graves v. Shoemaker 12/10/2020 In a vehicular personal injury suit, the circuit court abused its discretion in ruling that the plaintiff could not cross-examine a defense’s expert witness on his prior financial relationship with the defendant’s insurer. While in this case the expert was hired by defense counsel rather than the insurer, if a plaintiff can demonstrate a substantial relationship between the witness and the insurer, its probative value concerning potential bias or prejudice of the witness outweighs any prejudice to the defendant resulting from the jury’s knowledge that the defendant carries liability insurance. An insurer’s payment of a considerable sum of money to an expert for his prior testimony favorable sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U its insureds can be enough to establish a substantial relationship on its own, and here the expert received nearly $800,000 over the course of seven years from this insurer. The issue of the defense expert’s bias was a consideration for the jury. The judgment is vacated and the matter is remanded.

    191563Johnson v. City of Suffolk 12/10/2020 In a declaratory judgment action by lessees from the Commonwealth for the purpose of raising oysters in the Nansemond River, bringing an inverse condemnation claim against the City of Suffolk and the Hampton Roads Sanitation District alleging that discharges from a sewer system operated by the respondents polluted the waters in which they raise their oysters, the circuit court did not err in granting the respondents’ demurrers and dismissing the case. The judgment is affirmed.

    190643Jones v. Phillips 12/03/2020 On a motion to quash in a garnishment proceeding, an insurer’s payments under a fire insurance policy were not immune from garnishment as “proceeds of the sale or disposition” of property held in trust under former Code § 55-20.2(C), recently recodified as Code § 55.1-136(C). Disposition involves an act of transferring something to another’s care or possession, or the relinquishing of property, and in this case the property was not transferred to the insurer or to anyone else. There being no disposition of property, the statutory immunity does not apply. An alternative argument that a couple’s contractual right to the insurance payments as intangible personal property was held by them as tenants by the entirety is also rejected, because the policy nowhere created a contractual right held by them with the common law right of survivorship, an essential attribute of a tenancy by the entirety. The judgment of the circuit court quashing and dismissing the garnishment is reversed, and the case is remanded.

    190846Evans v. Commonwealth 12/03/2020 Code § 19.2-294 does not preclude conviction for possession of a firearm by a convicted felon when the defendant has been convicted in a prior prosecution of carrying a concealed weapon. What is the “same act” under Code § 19.2-294 turns on a common sense assessment of whether (1) the act in question is a separate volitional act, (2) the acts are separated in time and place, and (3) the act differs in its nature. Here, concealing a weapon differs in its qualitative nature from merely possessing it and the additional act of concealing the weapon makes it a different act from merely possessing it. Thus, the successive prosecutions in the present cases did not rest on the “same act” and Code § 19.2-294 does not bar the subsequent prosecutions. Inconsistent prior precedent is overruled, and the defendants’ convictions in these consolidated appeals are affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 190898

    190898Conway v. Commonwealth 12/03/2020 Code § 19.2-294 does not preclude conviction can remote desktop be monitored possession of a firearm by a convicted felon when the defendant has been convicted in a prior prosecution of carrying a concealed weapon. What is the “same act” under Code § 19.2-294 turns on a common sense assessment of whether (1) the act in question is a separate volitional act, (2) the acts are separated in time and place, and (3) the act differs in its nature. Here, concealing a weapon differs in its qualitative nature from merely possessing it and the additional act of concealing the weapon makes it a different act from merely possessing it. Thus, the successive prosecutions in the present cases did not all my movies full version - Crack Key For U on the “same act” and Code § 19.2-294 does not bar the subsequent prosecutions. Inconsistent prior precedent is overruled, and the defendants’ convictions in these consolidated appeals are affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 190846

    190802Sheehy v. Williams 11/25/2020 On appeals from a civil judgment finding that the appellant violated Code § 8.01-40.4 by disseminating images in a manner prohibited by Code § 18.2-386.2, in light of payment of the judgment amount in full while the appeals were pending, the Supreme Court retains jurisdiction but temporarily remands the case to the trial court pursuant to Rule 1:1B(b), for the purpose of making findings of fact regarding eight specific factual issues necessary to deciding a motion to dismiss a pending appeal relating to the issue of voluntary-payment of the judgment. Combined case with Record No. 191089

    191089Sheehy v. Williams 11/25/2020 On appeals from a civil judgment finding that the appellant violated Code § 8.01-40.4 by disseminating images in a manner prohibited by Code § 18.2-386.2, in light of payment of the judgment amount in full while the appeals were pending, the Supreme Court retains jurisdiction but temporarily remands the case to the trial court pursuant to Rule 1:1B(b), for the purpose of making findings of fact regarding eight specific factual issues necessary to deciding a motion to dismiss a pending appeal relating to the issue of voluntary-payment of the judgment. Combined case with Record No. 190802

    191233Commonwealth v. Groffel (ORDER) 11/19/2020 In an appeal by a defendant challenging some of his convictions on five counts of transporting a firearm while subject to a protective order (Code § 18.2-308.1:4), and two counts of possession of a firearm or ammunition by a felon (Code § 18.2-308.2), raising issues of double jeopardy as to certain of the convictions, in which the Court of Appeals affirmed four convictions for transporting a firearm while subject to a protective order and reversed one conviction for possessing ammunition after conviction of a felony, the judgment is affirmed for the reasons stated by the Court of Appeals in Groffel v. Commonwealth, 70 Va. App. 681, 695 (2019). Combined case with Record No. 191360

    191360Groffel v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 11/19/2020 In an appeal by a defendant challenging some of his convictions on five counts of transporting a firearm while subject to a protective order (Code § 18.2-308.1:4), and two counts of possession of a firearm or ammunition by a felon (Code § 18.2-308.2), raising issues of double jeopardy as to certain of the convictions, in which the Court of Appeals affirmed four convictions for transporting a firearm while subject to a protective order and reversed one conviction for possessing ammunition after conviction of a felony, the judgment is affirmed for the reasons stated by the Court of Appeals in Groffel v. Commonwealth, 70 Va. App. 681, 695 (2019). Combined case with Record No. 191233

    190738Wood v. Martin 10/22/2020 In a contest over rights to a share of $1.5 million in life insurance proceeds interpleaded into court by an insurer, the circuit court did not err in awarding the decedent’s ex-wife the share of policy proceeds agreed upon in a property settlement agreement that had been reached between the divorcing spouses, and that had been ratified, affirmed, and incorporated into the divorce decree several years before decedent’s death. The ex-wife had a superior equitable claim to the proceeds by a written assignment under the final divorce decree that incorporated the PSA, and the circuit court’s judgment is affirmed.

    191000Dumfries-Triangle Rescue Squad v. Board of Supervisors 10/22/2020 The circuit court erred in concluding that a county’s board of supervisors could dissolve the corporate status of a rescue squad registered with the State Corporation Commission in 1959 as a Virginia non-stock corporation under the provisions of Chapter 2 of Title 13.1. While the board had the power to cease its contractual relationship with the squad, its non-stock corporation was not an agency established pursuant to a later-enacted statute, Code § 32.1 111.4:7(D), which therefore provided no authority the board to dissolve its corporate status. The circuit court therefore erred as a matter of law by granting summary judgment for the board, entering a declaratory judgment, issuing a permanent injunction, and in appointing a receiver to wind up the corporate affairs of the squad’s non-stock corporation. The judgment is reversed, and final judgment is entered on this appeal.

    191127Neal v. Fairfax County Police 10/22/2020 In a suit under the Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act, Code §§ 2.2-3800 to -3809 (Data Act), challenging a local police department’s use of information gathered and stored using automated license plate readers (ALPR), the circuit court erred in concluding that this constitutes an unlawful “information system” under the Act. To constitute an information system under the Data Act, an agency’s record-keeping process must contain both personal information and the name, personal number, or other identifying particulars, and the facts as found by the circuit court make it clear that the ALPR system itself does not include such information. Although other databases maintained by other agencies can allow police officers to learn the name, personal number, or other identifying particulars of a data subject, the ALPR system does not. Therefore, the police department’s passive use of the ALPR system is lawful under the Data Act. The judgment is reversed and final judgment is entered on this appeal in favor of the police department. Combined case with Record No. 191139

    191132McClary v. Jenkins 10/22/2020 In an action by local taxpayers seeking declaratory and injunctive relief against a sheriff and a Virginia locality concerning the sheriff’s cooperation agreement with the Immigration and Customs Enforcement branch of the United States Department of Homeland Security, undertaking to enforce federal immigration laws, the circuit court did not err in sustaining the defendants’ demurrers. The judgment dismissing the action is affirmed on the ground that the plaintiffs lack taxpayer standing based on the absence of any identified appropriation of funds being challenged.

    191139Fairfax County Police v. CleanMyMac X 4.8.2 Crack With Activation Code Free Download 2021 10/22/2020 In a suit under the Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act, Code §§ 2.2-3800 to -3809 (Data Act), challenging a local police department’s use of information gathered and stored using automated license plate readers (ALPR), the circuit court erred in concluding that this constitutes an unlawful “information system” under the Act. To constitute an information system under the Data Act, an agency’s record-keeping process must contain both personal information and the name, personal number, or other identifying particulars, and the facts as found by the circuit court make it clear that the ALPR system itself does not include such information. Although other databases maintained by other agencies can allow police officers to learn the name, personal number, or other identifying particulars of a data subject, the ALPR system does not. Therefore, the police department’s passive use of the ALPR system is lawful under the Data Act. The judgment is reversed and final judgment is entered on this appeal in favor of the police department. Combined case with Record No. 191127

    190603Day v. MCC Acquisition, LC 10/15/2020 In an interpleader action filed by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth seeking a judicial resolution of two disputed claims of ownership of proceeds from the sale of unclaimed corporate stock, the reasoning and result of the circuit court holding that the buyer of the original stock, not the seller, had a superior equitable claim of ownership and awarding the proceeds accordingly — well as rejecting the seller’s argument that the buyer’s in rem claim was untimely under the five-year statute of limitations that Code § 8.01-246 imposes on in personam claims asserting breaches of written contracts — were correct and its judgment is affirmed.

    190957Alexandria City Public Schools v. Handel 10/15/2020 In a workers’ compensation case, the Court of Appeals erred by ruling that a claimant does not need to prove a structural or mechanical change in every body part affected by an obvious accident as long as there is at least one sudden mechanical or structural change and each injury is caused by the accident. The structural or mechanical change is the injury, when it produces harm or pain or a lessened facility of the natural use of any bodily activity or capability. Without dslr remote pro 3.11 crack - Crack Key For U a change in a body part, there is no injury to it under the Workers Compensation Act. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is vacated and the case is remanded.

    190542International Paper Company v. County of Isle of Wight 09/17/2020 In an action under Code § 58.1-3984(A) by a New York-based international paper production company for relief from a county’s tax assessment on machinery and tools in a Virginia factory, the circuit court did not err in sustaining a motion to strike the taxpayer’s claims regarding vested rights, separation of powers, and the county’s alleged lack of statutory authority. However, the circuit court did err in granting a motion to strike two counts of the taxpayer’s application for correction of the machinery and tools tax assessment that on the grounds that a tax increase accompanied by a tax relief program for certain taxpayers, that operated as a partial tax exemption, resulted in an assessment of plaintiff’s property which was non-uniform, invalid, and illegal. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed in part, and the case is remanded to the circuit court for further proceedings in accordance with this opinion.

    191194Hampton v. Meyer 08/27/2020 Misidentification in an initial complaint of the identity of the defendant driver of a large sport utility vehicle that struck plaintiff’s vehicle was a misnomer, rather than a misjoinder, and the filing of a new complaint to correct it after a nonsuit was not barred by the statute of limitations. The judgment of the circuit court dismissing a personal injury action on limitating grounds is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    190331Berry v. Fitzhugh 08/20/2020 In a partition action, the circuit court did not err in refusing to award the plaintiff recovery of attorney’s fees against her four defendant siblings under Code § 8.01-92, which only requires an award of fees when they are incurred for services rendered to unrepresented parceners, and the circuit court found as a fact that no services were rendered to the defendants here. Code § 8.01-31 authorizes an accounting in equity against a tenant in common or coparcener for receiving more than a just share or proportion, but a court acting in equity has discretion in the award of costs, and absent a showing that it abused its discretion, the decision will be affirmed. The ruling on non-recovery of costs is also affirmed because the unchallenged finding that two of the siblings provided upkeep for the property provided a separate and independent legal basis for affirming the trial court’s ruling on this issue. The judgment is affirmed.

    191723Baumann v. Virginia State Bar 07/30/2020 In an attorney’s appeal challenging a decision of the Virginia State Bar Disciplinary Board, it is determined that certain challenged provisions of the Virginia attorney disciplinary system are not unconstitutional, and that the Board applied the correct legal standard when it reviewed the District Committee’s decision imposing discipline. Substantial evidence in the record supported the Board’s determination that the attorney violated Rules 1.2, 1.4, and 1.5 of the Virginia Rules of Professional Conduct, and the decision is affirmed.

    191159Wal-Mart Stores East, LP v. State Corporation Commission 07/09/2020 In consolidated appeals challenging the disposition of the State Corporation Commission denying petitions filed pursuant to Code § 56-577(A)(4) seeking permission to combine the electric-energy demand of separate business locations to qualify to buy electricity from sources other than the incumbent public utilities, the Commission exercised its delegated discretion in a manner consistent with its statutory authority, and its order denying the petitions is affirmed. The statute provides the Commission with discretion to grant or deny such requests, and the contentions that it erred as a matter of law or acted arbitrarily and capriciously in denying the petitions, or in denying a motion for reconsideration, are rejected. Combined case with Record No. 191160

    191160Wal-Mart Stores East, LP v. State Corporation Commission 07/09/2020 In consolidated appeals challenging the disposition of the State Corporation Commission denying petitions filed pursuant to Code § 56-577(A)(4) seeking permission farming simulator 19 1.5 1 free download - Activators Patch combine the electric-energy demand of separate business locations to qualify to buy electricity from sources other than the incumbent public utilities, the Commission exercised its delegated discretion in a manner consistent with its statutory authority, and its order denying the petitions is affirmed. The statute provides the Commission with discretion to grant or deny such requests, and the contentions that it erred as a matter of law or acted arbitrarily and capriciously in denying the petitions, or in denying a motion for reconsideration, are rejected. Combined case with Record No. 191159

    181670Barrett v. Minor (ORDER) 06/18/2020 On an order to show cause, applying standards of Code § 17.1-410(A)(3) and (B) and Rule 5:17(c)(2), this appeal from underlying domestic relations proceedings fails to include a statement setting forth in what respect the decision of the Court of Appeals presents the requisite substantial constitutional question or a matter of significant precedential value, and it is dismissed. Appellant’s motion for sanctions is denied and, under Code § 8.01-271.1, sanctions requiring reimbursement of opposing counsel’s fees are awarded against the appellant because this is the third consecutive appeal that warrants dismissal for the same defect, and the reasonableness of opposing counsel’s declaration of attorney’s fees and costs incurred as a result of this conduct is unchallenged. In addition, to protect this Court from repetitious and harassing conduct that abuses the judicial process, considering appellant’s history of vexatious litigation, absence of good faith, the extent of burdens caused, and inadequacy of alternative sanctions, he shall be subject to a pre-filing injunction which requires him to obtain permission from the Court before filing other cases or appeals.

    190834Townes v. Virginia State Board of Elections 06/18/2020 In a petition for removal of two members of a local electoral board, the circuit court erred when it instructed the jury that the burden of proof was merely a preponderance, when it should have been clear and convincing evidence. The court did not err by allowing the Commonwealth to expand its grounds for removal beyond those pled in its sworn petition. The circuit court abused its discretion when it excluded certain defense evidence at trial, but ruled correctly regarding other evidentiary matters. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    190620Sosebee v. Franklin County School Board 06/11/2020 In an action for declaratory and injunctive relief by parents who homeschool their children, the circuit court erred when it denied relief to bar enforcement of the local school board’s policy requiring parents to provide a birth certificate and proof of residence in the county for any child who is homeschooled.

    190181Green v. Diagnostic Imaging Associates 06/04/2020 The circuit court erred in dismissing a suit for wrongful death against Virginia medical providers on the basis that the plaintiff had received a personal injury settlement against Kentucky medical providers concerning the same injury. Plaintiff’s ability to recover in Virginia for the personal injury or wrongful death of the decedent was not an election he was required to make under Code § 8.01-56. Because plaintiff alleged that the decedent died as a result of the injury she suffered at the hands of negligent defendants in Virginia, his claim could only proceed as a wrongful death action pursuant to Code § 8.01-50. Code § 8.01-56 does not prohibit filing a wrongful death action in Virginia because of a personal injury settlement in another state. Neither doctrines relating to double recovery, claim splitting, nor judicial estoppel apply here to bar this suit. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    171205Cole v. Smyth County Board of Supervisors 05/28/2020 In a petition filed pursuant to the Virginia Freedom of Information Act, the circuit court erred in ruling that closed sessions were properly held by a county Board of Supervisors, and that the discussions in the closed sessions were exempted, under Code § 2.2-3711(A)(7), from the open meeting requirements of the VFOIA. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed and vacated, and the case remanded for entry of judgment for the petitioner consistent with this opinion and to address the issue of her entitlement to attorney’s fees under Code § 2.2-3713(D).

    190389Erie Insurance Exchange v. Alba 05/28/2020 In an insurer’s subrogation suit against a tenant who leased a condominium unit from the individual owner, seeking to recover parallels desktop on mac than $800,000 for payments it made after a fire originating in the unit caused extensive damage to the premises, treated below as an application for declaratory relief, the circuit court erred in finding that the condominium Filmora registration code 2018 insurance provider waived its subrogation rights against the tenant of the individual unit owner, where the tenant was neither a named or nor an additional insured under the policy. The judgment is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    190449Byrne v. City of Alexandria 05/28/2020 In ruling on a landowner’s appeal from a city council’s decision in a land-use case, there was no error in granting a motion craving oyer of the entire legislative record upon which the city council’s decision was based, or in thereafter sustaining a demurrer. The judgment dismissing the case with prejudice is affirmed.

    190580Rowland v. Town Council of Warrenton 05/28/2020 In litigation challenging a rezoning of 31 acres by a town council, the circuit court correctly held that a local government may accept a conditional proffer from developers as part of a rezoning application that alters a minimum mixed-use requirement of a zoning district below that specified in the local zoning ordinance. Express language in Code §§ 15.2-2297 and 15.2-2298 makes clear that such proffers are accepted as part of an amendment to the zoning ordinance or as a part of a rezoning or amendment to a zoning map. The clearly stated purpose of proffers for rezoning under Code § 15.2-2296 is to provide a more flexible and adaptable zoning method for the protection of the community, and thus the General Assembly intended for these statutes to grant localities the authority to permit deviations from the requirements of a zoning ordinance by accepting voluntary proffers as part of a rezoning application. Applying the fairly-debatable standard, the circuit court did not err in sustaining the demurrer to the amended complaint’s challenge to the legislative judgment. Nor was re-committal of the issues VPN - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection the local planning commission required. The judgment of the circuit court upholding the approval of the developers’ conditional zoning application by the town council is affirmed.

    190671Mackey v. McDannald 05/28/2020 In an action by the estates of three deceased partners in a lawfirm against a former partner for conversion of shares of stock owned by the former firm, Code § 8.01-229(D) tolled the running of the statute of limitations because the defendant committed an obstructive act with the intent to obstruct a future plaintiff’s filing of an action – regardless of whether the cause of action had accrued at the time of the obstructive act. Here, the defendant’s misrepresentation to an attorney working with the executor of one of the deceased partner’s estates that the stock was worthless was sufficient to toll the statute of limitations as to that party until they actually learned of the stock’s value. However, because the defendant demonstrated no obstructive intent as to the estates of the other two deceased partners in the former firm, Code § 8.01-229(D) did not toll the limitations period for their claims. The defendant converted the stock because he lacked a right to possess it, while executor of one of the deceased partners had an immediate right of possession to carry out her administrative duties as executor of her husband’s estate. The judgment is affirmed as to that executor, reversed as to the other estates, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    190764Hooked Group, LLC v. City of Chesapeake 05/28/2020 Dismissal of a landowner’s action seeking compensation from a Virginia city for reducing its access to public roads is affirmed. Exercise of the city’s police power to close access to and from the street in this case did not, as a matter of law, deprive the landowner of reasonable access, as the property retained access to a major public highway. Under Article I, § 11 of the Constitution of Virginia and implementing legislation, recovery for loss of access to property requires a material impairment of direct access to property, and here the landowner did not plead any facts that would indicate that closure of access was of real importance or great consequence, or that it was significant or essential. The trial court correctly granted the city’s demurrer, and the judgment is affirmed.

    190832Larsen v. Stack 05/28/2020 In ruling on a declaratory judgment case requesting construction of a decedent’s will and a determination of the extent of his widow’s interest in his house and farm, the circuit court did not err in receiving parol evidence from the attorney who drafted the will, or in ruling that the widow had a right to live in the house for so long as she is physically and mentally able to do so, rather than a life estate in the entire property. The judgment is affirmed.

    191056Fernandez v. Commissioner of Highways (ORDER) 05/28/2020 In a declaratory judgment action seeking an order that the Commissioner of Highways provide statutorily required relocation benefits under Code § 25.1-406 of the Virginia Relocation Assistance Act, the circuit court did not err in sustaining a defense demurrer because there is no implied private cause of action under the Act for payment of relocation expenses. In addition, the plaintiff failed to exhaust administrative remedies afforded to him under 24 VAC § 30-41-90, and had Virginia Administrative Process Act and mandamus remedies available. The judgment sustaining the demurrer in the present action is affirmed.

    191128Fairfax Board of Supervisors v. Ratcliff (ORDER) 05/28/2020 An appeal from a circuit court’s ruling against a locality in a zoning matter involving short term rental of property is dismissed as moot. The property owners, who prevailed in the circuit court, moved to dismiss the locality’s appeal on the ground that they have now sold their home, and thus there is no live controversy between the parties. When a prevailing party voluntarily and unilaterally moots a case, preventing an appellant from obtaining appellate review, vacatur of lower court judgments is generally appropriate. Because the mootness in the present case is the result of the unilateral action of the appellee, not the appellant, the judgment of the circuit court will be vacated, and the appeal is dismissed.

    190107Padula-Wilson v. Landry 05/14/2020 In a case brought by the mother of three children alleging claims of tortious interference with parental rights as well as defamation, the judgment of the circuit court dismissing the action is affirmed. A tort cause of action for interference with parental rights does not lie on the facts as alleged in this action against an attorney who served as guardian ad litem and various mental health professionals who participated in prior contested custody and visitation proceedings. The allegedly defamatory statements by one therapist are also non-actionable statements of opinion, and for this reason dismissal of the defamation claim is also upheld. The judgment dismissing the action is affirmed.

    190222Viers v. Baker 05/14/2020 In a suit by a former employee against an elected Commonwealth’s Attorney alleging defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress, the circuit court erroneously applied federal immunity law and, under Virginia law, the facts as alleged—i.e., that defendant made false statements solely to assuage discontent among his constituents and his political party, without any plausible connection to a tenable pending or forthcoming criminal prosecution—do not qualify as performing judicial functions as required for quasi-judicial immunity, and were not prosecutorial duties intimately associated with the judicial phase of the criminal process. Thus, the circuit court’s judgment sustaining a demurrer to the defamation claim in this action is reversed. On the emotional distress claim, even assuming that plaintiff’s allegations are true and could be proved at trial by clear and convincing evidence, they do not establish the elements of that cause of action, thus demurrer was properly sustained to that claim. The judgment is reversed in part and affirmed in part, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    190345Davis Construction Corp. v. FTJ 05/14/2020 In an action by a supplier of construction materials, the circuit court did not err in finding a general contractor liable under the doctrine of unjust enrichment. Where a contract actually governs the relationship of the parties, it will foreclose relief under an unjust enrichment theory, but here a joint check payment agreement was of limited scope and the plaintiff did not raise claims under that agreement. Further, the general contractor’s conduct above and beyond its terms – repeatedly inducing the plaintiff to ship supplies and providing assurances of payment in the face of knowledge that its subcontractor lacked the means to pay – combined with the fact that the general contractor did not pay anyone for those supplies, permits the plaintiff to obtain relief. The bar against imposing double payment obligations on an unjust enrichment defendant is thus inapplicable here. This disposition is limited to the facts presented and, in ordinary circumstances, a supplier of labor or materials to a subcontractor will not be able to obtain a such relief against an owner or a general contractor. The judgment is affirmed.

    190621Loudoun County v. Richardson 05/07/2020 In a Workers’ Compensation case, in determining the amount of compensation arising from a work-related injury, Code § 65.2-503 requires that the extent of the worker’s functional loss of use to Password Recovery - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection measured before implantation of a prosthetic device that improves the worker’s functionality. The judgment of the Court of Appeals awarding benefits on this basis is affirmed.

    180993Jefferson v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 04/09/2020 A sentencing order on which the circuit court erroneously wrote “2018,” when 2017 was the date, started the period for filing a notice of appeal as of the actual date the order was entered. The original order reflected adjudication of guilt, imposed a sentence, and remanded the defendant into custody. Thus, it was a final order that left nothing to be done but ministerial execution. A manual correction penned by the judge the following month was merely correction of a scrivener’s error, and made no mention of modifying, vacating, or suspending the judgment contained in the original order, thus it did not disrupt the finality of the original order. Therefore, the Court of Appeals correctly determined that the defendant’s appeal was untimely.

    190117Curtis v. Highfill 04/09/2020 In a wrongful death case, the circuit court erred in striking the evidence supporting a claim for punitive damages against a physician who repeatedly prescribed narcotic pain medication to a patient. Willful and wanton negligence is acting consciously in disregard of another person’s rights or acting with reckless indifference to the consequences, with the defendant aware, makemkv download - Crack Key For U knowledge of existing circumstances and conditions, that his conduct probably would cause injury to another. Here, based on the evidence at trial, the jury audacity full version crack download - Crack Key For U have reasonably determined that the defendant medical doctor was conscious of the risks associated with the long-term use of Percocet, which contains Oxycodone, and decedent’s increased risk of drug abuse and addiction, but consciously disregarded those risks when he continued to prescribe it for decedent while knowing that he had not examined her for signs of abuse or addiction for a significant period of time. Accordingly, the administrator’s punitive damages claim should have been submitted to the jury. Under the particular factual scenario presented, that portion of the judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    190180Musgrove Construction Co. v. Young 04/09/2020 In a towing company’s suit on theories of unjust enrichment and quantum meruit arising from responding to an overturned dump truck, the vehicle owner did not request the plaintiff’s services, thus a quantum meruit cause of action for a contract implied in fact, does not apply. Instead, the test for unjust enrichment provides the rule of decision, and the plaintiff towing company is entitled to recover to the extent that the truck owner benefitted from its actions. Here, the doctrine of unjust enrichment forecloses recovery for some of the charges on which the plaintiff obtained recovery in this matter. The judgment is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the matter is remanded for a hearing to determine damages recoverable in light of this opinion.

    190356VACORP v. Young 04/09/2020 In an injured student’s declaratory judgment action seeking a ruling regarding the available scope of coverage with respect to a school board’s uninsured/underinsured motorist protections under a contractual self-insurance risk pooling arrangement covering school bus transportation, the circuit court did not err in concluding that the available UM/UIM coverage was $1 million, as provided in the contract between the school board and the risk pool, and that that the legislature has imposed a floor of $50,000, not a cap on UM/UIM coverage for entities that self-insure. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    190439Lambert v. Commonwealth 04/09/2020 In a prosecution leading to convictions for aggravated involuntary manslaughter in violation of Code § 18.2-36.1 and driving while intoxicated in violation of Code § 18.2-266, the Commonwealth presented evidence sufficient to support jury verdicts finding beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant had self-administered intoxicants that impaired his ability to drive safely, prior to the accident in this case. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding these convictions is affirmed.

    190541Caldwell v. Commonwealth 04/09/2020 In a prosecution under Code § 18.2-188(2) for the crime of defrauding a hotel restaurant by obtaining food without paying, the circuit court did not find the essential element of specific intent to defraud at the time the defendant obtained the food beyond a reasonable doubt. The judgment of conviction, affirmed by the Court of Appeals, is reversed.

    181313Young-Allen v. Bank of America 04/02/2020 The circuit court did not err by sustaining the demurrers to a former homeowner’s equitable rescission and breach of fiduciary duty claims challenging a foreclosure sale. The plaintiff’s amended complaint failed to plead facts establishing that she incurred any harm resulting from the alleged breach of the deed of trust by the defendant bank or that its substitute trustee breached its fiduciary duty by conducting the foreclosure sale. The judgment dismissing the claims against both defendants with prejudice is affirmed.

    190266McQuinn v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 04/02/2020 Virginia case law has held that a defendant may be convicted of using a firearm during a robbery when the jury had found him not guilty of the robbery itself. The rationale behind these precedents is reiterated: Because the jury (i) may have erred in failing to convict the defendant of the predicate offense while finding him guilty of the compound offense, or (ii) may have made a mistake in finding the defendant guilty of the compound offense while finding him not guilty of the predicate offense, or (iii) may have simply decided to be lenient with the defendant by convicting him only of the compound offense. Inconsistent verdicts present a situation where “error,” in the sense that the jury has not followed the court’s instructions, most certainly has occurred, but it is unclear whose ox has been gored. Given this uncertainty, and the fact that the Commonwealth is precluded from challenging the acquittal, it is hardly satisfactory to allow the defendant to receive a new trial on the conviction as a matter of course. Virginia is more careful than most states to protect the inviolability and secrecy of jurors’ deliberations, and thus a court, in a case like this, is unlikely to discover what motivated the jury. The judgment of the Court of Appeals in refusing to vacate the convictions for using a firearm in the commission of an abduction and using a firearm in the commission of a malicious wounding is affirmed.

    190094Akers v. Commonwealth 03/26/2020 In an inmate’s appeal from the trial court’s refusal to entertain a motion to reduce his sentence under Code § 19.2-303, because he had been transferred into the custody of the Department of Corrections, the judgment of the Court of Appeals concluding that the trial court was deprived of jurisdiction to hear this motion by the transfer is affirmed. The legislature’s intent expressed in Code § 19.2-303 is clear and needs no interpretation. It establishes an absolute event, i.e. a transfer to the Department of Corrections, after which a trial court can no longer modify a sentence. The constitutional claims advanced by the inmate are insubstantial, and the judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed.

    190206Weatherholt v. Commonwealth 03/19/2020 In a drug distribution prosecution, the defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to counsel was not violated when – approximately one week before trial – he appeared before the circuit court without counsel to indicate whether he wished to have new counsel appointed in place of his attorney, whose license to practice law in Virginia was temporarily suspended. The purpose of this hearing was to advise the defendant of the status of his case and to ascertain his wishes with respect to having counsel of his choice. This inquiry did not require assistance of counsel to formulate his response and, thus, this was not a critical stage of the criminal proceedings that would give rise to a presumption of prejudice from not having counsel at that time. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the defendant’s convictions is affirmed.

    181680Wakeman v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 03/12/2020 In an appeal from a conviction for rape, the Korg Triton VST Offline Install is affirmed. For the reasons expressed by the Court of Appeals in Wakeman v. Commonwealth, 69 Va. App. 528, 536 (2018), the trial court’s acceptance of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner testimony by a qualified witness – although she had not completed the examination for formal certification – was not an error given the knowledge of the witness beyond that of an average person, and the standards under Virginia Rule of Evidence 2:702, and in the absence of a statutory bar on uncertified SANEs testifying as experts in the area of sexual assault forensic examinations.

    190260Hunter v. Hunter 03/12/2020 In a beneficiary’s action seeking declaratory interpretation of two trust instrument provisions, the circuit court erred in granting the defendant trustee’s motion for summary judgment on her counterclaim on the basis that the plaintiff’s declaratory judgment action had violated the no-contest provision of the trust, concluding that his interest in the trust was revoked. The declaratory judgment action did not trigger the no-contest sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U requiring the forfeiture of the plaintiff beneficiary’s interest in the trust. The summary judgment dismissing his declaratory action with prejudice is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    181608Butcher v. Commonwealth 02/27/2020 In a criminal case charging misdemeanor failure to stop at the scene of an accident in violation of Code § 46.2-894, commonly known as the hit-and-run statute, in which the Court of Appeals of Virginia affirmed the defendant’s conviction, holding that the evidence proved that he had failed to satisfy either of two post-accident reporting requirements specified in the statute, the judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the conviction is affirmed on that basis. That portion of the Court of Appeals’ decision addressing the conjunctive or disjunctive interpretation of the reporting requirements of the statute is vacated.

    181613Alexander v. Cobb 02/27/2020 In an action for an accounting, partition, and related relief relating to the ownership interests of two siblings in three tracts of land formerly owned by a testator, the circuit court did not err in ruling that claim preclusion arising from two prior litigations bars the defendant daughter from relitigating her claim of a 100% ownership interest in the properties based upon certain deeds of sale she received from her mother, or in concluding that she has a 75% interest and her plaintiff brother has a 25% interest in the properties. The circuit court’s judgment finding those ownership interests, and entering an order appointing special commissioners for sale of the properties and partition of the proceeds in accordance with those ownership interests, is affirmed.

    181228Flanders v. Commonwealth 02/13/2020 Because it is possible for a felony hit and run offense to have been committed with malice and for the resulting death to fall within the res gestae of that offense, felony hit and run may serve as a predicate offense for felony homicide. In this case, the evidence viewed in the light most favorable to the Commonwealth established that the defendant intentionally acted in a manner endangering the victim such that malice could be implied from her conduct and that his death was sufficiently related to the hit and run in time, place, and causal connection such that it was within the res gestae of the felony hit and run upon such facts. In this case, the evidence viewed in the light most favorable to the Commonwealth established that the defendant intentionally acted in a manner endangering the victim such that malice could be implied from her conduct, and that his death was sufficiently related to the hit and run in time, place, and causal connection such that it was within the res gestae of the felony hit and run. Accordingly, the judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the conviction for felony homicide is affirmed.

    190019Tahboub v. Thiagarajah 02/13/2020 In a medical malpractice action, the plaintiff’s evidence that the defendant doctors departed from the standard of care and caused the patient’s death was sufficient to establish a prima facie case against both defendants and to survive a motion to strike at the conclusion of plaintiff’s case-in-chief. The judgment of the circuit court resolving the case on the motion to strike is reversed, and the case is remanded for a new trial.

    181684Taylor v. Commonwealth 02/06/2020 A conviction for attempted identity theft under Code § 18.2-186.3 is affirmed, where the evidence was that the defendant stole a check, made it payable to herself for a certain amount, forged the account owner’s signature and – using her own driver’s license as identification – presented it to a bank teller for cash, but left the bank before completing the transaction. These actions constituted attempted identity theft under the plain meaning of the statute, and the judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the conviction is affirmed.

    181439Portsmouth 2175 Elmhurst, LLC v. City of Portsmouth 01/23/2020 In a challenge to real estate tax assessments for three years, applying the required standard of review, the taxpayer did not establish as a matter of law that the city’s assessment was not arrived at in accordance with generally accepted appraisal practices, procedures, rules, and standards as prescribed by nationally recognized professional appraisal organizations such as the International Association of Assessing Officers, and applicable Virginia law relating to valuation of property. An appraiser’s report offered by the taxpayer, asserting in relatively conclusory fashion violations of such practices, procedures, rules and standards, without additional clarifying testimony from the expert at the trial, is not the same thing as proving such violations, and may not be sufficient to persuade the factfinder that an assessment is deficient under the second part of the two-part test specified in Code § 58.1-3984(B). The judgment is affirmed.

    180851Cromartie v. Billings 01/16/2020 In civil litigation arising from a traffic stop by a police officer, forcible arrest and a search, giving rise to claims against the officer under Virginia Code § 19.2-59 and 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging unlawful arrest, use of excessive force, and related state-law claims, the circuit court erred in granting a defense motion to strike as to certain of the claims. Because the search was not lawful, there was no probable cause for arrest, and the defendant’s use of force was per se excessive, no liability questions remain regarding the claims, and neither sovereign immunity nor qualified immunity insulate the defendant from liability. Accordingly, the judgment granting the defendant’s motion to strike is reversed and the case is remanded to the circuit court for consideration of damages only, regarding the claims under Code § 19.2-59 alleging an unlawful search, as well as the § 1983 claims for false arrest and use of excessive force.

    181533Corriveau v. State Farm Mutual Ins. Co. 12/19/2019 In a declaratory judgment action on behalf of an autistic child, seeking a determination that the uninsured motorist provision in his mother’s automobile insurance provided coverage for his injuries arising from an assault that took place on a school bus, the policy’s “ownership, maintenance, or use” provision should be construed in the light of the subject matter with which the parties were dealing, and while the vehicle’s use need not be the direct, proximate cause of the injury, there must be a causal connection between the incident and the use of the vehicle as a vehicle. Here, the circuit court did not err in finding that the plaintiff’s injuries were not covered by the uninsured motorist provision because they did not arise out of the use of the school bus as a school bus. Dismissal of the declaratory claim is affirmed.

    180885Cilwa v. Commonwealth 12/12/2019 In a challenge to the circuit court’s revocation of a suspended sentence in a criminal case, because the trial court acted within its subject matter jurisdiction several years earlier when it entered an order – sought by both sides – indefinitely extending the defendant’s probation, the defendant could not, years later, attack that order as void ab initio. The trial court did not err by entering later revocation orders predicated on that extension order, and the Court of Appeals did not err in upholding the actions of the circuit court. The judgment is affirmed.

    181375Transparent GMU v. George Mason University 12/12/2019 In a mandamus petition seeking disclosure of information under the Virginia Freedom of Information Act from George Mason University and the George Mason University Foundation, the records of the Foundation, a privately held corporation, established to raise funds and manage donations given for the benefit of the University, are not subject to disclosure under VFOIA. The judgment of the circuit court finding that the Foundation is not a public body subject to VFOIA is affirmed.

    181452Spratley v. Commonwealth 12/12/2019 In a prosecution for felony destruction of property under Code § 18.2-137, the circuit court’s finding that the fair market replacement value of the destroyed property was $1,000 or more is neither plainly wrong nor without evidentiary support. Therefore, the Court of Appeals did not err in upholding the defendant’s conviction for felony destruction of property, and that judgment is affirmed.

    181569Watson v. Commonwealth 12/12/2019 In a prosecution for murder and related offenses, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in limiting the scope of testimony from a defense expert on issues arising from eyewitness identification, or in refusing a proposed defense jury instruction on that topic. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the defendant’s conviction is affirmed.

    181694Davison v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 12/12/2019 In a prosecution on multiple charges, including forcible sodomy and aggravated sexual battery, the Court of Appeals correctly determined that the elements of both crimes were: (1) that the defendant committed the proscribed sexual acts against the victim and (2) that those acts were committed without her consent and against her will. The jury must be unanimous in finding those elements proved but, in accord with the weight of authority in other jurisdictions, both federal and state, juror unanimity is not required for deciding the means used in the commission of an element of a crime. Thus, if all jurors in the present case agreed that that the defendant committed the alleged sexual acts without the victim’s consent and against her will, it is immaterial that some jurors may have thought her will was overcome by force while others may have ascribed it to the defendant’s knowing exploitation of her physical helplessness or mental incapacity. The convictions are affirmed for the reasons set forth by the Court of Appeals in Davison v. Commonwealth, 69 Va. App. 321 (2018).

    190016Watson-Scott v. Commonwealth 12/12/2019 In a homicide case, the facts in the record clearly support a finding that the sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U engaged in an intentional course of wrongful conduct likely glary utilities pro 5.115 crack - Crack Key For U cause death or great bodily harm by unlawfully firing multiple shots from a handgun down a city street. Accordingly, the evidence of his actions implied sufficient malice to support his conviction for second degree murder. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the conviction entered in microsoft office 2016 free download - Crack Key For U circuit court is affirmed.

    190047Yoder v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 12/12/2019 The Court of Appeals of Virginia did not err in affirming defendant’s conviction for driving after forfeiture of her license, third offense in ten years, in violation of Code § 18.2-272(A). That statute does not require any particular form of notice and does not mandate any degree of specificity for such notice. Here there was evidence sufficient to prove that on the date of the instant offense defendant had had actual notice that her license was revoked. She had been present in court for two prior guilty pleas for driving on a revoked license. In the instant arrest she made no excuse for not having a driver’s license, and tendered an ID card that under Code § 46.2-345(A)(4) could not simultaneously be possessed with a driver’s license. A rational factfinder could conclude beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant knew she was driving without any legal right to do so, as provided in ode § 18.2-272(A). Case law relating to individuals whose driving license suspensions have expired is factually distinguishable on a dispositive point, since defendant’s revocation was still in effect at the time of this offense. The judgment is affirmed.

    190071Massenburg v. City of Petersburg 12/12/2019 In a wrongful death action arising from a fire, the plaintiff’s case against a Virginia city was based on a defective fire hydrant, and judgment dismissing the action on sovereign immunity grounds is affirmed. A hydrant exists to facilitate the firefighting function of the municipality that installed it, a quintessentially governmental function. The city’s provision and maintenance of fire hydrants is therefore an immune governmental function. To the extent that this function coincides with the city’s proprietary functions relating to the plaintiff’s other surviving allegations, the governmental function is the overriding factor and the doctrine of sovereign immunity will shield the locality from liability. The trial court did not err in deciding the city’s plea in bar on the pleadings because the city did not dispute the complaint’s factual allegations, nor did it err in granting the city’s demurrer and plea in bar of sovereign immunity and dismissing the complaint with prejudice. The judgment is affirmed.

    181192Davis v. Davis 12/05/2019 In a suit for aid and direction concerning the validity of transfers of personal and real property shortly before the death of the gravely ill and hospitalized decedent, the circuit court erred in holding that the decedent’s mother, as attorney-in-fact under a written power of attorney TimeBillingWindow Crack, had authority to execute the transfers – which gifted all of the decedent’s real and personal property to herself and her surviving children – and such transfers were invalid. The judgment is reversed and vacated, and the case is remanded for the circuit court to address the remaining issues regarding the interpretation of the decedent’s will, and the proper distribution of his property pursuant to the terms of the will.

    181229Jackson v. Jackson 11/27/2019 Six years after entry of a final decree of divorce, incorporating an order dividing a military pension, the circuit court did not have power, under Rule 1:1 or Code § 20-107.3(K)(4), to modify the pension distribution, since the former wife sought a substantive change in the distribution of the benefit, rather than an alteration to give effect to the intent reflected in the decree. The circuit court therefore did not err in denying her motion and the Court of Appeals did not err in affirming the judgment, which is affirmed.

    181501Futuri Real Estate v. Atlantic Trustee Services 11/27/2019 In a dispute between a foreclosure purchaser of real property and a bank that had held two of the encumbrances against the property – one as a senior lien and another in third priority – a recorded agreement subordinating the first lien to the third lien, which addressed only the priority of the bank’s two liens, will be construed as only a partial subordination of the senior lienholder’s priority position. The judgment is affirmed.

    181002Spruill v. Garcia (ORDER) 11/07/2019 In a personal injury action arising from a minor intersection collision – in which the jury returned a liability verdict for plaintiff but awarded no damages – the trial court erred in admitting certain medical records without proper authentication and in violation of the rule against hearsay evidence. The error asserted was harmless, however, since the medical records contain information that was directly or indirectly provided by, testified to, confirmed by, or alluded to by either plaintiff herself or another witness at trial. To the extent that specific details in the records were not directly or indirectly before the jury from other sources, the relevance of such details is diminished by the persuasive force of the entire record in this case, including plaintiff’s admitted history of prior back problems. Admission of the medical records was harmless error because such evidence was either cumulative or had but slight effect, if any, upon the jury’s verdict. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    181596Schmuhl v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 11/07/2019 In an appeal from convictions on two counts of abduction with intent to gain pecuniary benefit, two counts of aggravated malicious wounding, two counts of using or displaying a firearm during the commission of an aggravated malicious wounding, and burglary while armed with a deadly weapon, the judgment is affirmed for the reasons stated in the opinion of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, Schmuhl v. Commonwealth, 69 Va. App. 281, 312-13 (2018).

    180791Tingler v. Graystone Homes, Inc. 10/31/2019 In related suits alleging injuries and damage resulting from mold that developed in a home constructed by the defendant contractor, the circuit court did not err in dismissing the negligence tort counts as to the contractor’s alleged failures during the original-construction phase, dismissing a negligent-repair claim to the extent that it asserts property damage to the home and economic losses, or in dismissing counts of negligence per se as to contractor’s alleged failures during the original-construction phase. The circuit court erred in dismissing a negligent-repair count in the family’s personal-injury complaints to the extent that those allegations claim that the contractor’s misfeasance worsened the mold conditions and, by doing so, aggravated preexisting personal injuries. It also erred in dismissing negligent-repair claims asserting that misfeasance during the repair phase caused damage to personal property that is not a subject of the contract, in finding that the allegations were insufficient to state a claim based upon an actual agency relationship, and in dismissing contractual claims on a finding that they failed to allege sufficient facts from which to reasonably infer that the family and the contractor had intended for property owner to benefit from the contract. The judgment is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the action is remanded.

    180810Virginia International Gateway v. City of Portsmouth 10/31/2019 In a challenge to a city’s tax assessments on realty, fixtures and personal property, the trial court’s exclusion of evidence from the taxpayer’s expert – who was licensed in New York, and obtained temporary licensure in Virginia to complete the appraisal offered in this case, and whose testimony formed the vast majority of the taxpayer’s evidence in the real estate case – was an abuse of discretion. The judgment in the real estate case is reversed, and that matter is remanded for further proceedings. The trial court did not err in ruling that taxpayer failed to overcome the presumption of the personal property assessment’s correctness. Accordingly, the judgment in the personal property case is affirmed.

    181096Burnham v. Commonwealth 10/31/2019 In a jurisdictional challenge concerning revocation of a defendant’s two suspended sentences, one for a Murgee Auto Clicker 16.1 Crack With Full Registration Key And Torrent [Latest] 2021 and the other for a misdemeanor, the trial court could properly revoke and re-suspend the defendant’s felony sentence, but erred in doing the same for his misdemeanor conviction. The applicable conviction order did not specify a period of suspension of the sentence for either the felony or the misdemeanor. Regarding the felony conviction, the crimes upon which the revocation was based (possession of cocaine) were committed well within the maximum 10-year period of suspension applicable under Code §§ 19.2-306 and 18.2-10, and they constitute good cause for revoking the suspended portion of the sentence for that crime. However, regarding the misdemeanor conviction, under Code §§ 19.2-306 and 18.2-11(a), the maximum period of suspension was one year, and by the time that the defendant committed the more recent crimes the one-year period of suspension for the misdemeanor conviction (driving on a revoked license, third offense) had long since ended. Thus, by operation of Code § 19.2-306, the circuit court could not revoke the misdemeanor portion of his suspended sentence following a show cause order. The judgment is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the case is remanded for entry of a new sentencing order.

    181238Everett v. Tawes 10/31/2019 A circuit court has equitable power to retroactively correct errors in interlocutory and temporary orders while it retains jurisdiction over the case. In a divorce proceeding, the circuit court had discretion – under Virginia statutory provisions – to modify a pendente lite spousal support order, and its decision to not reconsider the amount of pendente lite spousal support and resulting arrearage was apparently influenced by a mistake of law regarding its authority to retroactively modify the amount of spousal support and arrearage awarded in the pendente lite order. Thus, the circuit court abused its discretion in refusing to reconsider modifying the pendente lite spousal support award amount. The judgment is reversed, the ruling refusing reconsideration of the amount of spousal support awarded in the pendente lite order is vacated, and this matter is remanded to the circuit court for its consideration of the motion to reconsider pendente lite spousal support, in a manner consistent with this opinion. Both parties’ motions for appellate attorney’s fees and costs are denied.

    180678Radiance Capital v. Foster 10/24/2019 The circuit court correctly held that a contractual waiver of the right to plead the statute of limitations was not valid or enforceable because it did not meet the specific requirements of Code § 8.01-232, which restricts a party’s ability to promise not to plead the statute of limitations and which governs both a waiver of the right to plead the statute of limitations and a promise not to plead the statute of limitations. Here, the waiver was made contemporaneously with the guaranty agreement in contravention of Code § 8.01-232(A)(ii), and it attempted to waive the guarantors’ right to plead the statute of limitations for an indefinite period of time, in contravention of Code § 8.01-232(A)(iii). Since the waiver was made when the guarantors executed the guaranty agreement, it was not made to avoid or defer litigation pending the settlement of a case within the intendment of Code § 8.01-232(A)(i), but attempted to permanently bar the right to plead the statute of limitations upon execution of the underlying contract, before any controversy existed. The argument that the guarantors were estopped to plead the defense of the statute of limitations is without merit, and the judgment is affirmed.

    181114Jefferson v. Commonwealth 10/24/2019 In a prosecution for welfare fraud, Code § 63.2-522 provides that anyone who obtains, or attempts to obtain public assistance or benefits to which he or she is not entitled by means of a willful false statement or representation is guilty of larceny. Because that statute does not state whether a violation is grand or petit larceny, it must be read in connection with Code §§ 18.2-95 and 18.2-96, which define petit and grand larceny based on the value of the stolen property. At the time of these offenses, the felony threshold was $200, and the proper valuation method is the difference between the amount the defendant received and the amount of public assistance or benefits to which defendant would have been entitled to absent fraud. The Court of Appeals did not err in holding that the Commonwealth presented sufficient evidence of overpayments in benefits of $200 or more. Nor was there reversible error in the Court of Appeals’ ruling that the circuit court did not abuse its discretion by limiting defendant’s cross-examination of a fraud investigator. Because the evidence presented at trial clearly established that the overpayments met the statutory threshold for grand larceny, any further cross-examination regarding the amount of benefits defendant would have received if she had reported her income would not have demonstrated that the overpayments were less than the statutory threshold. The convictions are affirmed.

    180681Hill v. Commonwealth 08/30/2019 In a cocaine prosecution, the circuit court did not err in refusing to suppress drugs located after the physical seizure of a suspect pulled out of a parked car in a high crime, drug area. Applying the test of reasonable suspicion derived from Terry v. Ohio, in the totality of circumstances here the evidence shows that the detectives, at the time of the seizure, could have reasonably suspected that defendant was digging and reaching for a weapon inside the car while they shouted 7 to 10 times for him to show his hands. They understandably feared that their lives might have been in danger. There was nothing unreasonable about the detectives briefly seizing the defendant either to confirm or to dispel their suspicion that he may have had a weapon. The trial court correctly denied the motion to suppress, and the Court of Appeals correctly affirmed that decision. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the convictions predicated upon the trial court’s refusal to suppress of the evidence seized is affirmed.

    180736Our Lady of Peace v. Morgan 08/30/2019 In a case where a nursing assistant molested and raped an 85-year-old resident at a nursing home, the trial court erred in holding, prior to trial (and also by instructing the jury at trial), that the nursing assistant had committed the molestation and rape while acting within the scope of his employment. The court also erred in excluding testimony from a defense expert on the standard of care for nursing facilities, and in admitting the challenged testimony of the estate’s expert witness. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    180691Helmick Family Farm v. Commissioner of Highways 08/29/2019 In a condemnation case, the circuit court erred in restricting the landowner’s proffered evidence to the extent that it related to a potential rezoning of the agriculturally-zoned property for commercial development. The reasonable possibility of a rezoning should be taken into consideration in compensating landowners, if there is sufficient evidence of a reasonable probability of rezoning. The burden of proving a reasonable probability of rezoning rests on the property owner and unless the evidence relating to the likelihood of rezoning in the near future rises to the level of a probability, it is inadmissible. Certain of the instructions given to the jury were in error. The judgment is reversed, the compensation award is set aside, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    180758Gross v. Stuart (ORDER) 08/29/2019 There was no reversible error in the circuit court’s entry of judgment for the plaintiff on a jury verdict in a medical malpractice action. The circuit court did not abuse its discretion in allowing cross examination of a defense expert about citations by the board sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U medicine for violation of law and health regulations with regard to his practice, and whether – during his military deployment to Afghanistan – certain facts regarding his medical practice in Virginia were true. Evidence of the witness’ adherence to the standard of care in Virginia and the laws governing his practice were relevant to the basis of his opinions and the weight to be accorded to his opinions by the jury. Further the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in denying the motions for a mistrial and post-trial motions addressing rulings relating to issues of consent, or in failing to instruct the jury that consent was not an issue in the case. The judgment is affirmed.

    180527Bethea v. Commonwealth 08/28/2019 A conviction for first-degree murder is affirmed. The contention that the trial court violated the holding of Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), by permitting the prosecutor to exercise a racially motivated peremptory strike of an African-American juror is without merit. Assuming without deciding that the defendant’s post-trial argument merely amplified the objection made at trial, it is without merit under the three-step analysis applied to Batson claims, on which the defendant carries the ultimate burden of persuasion to prove the existence of purposeful discrimination. Here, the prosecutor provided a race-neutral explanation for the strike, and the defendant’s contention that this was mistaken collapses his argument, since a race-neutral explanation cannot at the same time be both an unintentional mistake and a pretextual, purposeful misrepresentation. Defendant’s proffer of an alleged multi-level hearsay statement does not change this result. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the conviction is affirmed.

    181037Sainani v. Belmont Glen Homeowners Association 08/26/2019 The trial court in this case erred in awarding a monetary judgment, injunctive relief, as well as attorney fees and costs to a homeowners association in an action against lot owners for violations of the HOA’s guidelines governing the use of holiday decorations. The HOA’s seasonal lighting guidelines were not enforceable under the HOA’s declaration of restrictive covenants. The judgment and its ancillary award of attorney fees as well as costs are reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    180772Henderson v. Cook 08/23/2019 In a case where final accounts relating to services of a trustee who also served as guardian and conservator for an incapacitated adult were presented for approval by the circuit court prior to review by the local Commissioner of Accounts, and not reviewed by the court thereafter, the judgment is reversed. The identification of issues to be resolved on appeal in light of altered assignments of error is also discussed.

    180803Trevathan v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 08/23/2019 Appeal is awarded from a final order entered by the Court of Appeals of Virginia on May 18, 2018, which is reversed. The Court of Appeals erred in ruling that the defendant’s knowing, intelligent, and voluntary guilty plea waived his right to appeal, and in dismissing the case rather than denying the appeal. A voluntary and intelligent guilty plea is a waiver of all non-jurisdictional defects that occurred before entry of the plea, thus the range of potential grounds for appeal following a guilty plea is limited in Virginia, but a defendant who has pled guilty still retains the statutory right to file a notice of appeal and present a petition for appeal to the Court of Appeals of Virginia. Further, when entry of a guilty plea waives an issue for appeal, the correct disposition is denial, not dismissal. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is reversed and vacated, and this case is remanded to the Court of Appeals for further proceedings consistent with this order.

    181522Murphy v. Smith (ORDER) 08/23/2019 A petition for a writ of habeas corpus is dismissed. Almost 15 years after he was indicted for capital murder and malicious wounding – but found incompetent to stand trial – the circuit court found petitioner likely to remain incompetent for the foreseeable future under Code § 19.2-169.3(A) and, under subsection (F) of the statute, began ordering a series of six-month periods of confinement in a state psychiatric hospital for continued treatment. The present petition, challenging the legality of his confinement under one such order, must be dismissed because petitioner’s confinement pursuant to that order has ended and the circuit court has twice received evidence and reexamined whether petitioner satisfies the factual requirements of Code § 19.2-169.3(F), including that his continued treatment is medically appropriate and that he presents a danger to himself or others. Petitioner is not currently detained pursuant to the order daemon tools pro serial number - Free Activators in this petition or the evidence supporting it. Thus, a determination that this order was incorrect or improper cannot, on its face and standing alone, directly impact his present confinement. The petition is dismissed without prejudice to filing a habeas petition challenging a current order of confinement under Code § 19.2-169.3(F), or seeking expedited review so as to permit timely resolution of his claim.

    170964Handberg v. Goldberg 08/22/2019 In a defamation case, the trial court erred in its gatekeeping function by failing to properly segregate in its instructions to the jury the actionable statements of fact it could consider – as opposed to statements that were merely opinion and thus could not support liability for defamation. Because the trial court erred in submitting to the jury three statements in the allegedly defamatory email that were mere statements of opinion, without explanatory instructions, the judgment of the trial court in upholding the defamation verdict in favor of the plaintiff is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    180979Lane v. Bayview Loan Servicing 08/22/2019 In an action by a mortgage borrower against a loan servicing entity, a lawfirm, and the purchaser at a foreclosure sale seeking compensatory damages and rescission of the trustee’s deed at that sale, the decisions of the circuit court granting loan servicer’s plea in bar of res judicata and dismissing the amended complaint as to all defendants were in error. The judgments of the circuit court are reversed and vacated, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    181043Loch Levan Land v. Board of Supervisors 08/22/2019 In an action by developers challenging a county’s actions preventing extension remote desktop manager 13 serial - Free Activators a roadway from an existing master-planned community into an adjacent county, to more profitably develop properties located there, the legal right to extend the roadway expired five years after recording the separate plat for that segment of road, under Code § 15.2-2261(C). Instead of building it or dedicating the entire right-of-way when recording a subdivision plat, the developers chose to proceed incrementally, recording separate plats for distinct segments of the roadway – avoiding the expense of completing the road, but giving up the indefinite protection offered by Code § 15.2-2261(F). Advanced systemcare pro lifetime license key - Free Activators addition, a landowner has no vested rights in land uses of others, and there is no vested right in a public road. Here, dedication of the road operated to transfer the property, in fee simple, to the respective localities, under Code § 15.2-2265. The developers had no property right in the roadway once it was dedicated. The judgment of the circuit court sustaining the actions of the board is affirmed.

    180520A.H. v. Church of God in Christ 08/15/2019 In an action by a minor who was a victim of sexual abuse committed by a church youth leader who also served as a church deacon and drill team coach, on demurrers to her claims by two defendants – the local church and its national denomination – the circuit court correctly granted demurrers and dismissed claims of negligent hiring and negligent supervision, as well a claim for negligent infliction of emotional distress as a stand-alone tort. But its dismissal of plaintiff’s claims asserting negligence based upon duty arising from a special relationship, liability for negligent retention, and respondeat superior liability, are reversed. If successful on any of these claims, she may recover compensatory damages (including damages for emotional distress) but not punitive damages. The case is remanded to the circuit court for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    180647Bragg Hill Corp. v. City of Fredericksburg 08/15/2019 In a landowner’s declaratory judgment action on zoning issues, the circuit court did not err in dismissing all of the claims. A change in the zoning of the property upon its annexation by the city was not void ab initio because it was authorized by the city’s zoning ordinance and by the Virginia Code. Whether the landowner had a vested right to develop the land in accord with prior zoning provisions – based on pre-annexation approval by the county planning commission of a revised development master plan – was decided against the landowner in 2009 by the zoning administrator and that disposition was affirmed by the BZA. Since the landowner chose to pursue that challenge with the zoning administrator rather than the courts, that administrative ruling is final because its affirmance by the BZA it was not appealed by the landowner to the circuit court. The property owner was not deprived of any property interest as a result of the rezoning which occurred upon the annexation of its property, and its procedural due process rights were not violated. Accordingly, the judgment of the circuit court dismissing the action with prejudice is affirmed.

    181108Llewellyn v. White 08/15/2019 In a personal injury case arising from a vehicular accident, the circuit court did not err in concluding that a settlement agreement between the plaintiff and her underinsured motorist carrier did not entitle the underinsured defendant to a reduction of the jury verdict rendered against her pursuant to the statutory offset pursuant to Code § 8.01-35.1. Under that statute and Code § 38.2-2206, the tortfeasor remains primarily responsible for fully compensating the injury she caused. Plaintiff had the foresight to purchase more extensive motor vehicle insurance than statutorily required and, as the injured party, should retain any windfall that results from her prudence. No reason is found why the jury’s award of damages for injuries, for which defendant alone is responsible, should be reduced by the plaintiff’s insurance, and accordingly circuit court did not err when it refused to offset the judgment against defendant by the amount of the proceeds plaintiff received from a settlement with her UIM insurer.

    171192Ferguson Enterprises, Inc. v. F.H. Furr Plumbing 08/01/2019 In a case involving allegations of fraud, breach of contract, unjust enrichment and other claims, the circuit court erred in denying a defense motion to set aside the jury’s $3 million verdict. In the circumstances of this case, it was reversible error to rule that the defendant waived its statute of limitations argument when it did not refile its special plea on limitation grounds after the plaintiff filed (at the direction of the circuit court) a second amended complaint repeating certain averments verbatim. It was also error to conclude that the defendant waived the statute of limitations defense to those claims by failing to docket the plea in bar for a hearing before the trial. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded on the limited issue of whether the statute of limitations barred a portion or all of the plaintiff’s fraud claims.

    180329Knop v. Knop 08/01/2019 In a declaratory judgment action by three children against their father, seeking judicial confirmation of the plaintiffs’ share ownership in the corporation begun by their father decades ago, the circuit court did not err in concluding that the father – who had expressed an intention to increase his three children’s share ownership in his corporation – never effectuated the gifts, because no delivery or constructive delivery of the share certificates was made as required by Virginia law in the case of transfers of certificated share ownership. Nor did the circuit court abuse its discretion in refusing to find the father estopped from denying the effectiveness of the purported gifts of these shares. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    181033Stoltz v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 08/01/2019 The defendant’s conviction for violating Code § 18.2-374.3(C) by using a computer for the purpose of soliciting a minor is affirmed. The contention that this statute is both vague and overbroad, thus violating his freedom of windows 10 activator Crack and his due process rights under the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution, is without merit. The language of the statute makes it unlawful for any person 18 years of age or older to use a communications system for the purposes of soliciting, with lascivious intent, any person he knows or has reason to believe is a child younger than 15 years of age to knowingly and intentionally engage in various sexual acts. The statutory mens rea — “knows or has reason to believe” — is not ambiguous, and an ordinary person would understand what conduct this statute prohibits. Nor does the First Amendment challenge to the statute have any merit. Code § 18.2-374.3(C) does not target speech, but conduct — specifically the use of a communications system (in this case, the Internet) for the purpose of soliciting a minor. The act of using a communications system is the actus reus of the crime, while the mens rea is the purpose of soliciting the child. Nothing in the statute criminalizes a substantial amount of protected speech when judged in relation to the statute’s plainly legitimate sweep. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding this conviction is affirmed.

    180243Carrington v. Aquatic Co. 07/18/2019 The judgment of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, affirming a determination by the Workers’ Compensation Commission that the claimant was not entitled to temporary benefits for a total disability caused by kidney failure unrelated to his employment, is affirmed.

    180521McKee Foods Co. v. County of Augusta propresenter crack mac - Free Activators 07/18/2019 In an application for relief from erroneously assessments for real property, the circuit court erred in applying a presumption of correctness to tax assessments for a large industrial property where the county’s assessor failed to properly utilize any of the three accepted valuation methods in assessing the property. The judgment is also reversed with respect to assessments for three Murgee Auto Clicker 16.1 Crack With Full Registration Key And Torrent [Latest] 2021 tax years. Under revised Code § 58-3984(B), in order to rebut the presumption of correctness, a taxpayer must first prove either that 1) the property has been valued at more than its fair market value, or 2) that that the assessment is not uniform in its application. If either of those two elements is shown by a preponderance of evidence, a second step is reached at which the taxpayer must also prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the assessment was not arrived at in accordance with generally accepted appraisal practices, procedures, rules, and standards as prescribed by nationally recognized professional appraisal organizations such the International Association of Assessing Officers and applicable Virginia law relating to the valuation of property. However, an appraisal performed under only one of the three accepted valuation approaches is entitled to a presumption of correctness only if the taxing authority considered – and properly rejected – the other valuation methods. The judgment is reversed and the proceeding is remanded.

    180572Nationwide Mut. Fire Ins. Co. v. Erie Ins. Exchange (ORDER) 07/18/2019 A prior appeal determined the allocation of coverages between two insurers and several policies. In this contribution action, one of the insurers seeks reimbursement for the second insurer’s share of a monetary settlement paid to a tort claimant while the case was on appeal, but the circuit court sustained a demurrer on the ground that the second insurer had no common obligation to pay the settlement because the first insurer had made a unilateral and voluntary settlement payment and because a condition precedent to the second insurer’s obligation to pay under its policies, namely, the existence of a judgment or its consent to settle, had not been satisfied. However, the allegations here were sufficient to state a claim for equitable contribution, which does not arise out of any express contract or agreement between the parties to indemnify each other, but is based on the broad principles of equity that where two or more persons are subject to a common burden it shall be borne equally. Payment must be made by one obligated to pay the whole, as between himself and the payee, but only bound to pay a proportionate part as between himself and co-obligors. The present complaint alleges facts that, if proven, justify an award of equitable contribution, and its dismissal was error. The judgment is vacated, and the case is remanded to determine the reasonableness of the settlement and to enter an order awarding the plaintiff insurer an amount consistent with the allocation of coverage liability decided in the prior appeal.

    180631Robinson v. Nordquist 07/18/2019 In an action between neighboring property owners, in which the plaintiff alleged water encroachments as “on-going,” sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U “continuous,” but also stated they were “repeated and intermittent,” it was not clear from the face of the amended complaint when the first measurable damage occurred or whether the water encroachments were continuous or intermittent. Therefore, the circuit court erred by sustaining the plea in bar based on the allegations in the amended complaint, and plaintiff is entitled to a jury trial on those issues. An easement’s scope may be determined by reference to the intention of the parties to the grant, and if the granting language states the object or purpose of the easement, the dimensions of the easement may be inferred to be such as are reasonably sufficient for the accomplishment of that object. Here, the “light and air” easement described the purpose, and circuit court erred by holding this term is unenforceable because it is vague, ambiguous, and without dimensions. It also erred in not recognizing that the “open yard” term in the easement was conjunctive requirement. There was no error in denying a rule to show cause. The judgment is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and the case is remanded.

    181311Morrissey v. Virginia State Bar (ORDER) 07/18/2019 After the Virginia State Bar alleged violations of the Virginia Rules of Professional Conduct by an attorney, he elected to proceed before a three-judge court, as provided in Code § 54.1-3935. After a five-day hearing, the three-judge court concluded that he violated Rules 5.1(b), 5.5(c), and 8.4(b) of the Rules of Professional Conduct. The charges under Rules 5.1 and 5.5(c) related to a court appearance made on behalf of a client of the attorney’s lawfirm by an associate attorney after she passed the bar, but a few days prior to being sworn in. The Rule 8.4 charges related to the uncontested fact that the attorney had sexual relations with a 17-year old minor, whom he later married. After an Alford plea, he was convicted of the crime of contributing to the delinquency of a minor, and was sentenced to 12 months in jail with six months suspended. The judges concluded that these violations warranted the revocation of the attorney’s license to practice law, and this appeal of right followed. Assuming that a three-judge court must make factual findings in a memorandum opinion, the findings made in this instance satisfy that requirement. There was clear and convincing evidence that the attorney violated Rules 5.1(b), 5.5(c), and 8.4(b). His extensive disciplinary record fully justifies the sanction of revocation of his license to practice law. The decision of the three-judge panel is affirmed.

    180515Young v. Commonwealth 07/03/2019 In a felony case where the trial date for the incarcerated defendant was adjourned well beyond the five-month period required under the Speedy Trial Act, the facts indicate that the defendant was not adverse to the granting of the continuance, nor did he affirmatively object as required under Code § 19.2-243(4). His argument that he would not be ready for trial on the date originally scheduled, and that he did not want the continuance counted against him for speedy trial purposes, was not an affirmative objection. The judgment of the Court of Appeals affirming the defendant’s convictions upon a finding that the continuance fixing the trial date beyond the five-month speedy trial period was court-ordered, an implied exception to Code § 19.2-243 to which no affirmative objection was made by the defendant, is affirmed for the reasons set forth herein.

    180015Harvey v. Commonwealth (CORRECTED) 06/27/2019 The arguments of two previously-adjudicated sexually violent predators that they should be afforded a psychological expert at the Commonwealth’s expense to assist them in hearings to determine whether they have violated the conditions of their release from commitment to the Department of Behavioral Sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U and Developmental Services, and whether these violations render them unsuitable for conditional release, are rejected. Such hearings must occur on an expedited basis and a respondent will subsequently be re-evaluated, upon request, within six months of his recommitment or sooner depending on the scheduling of the annual review. In this specific context, given the temporary, expedited nature of the hearing and the other protections afforded to the respondents, including the right to counsel, the Due Process Clause does not require the State to appoint an expert. The rulings of the circuit courts in these two proceedings are affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 180764

    180764Thomas v. Commonwealth (CORRECTED) 06/27/2019 The arguments of two previously-adjudicated sexually violent predators that they should be afforded a psychological expert at the Commonwealth’s expense to assist them in hearings to determine whether they have violated the conditions of their release from commitment to the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, and whether these violations render them unsuitable for conditional release, are rejected. Such hearings must occur on an expedited basis and a respondent will subsequently be re-evaluated, upon request, within six months of his recommitment or sooner depending on the scheduling of the annual review. In this specific context, given the temporary, expedited nature of the hearing and the other protections afforded to the respondents, including the right to counsel, the Due Process Clause does not require the State to appoint an expert. The rulings of the circuit courts in these two proceedings are affirmed. Combined case with Record No. 180015

    181014Sroufe v. Waldron (ORDER) 06/27/2019 In a defamation case against a school division superintendent by an elementary school principal reassigned for the stated reason that she failed to assure that student Individual Education Program teams understand criteria that affect Standards of Learning assessment criteria, the circuit judge erred in denying the defendant’s motion to dismiss on the grounds that the statement made by him, taken as a whole, was a matter of opinion, not actionable in defamation. Ensuring that defamation suits proceed only upon statements which actually may defame a plaintiff, rather than those which merely may inflame a jury to an award of damages, is an essential gatekeeping function of the court. Here, although the circuit judge correctly recognized that the allegedly defamatory statement was non-actionable opinion, the judge consciously disregarded the law and permitted the jury to return a verdict and award damages on a statement that he knew was not actionable as defamation as a matter of law. This displays a profound misapprehension of the proper role and responsibilities of a judge. The trial judge’s misinterpretation and misuse of judicial power in this case unnecessarily prolonged trial and led to full appellate review on the merits, which has not only delayed the just adjudication the parties were entitled to, but also imposed very real financial burdens on them. This Court must and does reprove it. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed and final judgment is entered for the defendant.

    181164Mooney v. Commonwealth 06/27/2019 In probation revocation proceedings – at which the probationer conceded that he had been convicted of three major violent new felonies: abduction, strangulation, and assault and battery on a adobe photoshop cs6 full version - Free Activators member, third offense – assuming that it was error for the prosecutor to read a newspaper account of testimony by the victim of these crimes, sketch 54.1 crack - Crack Key For U error was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt. Over many years, the probationer repeatedly violated the terms of his probation, and the sentence imposed in the present revocation proceeding was less than the prosecutor recommended, and far less than the maximum sentence he could have received. The court did not indicate that its decision to revoke probation was based on anything other than the fact that this probationer received new convictions. Thus, any alleged error in allowing the prosecutor to read from the newspaper article was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the circuit court’s imposition of sentence at the revocation proceeding is affirmed.

    180473RMBS Recovery Holdings v. HSBC Bank 05/30/2019 Several investment entities sued a national bank, with its main office in Fairfax County, that acted as an indenture trustee of three trusts involving residential mortgage-backed securities. While contractual forum selection provisions are prima facie valid and should be enforced, unless they are unfair, unreasonable, or affected by fraud or unequal bargaining power, a party may waive a right conferred by a contract. Here, the defendant bank engaged in months of litigation before moving to dismiss based on the forum selection clauses, extensively utilizing the litigation machinery of the circuit court, arguing and receiving rulings on a demurrer, a plea in bar, a motion craving oyer, several discovery motions, a motion to have a judge assigned to the case, leave to file a third-party complaint, and a forum non conveniens motion. Thus, the bank waived its right to enforce the clauses. On the issue of dismissal of the action under the doctrine of forum non conveniens, however, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in finding that good cause did not exist to dismiss the action in contemplation of its continuation in New York. It appropriately considered the practicalities that make a trial easy, expeditious, and inexpensive, such as the bank’s registered office in McLean, Virginia, accessibility of witnesses, access to documents, the location of the indenture trustee activities, and other factors. The judgment is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and the matter is remanded. Combined case with Record No. 180557

    180497Fairfax County School Board v. S.C. 05/30/2019 In its appellate review of a county school board’s disciplinary disposition regarding a high-school student, for nonconsensual, sexual touching of three students at school, the circuit court’s finding that the decision was arbitrary in violation of the student’s due process rights misapplied the legal standards governing such petitions and misinterpreted the factual record of the disciplinary proceedings. The judgment is reversed, and final judgment is entered dismissing the student’s petition with prejudice.

    180557HSBC Bank v. RMBS Recovery Holdings 05/30/2019 Several investment entities sued a national bank, with its main office in Fairfax County, that acted as an indenture trustee of three trusts involving residential mortgage-backed securities. While contractual forum selection provisions are prima facie valid and should be enforced, unless they are unfair, unreasonable, or affected by fraud or unequal bargaining power, a party may waive a right conferred by a contract. Here, the defendant bank engaged in months of litigation before moving to dismiss based on the forum selection clauses, extensively utilizing the litigation machinery of the circuit court, arguing and receiving rulings on a demurrer, a plea in bar, a motion craving oyer, several discovery motions, a motion to have a judge assigned to the case, leave to file a third-party complaint, and a forum non conveniens motion. Thus, the bank waived its right to enforce the clauses. On the issue of dismissal of the action under the doctrine of forum non conveniens, however, the circuit court did not abuse its discretion in finding that good cause did not exist to dismiss the action in contemplation of its continuation in New York. It appropriately considered the practicalities that make a trial easy, expeditious, and inexpensive, such as the bank’s registered office in McLean, Virginia, accessibility of witnesses, access to documents, the location of the indenture trustee activities, and other factors. The judgment is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and the matter is remanded. Combined case with Record No. 180473

    180583Spinner v. Commonwealth 05/30/2019 In a murder case, the trial court did not err in denying the defendant’s motion to suppress evidence obtained as a result of police interrogations after he received Miranda warnings. Viewed in the light most favorable to the Commonwealth, the evidence supports the conclusion that the defendant was not deprived of his freedom of action in any significant way during the first interrogation, conducted in a carport next to his residence, and the trial court’s finding to that effect in not plainly wrong or without evidence to support it. The argument that the phrasing of right-to-counsel portions of the Miranda warnings on that day tainted his statements given two days later, when he was under arrest, is rejected. Miranda requires only that the suspect be informed that he has a right to an attorney before and during questioning and that an attorney would be appointed for him if he could not afford one. The warnings given to this defendant, including the investigating officer’s “caveat” about availability of appointed counsel, met those requirements and were a fully effective equivalent of the warnings required by Miranda. For the reasons discussed in this opinion, the judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the defendant’s convictions is affirmed.

    180819Watson v. Commonwealth 05/30/2019 The circuit court did not err in ruling that a felon convicted on charges including use of a firearm in the commission of a felony lacked standing to challenge the sentences of other felons imposed after their convictions under the same statute, Code § 18.2-53.1. In view of the limited scope of prior case law, it will not be held that standing is wholly irrelevant when a judgment is challenged as void ab initio for of a lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. Further, because circuit courts have subject-matter jurisdiction to try, convict, and impose sentence for all felonies, prior case law will not be extended to conclude that standing is irrelevant when a judgment is challenged as void for any of the other four identified bases. The opportunity to declare sua sponte the voidness of sentences imposed upon other felons is declined, as they are unquestionably necessary parties to an action to declare their sentences void, which, if successful, would result in the imposition of new sentences. The judgment of the circuit court dismissing the present motion challenging sentences under the statute is affirmed.

    180940Commonwealth v. Watson 05/30/2019 The circuit court erred in ruling that case law made a defendant’s erroneous sentences void ab initio. While it is undoubtedly error to sentence a defendant to a term of imprisonment shorter than the minimum authorized by the General Assembly, such error renders the judgment merely voidable, not void. Any excessive sentence is void because the power to render any further judgment did not exist, but the reverse is not true. A sentence for less than what the legislature has provided is merely legal error, and when a court has power to render a judgment, it has the power to render an erroneous one. Thus, the circuit court in this case lacked jurisdiction under Rule 1:1 to consider the defendant’s motion to vacate his sentences, after a decade, and its judgment granting that motion is vacated.

    181603Cofield v. Virginia State Bar (ORDER) 05/30/2019 On appeal from a Virginia State Bar disciplinary proceeding conducted after referral from a circuit court corel paintshop pro 2019 keygen only, the finding of a three-judge panel, after a hearing, that the attorney in this case violated Rule 3.3(a)(1) and should receive an admonition for filing pleadings with intentionally false statements as to the content of a provision in the Code of Federal Regulations, is affirmed for the reasons stated by the three-judge panel.

    180624James River Ins. v. Doswell Truck Stop (ORDER) 05/16/2019 In a declaratory action relating to insurance coverage, the circuit court erred on summary judgment in determining that an exclusion in the relevant policy was ambiguous with respect to the meaning of “maintenance” of an auto. A contractual term is ambiguous when it is subject to multiple interpretations in view of the entire contractual context, but here a review of the policy demonstrates that, of the two competing interpretations of “maintenance,” only one can reasonably be applied to every instance of the term in the policy, specifically, “regular repair operations” is the only interpretation that can be reasonably applied. The circuit court also erred in ruling that the underlying personal injury action asserted a premises liability claim providing an independent basis for potential liability not precluded by the auto exclusion. In an insurance policy, the phrase “arising out of the ownership, maintenance or use” of a vehicle is broad in its scope and, here, there was a significant causal connection between maintenance of a tire and the injuries, which thus arose out of the maintenance of a vehicle and the auto exclusion applies. The circuit court’s award of fees to the insured for fees incurred in defending the personal injury claim was premised on its view that the insurer had a duty to defend under the policy. Thus, there is no basis for such an award and it is reversed. The decision of the circuit court is reversed and final judgment is entered declaring that the auto exclusion precludes coverage for the personal injuries in this case under the policy.

    180946Commonwealth v. Murgia 05/16/2019 In a prosecution under Code § 18.2-374.3(D), the evidence was sufficient to establish beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant’s text communications with a minor female, when viewed in the overall context of his relationship with her, constituted a violation of the statute, which prohibits use of a communications system for the purposes of soliciting, with lascivious intent, an adolescent between the ages of 15 and 18 to commit certain sexual acts as specified by Code § 18.2 374.3(C). The dispositions of the Court of Appeals of Virginia are reversed, and final judgment is entered on this appeal reinstating and upholding the conviction.

    180537Brown, T v. Commonwealth 05/02/2019 The circuit court did not abuse its discretion in denying a motion by defendant who had pled guilty to petty larceny two days earlier to withdraw her guilty plea. The defendant filed her motion to set aside the guilty plea after the circuit court had pronounced sentence from the bench but before a written order had been entered. In such a situation, the stringent manifest injustice standard applies under Code § 19.2-296. Here, the defendant failed to proffer evidence of a reasonable basis for contesting guilt. Her proffered contention that she could prove that the merchandise was left in the store was not a viable defense as a matter of law. The argument that she was unaware of the impact of a guilty plea on job or housing prospects does not state a manifest injustice upon which to set aside the plea. The judgment of the Court of Appeals of Virginia is affirmed.

    180555Callison v. Glick 04/18/2019 In an action seeking declaratory and injunctive relief, contribution and other monetary recovery relating to a commercial property and related loan obligations, under the circumstances of this case the circuit court did not err in refusing the equitable remedy of declaring the owner/lessor’s widow a subsurety on the loan obligation, holding that a purchase option on the property was enforceable and granting specific performance on that option agreement, or in declining to clarify its final orders regarding its effect on any future contribution claim. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

    161421Brown v. Warden (ORDER) 04/11/2019 A petition for writ of habeas corpus is dismissed. Defendant’s 1970 conviction for murder was affirmed in 1971, and his petition for a writ of actual innocence pursuant to Code §§ 19.2-327.1 to -327.6 based Abelssoft FileFusion Crack v5.0.28915 with Serial Key Latest 2021 biological evidence was dismissed in 2018. Petitioner failed to prove by clear-and-convincing evidence that no rational factfinder would find him guilty of murder in light of the totality of the evidence. Simultaneous with the petition for a writ of actual innocence, petitioner submitted the present application for a writ of habeas corpus, citing the same forensic evidence. He acknowledges his petition is untimely under Code § 8.01-654(A)(2). The argument that this statutory limitation period violates the bar against suspension of the writ of habeas corpus as set forth in the Suspension Clause of Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution of Virginia is rejected. To the extent that petitioner attempts to raise a freestanding claim of actual innocence or argue his innocence should exempt him from the limitation period, both contentions are rejected. Habeas corpus is not a vehicle for raising claims of actual innocence nor does the statute of limitations include any exception for claims of innocence. The petition is dismissed.

    180224Spear v. Omary (ORDER) 04/11/2019 Where an appeal was filed from a child support ruling of a juvenile and domestic relations (JDR) district court, but then withdrawn by the appealing husband, and the circuit court entered an order memorializing the withdrawal but containing no remand provisions, both the circuit court and the Court of Appeals erred in concluding that the JDR court had no jurisdiction to modify the award of child support. Code § 16.1-106.1(F), by operation of law, effects an automatic remand whenever a circuit court enters an order noting the appellant’s withdrawal of an appeal from the JDR court. It does not require a circuit court to expressly remand a matter to the JDR court upon a withdrawn appeal, and in this case – when the circuit court failed to expressly retain jurisdiction – Code § 16.1-106.1(F) operated to remand the case to the JDR court. The circuit court and the Court of appeals erred by concluding otherwise and by holding that the circuit court, not the JDR court, had jurisdiction to modify the child support order. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is reversed and the case is remanded.

    180644Turner, T. v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 04/11/2019 On appeal from conviction of a defendant previously convicted in the state of Idaho as a sex offender and charged in Virginia with failure to register every 90 days as a sexually violent offender pursuant to Code § 9.1-904(A) and Code § 18.2-472.1(B), the plain language of the registration provisions set forth in Code § 9.1-902(F)(ii) define a “sexually violent” offense to include conviction for any similar offense under the laws of any other jurisdiction for which registration in a sex offender and crimes against minors registry is required under the laws of that jurisdiction. This defendant was required to register as a sex offender in Idaho and under Code § 9.1-902(F)(ii) he was required to register every 90 days as a sexually internet download manager mac - Crack Key For U offender in Virginia. The judgment of the Court of Appeals of Virginia upholding the conviction for failure to register as required is affirmed.

    181061Dominion Resources, Inc. v. Alstom Power, Inc. 04/11/2019 A determinative question of law certified by a federal district court under Article VI, Section 1 of the Constitution of Virginia and Rule 5:40, asking whether Virginia law applies the collateral source rule to a breach of contract action where the plaintiff has been reimbursed by an insurer for the full amount it seeks in damages from the defendant, is answered in the affirmative: there are some breach of contract situations where the collateral source rule may apply. Whether the rule applies to a given case requires a case-specific determination of whether the parties’ expectations, in light of the rationales for this doctrine, support the rule’s application. In the present case, the rule would apply. Because Virginia law thus recognizes that the rule can apply to breach-of-contract cases, the certified question is answered in the affirmative.

    151277Collins v. Commonwealth 03/28/2019 On remand from a decision of the United States Supreme Court holding that the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment does not permit a police officer, uninvited and without a warrant, to enter the curtilage of a home in order to search a vehicle parked therein – it is now held that the exclusionary rule does not apply in the circumstances of the present case. The pertinent analysis of deterrence and culpability is confined to the objectively ascertainable question whether a reasonably well-trained officer would have known that the search was illegal in light of all of the circumstances. At the time of the search in the present case, a reasonably well-trained police officer cannot be expected to have known that the automobile exception, which appeared to apply – under prior case law from the Supreme Court of the United States, this Court, and other state and federal courts – to the inside of an open, detached garage did not likewise apply to authorize search of a motorcycle located a few feet across the curtilage boundary of a private driveway, fully open to public view, along the side of a house. There is no basis in this record for accusing the officer of flagrantly ignoring his constitutional duties. That he mistakenly did so does not justify the remedy of excluding otherwise admissible, probative evidence. The judgment of the Court of Appeals of Virginia upholding the defendant’s conviction is affirmed.

    180178Dwyer v. Town of Culpeper (ORDER) 03/28/2019 A circuit court’s order confirming a jury’s award of compensation is final for purposes of appeal in a condemnation proceeding under Code §§ 25.1-239, -240 and -241, which expressly provide that such an order is appealable. Since the notice of appeal in this case was not filed within 30 days after such a confirmation order, this appeal is dismissed for failure to comply with the 30-day time requirement of Rule 5:9(a). The fact that the circuit court order contained the language “the court shall retain jurisdiction” does not change this outcome. Unlike a final order in an ordinary civil litigation, a confirmation order entered pursuant to Code § 25.1-239 is separate and distinct from a distribution order. By statute, these two types of orders can be appealed separately with neither impacting the other. In this case the language of the circuit court did not retain jurisdiction the portion of the order confirming the jury’s report of just compensation, but only retained jurisdiction over distribution of the award in the second stage of the condemnation proceeding. Accordingly, the appeal in this case is dismissed.

    180812Rankin v. Commonwealth (ORDER) 03/28/2019 In an appeal from the conviction of a police officer for voluntary manslaughter in the fatal shooting of a suspected shoplifter during an altercation in a retail store parking lot, the appellant failed to assign error and to appeal the alternative holding of the Court of Appeals in upholding the conviction, that any error of the circuit court in admitting into evident at trial the statement “It’s my second one,” was harmless error because the defendant had a fair trial on the merits and substantial justice was reached. A party who challenges the judgment of a lower court must on appeal assign error to each articulated basis for that ruling. A determination that error in a lower court’s ruling was harmless provides a sufficient legal foundation for affirming the judgment. Accordingly, because the appellant failed to assign error to the Court of Appeals’ holding that any error was harmless, the judgment is affirmed.

    171562Anderson v. Warden 03/21/2019 In a civil rights suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in which an inmate claimed that prison officials violated his due process rights during a prison disciplinary proceeding that resulted in a $10 fine, dismissal of the action by the circuit court is affirmed. In addition to demonstrating a denial of fundamental fairness, to establish a constitutional violation a plaintiff must demonstrate how the alleged violation prejudiced his right to a fundamentally fair proceeding by affecting the ultimate result to some discernable degree. This cause-and-effect principle of prejudice factors into every § 1983 claim for compensatory damages. In the present case, the plaintiff’s allegations fall far short of demonstrating that his prison disciplinary hearing was fundamentally unfair or that he suffered any prejudice, and dismissal of this action on demurrer is affirmed.

    171286In Re: Scott 03/07/2019 Upon reviewing the totality of the evidence, including records from the original case, the evidence presented at the original trial, newly-discovered biological evidence, and the proffers made by the petitioner and the Commonwealth, this petitioner has proved, by clear and convincing evidence, all of the allegations required under Code § 19.2-327.3(A) and that no rational trier of fact would have found him guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in that he has been scientifically proven by DNA analysis to not be the source of the semen found on the victim’s jeans or the male DNA found on the vaginal swab obtained from the victim. The petition for writ of actual innocence is granted and his convictions are vacated.

    171599Dennis v. Commonwealth 02/21/2019 The Court of Appeals abused its discretion by dismissing a petition for a writ of actual innocence based on nonbiological evidence without referring the matter to a circuit court for an evidentiary hearing. In this case, the petitioner offered several previously unknown and untested witness affidavits in support of his petition for a writ of actual innocence based on nonbiological evidence, which the Commonwealth countered with previously unknown and untested witness statements of its own. The probative value of each witness’s testimony hinged on his or her credibility. Despite the statutory mechanism for referring issues in actual innocence cases to a circuit court for factual determination, the Court of Appeals determined from the record alone that the evidence supporting the petition was not material and accordingly denied the petition. Although the Court of Appeals has broad discretion to determine whether the facts require further development, under the facts in this case, the refusal to order a hearing constituted an abuse of discretion. Accordingly, the judgment of Court of Appeals’ dismissing the petition is reversed, and the case is remanded for purposes of ordering a circuit court evidentiary hearing consistent with this opinion.

    180191Reyes v. Commonwealth 02/21/2019 The Court of Appeals of Virginia did not err in upholding the circuit court’s exercise of discretion to deny a continuance sought under Code § 19.2-159.1(B), which requires that a defendant who was indigent when a criminal proceeding began but who ceases to be indigent notify the trial court forthwith, and then requires the court to grant reasonable continuance to allow counsel to be obtained and to prepare for trial. A court’s deviation from the legislature’s prescribed course of conduct does not violate any independent right for which the defendant is entitled to an independent remedy. In this case, the defendant asserted only that Code § 19.2-159.1 entitled him to a continuance, but the statute confers no rights on defendants, and they are entitled to no remedy under the statute if a court declines to substitute counsel and grant a continuance for him or her to prepare. The defendant is harmed only if his or her constitutional rights are violated, and that determination is evaluated according to familiar Sixth Amendment precedents – if the defendant appropriately invokes them at the proper time. This defendant did not. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the trial court’s rulings is affirmed.

    180322Commonwealth v. Hall 02/21/2019 The circuit court erred in dismissing a civil forfeiture action because the property involved – a pickup truck in which the operator sat while delivering drugs – was only shown to have been used in one illegal transaction. Under the applicable civil forfeiture statute, Code § 19.2-386.22(A), forfeiture of property is authorized if it is used in substantial connection with the illegal manufacture, sale or distribution of controlled substances or possession with intent to sell or distribute controlled substances, and this may include use in a single episode of drug distribution. Where undisputed facts showed that a defendant transported himself to the location of a drug transaction in his pickup truck, and sat in his truck during completion of the transaction, there was clear and convincing evidence that he used the pickup truck in substantial connection with the illegal distribution of a controlled substance in this incident. Because no other evidence was required, the trial court erred filmora crack key - Free Activators declaring the vehicle not subject to forfeiture under Code § 19.2-386.22(A). The judgment is reversed and the proceeding is remanded.

    180358Mercer v. MacKinnon 02/21/2019 In litigation alleging that a Canadian defendant illegally used assets of an elderly Virginia couple, the circuit court did not err in dismissing the action for failure of the facts to establish personal jurisdiction over the defendant under the only basis presented on appeal, the persistent course of conduct clause of Virginia’s long arm statute, Code § 8.01-328.1(A)(4). The judgment is affirmed.

    180454Brush Arbor Home Construction v. Alexander 02/21/2019 In a suit by homeowners against the construction company that built their house, the circuit court erred in denying a motion to compel for arbitration. In this case, the parties’ disagreement over the interpretation of the arbitration provision, as well as the application of the doctrine of impossibility to this article of the contract, are controversies or claims arising out of or relating to this contract, or the breach thereof and, therefore, an arbitrator must resolve them and the circuit court erred in concluding otherwise. The fact that the controversy or claim deals with the interpretation of the arbitration clause of the contract does not change the outcome. The judgment is reversed, and the case is remanded for entry of an order directing the parties to proceed to arbitration.

    180564Stone v. Commonwealth (PUBLISHED ORDER) 02/21/2019 In an appeal from guilty pleas and sentences in a multi-count drug case, the Court of Appeals did not err in affirming the circuit court’s judgment implementing four mandatory minimum sentences of incarceration. Defendant failed to satisfy his burden of production and persuasion by proving with a preponderance of the evidence his entitlement to the benefit of the safety-valve provision under Code § 18.2-248(C) – providing exemption from the three-year mandatory minimum incarceration provisions of the Code upon a showing that a defendant did not possess a firearm in connection with four cocaine distribution offenses. The stipulated evidence presented to the circuit court, and other evidence received at sentencing, established that the defendant had been in actual or constructive possession of an AK-47 firearm and a loaded magazine for the weapon at his residence during the time period when the four drug sales took place at that location. Thus the defendant did not carry his burden of proof under the exemption statute. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding the circuit court’s judgment implementing the mandatory minimum sentences for four convictions affirmed.

    171467Jeffreys v. The Uninsured Employer's Fund 02/14/2019 In a workers’ compensation appeal, the reasoning and result reached by the Court of Appeals in upholding a denial by the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission of a claim for benefits are correct and the judgment is affirmed. For private entities, the normal-work test generally applied under Code § 65.2-302(A) is whether the claimant was injured in an activity normally carried on through employees rather than independent contractors. In this case, the claimant had the burden of proving his statutory-employer claim for workers’ compensation benefits from the church and the historical society. Acting in its factfinding capacity, the Commission reviewed the history of the historical society, its informal governance structure, its charitable and nonprofit purposes, its fundraising and community-outreach efforts, its lack of any experience or involvement in the business of construction or renovation, and the individual defendant’s role in its activities. Claimant failed to persuade the Commission that his reconstruction work on the school building was part of the trade, business, or occupation of the church or the historical society. Whether work is part of the trade, business, or occupation of an owner depends upon the facts and circumstances of the particular case, and here the Court of Appeals did not err in concluding that the Commission applied the correct legal standard and acted within its factfinding discretion when it concluded that the claimant had failed to prove that the church or its historical society were his statutory employers. The judgment is affirmed.

    171627The Corporate Executive Board Co. v. Dept. of Taxation 02/07/2019 The judgment of the circuit court denying the claim of a corporate taxpayer for a refund and apportionment relief relating to income taxes imposed for three years by the Virginia Department of Taxation on the grounds that the computation method is unconstitutional under the “dormant” Commerce Clause and the Due Process Clause of the United States Constitution as applied to this taxpayer and, alternatively, that it is entitled to an adjustment because the statutory method for computing its tax constitutes an inequitable method under the Tax Department’s regulations, is affirmed.

    180121Norfolk Southern Railway Co. v. Sumner 01/31/2019 In the appeal of a judgment for an employee in an action under the Federal Employers’ Liability Act, the defendant railroad waived most of its arguments regarding testimony by plaintiff’s expert witness, and to the extent the testimony fell outside the range of expert opinion there was no error in permitting reference to matters within the common knowledge and experience of the jurors. Because evidence of causation in FELA cases where the events surrounding an injury are unwitnessed is often entirely circumstantial, the result must depend on the inference to be drawn from the evidence. Here, there was evidence to support the inference that the defendant’s negligence played a part, however small, in causing the fall into a trackside ravine which was the source of the plaintiff’s injury. The evidence may also have been sufficient to support an inference that the plaintiff’s fall resulted from causes unrelated to the defendant’s negligence. Under the settled principles governing FELA cases, that juxtaposition created a jury issue as to which inference should be drawn. The judgment is affirmed.

    180120Erie Ins. Exchange v. EPC MD 15, LLC 01/17/2019 In an insurance coverage dispute, the circuit court erred in concluding that a policy providing commercial coverage to a Maryland LLC for fire and other damage to real property in that state was extended under policy provisions to cover real estate owned by a Virginia LLC that was acquired by the Maryland LLC after the policy was issued. A coverage-extension provision in this policy relating to newly acquired buildings cannot be fairly read to apply to property of a newly acquired subsidiary entity that is neither a named nor an additional insured on the parent company’s policy. Nor can this provision be reasonably read to mean that a parent company “acquires” the real property of a subsidiary merely by virtue of the creation of a parent-subsidiary relationship after issuance of the policy. Because the policy did not cover the damaged property of the Virginia LLC, the circuit court erred in granting the insured’s motion for summary judgment and in denying the insurer’s motion for summary judgment. Final judgment is entered in favor of the insurer and the Maryland LLC’s claim is dismissed with prejudice.

    171708May v. R.A. Yancey Lumber Corporation 01/10/2019 In a declaratory and injunctive action by a director and minority shareholder of a corporation, the circuit court erred in sustaining a special plea in bar and entering judgment in favor of the corporation based on an erroneous interpretation of Code § 13.1-724. The plaintiff gave repeated notice to the corporation of her opposition to a planned sale of a significant part of the business, and it could have sought a declaratory judgment concerning its rights before expending effort in seeking a buyer. Thus, it suffered no undue prejudice by having to defend plaintiff’s claim when she later brought it. The circuit court abused its discretion when it found that laches barred plaintiff’s claim and – to the extent its denial of a requested injunction was based upon laches – that ruling was also in error. The judgment is reversed, and this case is remanded to the circuit court for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    171393Parson v. Miller 12/20/2018 In a will contest action brought by a daughter of the decedent alleging that a niece of the decedent – who was named the beneficiary of his residuary estate – had exercised undue influence over the testator, considering all of the evidence adduced at a two-day jury trial it is clear that the contestant of the will was entitled to a presumption of undue influence, and the trial court did not err in so finding. However, the trial court erred in refusing to grant the defendant’s motions to strike the evidence because the proof was insufficient as a matter of law to support a finding by the jury that the will was the result of undue influence. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for probate of the will.

    180012Shumate v. Mitchell 12/20/2018 In a rear-end intersection collision personal injury action, the trial court did not err in easeus data recovery wizard licence hearsay statements of the deceased defendant driver – download ccleaner bundle - Crack Key For U to by his son who was not at the scene of the collision but heard his father make these post-collision statements – because Virginia’s Dead Man’s Statute, Code § 8.01-397, provides that in any action by or against a deceased or disabled person, all memoranda or declarations of that person are admissible, so long as they are relevant to a matter in issue. The corroboration requirement in the first portion of the statute is inapplicable to this broad suspension of ordinary hearsay principles for a decedent’s hearsay declarations. The statute’s phrase “from any cause” does not render the hearsay exception inapplicable where liability in the action has been conceded. Neither the trial court’s pretrial rulings nor the Dead Man’s Statute required that the statements of the deceased driver be corroborated. Thus, it was not error to admit the statements. The trial court also did not err in refusing to set aside the jury’s verdict awarding no damages. Nothing in the jury instructions required a finding that plaintiff suffered damages, and – based on the evidence in this case – the jury appropriately exercised its fact-finding function by weighing the evidence and credibility of the witnesses to conclude that, although the decedent driver was liable for the collision, plaintiff suffered no compensable damages from it. The judgment is affirmed.

    180060Ray v. Ready 12/20/2018 In a widow’s action to claim an elective share of the augmented estate of her deceased husband, the complaint naming his “Estate” was a nullity and could not toll the running of the statute of limitations on that claim. Even though the complaint against the “Estate” was served on the personal representative, it was a nullity, not curable by amendment to insert the personal representative as a defendant, and it was not saved by the provisions of Code § 8.01-6.3 because the complaint, read as a whole, did not otherwise identify the personal representative. Thus, the circuit court did not err in denying the plaintiff’s motion to amend the complaint to name the personal representative, or in dismissing the action as time-barred. The judgment is affirmed.

    180062Crosby v. ALG Trustee, LLC 12/20/2018 In a debtor’s action against the trustee under a deed of trust, alleging breaches of fiduciary duties in foreclosure sale proceedings by selling property assessed at $436,800 for approximately $21,000, plaintiff’s claim sounded in contract, not tort, and the trial court erred in characterizing it as a common law negligence claim. The requirement of impartiality means that a trustee under a deed of trust must balance the conflicting positions of the creditor and debtor such that a benefit to one cannot come at a disproportionate expense of the other. Sale of property at a price that is so grossly inadequate as to shock the conscience will raise a presumption of fraud. Since the duty of impartiality is a common law duty that exists as an implied term of the deed of trust, the circuit court’s ruling that the duties of the trustee in this case were limited to the four corners of the contract and there is no duty by the trustee under the common law was erroneous. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

    180197Hall v. Commonwealth 12/20/2018 In a drug distribution case where the defendant provided information to the trial court under Code § 18.2-248(C), providing for possible relief from mandatory sentences if the defendant truthfully provides all information and evidence concerning his offense to the Commonwealth not later than the time of the sentencing hearing, the circuit court erred in concluding that the proffer of such information on the morning of the sentencing proceeding, immediately prior to the hearing, was untimely and in declining to rule on the merits of the application for that reason. While the last minute nature of the disclosure may weigh into a trial court’s consideration on the merits, the court may not bar the motion from consideration if it is timely filed – that is, not later than the commencement of the sentencing hearing. Here, the motion was timely filed and warrants consideration on the merits by the trial court for the completeness and truthfulness of the disclosure, as well as any further disclosure made to the Commonwealth before resentencing. The sentences are vacated, and the case is reversed and remanded for proceedings consistent with this opinion.

    170965Leonard v. Commonwealth 12/13/2018 The circuit court abused its discretion in denying an application for a name change filed by an inmate under Code § 8.01-217. If good cause exists, the court must accept the application and follow the procedures mandated in Code § 8.01-217(D) to consider it on the merits. This application contained the information required by Code § 8.01 217(B) and articulated legitimate, nonfrivolous medical reasons supporting the requested name change. The circuit court denied the application prior to satisfying the procedural requirements prescribed by Code § 8.01-217(D), at a stage where the statute strictly limits review to assessing the application’s procedural sufficiency. Accordingly, the circuit court abused its discretion in denying the application for lack of good cause. Additionally, the circuit court referred the application to the Commonwealth’s Attorney for a response, before denying a good cause determination, which is inconsistent with the strict mandate of Code § 8.01-217(D). The circuit court thus also abused its discretion by deviating from the statutory process for assessing a name-change application. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded.

    171438In re: Phillips 12/13/2018 Upon consideration of the petition for a writ of actual wintousb license code 2019 - Free Activators based upon biological testing evidence, the petitioner’s motion for a nonsuit is denied, because such actual innocence petitions are criminal proceedings to which the civil case nonsuit provisions of Code § 8.01-380 do not apply. On the merits, the testing results on which petitioner relies were prepared by a private laboratory – not the Department of Forensic Science as required by Code § 19.2-327.1. Consequently, the petition must be dismissed for failure to state a claim, as provided in Code § 19.2-327.5. The writ will not issue and the petition is dismissed.

    171483Board of Supervisors v. Cohn 12/13/2018 The circuit court erred in concluding that Code § 15.2-2307(D) creates a vested right to continue an originally illegal use of a building or structure after the owner has paid taxes to the locality on the property for 15 years or more. That statute dictates that a building or structure itself may not be declared illegal or subject to removal after the owner of the building or structure has paid taxes to the locality for such building or structure for more than the previous 15 years – but it does not create any vested rights in an illegal use thereof. The judgment of the circuit court overturning a decision by the board of zoning wtfast 4.9 0.1 crack - Free Activators is reversed, the board’s decision is reinstated, and final judgment is entered here for the county.

    180055McGinnis v. Commonwealth

    Источник: https://www.vacourts.gov/scndex.htm

    Crack hole png images

    • crack, concrete hole illustration, angle, 3D Computer Graphics, effect png thumbnail
      6062x2965px4.57MB
    • wall crack hole, wall, crack, holes png thumbnail
      1427x1336px277.84KB
    • Paper, Black hole, crack, image File Formats, black Hair, black White png thumbnail
      911x744px117.19KB
    • broken glass with hole, Drawing, wall crack, monochrome, symmetry, sky png thumbnail
      769x768px286.04KB
    • brick wall with hole illustration, Wall 3D computer graphics Texture mapping, Hole wall crack map, texture, 3D Computer Graphics, rectangle png thumbnail
      560x534px133.33KB
    • Bullet Holes, Window, Glass, Holes, Shot, Gun Shots, Pistol, Bullets, Damaged, Cracked, png thumbnail
      1280x1174px156.09KB
    • wall crack, crack, holes, wall crack png thumbnail
      1500x975px155.38KB
    • wall crack, crack, holes, wall crack png thumbnail
      1500x1412px574.78KB
    • wall crack, crack, holes, wall crack png thumbnail
      1500x1487px281.12KB
    • wall cracks, crack free download, crack, wall crack png thumbnail
      1456x1494px98.67KB
    • Cracks, Glass, Hole, Broken, Crash, Gun, Lines, Shadowed, Shot, png thumbnail
      1235x1280px881.79KB
    • wall crack, wall crack, wall, split png thumbnail
      1500x1508px793.58KB
    • cracked wall cracks, crack free download, crack, wall crack png thumbnail
      1000x946px123.44KB
    • gray cracked illustration, Risk Earthquake Illustration, Cracked crack map, angle, symmetry, monochrome png thumbnail
      788x532px50.29KB
    • hole wall, hole texture, cracked crack, hole wall png thumbnail
      792x759px477.21KB
    • broken hole, hole, damage, crack png thumbnail
      260x307px37.69KB
    • bullet holes, bullet holes, bullet hole, with bullets png thumbnail
      400x400px103.58KB
    • hole in white concrete wall illustration, Stone wall Window, Wall damage, angle, white, effect png thumbnail
      1024x541px164.1KB
    • shattered glass, fragment, glass, broken png thumbnail
      350x350px66.19KB
    • wall crack, crack free download, crack, glass cracks png thumbnail
      1500x1444px373.13KB
    • Chroma Key, The Hole, The Green Screen, Wallpaper, Wall, Crack, Insert, Portrait, Eye, Look, png thumbnail
      1280x853px1.42MB
    • Chroma Key, The Hole, The Green Screen, Wallpaper, Wall, Crack, Insert, png thumbnail
      1280x853px542.89KB
    • cartoon wall crack, cartoon, wall, collapsing png thumbnail
      1024x1024px278.36KB
    • brick wall with hole illustration, Wall Brick, Hole in a brick wall, symmetry, wall Texture, brick Wall png thumbnail
      1500x1000px1.04MB
    • Window Glass graphy, Glass crack map, texture, glass, wine Glass png thumbnail
      598x570px226.93KB
    • brown brick border illustration, Stone wall Brick Wall decal, Hole in a brick wall, texture, building, wall Texture png thumbnail
      1352x1010px713.51KB
    • brick wall, Wall 3D computer graphics Texture mapping, Cave texture map, border, texture, 3D Computer Graphics png thumbnail
      670x543px167.84KB
    • Wall Brick, Abstract wall, gray wreck wall illustration, rectangle, wall Texture, abstract Lines png thumbnail
      1024x901px589.57KB
    • bullet holes, bullet holes, bullet hole, with bullets png thumbnail
      400x400px64.27KB
    • Wall graphy Brick, Hollow brick wall s, white cracked wall, white, 3D Computer Graphics, rectangle png thumbnail
      5000x5000px18.3MB
    • Stone wall Brick graphy, Stone wall, texture, building, monochrome png thumbnail
      1000x779px596.54KB
    • abstract wall, holes, stereo wall, gray walls png thumbnail
      1024x901px589.57KB
    • burst crack, bullet holes, empty glass, broken png thumbnail
      600x900px195.05KB
    • burst bullet holes, crack, fragments, broken glass png thumbnail
      1100x733px281.63KB
    • Arctic, Bath, Cold, Fishing, Ice, Icy, Polar, Water, Hole, Crack, png thumbnail
      1280x640px195.02KB
    • Map graphy, The ground map of the crack, texture, glass, leaf png thumbnail
      1108x913px1.56MB
    • Paper, Crack, Hole, Pulled Out, White, Torn Out, png thumbnail
      1280x1052px305.25KB
    • breaking paper effect, scrap of paper, paper burst effect, paper png thumbnail
      389x331px81.88KB
    • Drawing, Tear, love, monochrome, computer Wallpaper png thumbnail
      500x500px54.1KB
    • broken glass board, Chroma key Video YouTube, Broken glass material, texture, glass, television png thumbnail
      596x502px285.46KB
    • gray and black holes illustration, Paper, Tear, love, albom, monochrome png thumbnail
      500x500px74.94KB
    • Glass Fracture graphy, Burst bullet holes, angle, white, text png thumbnail
      1100x733px281.63KB
    • white abstract, White Symmetry Structure Pattern, Shot Glass Punch Burst Traces, texture, wine Glass, angle png thumbnail
      6201x4994px1016.2KB
    • Advertising Poster, Black Line Cave Texture Map, texture, glass, angle png thumbnail
      1000x1001px191.16KB
    • graphy Microsoft Windows, Burst crack, white and black, glass, angle, white png thumbnail
      600x900px195.05KB
    • Wood Tree, Broken wood ring maps, texture, angle, ring png thumbnail
      1128x842px1MB
    • Paper Filtre Geocaching, Tear, love, white, label png thumbnail
      500x500px55.87KB
    • others, monochrome, black, hole png thumbnail
      500x500px30.46KB
    • Paper Filtre, Tear, love, angle, white png thumbnail
      500x500px32.07KB
    • Paper, Tear, love, texture, albom png thumbnail
      500x500px34.28KB
    • tunnel, happy Birthday Vector Images, cartoon, bird png thumbnail
      2223x1008px301.27KB
    • National Geographic Earth Ocean How to Dig a Hole Deep sea, others, atmosphere, monochrome, ocean png thumbnail
      1420x600px330.89KB
    • Paper Black and white Pattern, Glass Break Punch Traces, texture, wine Glass, angle png thumbnail
      5906x3277px846.85KB
    Источник: https://www.pngwing.com/en/search?q=crack+hole

    Sketch 60 Crack PATCHED

    sketch drawing, sketch meaning, skechers, sketch movie, sketch london, sketchup, sketchpad, sketch free, sketch, sketch youtube, sketch app, sketch tattoo, sketch for windows, sketch online, sketchfab

    Actions

    Braden Bland changed description of Sketch 60 Crack PATCHED

    Braden Blandon Sketch 60 Crack PATCHED

    Nov 27, 2019 — Sketch 60 Crack is an editing software which enables you to create creative drawings. You can easily transform your designs in an efficient way . May 16, 2021 — Sketch 72.1 Crack License Key 100% Working (2D&3D). Sketch Crack is one of the best software that offers a complete toolkit for drawings. Sketch 51 Crack Plus Keygen 2018 Vector Design, Make It Simple, Software. . Sketch 60 Crack License Key Download For [Mac] Torrent Working 2020. May 16, 2021 — Sketch 72.1 Crack License Key 100% Working (2D&3D) Sketch 72.1 Crack is one of the best software that offers a complete toolkit for .

    Braden Blandon Sketch 60 Crack PATCHED

    Download. sketch. Sketch 60 Crack License Key Free Download sketch london​, sketch . Sketch 63.1 Crack with Torrent Free Download Keygen Latest . Nov 19, 2019 — Sketch 55 Crack License key Free Download 2019Skate 55 is a very effective and comprehensive tool kit designed to design the artwork. Jun 19, 2021 — Sketch 72.4 Crack License Key Full Version is the best and most amazing graphic application for sketching activities in a modern style. Sketch Mac download full crack v60.1. . With a powerful vector editor, Sketch Mac v60.1 able to build a prototype design and more. Sketch makes it easier than​ . Serial Key: Sketch 60 Crack is a lightweight Mac OS X application. . What's new in Sketch 60 Registration Key Generator? Text Styles and . Sketch Crack (Full .

    Braden Blandon Sketch 60 Crack PATCHED

    May 21, 2021 — Sketch 2021 Crack Keygen [New Version] Download Here . sketch 59.1 crack full license key keygen [mac

    Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS will not let you down and do what this program was made to do. All features are included and described in notes.txt file after installation.

    - Get it now -



    [ Direct download link (Windows) ]

    Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS has WINDOWS, MAC OS X, and Latest mobile platforms supported. We are updapting our tools to new platforms every week. If your device is not supported now, check back after some time or Contact us now.

    Built in Proxy support, your anonymity is our priority, your IP address will be hidden 100% with our Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS.

    Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS basic details:
    + Proxy support
    + Windows OS supported
    + Mac OS X supported
    + Latest Mobile devices supported
    + Instructions and full feature list provided after installation.
    + Easy setup
    + Open source, open code.
    + Free SUPPORT.



    .Other Notes.

    Sketch 54.1 Key Download here ► ►

    The most important part of any drawing application is arguably the drawing area, so we’ve just made Sketch contain one big and infinitely large view with no palettes to be seen. That doesn’t mean we’ve compromised on the tools though. Sketch is a true vector editing application and has many powerful tools to manipulate those vectors.

    Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS
    How to install:
    – Download, extract and run .exe file,
    (If your antivirus blocking file, pause it or disable it for some time.)
    – Choose destination folder

    How to Use:
    Open destination folder and locate file notes.txt, open it and read step by step.
    Enjoy!

    Don’t forget to read instructions after installation.
    Enjoy Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS.

    All files are uploaded by users like you, we can’t guarantee that Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS are up to date.
    We are not responsible for any illegal actions you do with theses files. Download and use Sketch 54.1 Crack macOS on your own responsibility.

    Источник: https://www.ccws.us/41498/hacks/sketch-54-1-crack-macos/
    sketch 54.1 crack  - Crack Key For U

    Notice: Undefined variable: z_bot in /sites/ioion.us/crack-key-for/sketch-541-crack-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

    Notice: Undefined variable: z_empty in /sites/ioion.us/crack-key-for/sketch-541-crack-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

    1. This does work, but first you have to extract the files (say you downloaded the ISO from Windows website) using 7zip or the like, then plop ei.cfg into sources, and then burn a new ISO from the files/folders using yet another program. But it works!

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *